Why, How Often, and What Happens When We Fail: A Retrospective Analysis of Failed Fluoroscopically Guided Lumbar Punctures [SPINE]
CONCLUSIONS: Initial and repeat FGLPs have very high success rates. No difference exists in the likelihood of patients returning for a re-attempt based on clinical indication. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Gerasymchuk, M., Durieux, J. C., Nayate, A. P. Tags: SPINE Source Type: research

Subarachnoid Space Measurements in Apparently Healthy Fetuses Using MR Imaging [PEDIATRICS]
CONCLUSIONS: MR imaging–derived subarachnoid space values at a specific gestational age provide reproducible measurements, probably due to the high resolution of MR imaging and adherence to the true radiologic planes. Normal values for brain MR imaging could provide valuable reference information for assessing brain development, thus being an important tool in the decision-making process of both clinicians and parents. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Wandel, A., Weissbach, T., Katorza, E., Ziv-Baran, T. Tags: PEDIATRICS Source Type: research

Doppler Ultrasound Flow Reversal in the Superior Sagittal Sinus to Detect Cerebral Venous Congestion in Vein of Galen Malformation [PEDIATRICS]
CONCLUSIONS: Flow profiles in the superficial cerebral sinus and veins appear to be a useful tool to noninvasively detect and monitor cerebral venous congestion in vein of Galen malformation. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Schwarz, S., Brevis Nunez, F., Dürr, N. R., Brassel, F., Schlunz-Hendann, M., Feldkamp, A., Rosenbaum, T., Felderhoff-Müser, U., Schulz, K., Dohna-Schwake, C., Bruns, N. Tags: PEDIATRICS Source Type: research

Improved Myelination following Camp Leg Power, a Selective Motor Control Intervention for Children with Spastic Bilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Diffusion Tensor MRI Study [FUNCTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: Myelination of the corticospinal tracts improved following Camp Leg Power. Neighboring WM changes suggest recruitment of additional tracts involved in regulating neuroplasticity of the motor regions. Intensive practice of skilled lower extremity selective motor control movements promotes neuroplasticity in children with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Vuong, A., Joshi, S. H., Staudt, L. A., Matsumoto, J. H., Fowler, E. G. Tags: FUNCTIONAL Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation versus Thyroidectomy for the Treatment of Benign Thyroid Nodules in Elderly Patients: A Propensity-Matched Cohort Study [INTERVENTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency ablation could be considered as a first-line treatment for elderly patients with benign thyroid nodules. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Yan, L., Li, X. Y., Li, Y., Luo, Y. Tags: INTERVENTIONAL Source Type: research

Early-versus-Late Endovascular Stroke Treatment: Similar Frequencies of Nonrevascularization and Postprocedural Cerebrovascular Complications in a Large Single-Center Cohort Study [INTERVENTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of incomplete recanalization and of cerebrovascular complications occurring after endovascular treatment is similar in early and well-selected late patients receiving endovascular treatment. Our results demonstrate the technical success and safety of endovascular treatment in well-selected late patients with acute ischemic stroke. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Maslias, E., Nannoni, S., Bartolini, B., Ricciardi, F., Strambo, D., Hajdu, S. D., Puccinelli, F., Eskandari, A., Dunet, V., Maeder, P., Saliou, G., Michel, P. Tags: INTERVENTIONAL Source Type: research

Femoral Access-Site Complications with Tenecteplase versus Alteplase before Mechanical Thrombectomy for Large-Vessel-Occlusion Stroke [INTERVENTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: Tenecteplase compared with alteplase before mechanical thrombectomy for large-vessel-occlusion stroke is not associated with an alteration in femoral access-site complication rates. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Hendrix, P., Collins, M. K., Goren, O., Weiner, G. M., Dalal, S. S., Melamed, I., Kole, M. J., Griessenauer, C. J., Noto, A., Schirmer, C. M. Tags: INTERVENTIONAL Source Type: research

Comprehensive Venous Outflow Predicts Functional Outcomes in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke Treated by Thrombectomy [INTERVENTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: A favorable comprehensive venous profile is strongly associated with functional independence and excellent postthrombectomy reperfusion. Future studies should focus on patients with venous outflow status that is discrepant with the eventual outcome. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Adusumilli, G., Faizy, T. D., Christensen, S., Mlynash, M., Loh, Y., Albers, G. W., Lansberg, M. G., Fiehler, J., Heit, J. J. Tags: INTERVENTIONAL Source Type: research

