Visualizing the Habenula Using 3T High-Resolution MP2RAGE and QSM: A Preliminary Study [NEUROIMAGING PHYSICS/FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING/CT AND MRI TECHNOLOGY]
CONCLUSIONS: We identified an optimized sequence combination (3T MP2RAGE combined with quantitative susceptibility mapping) that may be useful for enhancing habenula visualization and yielding more reliable quantitative data. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Bian, B., Hou, L., Chai, Y., Jiang, Y., Pan, X., Sun, Y., Wang, H., Qiu, D., Yu, Z., Zhao, H., Zhang, H., Meng, F., Zhang, L. Tags: NEUROIMAGING PHYSICS/FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING/CT AND MRI TECHNOLOGY Source Type: research

Neurofilament Light Chain Levels Interact with Neurodegenerative Patterns and Motor Neuron Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis [NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDER IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Serum neurofilament light chains may be an important mediator between clinical symptoms and neuronal loss according to cortical thickness. Furthermore, MR imaging anomalies might have underestimated prognostic value because they seem to indicate higher serum neurofilament light chain levels. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Tilsley, P., Moutiez, A., Brodovitch, A., Mendili, M. M. E., Testud, B., Zaaraoui, W., Verschueren, A., Attarian, S., Guye, M., Boucraut, J., Grapperon, A.-M., Stellmann, J.-P. Tags: NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDER IMAGING Source Type: research

Prognostic Significance of Central Skull Base Remodeling in Chiari II Malformation [PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric patients with Chiari II malformation who ultimately required surgical hydrocephalus treatment had greater outward convexity of the basiocciput but had greater posterior atlanto-occipital membrane outward convexity only if the repair was performed postnatally. Together these measurements may be useful in predicting the need for hydrocephalus treatment. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Freiling, J. T., Desai, N. K., Kralik, S. F., Whitehead, W. E., Huisman, T. A. G. M. Tags: PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING Source Type: research

Expanding the Imaging Spectrum of Polymorphous Low-Grade Neuroepithelial Tumor of the Young in Children [PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING]
We present the imaging spectrum of neuroimaging features in a series of pediatric patients with a histologically and molecularly proved PLNTY diagnosis. Coarse calcifications are uncommon in children compared with the adult literature, and they may develop with time. The transmantle-like sign can be observed, and adjacent cortical dysplasia may be seen. Seizure recurrence may occur despite gross total resection of the tumor. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Cerron-Vela, C., Goncalves, F. G., Viaene, A. N., Tierradentro-Garcia, L. O., Vossough, A. Tags: PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING Source Type: research

Comparison of Volumetric and 2D Measurements and Longitudinal Trajectories in the Response Assessment of BRAF V600E-Mutant Pediatric Gliomas in the Pacific Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Consortium Clinical Trial [PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Although there was no overall difference between volumetrics and 2D in classifying partial response assessment using BT-RADS, further prospective studies will be critical to elucidate how the observed differences in tumor 2D and volumetric trajectories affect clinical decision-making and outcomes in some individuals. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Ramakrishnan, D., Brüningk, S. C., von Reppert, M., Memon, F., Maleki, N., Aneja, S., Kazerooni, A. F., Nabavizadeh, A., Lin, M., Bousabarah, K., Molinaro, A., Nicolaides, T., Prados, M., Mueller, S., Aboian, M. S. Tags: PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING Source Type: research

High-Grade Astrocytoma with Piloid Features: A Dual Institutional Review of Imaging Findings of a Novel Entity [BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING]
We present an image-centric review of HGAP and explore the association between HGAP and neurofibromatosis type 1. Data were collected from 8 HGAP patients treated at two tertiary care institutions between January 2020 and October 2023. Demographic details, clinical records, management, and tumor molecular profiles were analyzed. Tumor characteristics, including location and imaging features on MR imaging, were reviewed. Clinical or imaging features suggestive of neurofibromatosis 1 or the presence of NF1 gene alteration were documented. The mean age at presentation was 45.5 years (male/female = 5:3). Tumors were midline, l...
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Soni, N., Agarwal, A., Ajmera, P., Mehta, P., Gupta, V., Vibhute, M., Gubbiotti, M., Mark, I. T., Messina, S. A., Mohan, S., Bathla, G. Tags: BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING Source Type: research

Improved Detection of Target Metabolites in Brain Tumors with Intermediate TE, High SNR, and High Bandwidth Spin-Echo Sequence at 5T [BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: HISE outperformed the clinical standard PRESS technique in detecting target metabolites of brain tumors at 5T, particularly lactate and alanine. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Sun, W., Xu, D., Yang, Y., Wen, L., Yu, H., Xing, Y., Song, X., Li, H., Xu, H. Tags: BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING Source Type: research

Arterial Spin-Labeling and DSC Perfusion Metrics Improve Agreement in Neuroradiologists Clinical Interpretations of Posttreatment High-Grade Glioma Surveillance MR Imaging--An Institutional Experience [BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Adding perfusion to contrast-enhanced MR imaging improved interrater agreement, rater agreement with consensus, and rater confidence in the interpretation of posttreatment high-grade glioma MR imaging, with the highest agreement and confidence scores seen with DSC-fractional tumor burden. Perfusion MR imaging also resulted in interpretation changes that could change therapeutic management in up to 20% of patients. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Yamin, G., Tranvinh, E., Lanzman, B. A., Tong, E., Hashmi, S. S., Patel, C. B., Iv, M. Tags: BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING Source Type: research

