Speech-Language Pathologists' Practices for Addressing Cognitive Deficits in College Students With Traumatic Brain Injury.
Conclusion Results of the literature search indicate that evidence is lacking to support specific practices for use by speech-language pathologists with this population and highlight future research needs to inform clinical practice. PMID: 32955917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 21, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ackley K, Brown J Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Potential for Cognitive Communication Impairment in COVID-19 Survivors: A Call to Action for Speech-Language Pathologists.
Conclusions The existing literature on cognitive sequela of COVID-19 infection is small to date, but much can be learned from similar viral infections and disorders. Although COVID-19 is novel, the speech-language pathology approaches to evaluation and intervention of other populations of critical care patients are applicable. However, speech-language pathologists have not routinely been involved in these patients' acute care. As such, this is a call to action to speech-language pathologists to address the unprecedented numbers of patients who will need their services early in the disease process and throughout recovery. ...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 18, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ramage AE Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Diagnostic Assessment in Primary Progressive Aphasia: An Illustrative Case Example.
Conclusion Detailed behavioral assessment, thorough intake of symptom history and neurodevelopmental differences, multimodal neuroimaging, and comprehensive examination of genes and biomarkers are of paramount importance for detecting and characterizing PPA, with ramifications for early behavioral and/or pharmacological intervention. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12771113. PMID: 32910678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Europa E, Iaccarino L, Perry DC, Weis E, Welch AE, Rabinovici GD, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML, Henry ML Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Relationship Between Single Word Reading, Connected Text Reading, and Reading Comprehension in Persons With Aphasia.
Conclusions Although preliminary, the findings provide support for word-level reading abilities underlying connected text reading accuracy but suggest additional cognitive mechanisms are involved in text-level reading comprehension that are not explained by single word reading alone. The findings indicate clinicians should use caution when inferring comprehension abilities from single word reading performance as reading comprehension abilities are likely best assessed using text-level comprehension assessments. PMID: 32870705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Smith KG, Ryan AE Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Variability of Electrolaryngeal Speech Intelligibility in Multitalker Babble.
Conclusions Findings suggest that listeners are able to identify a significantly higher percentage of EL users' speech in quiet compared to multitalker babble, but a large variability in EL users' speech intelligibility exists. Continued investigation involving a larger number of EL users is necessary to confirm this study's findings. Future research should explore the relationships among F0 measures, speaker characteristics (e.g., rate of speech, articulatory precision), and speech intelligibility, in addition to improving alaryngeal rehabilitation training protocols for EL users. PMID: 32870708 [PubMed - as supplied...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cox SR, McNicholl K, Shadle CH, Chen WR Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Caregivers' Perceptions of Speech-Language Pathologist Talk About Child Language and Literacy Disorders.
Conclusions The findings showed the value caregivers place on receiving clear and timely diagnostic information, as well as the complexity associated with caregivers' understanding of language and literacy disorders. The findings are discussed in terms of changes that could be made in clinical practice to better support children with language and literacy disorders and their families. PMID: 32857589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Porter KL, Oetting JB, Pecchioni L Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Comparing and Predicting Public Attitudes Toward Stuttering, Obesity, and Mental Illness.
Conclusions Stuttering is regarded as less stigmatizing than mental illness but more stigmatizing than obesity. Additionally, positivity toward one condition results in limited positivity toward the others. Impressions and knowledge of-as well as experience with-stigmatized conditions can inform public awareness campaigns and individual clinical programs dealing with stigma. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12860939. PMID: 32857617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: St Louis KO Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Communication Assessment for Individuals With Minimal Verbal Skills: A Survey of Current Practices and Satisfaction.
Conclusions Results from this survey suggest the need to continue to promote using multiple forms of assessment for individuals with minimal verbal skills. In addition, it points to the need to develop additional effective assessment methods for individuals with minimal verbal skills. PMID: 32845703 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 26, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Muller K, Brady NC, Fleming KK, Matthews K Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Increased Recruitment of Domain-General Neural Networks in Language Processing Following Intensive Language-Action Therapy: fMRI Evidence From People With Chronic Aphasia.
