Emergency Department Visits Attributed to Adverse Events Involving Benzodiazepines, 2016–2017
ConclusionsThese findings support recommendations to assess for and address substance use disorder before initiating or continuing benzodiazepines and reinforce the need for validated self-harm risk assessment tools for clinicians. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Masthead
Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Two Decades Later: The Methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Robert B. Wallace (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

REPRINT OF: Current Methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: A Review of the Process
This article is a reprint of a previously published article. For citation purposes, please use the original publication details: Harris RP, Helfand M, Woolf SH, et al. Current methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: a review of the process. Am J Prev Med. 2001;20(3S):21-35.The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF/Task Force) represents one of several efforts to take a more evidence-based approach to the development of clinical practice guidelines. As methods have matured for assembling and reviewing evidence and for translating evidence into guidelines, so too have the methods of the USPSTF. This paper s...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evolution of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Methods
Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Alex H. Krist, Michael J. Barry, Tracy A. Wolff, Douglas K. Owens, Tina M. Fan, Karina W. Davidson (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexually Transmitted Infections and Contraceptive Use in Adolescents
ConclusionsThis analysis provides strong evidence that the risk for the acquisition of sexually transmitted infections is no higher for long-acting reversible contraceptives than for other forms of contraception. These results support the use of long-acting reversible contraceptive in female adolescents, as proposed and reaffirmed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and American Academy of Pediatrics. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease Guideline Adherence: An RCT Using Practice Facilitation
The objective of the study is to determine whether practice facilitation is effective in increasing the proportion of patients meeting the Million Hearts ABCS outcomes: (A) aspirin when indicated, (B) blood pressure control, (C) cholesterol management, and (S) smoking screening and cessation intervention.DesignThe study used a stepped-wedge cluster RCT design with 4 intervention waves. Data were extracted for 13 quarters between January 1, 2015 and March 31, 2018, which encompassed the control, intervention, and follow-up periods for all waves, and analyzed in 2019.Setting/participantsA total of 257 small independent prima...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of an Intervention for Obesity and Depression on Patient-Centered Outcomes: An RCT
ConclusionsAn integrated collaborative care intervention for obesity and depression that was shown previously to improve weight and depressive symptoms may also confer benefits for quality of life and psychosocial functioning over 6 months.Trial registrationThis study is registered at clinicaltrials.gov NCT02246413. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Older Adults’ Physical Activity and Healthcare Costs, 2003–2014
ConclusionsResults revealed a time lag effect highlighted by a delayed inverse relationship between state-level physical activity prevalence and healthcare costs among older adults. This evidence offers governments and communities new insights to guide policymaking on long-term public investment in physical activity intervention programs. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perception of Safety and Its Association With Physical Activity in Adolescents in Mexico
ConclusionsPedestrian safety was negatively associated with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sports participation in female youth. Environments with better lighting, crosswalks, and walking/cycle trails could increase physical activity in female youth. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hypertension in Adults With Intellectual Disability: Prevalence and Risk Factors
This study estimated the prevalence of hypertension in a global data set of adults with intellectual disability participating in Special Olympics and investigated the role of physical activity and obesity in hypertension risk.MethodsA total of 33,122 individuals aged ≥18 years with intellectual disability who participated in Special Olympic events from 2014 to 2018 had their brachial blood pressure, BMI, and self-reported physical activity assessed. Hypertension was classified using 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines (systolic blood pressure≥130 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Poor Health and Violent Crime Hot Spots: Mitigating the Undesirable Co-Occurrence Through Focused Place-Based Interventions
ConclusionsIndicated or selective strategies are urgently needed to target micro-geographic locations with known increased risks, supplementing universal strategies applied to a broader community. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Change and Stability in the Characteristics of the Population Without Health Insurance
ConclusionsAlthough prior research has considered changes in the uninsured rate for key sociodemographic groups, fewer studies have considered how these changes affected the composition of the uninsured population in the U.S. The profile of the uninsured population, which has changed over time, can help to inform interventions to target this group. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Secondhand Smoking and Depressive Symptoms Among In-School Adolescents
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Louis Jacob, Lee Smith, Sarah E. Jackson, Josep Maria Haro, Jae Il Shin, Ai KoyanagiIntroductionSmoking has been linked with depressive symptoms in adolescents, but data on secondhand smoking and depressive symptoms in low- and middle-income countries are scarce. Thus, this study analyzes the association between secondhand smoking and depressive symptoms among in-school adolescents from 22 low- and middle-income countries.MethodsData from the 2003–2008 Global School-Based Student Health Survey were analyzed in...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prenatal Drinking in the Northern Plains: Differences Between American Indian and Caucasian Mothers