Compressed Sensitivity Encoding Artificial Intelligence Accelerates Brain Metastasis Imaging by Optimizing Image Quality and Reducing Scan Time [ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE]
CONCLUSIONS: CE 3D-T1WI and CE 3D-FLAIR sequences reconstructed with CS-AI for the detection of BM may provide a more effective alternative reconstruction approach than CS. CS-AI10 is suitable for clinical applications, providing optimal image quality and a shortened scan time. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Wang, M., Ma, Y., Li, L., Pan, X., Wen, Y., Qiu, Y., Guo, D., Zhu, Y., Lian, J., Tong, D. Tags: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Source Type: research

Identifying Patients with CSF-Venous Fistula Using Brain MRI: A Deep Learning Approach [ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE]
CONCLUSIONS: This study developed a deep learning model that can predict the presence of a spinal CSF-venous fistula based on brain MR imaging in patients with suspected spontaneous intracranial hypotension. However, further model refinement and external validation are necessary before clinical adoption. This research highlights the substantial potential of deep learning in diagnosing CSF-venous fistulas by using brain MR imaging. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Faghani, S., Moassefi, M., Madhavan, A. A., Mark, I. T., Verdoorn, J. T., Erickson, B. J., Benson, J. C. Tags: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Source Type: research

Automated Detection of Cervical Spinal Stenosis and Cord Compression via Vision Transformer and Rules-Based Classification [SPINE IMAGING AND SPINE IMAGE-GUIDED INTERVENTIONS]
CONCLUSIONS: This classification approach using a ViT model and rules-based classification accurately detects the presence of cervical spinal cord compression at the patient level. In this study, the ViT model outperformed both conventional CNN approaches at the section and patient levels. If implemented into the clinical setting, such a tool may streamline neuroradiology workflow, improving efficiency and consistency. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Payne, D. L., Xu, X., Faraji, F., John, K., Pradas, K. F., Bernard, V. V., Bangiyev, L., Prasanna, P. Tags: SPINE IMAGING AND SPINE IMAGE-GUIDED INTERVENTIONS Source Type: research

Evaluation of Conditions for the Development of Cryogenic Spinal Cord Injury Using a Canine Model: An Experimental Study on the Safety of Cryoablation for Metastatic Spinal Tumors [NEUROINTERVENTION]
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that 10-minute spinal cryoablation with LETs (°C) of –37, –30, –27, –8, 0, and 1 caused cryogenic spinal cord injury. There was no evidence of cryogenic spinal cord injury in canines with LET of ≥4°C. The epidural temperature threshold for cryogenic spinal cord injury is between 1 and 4°C, suggesting that the epidural temperature should be maintained above at least 4°C to prevent cryogenic spinal cord injury. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Kobayashi, M., Kato, S., Demura, S., Yokogawa, N., Yokka, A., Nakade, Y., Annen, R., Gabata, T., Tsuchiya, H. Tags: NEUROINTERVENTION Source Type: research

Initial Experiences with the Trenza Embolization Device for the Treatment of Wide-Neck Intracranial Aneurysms: A 12-Patient Case Series [NEUROINTERVENTION]
SUMMARY: The Trenza embolization device is a frame coil implant with flow-disruption properties and is a new alternative to treat challenging mid-to-large-sized broad-neck bifurcation or sidewall aneurysms. We conducted an observational single-center retrospective study of 12 consecutive patients treated for 10 unruptured and 2 ruptured 6- to 12-mm broad-neck bifurcation or sidewall aneurysms with the Trenza device during 2022–2023. The median patient age was 64 years (interquartile range, 59–70 years), 58% were women, the median largest aneurysm diameter was 9.6 mm (interquartile range, 7.5–11.9 mm), the...
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Raj, R., Numminen, J. Tags: NEUROINTERVENTION Source Type: research

Predictors of In-Stent Stenosis Following the Implantation of Pipeline Embolization Devices for the Treatment of Aneurysms Located at or beyond the Circle of Willis in the Anterior Circulation [NEUROINTERVENTION]
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the on-label use of Pipeline Embolization Devices, the rate of in-stent stenosis did not obviously increase when treating distal anterior circulation aneurysms with these devices. The incidence of in-stent stenosis was 36.47% when defined as a lumen diameter loss of >25%, and 15.2% when defined as a lumen diameter loss of >50%. Stent-size selection and biochemical indicators can potentially impact the incidence of in-stent stenosis. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Ma, Y., Deng, X., Chen, J., Fan, F., Han, K., Guan, S., Guo, X. Tags: NEUROINTERVENTION Source Type: research

A Clinical and Imaging Fused Deep Learning Model Matches Expert Clinician Prediction of 90-Day Stroke Outcomes [NEUROVASCULAR/STROKE IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: A deep learning method using acute clinical and imaging data for long-term functional outcome prediction in patients with acute ischemic stroke, the DLPD, was noninferior to that of clinical readers. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - April 8, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Liu, Y., Shah, P., Yu, Y., Horsey, J., Ouyang, J., Jiang, B., Yang, G., Heit, J. J., McCullough-Hicks, M. E., Hugdal, S. M., Wintermark, M., Michel, P., Liebeskind, D. S., Lansberg, M. G., Albers, G. W., Zaharchuk, G. Tags: NEUROVASCULAR/STROKE IMAGING Source Type: research