The Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology Interdisciplinary Consensus Statement on Neuraxial Procedures in Obstetric Patients With Thrombocytopenia
Anesth Analg. 2021 Feb 4. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005355. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBecause up to 12% of obstetric patients meet criteria for the diagnosis of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy, it is not infrequent that the anesthesiologist must decide whether to proceed with a neuraxial procedure in an affected patient. Given the potential morbidity associated with general anesthesia for cesarean delivery, thoughtful consideration of which patients with thrombocytopenia are likely to have an increased risk of spinal epidural hematoma with neuraxial procedures, and when these risks outweigh the relative benefits is impo...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 16, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Melissa E Bauer Katherine Arendt Yaakov Beilin Terry Gernsheimer Juliana Perez Botero Andra H James Edward Yaghmour Roulhac D Toledano Mark Turrentine Timothy Houle Mark MacEachern Hannah Madden Anita Rajasekhar Scott Segal Christopher Wu Jason P Cooper R Source Type: research

Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1199-1201. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005421.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857959 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005421 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Toby N Weingarten Francis Chung David R Hillman Source Type: research

Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine: Looking Back at a Decade, Looking Forward to the Next
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1202-1204. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005467.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857960 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005467 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Satya Krishna Ramachandran Source Type: research

Counting Down the Hours: Tracking Postoperative Respiratory Depression
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1205. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005520.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857961 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005520 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Naveen Nathan Source Type: research

Frequency and Temporal Distribution of Postoperative Respiratory Depressive Events
This study determined the temporal distribution and frequency of RD episodes in postsurgical patients continuously monitored by bedside capnography and pulse oximetry.METHODS: This was a post hoc study of a subset of postsurgical patients enrolled in The PRediction of Opioid-induced respiratory Depression In patients monitored by capnoGraphY (PRODIGY) trial from 2 sites in the United States. These patients had undergone continuous bedside monitoring on general care wards. These data were adjudicated for potential RD episodes. The number of RD episodes per patient and the time of each RD episode were determined. The first R...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: C Noelle Driver Mariana L Laporta Sergio D Bergese Richard D Urman Fabio Di Piazza Frank J Overdyk Juraj Sprung Toby N Weingarten Source Type: research

Outcomes of Sleep Apnea Surgery in Outpatient and Inpatient Settings
CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study found that the complications and 30-day readmission rates after airway surgery for OSA are low. There were no significant differences in the composite outcome of 30-day readmissions, reoperations, or complications between inpatient and outpatient settings. Adequately designed prospective studies are necessary to confirm the retrospective observations of this study.PMID:33857963 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005394 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Eric B Rosero Girish P Joshi Source Type: research

Identification of Sleep Medicine and Anesthesia Core Topics for Anesthesia Residency: A Modified Delphi Technique Survey
CONCLUSIONS: We identify key topics of sleep medicine that can be included in the future design of anesthesia residency training curricula.PMID:33857964 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005446 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Linor Berezin Mahesh Nagappa Jean Wong Jefferson Clivatti Mandeep Singh Dennis Auckley Jean G Charchaflieh Malin Jonsson Fagerlund Bhargavi Gali Girish P Joshi Frank J Overdyk Michael Margarson Babak Mokhlesi Tiffany Moon Satya K Ramachandran Clodagh M Ry Source Type: research

Perioperative Management of the Patient With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Narrative Review
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1231-1243. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005444.ABSTRACTThe prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has reached 1 billion people worldwide, implying significant risk for the perioperative setting as patients are vulnerable to cardiopulmonary complications, critical care requirement, and unexpected death. This review summarizes main aspects and considerations for the perioperative management of OSA, a condition of public health concern. Critical determinants of perioperative risk include OSA-related changes in upper airway anatomy with augmented collapsibility, diminished capability of upper...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Crispiana Cozowicz Stavros G Memtsoudis Source Type: research