Conclusion These results are consistent with a more efficient recruitment of domain-general neural networks in language processing, including those involved in attentional control, following aphasia therapy with ILAT. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12765755. PMID: 32830988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 24, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dreyer FR, Doppelbauer L, Büscher V, Arndt V, Stahl B, Lucchese G, Hauk O, Mohr B, Pulvermüller F Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Language and Speech Markers of Primary Progressive Aphasia: A Systematic Review.
Conclusions To accurately differentiate the NFV from the LV, it could be important to assess the language and speech degeneration by more specific assessments and by more objective diagnostic methods that offer insights into the language-related processes. Electrophysiological markers of PPA were not identified in this review due to the low number of studies that investigated language-related ERPs. More controlled ERP studies in larger patient cohorts are needed to investigate the diagnostic applicability of language-related ERPs in PPA. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12798080. PMID: 32810414 [Pub...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 18, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stalpaert J, Cocquyt EM, Criel Y, Segers L, Miatton M, Van Langenhove T, van Mierlo P, De Letter M Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Facilitating Parental Involvement in Speech Therapy for Children With Speech Sound Disorders: A Survey of Speech-Language Pathologists' Practices, Perspectives, and Strategies.
Conclusion These results suggest potentially important differences between school-based services and therapy in other contexts with respect to this particular aspect of service provision for children with SSD. PMID: 32791004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tambyraja SR Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Exploring the Validity and Operational Impact of Using Allied Health Assistants to Conduct Dysphagia Screening for Low-Risk Patients Within the Acute Hospital Setting.
Conclusion AHAs demonstrated the ability to reliably conduct dysphagia screening on a cohort of low-risk patients, with a low rate of false negatives. Data support high level of agreement and positive operational impact of using trained AHAs to perform dysphagia screening in low-risk patients. PMID: 32780593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Schwarz M, Ward EC, Cornwell P, Coccetti A, D'Netto P, Smith A, Morley-Davies K Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Cognate Performance for Young Multilingual Children's Vocabulary: A Research Synthesis.
Conclusions Contrary to early 1990s research, current researchers suggest that even young multilingual children may demonstrate sensitivity to cognate vocabulary words. Given the limits in study quality, more high-quality research is needed, particularly to address test validity in cognate assessments, to develop appropriate cognate definitions for children, and to refine word-level features. Only one study included a brief instruction prior to assessment, warranting cognate treatment studies as an area of future need. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12753179. PMID: 32780597 [PubMed - as supplied b...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Squires LR, Ohlfest SJ, Santoro KE, Roberts JL Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

The Use of Nonspeech Oral Motor Exercises in the Treatment of Children With Cleft Palate: A Re-Examination of Available Evidence.
Conclusion Based on the current review, there is no empirical support for the use of NSOME as a direct or adjunct treatment for velopharyngeal dysfunction or compensatory speech errors. Appropriate treatments for these communication disorders include surgical, dental, and speech-based interventions. PMID: 32755484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 5, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ruscello DM, Vallino LD Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Respiratory-Swallow Coordination Training Improves Swallowing Safety and Efficiency in a Person With Anoxic Brain Injury.
Conclusions Clinically meaningful improvements in RSC were observed following four sessions of RSCT, which were subsequently associated with large improvements in swallowing safety and efficiency. RSCT may be an efficacious, clinically feasible skill-based exercise for people with anoxic brain injury, suboptimal RSC, and dysphagia. Future work is needed to expand these findings in a larger cohort of people with dysphagia. PMID: 32755487 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 5, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Curtis JA, Seikaly ZN, Troche MS Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Communication Limitations in Patients With Progressive Apraxia of Speech and Aphasia.
Conclusions Patients with neurodegenerative AOS experience reduced participation in communication that is further exacerbated by co-occurring language deficits. The study suggests measures of severity cannot be assumed to correlate with measures of participation restrictions and offers a foundation for further research examining the day-to-day sequela of progressive speech and language disorders. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12743252. PMID: 32755493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 5, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Utianski RL, Clark HM, Duffy JR, Botha H, Whitwell JL, Josephs KA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Speech Prosody Interventions for Persons With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review.
