Translation and Validation of Kannada Version of the Dysphagia Handicap Index.
Abstract Background The Dysphagia Handicap Index (DHI) is a 25-item questionnaire that assesses the quality of life among individuals with dysphagia. The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Kannada version of DHI (DHI-K). Method Eighty-eight individuals with dysphagia and an equal number of healthy individuals filled out the DHI-K. Internal consistency and test-retest reproducibility were used for reliability testing. Validity was established by comparing DHI-K scores of patients with dysphagia and healthy controls. Results The overall Cronbach's α for DHI-K was .81, indicating good internal ...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - January 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Krishnamurthy R, Balasubramanium RK Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Effects of Rate Manipulation on Intelligibility in Children With Cerebral Palsy.
Conclusion A slow speech strategy may be beneficial for children with moderate-severe intelligibility deficits who speak in longer utterances. Future studies should seek to further examine the clinical feasibility of slow speech for children with reduced intelligibility. PMID: 31869242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - December 23, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sakash A, Mahr TJ, Natzke PEM, Hustad KC Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Effects of Visual Aids for End-of-Life Care on Decisional Capacity of People With Dementia.
Conclusions Findings indicated that visual aids (a) improved the decision-making capacity of individuals with dementia in comprehending medical information, employing supportive reasons, and relating this information to his or her own situation and (b) contain the potential for judges who majored or are majoring in speech-language pathology to reach a stronger consensus when determining the decision-making capacity of individuals with dementia. PMID: 31869247 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - December 23, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Chang WD, Bourgeois MS Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

How Responsiveness From a Communication Partner Affects Story Retell in Aphasia: Quantitative and Qualitative Findings.
Conclusions Combined quantitative and qualitative findings suggest that, while unresponsive communication partners may not have robust effects on spoken language, they elicit strong emotional reactions from PWA and affect their communication experience. These findings support the need for communication partner training and suggest that training PWA on emotion regulation or relaxation techniques may help assuage their anxiety during socially challenging everyday communication and increase social participation. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.11368028. PMID: 31851828 [PubMed - as supplied by publishe...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - December 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Harmon TG, Jacks A, Haley KL, Bailliard A Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Repetitive Negative Thinking, Temperament, and Adverse Impact in Adults Who Stutter.
Conclusion By assessing RNT in people who stutter, clinicians can better understand individual differences in their clients, and this will allow them to make targeted diagnoses and develop more tailored intervention plans. PMID: 31846585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - December 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tichenor S, Yaruss JS Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Dynamic Temporal and Tactile Cueing: A Treatment Strategy for Childhood Apraxia of Speech.
Conclusions The goal of DTTC is to improve the efficiency of neural processing for the development and refinement of sensorimotor planning and programming. The rationale for DTTC in general, as well as the key elements important to its administration, are supported by models of speech production and theories of motor learning. Important clinical decisions regarding stimuli, organization of practice, and feedback are based on principles of motor learning in order to facilitate acquisition, retention, and continued improvement of motor speech skills. PMID: 31846588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American J...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - December 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Strand EA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Attention, Speech-Language Dissociations, and Stuttering Chronicity.
Conclusions Present results indicate that attention is related to both stuttering chronicity and the presence of speech-language dissociations; however, they do not support the notion that dissociations are associated with stuttering persistence. These results provide novel insights into the complex nature of the association between developmental stuttering, speech-language dissociations, and attention. PMID: 31841358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - December 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Singer CM, Walden TA, Jones RM Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Late Dysphagia Following Radiotherapy After Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Case Series.
Conclusions All patients presented with impairments in oral-pharyngeal bolus transport and airway protection. Our results identify specific swallowing impairments for this patient group highlighting possible latent RT effects on swallowing. This population would benefit from dysphagia rehabilitation and maintenance programs informed by multimodal diagnostic approaches. PMID: 31805250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - December 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Schreiber AM, Dawson C, Skoretz SA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

An Aphasia Treatment for Verbs With Low Concreteness: A Pilot Study.