ConclusionsAlcohol use was more prevalent among Caucasian mothers. Among those who consumed alcohol during pregnancy, American Indian mothers consumed larger quantities. Change of residence was found to be the sole risk factor for prenatal drinking among American Indian mothers, whereas different and multiple risk factors were found for Caucasian mothers. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Infection Among People With Diabetes: United States Population Differences by Race/Ethnicity
ConclusionsHispanic and Asian subpopulation results drove much of the previously reported positive association between diabetes and a positive test for M. tuberculosis infection. Hispanic and Asian adults with diabetes might particularly benefit from screening and treatment for latent tuberculosis infection. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Military Sexual Trauma and Severe Self-Directed Violence
ConclusionsMilitary sexual trauma is associated with risk for serious self-directed violence for both men and women veterans, and the relationship may be pronounced among women. Results underscore the importance of incorporating military sexual trauma into treatment and preventative efforts for self-directed violence. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Development and Validation of the Trans-Inclusive Provider Scale
ConclusionsFindings suggest that the Trans-Inclusive Provider Scale may be useful in identifying providers’ behaviors regarding inclusivity of transgender and gender diverse patients and provide growth opportunities at both individual and practice levels. It could also guide improvements after trainings or be used as a micro-intervention, allowing providers to assess behaviors and identify opportunities to improve. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reducing Both Food Insecurity and Excess Body Weight in Costa Rican Women: A Cluster Randomized Trial
ConclusionsThe intensive intervention was effective in simultaneously reducing food insecurity and excess body weight. Educational components should be added to interventions aimed to reduce food insecurity.Trial registrationThis study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT03492619. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual Violence Victimization of Youth and Health Risk Behaviors
ConclusionsPast-year sexual violence victimization was significantly related to various health risk behaviors, suggesting that efforts to prevent sexual violence may also be associated with decreases in poor health. Integrating violence, substance use, sexual, and other health risk prevention efforts is warranted. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implications of Cannabis Legalization on Juvenile Justice Outcomes and Racial Disparities
ConclusionsAdult cannabis legalization in Oregon was associated with increased juvenile cannabis allegations; increases are not explained by changes in underage cannabis use. Relative disparities decreased for black youth but remained unchanged for American Indian/Alaska Native youth. Changing regulations following adult cannabis legalization could have unintended negative impacts on youth. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Overprescribing of Opioids to Adults by Dentists in the U.S., 2011–2015
ConclusionsBetween 1 in 4 and 1 in 2 opioids prescribed to adult dental patients are overprescribed. Judicious opioid-prescribing interventions should be tailored to oral health conditions and dentists. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of State Policy Changes in Florida on Opioid-Related Overdoses
ConclusionsTo address the opioid overdose epidemic, states have implemented policies such as Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and pain clinic laws designed to reduce inappropriate opioid prescribing. Such laws may be effective in reducing prescription opioid-related overdoses. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of the Affordable Care Act on Colorectal Cancer Outcomes: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsFree preventive colorectal cancer screening and Medicaid expansion because of passage of the Affordable Care Act have been, in general, positively associated with modest improvements in screening rates across the country. Future studies are needed that investigate the longer-term impact of the Affordable Care Act on colorectal cancer morbidity and mortality rates, as screening is only the first step in treatment of cancerous and precancerous lesions, preventing them from progressing. Moreover, more studies examining subpopulations are needed to better assess where gaps in care remain. (Source: American Journal o...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care Educators and Children
ConclusionsThe educators’ sedentary time and moderate to vigorous–intensity physical activity may have a small but potentially meaningful influence on children's moderate to vigorous–intensity physical activity because educators directly care for multiple children. Targeting these educator behaviors may be one strategy to increase children's moderate to vigorous–intensity physical activity during child care. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring the Incidence of Child Maltreatment Using Linked Data: A Two-State Comparison
This study compares the reported incidence between 2 states derived from population-based administrative data linkages.MethodsLinked births (2009–2011) with Child Protective Services records (2009–2015) and deaths in each state were used to compare the cumulative incidence of a Child Protective Services report before age 7 years. Given differences in population race structure and documented disparities of race groups in Child Protective Services data, variation was adjusted for using direct standardization. Unadjusted cumulative incidence, race cumulative incidence, and race-adjusted cumulative incidence were c...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Naloxone Availability in Retail Pharmacies and Neighborhood Inequities in Access
ConclusionsThough more than half of the pharmacies in North Carolina participate in the standing order for naloxone, efforts to identify the best practices for ensuring widespread implementation of statewide standing orders for naloxone are warranted. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Human Papillomavirus 16/18–Associated Cervical Lesions: Differences by Area-Based Measures of Race and Poverty
ConclusionsDifferences were observed in declines in the proportion of human papillomavirus 16/18 lesions by area-based measures since the introduction of human papillomavirus vaccines, with greater and earlier declines in areas with fewer residents living in poverty and racial minorities. Ongoing human papillomavirus vaccine impact monitoring is necessary to track differences by sociodemographic characteristics. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patterns of Healthcare Discrimination Among Transgender Help-Seekers