Discussion The results of this literature review suggest that interventions that directly target speech prosody using established evidence-based practices for ASD may be most effective for increasing typical prosodic patterns during speech for persons with ASD. Further research is needed to establish which interventions are most effective for each age range and context. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12735926. PMID: 32757615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 5, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Holbrook S, Israelsen M Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Effects of a Supplemental Spanish Phonological Awareness Intervention on Latinx Preschoolers' Dual Language Emergent Literacy Skills.
Conclusion These findings provide preliminary evidence Latinx preschoolers who are dual language learners benefit from emergent literacy instruction that promotes their bilingual and biliterate development. PMID: 32750275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Soto XT, Crucet-Choi A, Goldstein H Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Adaptation of a Caregiver-Implemented Naturalistic Communication Intervention for Spanish-Speaking Families of Mexican Immigrant Descent: A Promising Start.
Conclusions Given some recommendations to further adapt the intervention, this CI-NCI appears to be feasible for supporting the communication development of children of Spanish-speaking Mexican immigrant descent. Thus, future research on the efficacy of the intervention is warranted. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12269081. PMID: 32750276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cycyk LM, Moore HW, De Anda S, Huerta L, Méndez S, Patton C, Bourret C Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Vocabulary Growth: Dual Language Learners at Risk for Language Impairment.
Conclusions Children who are at risk are likely to continue to have lower vocabulary knowledge compared to their TD peers. The growth trajectories of DLLs provide valuable information for early identification and intervention. PMID: 32750277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kan PF, Huang S, Winicour E, Yang J Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Introduction to the Forum: Innovations in Clinical Practice for Dual Language Learners, Part 2.
Abstract [Figure: see text]. PMID: 32750278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Guiberson M Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Exploring the Cultural Validity of Parent-Implemented Naturalistic Language Intervention Procedures for Families From Spanish-Speaking Latinx Homes.
Conclusion The findings highlight the variability within the Latinx community that is likely to impact the cultural validity of early language interventions for children and families from this background. Considerations for enhancing interventions to achieve cultural congruency and promote child outcomes are provided. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12315713. PMID: 32750279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cycyk LM, Huerta L Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Taxonomic Development in Young Bilingual Children: Task Matters, and So Does Scoring Method.
Conclusion Depending on task demand and scoring method, bilingual children exhibited slower, comparable, and faster development in taxonomic knowledge in comparison to monolingual controls. This study highlights the nuanced effect of bilingualism on different levels of the taxonomic hierarchy and the impact of scoring methods on measuring vocabulary depth. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12315683. PMID: 32750280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lam BPW, Sheng L Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Dynamic Assessment Language Tasks and the Prediction of Performance on Year-End Language Skills in Preschool Dual Language Learners.
Conclusions Although the relationship of performance on DA with year-end performance varies across tasks, the findings indicate potential for using a graduated prompting approach to language screening with young dual language learners. Further research is needed to select the best tasks for administration in a graduated prompting framework and determine accuracy of identification of language impairment. PMID: 32750281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Patterson JL, Rodríguez BL, Dale PS Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Beyond Scores: Using Converging Evidence to Determine Speech and Language Services Eligibility for Dual Language Learners.
Conclusion We illustrate the converging evidence framework using two case studies to guide the clinician through the diagnostic decision-making process. PMID: 32750282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Castilla-Earls A, Bedore L, Rojas R, Fabiano-Smith L, Pruitt-Lord S, Restrepo MA, Peña E Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Grammatical Characteristics of Vietnamese and English in Developing Bilingual Children.
Conclusions Results from this typically developing sample provide a reference point to improve clinical practice. Characterizing developmental patterns in sentence structure in Vietnamese and English lays the groundwork for investigations of language disorders in this bilingual population. PMID: 32750283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dam Q, Pham G, Potapova I, Pruitt-Lord S Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Vocabulary and Phonological Abilities Affect Dual Language Learners' Consonant Production Accuracy Within and Across Languages: A Large-Scale Study of 3- to 6-Year-Old Spanish-English Dual Language Learners.