Conclusions The results suggest that the novel treatment may improve sentence production and word retrieval in persons with aphasia, even when using target verbs with low concreteness ratings. Future research is warranted into the use of low concreteness verbs. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.10870958. PMID: 31775007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 27, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bailey DJ, Nessler C, Berggren KN, Wambaugh JL Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Evaluation of Parent- and Speech-Language Pathologist-Delivered Multiple Oppositions Intervention for Children With Phonological Impairment: A Multiple-Baseline Design Study.
Conclusions Combined parent- and speech-language pathologist-delivered multiple oppositions intervention is effective for some children with moderate-to-severe phonological impairment. The findings indicate that parents can be trained to competently and confidently deliver phonological intervention. Further evidence is needed to identify optimal child and parent characteristics most suited to this modified service delivery approach. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.10565885. PMID: 31765232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sugden E, Baker E, Williams AL, Munro N, Trivette CM Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Rates of Prelinguistic Communication and Early Symbol Use in Young Children With Down Syndrome: Using a Progress-Monitoring Tool to Model Growth.
Conclusion These data indicate a need to develop and research interventions to support the transition from gestures to words and that support early word combinations in young children with DS. PMID: 31697567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Romano M, Kaiser A, Lounds-Taylor J, Woods J Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Teaching Preschoolers With Down Syndrome Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication Modeling During Small Group Dialogic Reading.
Conclusion AAC-MOD is an effective strategy for teaching target vocabulary and increasing rate of symbolic communication in young children with DS. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.10093538. PMID: 31697898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Quinn ED, Kaiser AP, Ledford JR Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Cognitive Rehabilitation for Individuals With Parkinson's Disease: Developing and Piloting an External Aids Treatment Program.
Conclusions This is the 1st known study to implement an external aids treatment program with patient-centered goals for individuals with cognitive deficits from PD. Positive outcomes were likely influenced by 3 factors: (a) a theoretically motivated focus on external aids; (b) a well-documented, systematic approach to instruction; and (c) the personalization of goals. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.10093493. PMID: 31697899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Spencer KA, Paul J, Brown KA, Ellerbrock T, Sohlberg MM Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Acquired Apraxia of Speech: Comparison of Electropalatography Treatment and Sound Production Treatment.
Discussion Both treatment approaches resulted in improved speech production accuracy, but gains were greater for SPT. However, further research with additional participants is needed due to the small sample size included in this investigation. PMID: 31693389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 6, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mauszycki SC, Wambaugh JL Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Development of a Free Online Interactive Naming Therapy for Bilingual Aphasia.
Conclusions The interactive online naming therapy described in this article is currently available in English and Spanish, with Chinese under construction. Several more languages are in various stages of preparation for use on the website, and suggestions for additional languages are being actively sought. Bilingualnamingtherapy.com promises to be a useful tool for speech-language pathologists who work with culturally and linguistically diverse clients. This website provides naming therapy materials, adapted from an evidence-based protocol, in a variety of languages, that have been developed based on feedback from speakers...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sandberg C, Gray T, Kiran S Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Effect of Text-to-Speech Rate on Reading Comprehension by Adults With Aphasia.
Conclusion As a group, people with aphasia most preferred and were most efficient given a text-to-speech rate around 150 wpm when processing dual modality content; individual differences existed, however, and mandate attention to personal preferences and processing strengths. PMID: 31689376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hux K, Brown JA, Wallace S, Knollman-Porter K, Saylor A, Lapp E Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Concurrent Validity and Reliability of the Core Lexicon Measure as a Measure of Word Retrieval Ability in Aphasia Narratives.
Conclusions Core lexicon analysis is potentially useful for measuring word retrieval impairments at the discourse level. It may also be a feasible solution because it reduces the amount of preparatory work for discourse assessment. PMID: 31693384 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kim H, Wright HH Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Combined Explicit-Implicit Approach to Teach Grammatical Forms to Children With Grammatical Weaknesses.