Medical Imaging Compatibility of Magnesium- and Iron-Based Bioresorbable Flow Diverters [INTERVENTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated the baseline medical imaging compatibility of magnesium and antiferromagnetic iron alloy bioresorbable flow diverters. Future work will evaluate the medical imaging characteristics of the bioresorbable flow diverters in large-animal models. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Oliver, A. A., Koons, E. K., Trester, P. S., Kleinow, J. E., Jonsgaard, R. S., Vercnocke, A. J., Bilgin, C., Kadirvel, R., Leng, S., Lu, A., Dragomir-Daescu, D., Kallmes, D. F. Tags: INTERVENTIONAL Source Type: research

Evaluation of Motion-Corrected Multishot Echo-Planar Imaging as an Alternative to Gradient Recalled-Echo for Blood-Sensitive Imaging [ADULT BRAIN]
SUMMARY: We evaluated motion-corrected multishot EPI compared with gradient recalled-echo imaging to determine whether it can be used as a faster technique for blood-sensitive imaging in the emergency department setting. Multishot EPI was found to be superior to gradient recalled-echo (P < .05) in motion artifacts, overall image quality, and lesion detection. These results and reduced scan time make motion-corrected multishot EPI a viable alternative for blood-sensitive imaging in the emergency department setting. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Murchison, J. A., Shoshan, D., Ooi, M. B., Li, Z., Karis, J. P. Tags: ADULT BRAIN Source Type: research

NCCT Markers of Intracerebral Hemorrhage Expansion Using Revised Criteria: An External Validation of Their Predictive Accuracy [ADULT BRAIN]
CONCLUSIONS: No single NCCT expansion marker had both high sensitivity and specificity for the prediction of revised hematoma expansion. Improved image-based analysis is needed to tackle limitations associated with current NCCT-based expansion markers. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Ducroux, C., Nehme, A., Rioux, B., Panzini, M.- A., Fahed, R., Gioia, L. C., Letourneau-Guillon, L. Tags: ADULT BRAIN Source Type: research

Revolutionizing MS Monitoring: The Impact of Postprocessing Techniques on Lesion Detection [ADULT BRAIN]
(Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Lecler, A. Tags: ADULT BRAIN Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Statistical Detection of Change Algorithm for Screening Patients with MS with New Lesion Activity on Longitudinal Brain MRI [ADULT BRAIN]
CONCLUSIONS: The statistical detection of change algorithm can serve as a time-saving screening tool to assist human readers in verifying 3D FLAIR images of patients with MS with suspected new lesions. Our promising results warrant further evaluation of statistical detection of change in prospective multireader clinical studies. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Homssi, M., Sweeney, E. M., Demmon, E., Mannheim, W., Sakirsky, M., Wang, Y., Gauthier, S. A., Gupta, A., Nguyen, T. D. Tags: ADULT BRAIN Source Type: research

Automated Segmentation of Intracranial Thrombus on NCCT and CTA in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke Using a Coarse-to-Fine Deep Learning Model [ADULT BRAIN]
CONCLUSIONS: The proposed deep learning method can reliably detect and measure thrombi on NCCT and CTA in patients with acute ischemic stroke. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Zhu, K., Bala, F., Zhang, J., Benali, F., Cimflova, P., Kim, B. J., McDonough, R., Singh, N., Hill, M. D., Goyal, M., Demchuk, A., Menon, B. K., Qiu, W. Tags: ADULT BRAIN Source Type: research

A Pragmatic Randomized Trial Comparing Surgical Clipping and Endovascular Treatment of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms [INTERVENTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: Surgical clipping is more effective than endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in terms of the frequency of the primary outcome of treatment failure. Results were mainly driven by angiographic results at 1 year. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - June 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Darsaut, T. E., Findlay, J. M., Bojanowski, M. W., Chalaala, C., Iancu, D., Roy, D., Weill, A., Boisseau, W., Diouf, A., Magro, E., Kotowski, M., Keough, M. B., Estrade, L., Bricout, N., Lejeune, J.- P., Chow, M. M. C., OKelly, C. J., Rempel, J. L., Ashfo Tags: INTERVENTIONAL Source Type: research