Conclusion Spanish-English DLLs' consonant production abilities in both languages improve with age between 3;0 and 6;5. DLLs' accuracy in each language is also affected by vocabulary abilities within the same language and by their consonant production abilities in the other language. In particular, children's consonant production abilities in each language were highly predictive of their consonant production abilities in the other language, which suggests that shared phonological skills support their development across languages. PMID: 32750284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Keffala B, Scarpino S, Hammer CS, Rodriguez B, Lopez L, Goldstein B Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Phonological-Orthographic Deficits in Developmental Dyslexia in Three Spanish-English Bilingual Students.
Conclusions We show the importance of assessing reading processes in students with a history of reading and writing problems. Our findings are based on three single case studies and are not generalizable. Our aim is to stimulate questions and research on dyslexia and the particular needs of DLLs. PMID: 32750285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ijalba E, Bustos A, Romero S Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Insights Into Category Sorting Flexibility in Bilingual Children: Results of a Cognitive Lab Study.
Conclusions The category sorting task proved useful in eliciting sorting behaviors and naming from the children tested. The age effect suggests that sorting may reflect their general developmental experience rather than their language-specific experience. The cognitive lab approach allowed us to understand how children shift sets and verbalize their understanding of the categorization process. Knowing how children approach this task can inform future work to develop ways to strategically select language intervention goals and document progress. PMID: 32750286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journ...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Simon-Cereijido G, Bedore LM, Peña ED, Iglesias A Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Working Memory and Linguistic Performance of Dual Language Learners With and Without Developmental Language Disorders.
Conclusions Working memory tasks yielded different results depending on the type of task (verbal vs. nonverbal). Outcomes from this study showed that a nonverbal working memory task (hand movement) was not useful in distinguishing preschool-age dual language children with DLD from typical peers, but a verbal working memory task (nonword repetition) may be useful if combined with other more robust linguistic measures. PMID: 32750287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - August 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Guiberson MM, Rodríguez BL Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Validation of the Yale Swallow Protocol in Post-Acute Care: A Prospective, Double-Blind, Multirater Study.
Conclusions The data from this prospective study appear to support the use of the YSP in post-acute care due to the ability to use the protocol on virtually all patients-regardless of diagnosis-and its high sensitivity and negative predictive value. PMID: 32717153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ward M, Skelley-Ashford M, Brown K, Ashford J, Suiter D Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Development of Neural Structure and Function in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Potential Implications for Learning Language.
Conclusions Consideration of the neural differences in autistic children provides additional scientific support for current recommended language intervention practices. Recommendations consistent with these neurological findings include the use of short, simple utterances; repetition of syntactic structures using varied vocabulary; pause time; visual supports; and individualized sensory modifications. PMID: 32697616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Coburn KL, Williams DL Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Part of Speech Production in Patients With Primary Progressive Aphasia: An Analysis Based on Natural Language Processing.
This study aims to determine the differences between PPA variants with respect to part of speech (POS) production and to identify morphological markers that classify PPA variants using machine learning. By fulfilling these aims, the overarching goal is to provide objective measures that can facilitate clinical diagnosis, evaluation, and prognosis. Method and Procedure Connected speech productions from PPA patients produced in a picture description task were transcribed, and the POS class of each word was estimated using natural language processing, namely, POS tagging. We then implemented a twofold analysis: (a) linear reg...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Themistocleous C, Webster K, Afthinos A, Tsapkini K Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

The Use of Structural Priming and Focused Recasts to Facilitate the Production of Subject- and Object-Focused Relative Clauses by School-Age Children With and Without Developmental Language Disorder.
Conclusions The study supports the feasibility of combining an implicit priming task with an explicit recasting task for teaching subject-focused relative clauses to children with DLD. However, it is likely that additional instruction and/or more trials will be necessary for children with DLD to attain consistent performance levels. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12670847. PMID: 32697671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wada R, Gillam SL, Gillam RB Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Speech-Language Pathology Management for Adults With COVID-19 in the Acute Hospital Setting: Initial Recommendations to Guide Clinical Practice.