Conclusions The current study provides preliminary evidence to support the use of explicit approaches to teach grammatical forms to children with ASD symptomology and motivates further investigation in this area. PMID: 31682766 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - November 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Finestack L, Engman J, Huang T, Bangert KJ, Bader K Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

A Systematically Conducted Scoping Review of the Evidence and Fidelity of Treatments for Verb Deficits in Aphasia: Verb-in-Isolation Treatments.
Conclusions The evidence for verb treatments is predominantly of a low level. There are encouraging findings in terms of treatments being replicable; however, this is tempered by poor monitoring of treatment fidelity. The quality of verb treatment research would be improved by researchers reaching consensus regarding outcome measures (including generalization to, e.g., sentences and discourse) by manualizing treatment to facilitate implementation and exploring the opinions of participants. Finally, while treatment is largely effective in improving production of trained verbs, lack of generalization to untrained items leads...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hickin J, Cruice M, Dipper L Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Western Aphasia Battery-Revised Profiles in Primary Progressive Aphasia and Primary Progressive Apraxia of Speech.
Conclusions In the current study, AQ underestimated the presence of PPA and WAB-R classification did not distinguish among PPA classification determined by consensus. Performance on individual subtests and relative performance across subtests demonstrated inconsistent alignment with PPA classification. We conclude the WAB-R in isolation is inadequate to detect or characterize PPA. We instead suggest utilizing the WAB-R as 1 component of a comprehensive language and motor speech assessment when PPA is suspected. PMID: 31639312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Clark HM, Utianski RL, Duffy JR, Strand EA, Botha H, Josephs KA, Whitwell JL Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Apraxia of Speech and Cortical Activation in Patients With Stroke: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Study.
Abstract Purpose The study aims to investigate, using anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (A-tDCS), over which site, the left lip region of primary motor cortex (M1) or the Broca's area, there would be better recovery from apraxia of speech (AoS) in patients with poststroke aphasia and to examine for altered activation in speech-related areas after tDCS with nonlinear electroencephalography (EEG). Method Fifty-two patients with AoS were randomized into A-tDCS over the left M1 (A-tDCS-M1), Broca's area, and sham tDCS groups who underwent 10 sessions of tDCS and speech treatment for 5 days. The EEG nonlin...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wang J, Wu D, Cheng Y, Song W, Yuan Y, Zhang X, Zhang D, Zhang T, Wang Z, Tang J, Yin L Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Speech-Language Pathologists' Comfort Providing Intervention to Children With Traumatic Brain Injury: Results From a National Survey.
Conclusions Our findings reveal that most SLPs feel comfortable providing intervention to children with TBI; however, differences in characteristics across groups suggest that specific steps can be taken to ensure increased comfort for all SLPs working with this population. Practicing SLPs may increase their level of comfort through professional development and hands-on, mentored experience with TBI. Efforts such as these may influence the quality of service provision and expand the population of SLPs who feel comfortable treating children with TBI. Future research is needed to further examine how comfort and SLP character...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pelatti CY, Bush EJ, Farquharson K, Schneider-Cline W, Harvey J, Carter MW Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Assessing Higher Order Language Processing in Long-Term Cochlear Implant Users.
Conclusions Weaknesses in complex, higher order language processing shown by a subgroup of CI users compared to NH peers may result from delays in fast, automatic processing of language. These at-risk domains of language functioning could serve as targets for novel interventions for deaf children who experience suboptimal spoken language outcomes following cochlear implantation. PMID: 31618055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kronenberger WG, Pisoni DB Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Lexical-Level Predictors of Reading Comprehension in Third Grade: Is Spelling a Unique Contributor?
Conclusion These results indicate that spelling is related to reading comprehension and have theoretical and clinical implications for the use of spelling assessment. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9947216. PMID: 31618061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Murphy KA, Justice LM Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Differential Long-Term Outcomes for Individuals With Histories of Preschool Speech Sound Disorders.