Chronic Opioid Use and Central Sleep Apnea, Where Are We Now and Where To Go? A State of the Art Review
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1244-1253. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005378.ABSTRACTOpioids are commonly used for pain management, perioperative procedures, and addiction treatment. There is a current opioid epidemic in North America that is paralleled by a marked increase in related deaths. Since 2000, chronic opioid users have been recognized to have significant central sleep apnea (CSA). After heart failure-related Cheyne-Stokes breathing (CSB), opioid-induced CSA is now the second most commonly seen CSA. It occurs in around 24% of chronic opioid users, typically after opioids have been used for more than 2 months, and...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David Wang Brendon J Yee Ronald R Grunstein Frances Chung Source Type: research

The Neural Circuits Underlying General Anesthesia and Sleep
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1254-1264. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005361.ABSTRACTGeneral anesthesia is characterized by loss of consciousness, amnesia, analgesia, and immobility. Important molecular targets of general anesthetics have been identified, but the neural circuits underlying the discrete end points of general anesthesia remain incompletely understood. General anesthesia and natural sleep share the common feature of reversible unconsciousness, and recent developments in neuroscience have enabled elegant studies that investigate the brain nuclei and neural circuits underlying this important end point. A common...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Olivia A Moody Edlyn R Zhang Kathleen F Vincent Risako Kato Eric D Melonakos Christa J Nehs Ken Solt Source Type: research

Obesity and Obesity Hypoventilation, Sleep Hypoventilation, and Postoperative Respiratory Failure
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1265-1273. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005352.ABSTRACTObesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is considered as a diagnosis in obese patients (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m2) who also have sleep-disordered breathing and awake diurnal hypercapnia in the absence of other causes of hypoventilation. Patients with OHS have a higher burden of medical comorbidities as compared to those with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This places patients with OHS at higher risk for adverse postoperative events. Obese patients and those with OSA undergoing elective noncardiac surgery are not routinely screened ...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Roop Kaw Jean Wong Babak Mokhlesi Source Type: research

Pharmacologically Induced Ventilatory Depression in the Postoperative Patient: A Sleep-Wake State-Dependent Perspective
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1274-1286. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005370.ABSTRACTPharmacologically induced ventilatory depression (PIVD) is a common postoperative complication with a spectrum of severity ranging from mild hypoventilation to severe ventilatory depression, potentially leading to anoxic brain injury and death. Recent studies, using continuous monitoring technologies, have revealed alarming rates of previously undetected severe episodes of postoperative ventilatory depression, rendering the recognition of such episodes by the standard intermittent assessment practice, quite problematic. This imprecise desc...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Anthony G Doufas Toby N Weingarten Source Type: research

Perioperative Management of Insomnia, Restless Legs, Narcolepsy, and Parasomnias
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1287-1295. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005439.ABSTRACTObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been shown to increase risk of adverse perioperative events. More recently, investigators have begun to examine other common sleep disorders to assess how they may be impacted by the perioperative environment, as well as influence postoperative outcomes. There are a number of mechanisms by which such common sleep disorders (eg, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, and parasomnias) may have consequences in the perioperative setting, both related to the underlying pathophysiology of the diseases as ...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Shelley Hershner Dennis Auckley Source Type: research

Integrating Sleep Knowledge Into the Anesthesiology Curriculum
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1296-1305. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005490.ABSTRACTThere is common ground between the specialties of anesthesiology and sleep medicine. Traditional sleep medicine curriculum for anesthesiology trainees has revolved around the discussion of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its perioperative management. However, it is time to include a broader scope of sleep medicine-related topics that overlap these specialties into the core anesthesia residency curriculum. Five main core competency domains are proposed, including SLeep physiology; Evaluation of sleep health; Evaluation for sleep disorders...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mandeep Singh Bhargavi Gali Mark Levine Kingman Strohl Dennis Auckley Source Type: research