Conclusions Speech-language pathologists play a critical role in the assessment, management, and treatment of patients with COVID-19. Several important considerations need to be made in order to meet the needs of this unique patient population. As more is learned about the impact of the virus on swallowing and communication, the role of the speech-language pathologist on interdisciplinary care teams will remain paramount. PMID: 32692584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Namasivayam-MacDonald AM, Riquelme LF Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Properties of Lexical Diversity in the Narratives of Children With Typical Language Development and Developmental Language Disorder.
Conclusion The results of this study support the view that different measures of lexical diversity may be appropriate for different clinical purposes. It is important for clinicians to understand how measures of lexical diversity function in order to make educated choices among measures and ensure appropriate interpretation. PMID: 32692626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Charest M, Skoczylas MJ, Schneider P Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Cultural Competence and Self-Efficacy After Study Abroad Experiences.
Conclusion Service-learning study abroad experiences help students develop cultural awareness and competence skills and increase their self-efficacy beliefs. Using a mixed-methods approach can help identify strengths and weaknesses in the training of speech-language pathology and audiology students with regard to cultural competence. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12642647. PMID: 32663038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 14, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: de Diego-Lázaro B, Winn K, Restrepo MA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Cepstral Peak Prominence Values for Clinical Voice Evaluation.
Conclusions The CPP cutoff values identified in Experiment 1 provide normative reference points for clinical voice evaluation based on sustained /a/ vowels and the Rainbow Passage. Experiment 2 provides an initial predictive framework that can be used to relate CPP values to the auditory perception of overall dysphonia severity based on sustained /a/ vowels and Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice sentences. PMID: 32658592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Murton O, Hillman R, Mehta D Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Shifting Tides Toward a Proactive Patient-Centered Approach in Dysphagia Management of Neurodegenerative Disease.
Conclusions SLPs play a critical role in the management of dysphagia in patients with neurodegenerative disease and should be integrated early in the care of these patients. By focusing on a proactive patient-centered approach, patients with neurodegenerative conditions, such as ALS and dementia, will experience improved quality of life and health outcomes for a longer time. PMID: 32650651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Rogus-Pulia NM, Plowman EK Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Introduction to the Special Issue: Select Papers From the 2018 Charleston Swallowing Conference at Northwestern University.
Abstract The Charleston Swallowing Conference at Northwestern University is a clinical multidisciplinary conference designed for dysphagia clinicians who practice across all care settings and treat individuals of all ages. This special issue of the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology contains selected articles from the July 2018 conference dedicated to innovation and implementation of dysphagia practice. The collection of articles includes clinical best practices, new patient-centered assessment and treatment discoveries, re-examination and application of current practices across the age spectrum, and th...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Martin-Harris B, Bonilha HS, Suiter D Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing Across the Age Spectrum.
Conclusion FEES is a valuable part of the clinical protocol for evaluation and management of dysphagia across the life span. It provides a mechanism for in-depth analysis of swallowing structures and function during intake of liquid and food boluses. Future developments include standardized training content to ensure clinical competency and the development of standardized examination and interpretation protocols. PMID: 32650653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Miller CK, Schroeder JW, Langmore S Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

The Emerging Importance of High-Resolution Manometry in the Evaluation and Treatment of Deglutition in Infants, Children, and Adults: New Opportunities for Speech-Language Pathologists.
Conclusion New opportunities will emerge upon further research for larger-scale translation once normative data and recognition of biomarkers of abnormality are ascertained. PMID: 32650654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Davidson K, O'Rourke A, Fortunato JE, Jadcherla S Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

High-Resolution Cervical Auscultation and Data Science: New Tools to Address an Old Problem.