ConclusionsExperiences of healthcare discrimination are not homogeneous across transgender help-seekers. Predictors of the latent classes indicated that transgender help-seekers holding an additional marginalized identity may be at higher risk for healthcare discrimination or care from providers with limited trans-competence. Targeted engagement and education interventions might improve these transgender help-seekers’ access to and connections with care. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Suicide in Older Adults With and Without Known Mental Illness: Results From the National Violent Death Reporting System, 2003–2016
ConclusionsMost older adults who die from suicide do not have a known mental health condition. The rapidly growing U.S. geriatric population calls for more effective methods to identify and treat at-risk older adults, particularly those who are male. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Availability of Safety-net Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinical Services in the U.S., 2018
ConclusionsOne-third of local health departments reported no safety-net sexually transmitted disease services or were not aware of the services, and availability of specific services varied. Without an expansion of resources, local health departments might explore collaborations with healthcare systems and innovations in testing to expand sexually transmitted disease services. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intersecting Experiences of Healthcare Denials Among Transgender and Nonbinary Patients
ConclusionsThere is a need for better training of healthcare providers to be inclusive and reduce denial rates of their transgender and nonbinary patients. However, it is also clear that current rates of denial must be considered through a whole-person lens, considering the experience of concurrent oppressed identities and recognizing the increased risk those with multiple marginalized identities experience in being denied needed health care. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Review of Published Curriculum on Sex Trafficking for Undergraduate Medical Trainees
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jennifer M.V. Talbott, Jordan S. Dutcher, Charlotte A. Pougnier, Samantha L. Calvin, Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, Juliana M. KlingEducational councils and medical societies recommend that medical students learn to recognize and care for victims of sex trafficking. Previous research has found that healthcare providers are one of the few professionals to interact with sex trafficking victims during exploitation. This review evaluates currently published curricular and extracurricular U.S. medical education resources.A liter...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pneumococcal Vaccination in Adults Aged ≥65 Years: Cost-Effectiveness and Health Impact in U.S. Populations
ConclusionsA vaccination strategy that omits pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in immunocompetent U.S. seniors may be economically reasonable, particularly for black seniors. Use of both pneumococcal vaccines was more effective but substantially more expensive. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Comparison of Smoking History in the Electronic Health Record With Self-Report
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Nikhil Patel, David P. Miller, Anna C. Snavely, Christina Bellinger, Kristie L. Foley, Doug Case, Malcolm L. McDonald, Youssef R. Masmoudi, Ajay DharodIntroductionKnowing patients’ smoking history helps guide who may benefit from preventive services such as lung cancer screening. The accuracy of smoking history electronic health records remains unclear.MethodsThis was a secondary analysis of data collected from a portal-based lung cancer screening decision aid. Participants of an academically affiliated health ...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food Access and Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescents in India: Pune Maternal Nutrition Study
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Anjali V. Ganpule-Rao, Devesh Roy, Bhushana A. Karandikar, Chittaranjan S. Yajnik, Elaine C. RushIntroductionThe relationships among food access, foods consumed, and nutritional status and health in developing countries are not well understood. Between 2013 and 2018, differences in the rural food environment and access to food, nutritional status, and body size in the rural villages where the Pune Maternal Nutrition birth cohort was recruited were measured and analyzed.MethodsFood access measures included the number ...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol Advertising and Violence
This study examines the association between alcohol advertisements visible outside off-premise alcohol outlets and violent crime before this restriction.MethodsOutlet observations (n=683) were conducted in summer 2015, and violent crime data (n=24,085) were from June 5, 2015, through June 4, 2017. The number of violent crimes per square mile within 1,000 feet of outlets was summed using kernel density estimation. In 2018–2019, authors used mixed models with a Simes–Benjamini–Hochberg correction for multiple testing.ResultsRoughly half (47%, n=267) of the outlets with complete data (n=572) had alcohol adve...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Potential Economic Value of a Zika Vaccine for a Woman of Childbearing Age
ConclusionsThe thresholds at which vaccination becomes cost effective and cost saving can provide targets for Zika vaccine development and implementation. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Masthead
Publication date: February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Affordable Care Act and Ethnic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that Affordable Care Act implementation resulted in increased colorectal cancer screening; however, the effect of the law was not significantly different between Hispanics and non-Hispanics. These results provide indications that more needs to be done to reduce racial/ethnic disparities in colorectal cancer screening. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Psychosocial Factors With Risk of Chronic Diseases: A Nationwide Longitudinal Study
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that several adverse psychosocial risk factors are independently associated with the onset of noncommunicable diseases. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hepatitis B Birth Dose Effects on Childhood Immunization in the U.S.