Perioperative Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy: A Review With the Emphasis on Randomized Controlled Trials and Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1306-1313. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005480.ABSTRACTThe perioperative use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy has increased substantially in recent years, particularly in relationship to the treatment of patients with known or suspected obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA is common in the surgical population and is reported as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications, intensive care unit admission, and increased length of hospital stay. A large proportion of OSA patients are undiagnosed at the time of surgery and can therefore not be optimized preoperative...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: M Jonsson Fagerlund K A Franklin Source Type: research

Sleep Loss in the Hospitalized Patient and Its Influence on Recovery From Illness and Operation
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1314-1320. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005323.ABSTRACTAdequate sleep is essential to health and well-being. Adverse effects of sleep loss are evident acutely and are cumulative in their effect. These include impairment of cognition, psychomotor function, and mood, as well as cardiovascular, metabolic, and immune dysfunction including proinflammatory effects and increased catabolic propensity. Such effects are counterproductive to recovery from illness and operation, yet hospitalization challenges sleep through the anxieties, discomforts, and sleep environmental challenges faced by patients, t...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David R Hillman Source Type: research

Airway Management in Surgical Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1321-1327. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005298.ABSTRACTObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder, and the difficult airway is perhaps the anesthesiologists' quintessential concern. OSA and the difficult airway share certain similar anatomical, morphological, and physiological features. Individual studies and systematic reviews of retrospective, case-control, and large database studies have shown a likely association between patients with OSA and the difficult airway; OSA patients have a 3- to 4-fold higher risk of difficult intubation, difficult mask ven...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Edwin Seet Mahesh Nagappa David T Wong Source Type: research

Vulnerability to Postoperative Complications in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Importance of Phenotypes
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1328-1337. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005390.ABSTRACTObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common comorbidity in patients undergoing surgical procedures. Patients with OSA are at heightened risk of postoperative complications. Current treatments for OSA focus on alleviating upper airway collapse due to impaired upper airway anatomy. Although impaired upper airway anatomy is the primary cause of OSA, the pathogenesis of OSA is highly variable from person to person. In many patients, nonanatomical traits play a critical role in the development of OSA. There are 4 key traits or "phenotypes&qu...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas J Altree Frances Chung Matthew T V Chan Danny J Eckert Source Type: research

Effect of Inadequate Sleep on Clinician Performance
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1338-1343. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005369.ABSTRACTThe negative impacts of sleep deprivation and fatigue have long been recognized. Numerous studies have documented the ill effects of impaired alertness associated with the disruption of the sleep-wake cycle; these include an increased incidence of human error-related accidents, increased morbidity and mortality, and an overall decrement in social, financial, and human productivity. While there are multiple studies on the impact of sleep deprivation and fatigue in resident physicians, far fewer have examined the effects on attending physici...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Haleh Saadat Source Type: research

Prehabilitation With Brain Stimulation?
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1344-1346. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005454.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857977 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005454 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Risako Kato Ken Solt Source Type: research

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery for Cesarean Delivery
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1359-1361. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005517.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857978 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005517 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Michael J Scott Ian Wrench Source Type: research

Count Data in Medical Research: Poisson Regression and Negative Binomial Regression
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1378-1379. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005398.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857979 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005398 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Patrick Schober Thomas R Vetter Source Type: research

Assessing Left Ventricular Early Diastolic Velocities With Tissue Doppler and Speckle Tracking by Transesophageal and Transthoracic Echocardiography
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that TEE modestly underestimates JOURNAL/asag/04.03/00000539-202105000-00029/inline-graphic7/v/2021-04-15T211206Z/r/image-tiff but not to a clinically relevant extent. While JOURNAL/asag/04.03/00000539-202105000-00029/inline-graphic8/v/2021-04-15T211206Z/r/image-tiff in the DTG is not a promising alternative, the future role for speckle tracking-based early diastolic strain rate is unknown.PMID:33857980 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005469 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Eckhard Mauermann Stefaan Bouchez Thierry Bove Michael Vandenheuvel Patrick Wouters Source Type: research

Pharmacology of General Anesthetics: Quantitative History of Research Attractiveness
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):1486-1488. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005441.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857981 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005441 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Igor Kissin Kamen V Vlassakov Source Type: research