Abstract High-resolution cervical auscultation (HRCA) is an evolving clinical method for noninvasive screening of dysphagia that relies on data science, machine learning, and wearable sensors to investigate the characteristics of disordered swallowing function in people with dysphagia. HRCA has shown promising results in categorizing normal and disordered swallowing (i.e., screening) independent of human input, identifying a variety of swallowing physiological events as accurately as trained human judges. The system has been developed through a collaboration of data scientists, computer-electrical engineers, and s...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Coyle JL, Sejdić E Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Motor Learning, Neuroplasticity, and Strength and Skill Training: Moving From Compensation to Retraining in Behavioral Management of Dysphagia.
Conclusion In reviewing these theoretical fundamentals, clinical exemplars surrounding the roles of strength, skill, experience, compensation, and retraining, and their influence on motor learning and plasticity in regard to swallowing/feeding skills throughout the life span are discussed. PMID: 32650656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zimmerman E, Carnaby G, Lazarus CL, Malandraki GA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Best Practices in Modified Barium Swallow Studies.
Conclusions The MBSS is the primary swallowing examination that permits visualization of bolus flow and swallowing movement throughout the upper aerodigestive tract in real time. The clinical validity of the study has been established when conducted using reproducible and validated protocols and metrics applied according to best practices to provide accurate and reliable information necessary to direct treatment planning and limit radiation exposure. Standards and quandaries discussed in this review article, as well as references, provide a basis for understanding the current best practices for MBSS. PMID: 32650657 [P...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Martin-Harris B, Canon CL, Bonilha HS, Murray J, Davidson K, Lefton-Greif MA Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Pediatric Feeding Disorders: Roles of the Speech-Language Pathologist and Behavioral Psychologist.
Conclusions Due to their complex nature, the successful management of PFDs is only possible with the care and expertise of a multidisciplinary team, which includes parents/caregivers. SLPs are important members of these multidisciplinary teams and provide valuable input for the accurate identification and effective remediation of PFDs. PMID: 32650658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gosa MM, Dodrill P, Lefton-Greif MA, Silverman A Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Respiratory-Swallow Training Methods: Accuracy of Automated Detection of Swallow Onset, Respiratory Phase, Lung Volume at Swallow Onset, and Real-Time Performance Feedback Tested in Healthy Adults.
Conclusions This novel, automated, and real-time RST software successfully detected the onset of the swallow, respiratory phase, and lung volume at swallow onset and provided appropriate real-time performance feedback with a high degree of accuracy in healthy adults. The software has the potential to improve the accessibility, efficiency, and translation of RST to diverse patient populations. PMID: 32650659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hopkins-Rossabi T, Rowe M, McGrattan K, Rossabi S, Martin-Harris B Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Advances in the Use of Neuromodulation for Neurogenic Dysphagia: Mechanisms and Therapeutic Application of Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation.
Conclusion Early studies indicate these emerging neurostimulatory techniques hold future therapeutic promise. However, both a greater number of and larger clinical trials are required to provide evidence delineating their efficacy and scope of application. PMID: 32650660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sasegbon A, Cheng I, Zhang M, Hamdy S Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Swallowing Screening: Purposefully Different From an Assessment Sensitivity and Specificity Related to Clinical Yield, Interprofessional Roles, and Patient Selection.
Conclusion Screening is a critical first step in the identification of individuals at risk for feeding problems and dysphagia across the life span. Understanding the difference between screening and assessment objectives as well as having the knowledge, skills, and clinical competency to implement psychometrically sound screening approaches is a recommended clinical practice standard for SLPs working with these clinical populations. This clinical focus article summarizes critical considerations for identifying individuals at risk for feeding problems and dysphagia across the life span to guide clinicians working with dysph...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Suiter DM, Daniels SK, Barkmeier-Kraemer JM, Silverman AH Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

Assessment Across the Life Span: The Clinical Swallow Evaluation.
Conclusions The CSE remains a crucial assessment tool for the speech-language pathologist. The experienced clinician can make important judgments regarding patient safety and function. If the CSE is conducted mindfully and methodically, findings can help chart the course of care for individuals needing additional assessment and possibly intervention. PMID: 32650662 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Garand KLF, McCullough G, Crary M, Arvedson JC, Dodrill P Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research