Conclusions Speech and language assessments earlier in childhood can help establish risks for persistent SSD and other language and literacy difficulties in adolescence. Early identification of these clinically relevant subgroups of SSD may allow for early targeted interventions. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9932279. PMID: 31604025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 10, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lewis BA, Freebairn L, Tag J, Igo RP, Ciesla A, Iyengar SK, Stein CM, Taylor HG Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Speech, Language, and Communication Skills of Adolescents With Craniofacial Microsomia.
Conclusions Youth with CFM, particularly those with mandibular hypoplasia plus microtia and/or hearing loss, should be closely monitored for speech and language concerns. Further research is needed to identify the specific needs of youth with CFM as well as to document the course of speech and language development in children with CFM. PMID: 31580699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - October 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Collett BR, Chapman K, Wallace ER, Kinter SL, Heike CL, Speltz ML, Werler M Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Microstructural and Fluency Characteristics of Narrative and Expository Discourse in Adolescents With Traumatic Brain Injury.
Conclusions This study is the 1st to compare microstructural and fluency characteristics in teens with TBI and those without when producing verbal summaries of a narrative and 2 types of expository passages. Findings from this study reinforce the need to expand research focusing on expository discourse tasks and identify variables that may be prone to disruption following TBI. Future work is needed to confirm whether identified differences correspond to true discourse difficulties. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9807812. PMID: 31525074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal ...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lundine JP, Barron HD Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

How Well Do We Use Our Technology? Examining iPad Navigation Skills in Individuals With Aphasia and Older Adults.
Conclusions Findings support the hypothesis that technology abilities vary among individuals with and without aphasia. Evaluating technology ability and the ability to learn technology is an important component to consider when prescribing tablet-based therapies. PMID: 31518501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 13, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sitren A, Vallila-Rohter S Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Inner Speech in Aphasia: Current Evidence, Clinical Implications, and Future Directions.
Conclusions The examination of inner speech in individuals with aphasia has potential implications for clinical practice, in that differences in the preservation of inner speech across individuals may help guide clinical decision making around aphasia treatment. Although there are many questions that remain open to further investigation, studying inner speech in this specific population has also contributed to a broader understanding of the mechanisms of inner speech more generally. PMID: 31518502 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 13, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Fama ME, Turkeltaub PE Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Evaluating the Contribution of Executive Functions to Language Tasks in Cognitively Demanding Contexts.
Conclusions Our findings indicate that inhibition plays a role in completing tasks that require lexical and/or semantic processing in cognitively demanding conditions. Attention switching was not a significant predictor for any task. These results are an important step toward creating methods to evaluate executive skills in the context of language production. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9765107. PMID: 31518509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 13, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Obermeyer J, Schlesinger J, Martin N Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Effects of Age at Cochlear Implantation on Vocabulary and Grammar: A Review of the Evidence.
Conclusion The pattern of results obtained indicates the importance of considering various child, family, and environmental characteristics in future research aimed at determining how early "early implantation" needs to be and the extent to which age at implantation, duration of implant use, and other factors influence language and language-related outcomes. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9789041. PMID: 31513745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 12, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Duchesne L, Marschark M Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Erratum to "Linguistic Contributions to Word-Level Spelling Accuracy in Elementary School Children With and Without Specific Language Impairment".
Erratum to "Linguistic Contributions to Word-Level Spelling Accuracy in Elementary School Children With and Without Specific Language Impairment". Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2019 Sep 10;:1 Authors: PMID: 31503500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 10, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Effect of Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Dysphagia After Lateral Medullary Infarction: A Case Report.
Conclusion Our findings suggest that tVNS might provide a useful means for recovery of severe dysphagia with weak pharyngeal peristalsis after dorsal LMI. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9755438. PMID: 31498703 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 6, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Yuan Y, Wang J, Wu D, Zhang D, Song W Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Erratum to "Exploring a Phonological Process Approach to Adult Pronunciation Training".