ConclusionsReceiving the birth dose is positively associated with up-to-date status later in childhood, highlighting the importance of starting vaccination early. The association is insensitive to confounding by factors observed in National Immunization Survey-Child, but investigation of unobserved factors such as vaccine hesitancy could provide critical information to guide intervention strategy. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recreational Marijuana Availability in Oregon and Use Among Adolescents
ConclusionsLegalization and greater retail availability of recreational marijuana are positively associated with marijuana use among adolescents. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Opioid Prescribing Patterns Before Fatal Opioid Overdose
ConclusionsPrescribing patterns alone may not be sufficient to identify patients who are at high risk for opioid overdose, especially for those using illicit opioids. Interventions aimed at reducing opioid overdoses should take into account different patterns of opioid prescribing associated with illicit and prescription opioid overdose deaths and be designed around the local characteristics of the opioid overdose epidemic. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health System–Community Partnerships: Implementation and Intensity Matter
Publication date: February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 2Author(s): David T. Liss, Stephen D. Persell (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Potassium Intake in India: Opportunity for Mitigating Risks of High-Sodium Diets
Publication date: February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 2Author(s): Shuchi Anand, Roopa Shivashankar, Dimple Kondal, Vandana Garg, Shweta Khandelwal, Ruby Gupta, Anand Krishnan, Ritvik Amarchand, Neil Poulter, K. Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Sailesh MohanIntroductionMost Indians are vegetarian or eat very little meat, which could imply high potassium intake. Because a high-potassium diet could counterbalance the adverse health effects of high-sodium intake, this study aimed to describe potassium relative to sodium intake and investigate the relationship between blood pressur...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Social Networking and Gamified App to Increase Physical Activity: Cluster RCT
ConclusionsA gamified, online social networking physical activity intervention did not change objective moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, though it did increase self-reported moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and achieve high levels of engagement. Future work is needed to understand if gamification, online social networks, and app-based approaches can be leveraged to achieve positive behavior change.Trial registrationThis study is registered at Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry (protocol: ANZCTR12617000113358). (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Impact of Team-Based Primary Care on Guideline-Recommended Disease Screening
ConclusionsThis study found no evidence that Family Medicine Groups affected screening rates for these 3 chronic diseases. Limitations in the implementation of the Family Medicine Group policy in its early years may have contributed to this lack of impact. Interprofessional primary care teams may need to include elements other than organizational changes to increase disease prevention efforts. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Risk Assessments in Michigan's Medicaid Expansion: Early Experiences in Primary Care
ConclusionsEarly in program implementation, health risk assessment completion rates by primary care providers were low and awareness of financial incentives limited. Most primary care provider respondents perceived health risk assessments to be very or somewhat useful in identifying health risks, and about half of primary care providers viewed health risk assessments as very or somewhat useful in helping patients to change health behaviors. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inequity in California's Smokefree Workplace Laws: A Legal Epidemiologic Analysis of Loophole Closures
This study coded municipal laws and state law changes (in 2015–2016) for loophole closures and determined their effects in reducing inequities in smokefree workplace protections.MethodsPublic health attorneys reviewed current laws for 536 of California's 539 cities and counties from January 2017 to May 2018 and coded for 19 loophole closures identified from legislative actions (inter-rater reliability, 87%). The local policy data were linked with population demographics from intercensal estimates (2012–2016) and adult smoking prevalence (2014). The analyses were cross-sectional and conducted in February–J...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research