American Journal of Orthopsychiatry This is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.
Introduction to the special section: Mental health professionals with mental illness.
This is an introduction to the special section “Mental Health Professionals With Mental Illness.” The articles in this special section address issues of stigmatization, recovery, and vocational functioning in mental health professionals with potentially disabling mental illness. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - November 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Spaulding, William Source Type: research
Adult women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse and their current relationship with the abuser.
This article examines the adult perceptions of women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse and their current relationship with the family member who abused them in their childhood. Twenty Jewish Israeli women were interviewed in depth between 2008 and 2009. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data analysis produced 2 interrelated continua with regard to the presence of the perpetrator in the women ’s life: a continuum of his actual daily presence in the woman’s living space, ranging from complete absence to a continuous presence, and a continuum of his experiential presence, ranging from a h...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - October 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eisikovits, Zvi; Tener, Dafna; Lev-Wiesel, Rachel Source Type: research
Beyond adoption status: Post-adoptive parental involvement and children ’s reading and math performance from kindergarten to first grade.
In this study, we went beyond adoption status to examine the associations between postadoption parental involvement and children ’s reading and math performance from kindergarten to first grade. Secondary data on a sample of adopted children and nonadopted children were drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten Class of 1998 to 1999 (ECLS-K). Weighted data on the children’s reading performance were available for 13,900 children (181 were adopted); weighted data on the children’s math performance were available for 14,128 children (184 were adopted). Descriptive data showed no group difference i...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tan, Tony Xing; Kim, Eun Sook; Baggerly, Jennifer; Mahoney, E. Emily; Rice, Jessica Source Type: research
Achieving social justice for children: How can children ’s rights thinking make a difference?
This article draws on themes from the author's book, Children ’s Rights: Toward Social Justice, that emerge from surveying children’s rights issues in different childhood contexts; the family, education, child protection, and health services. The author has selected five examples of application of children’s rights to a policy area and identified the imp lications for policy and practice. There are four core rights that cut across all children’s rights issues that are mentioned before discussing specific areas. First, children, regardless of race, sex, language, religion, disability, or class, are entitled to right...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Smith, Anne B. Source Type: research
Parental ethnic-racial socialization and social attitudes among ethnic-racial minority and White American emerging adults.
This article utilizes moderated mediation analyses to explore whether the relations between parental ethnic-racial socialization (PERS) dimensions and social attitudes differ across ethnic-racial minority (n = 128) and White (n = 131) college-going emerging adults. We examined social dominance orientation (SDO) as an index of antiegalitarian intergroup attitudes and attitudes toward interpersonal harmony as an index of interpersonal attitudes. We tested whether there were ethnic-racial variations in mediation models in which each type of PERS dimension was expected to be linked to greater antiegalitarian attitudes (greater...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tran, Alisia G. T. T.; Mintert, Jeffrey S.; Jew, Gilbert B. Source Type: research
Adolescents ’ experience of parental psychological caregiving and neglect: Construct development.
We present an operationalization of psychological caregiving/neglect using adolescent self-reported survey items. A confirmatory latent variable modeling approach was used to measure and validate psychological caregiving/neglect in 2 adolescent (age 11 to 17) population cohorts involved with Child Protective Services (CPS) in the United States. The latent variable fits the samples well in both cohort populations indicating a valid construct, is mostly invariant across gender and age, is stable over time, and has good reliability. The measure also shows concurrent validity, associating strongly with all problem behavior dom...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christ, Sharon L.; Kwak, Yoon Young; Lu, Ting Source Type: research
Perceived primal threat of mental illness and recovery: The mediating role of self-stigma and self-empowerment.
This study adds to the understanding of the mechanism underlying the influence of perceived primal threat on recovery and suggests that perceived primal threat should be considered in the recovery process among people with mental illness. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zhang, Ruirui; Mak, Winnie W. S.; Chan, Randolph C. H. Source Type: research
Prevalence and correlates of substance use in Black, White, and biracial Black –White adolescents: Evidence for a biracial intermediate phenomena.