Erratum to "Exploring a Phonological Process Approach to Adult Pronunciation Training". Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2019 Sep 06;:1 Authors: PMID: 31490710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 6, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

"By the Way" … How Persons With Aphasia and Their Communication Partners Initiate New Topics of Conversation.
"By the Way"… How Persons With Aphasia and Their Communication Partners Initiate New Topics of Conversation. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2019 Sep 06;:1-18 Authors: Leaman MC, Edmonds LA Abstract Purpose The ability to initiate new topics of conversation is a basic skill integral to communicative independence and agency that is susceptible to breakdown in aphasia (Barnes, Candlin, & Ferguson, 2013), yet this discourse skill has received little research attention. Healthy adults (HAs) follow 3 established patterns of structural organization to cue the conversation partner when an utter...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 6, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Leaman MC, Edmonds LA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Enduring Cognitive and Linguistic Deficits in Individuals With a History of Concussion.
Conclusions These findings suggest that individuals with a concussion history, particularly a history of multiple concussions, may continue to experience difficulties for a long period after injury and are likely to benefit from more complex and ecologically valid assessment prior to discharge. Individuals with a concussion history who return to full participation in work, school, and recreational activities may continue to benefit from assistance when asked to rapidly acquire and distill novel information, as is often required in academic and professional environments. PMID: 31487473 [PubMed - as supplied by publishe...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stockbridge MD, Newman R Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

A Survey of Clinicians With Specialization in Childhood Apraxia of Speech.
Conclusions Practices and perspectives of clinicians who self-identify as having expertise with CAS are influenced by factors noted in previous literature. Results of this survey highlight the need for research on the development of expertise in the clinical management of CAS, updated consensus statements that reflect advances in current research, clarification regarding comorbidity of CAS with other communication disorders, and evaluation of continuing education opportunities. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9755459. PMID: 31487474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of S...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Randazzo M Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Communicative Use of Triadic Eye Gaze in Children With Down Syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Other Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.
Conclusion Children with DS used TEG significantly more than children with ASD in this sample. Identifying strengths and weaknesses in TEG use is important because providing caregiver training to facilitate TEG can result in increased opportunities to respond with language models and promote language development. PMID: 31487475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hahn LJ, Brady NC, Versaci T Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Psychosocial Outcomes of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Relation to Discourse Recovery: A Longitudinal Study Up To 1 Year Post-Injury.
Conclusions Discourse disorders have a strong relationship with everyday outcomes relating to work, relationships, and independence as reported by relatives. Six months post-injury is a beneficial time for assessment, education, and service planning. Age, years of education, and aphasia may mediate recovery and outcomes. A clinical decision tree is offered to support goal setting. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9755444. PMID: 31487472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Elbourn E, Kenny B, Power E, Togher L Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Language Comprehension After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: The Role of Speed.
Conclusions While our task might have been sensitive to cognitive processing abilities in both groups (as evidenced by the main effects of condition and sentence type), the task was not specific enough to capture mTBI-related deficits. The similarities in performance between both groups have clinical implications for the treatment of not just brain-related trauma but also trauma in general. PMID: 31454258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 27, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Norman RS, Shah MN, Turkstra LS Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Perceptual Characteristics of Consonant Production in Apraxia of Speech and Aphasia.
Conclusion Findings add to the continued effort to improve the understanding and assessment of AOS and aphasia. Several contextual variables more consistently influenced breakdown in participants with AOS compared to participants with aphasia and should be considered during the diagnostic process. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9701690. PMID: 31454259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 27, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bislick L, Hula WD Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Sleepiness, Exertion Fatigue, Arousal, and Vigilant Attention in Persons With Chronic Aphasia.
Conclusions Although overall sleepiness, exertion fatigue, and overall arousal did not differ between groups, physiological measures of vigilant attention may be more sensitive to differences and may explain feelings of fatigue that persons with chronic aphasia experience. PMID: 31437012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Riley EA, Owora A, McCleary J, Anderson A Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Percent Grammatical Utterances Between 4 and 9 Years of Age for the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument: Reference Data and Psychometric Properties.