Anatomy of a Soldier
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e64. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005418.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857982 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005418 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Katrina Genuis Source Type: research

Acute Neuro Care: Focused Approach to Neuroemergencies
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e65. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005435.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857983 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005435 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Roshan Babu Ozan Akca Source Type: research

ABC of Quality Improvement in Healthcare
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e66-e67. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005463.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857984 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005463 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Eric P Deflandre Source Type: research

Pediatric Anesthesia, an Issue of Anesthesiology Clinics, Volume 38-3
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e68. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005470.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857985 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005470 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas Anthony Anderson Source Type: research

Yao & amp; Artusio's Anesthesiology: Problem-Oriented Patient Management, 9th ed
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e69-e70. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005476.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857986 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005476 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Zhirajr Mokini Dhurata Vrenozi Patrice Forget Source Type: research

Gregory's Pediatric Anesthesia, 6th ed
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e71. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005477.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857987 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005477 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tally Goldfarb Aditee P Ambardekar Source Type: research

Brown's Atlas of Regional Anesthesia, 6th ed
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e72. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005485.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857988 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005485 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Oliver C Radke Source Type: research

Neuromuscular Blocking Agents in the ICU: Why Work Blindfolded?
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e73. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005353.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857989 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005353 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Giulio Luca Rosboch Edoardo Ceraolo Eleonora Balzani Luca Brazzi Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e74. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005354.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857990 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005354 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sa ïda Rezaiguia-Delclaux Fran çois Stéphan Source Type: research

The Future Within Reach
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e74-e75. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005425.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857991 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005425 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rafal Kopanczyk Amar M Bhatt Omar H Al-Qudsi Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e75-e76. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005426.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857992 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005426 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tomi Myrberg Source Type: research

Sedation Safety and Satisfaction
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e76. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005437.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857993 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005437 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: James R Nielsen Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e77. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005438.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857994 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005438 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Clemens R M Barends Anthony R Absalom Source Type: research

Intraoperative Anaphylaxis: Definition Determines Detection
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e77-e78. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005449.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857995 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005449 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Michael G Clark Andrew J Schaffer Robert E Freundlich Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e78-e79. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005450.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857996 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005450 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mark A Burbridge Source Type: research

Cardiac ERAS Studies: Importance of Blinding
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e79. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005451.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857997 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005451 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Travis H Markham Yafen Liang John F Zaki Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e79-e80. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005452.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857998 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005452 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Michael C Grant Source Type: research

Administering Norepinephrine Peripherally Is Safe, as Long as There Is No IV Extravasation
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e80-e81. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005461.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33857999 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005461 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Connor P Richardson Mackenzie A Noonan Stephen M McHughs Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e81-e82. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005462.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858000 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005462 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Carlo Pancaro Sachin Kheterpal Philipp Lirk Source Type: research

Consider Urinary Creatinine Clearance for Perioperative Acute Kidney Injury Management
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e82-e83. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005472.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858001 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005472 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Johan Schmitt Marc Danguy Des Deserts Anthony Radavidson Christophe Giacardi Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e83-e84. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005473.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858002 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005473 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Alexander Zarbock Khaschayar Saadat-Gilani Melanie Meersch Source Type: research

Blood Products During Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Why and How to Use?
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e85. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005474.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858003 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005474 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Yu Jin Jinping Liu Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e85-e86. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005475.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858004 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005475 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Caroline X Qin Steven M Frank Melania M Bembea Source Type: research

The Scientific Principles of Multimodal Monitoring Technique for Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Evidence Toward a New Beginning?
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e86-e88. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005483.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858005 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005483 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vivian H Y Ip Rakesh V Sondekoppam Ban C H Tsui Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e88-e89. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005484.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858006 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005484 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Olivier Choquet Xavier Capdevila Source Type: research

In Response
Anesth Analg. 2021 May 1;132(5):e90. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005402.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33858007 | DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005402 (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - April 15, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jonathan H Chow Michael A Mazzeffi Source Type: research