This study compared the prevalence and correlates of substance use among Black, White, and biracial Black –White youth. Data were derived from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health, which is a longitudinal investigation using stratified random sampling to study health behaviors. After controlling for sociodemographic factors and using weighted Poisson and logistic regression, the authors found the substance-use prevalence rates of Black–White youth to be intermediate to the higher rates of Whites and lower rates of Blacks. In addition, Black–White youth’s scores on most covariates were inte...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Goings, Trenette Clark; Butler-Bente, Emily; McGovern, Tricia; Howard, Matthew O. Source Type: research
Associations between school violence, military connection, and gang membership in California secondary schools.
This study supports schools in understanding the characteristics of the military-connected students and familie s they serve so they can implement appropriate interventions to curb gang and school violence behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Estrada Jr., Joey Nu ñez; Gilreath, Tamika D.; Sanchez, Cathia Y.; Astor, Ron Avi Source Type: research
Profiles of youth in therapeutic group care: Associations with involuntary psychiatric examinations and readmissions.
The study aims were to identify distinct subgroups among youth placed in therapeutic group care (TGC) and to examine the effect of specific constellations of risk factors on readmission to residential mental health care and involuntary psychiatric examination among youth in TGC. Several administrative databases were merged to examine outcomes for youth placed in TGC during fiscal year FY04-05 through FY07-08 (N = 1,009). Latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted. Two classes were identified: youth with multiple needs (Class 1) and lower risk youth (Class 2). Class 1 represented 45% of youth in TGC. Compared with Class 2, t...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Mowery, Debra Source Type: research
Family first: Community-based supports for refugees.
This article presents a community-based approach that targets family interventions and services through a preventive, family systems ecological framework. A public health approach is used to emphasize the need for a tiered model of family support that builds on the strengths of refugee families while recognizing their specific needs and challenges. The rationale for a family systems ecological perspective is presented to highlight the critical features of effective family support programs for refugee families, followed by a discussion regarding the transitions and adaptation faced by refugee families when entering the Unit...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pejic, Vanja; Hess, Robyn S.; Miller, Gloria E.; Wille, Alice Source Type: research
Transgender health and well-being: Gains and opportunities in policy and law.
This article discusses gains and opportunities in policy and law in the United States related to transgender health and well-being. Topics include (1) how the bathroom myth has been used every time a trans nondiscrimination bill is considered, (2) transgender nondiscrimination laws and policies, (3) the expansion of gender discrimination, (4) strategies for promoting mental health and well-being among trans people, (5) policy developments supporting the mental health and well-being of trans people, and (6) opportunities for action. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Scout, NFN Source Type: research
The power of 41%: A glimpse into the life of a statistic.
This article explores some of the key takeaways from the survey and the ways in which the 41% statistic has affected conversations about the injustices transgender people face and the importance of family and societal acceptance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tanis, Justin Source Type: research
Psychosocial, HIV, and health care management issues impacting transgender individuals.
This article reviews the varied process of transitioning and the psychosocial and quality-of-life benefits and outcomes of gender-affirmation therapeutic interventions, examines the barriers that transgender (TG) persons face in accessing health care, and describes the authors’ experiences in improving access to medical services by launching a TG health care clinic and a service provider collaborative. It concludes with a summary of the burgeoning prevalence of HIV among TG people and the associated psychosocial effects. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Redfern, Jan S.; Barnes, Arti; Chang, Joseph Source Type: research
Culturally competent evidence-based behavioral health services for the transgender community: Progress and challenges.
The presence of individuals who identify as transgender has emerged into public awareness in the United States in recent years. Celebrities who publicly transition have expanded the national conversation about gender variation beyond gender and women’s studies classrooms and certain specialty health and mental health services. This increased public visibility has been accompanied by increased visibility in the mental health literature, including the publishing of competencies or guidelines for working with clients who identify as transgender by various professional organizations. However, rapid societal changes and incre...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hope, Debra A.; Mocarski, Richard; Bautista, Chandra L.; Holt, Natalie R. Source Type: research