Abstract Purpose The purpose of this article was to provide the reference data and evaluate psychometric properties for the percent grammatical utterances (PGU; Eisenberg & Guo, 2013) in children between 4 and 9 years of age from the database of the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider, Dubé, & Hayward, 2005). Method Participants were 377 children who were between 4 and 9 years of age, including 300 children with typical language (TL) and 77 children with language impairment (LI). Narrative samples were collected using the ENNI protocol (i.e., a story generation task). PGU was comput...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Guo LY, Eisenberg S, Schneider P, Spencer L Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Subjective Communication Difficulties in Very Mild Aphasia.
Conclusion People with very mild aphasia experience salient language difficulties, and these difficulties have an adverse effect on multiple domains of living successfully with aphasia. Further investigation toward better methods of assessment and intervention is warranted. PMID: 31424955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cavanaugh R, Haley KL Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Structured External Memory Aid Treatment for Mild Cognitive Impairment.
Conclusions With treatment, individuals with mild memory impairments can learn to use EMAs to facilitate enhanced performance on functional activities. This study provides evidence for the importance of documenting individual treatment effects and using a functional measure to examine compensatory strategy use in everyday tasks. PMID: 31424973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lanzi A, Bourgeois MS Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Facilitator Behaviors Leading to Engagement and Disengagement in Aphasia Conversation Groups.
Conclusion Results suggest that novice facilitators exhibit behaviors that contribute to and detract from participant engagement in aphasia conversation groups. Findings, discussed within the context of the literature on well-managed groups, highlight the skill required in managing the needs of participants with aphasia and knowing how and when to employ clinician-led strategies. PMID: 31419150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lee JB, Azios JH Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

A Retrospective Study of Long-Term Improvement on the Boston Naming Test.
Conclusions These findings indicate a positive prognosis for naming improvement over time regardless of demographic factors and provide estimates for clinical predictions for those who seek rehabilitation during the chronic phase. PMID: 31419151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sachs A, Rising K, Beeson PM Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Clinical Assessment of Characteristics of Apraxia of Speech in Primary Progressive Aphasia.
Conclusions Our study adds to a growing body of research that highlights the difficulty in objective clinical characterization of AOS and perceptual characterization of speech features. It further supports the need for consensus diagnostic criteria with standardized testing tools and for the identification and validation of objective markers of AOS. Additionally, these findings underscore the need for a training protocol if diagnostic tools are to be effective when shared beyond the research teams that develop and test them and disseminated to practicing speech-language pathologists, in order to ensure consistent applicati...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Duncan ES, Donovan NJ, Sajjadi SA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Treatment Fidelity Procedures for an Aphasia Intervention Within a Randomized Controlled Trial: Design, Feasibility, and Results.
Conclusion Treatment fidelity strategies and monitoring are feasible when incorporated into the study design. Treatment fidelity monitoring should be completed at regular intervals during the course of a study to ensure that high levels of protocol adherence are maintained over time and across conditions. PMID: 31419155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Conlon EL, Braun EJ, Babbitt EM, Cherney LR Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

The Effect of Working Memory Training on a Clinical Marker of French-Speaking Children With Developmental Language Disorder.
Conclusion These findings are noteworthy as Melby-Lervåg and Hulme's (2013) meta-analysis concluded that existing WM training programs show short-lived generalized effects to other comparable measures of WM, but that there is no evidence that such training generalizes to less directly related tasks. That our study led to gains in skills that were not trained (i.e., syntax) suggests that a WM training regime that is firmly grounded in theory and that targets the specific mechanisms shown to underpin the acquisition of syntax may indeed provide effective remediation for children with DLD. PMID: 31419156 [PubMed - ...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stanford E, Durrleman S, Delage H Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research