Factors Predictive of Treatment Success in CT-Guided Fibrin Occlusion of CSF-Venous Fistulas: A Multicenter Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study [SPINE IMAGING AND SPINE IMAGE-GUIDED INTERVENTIONS]
CONCLUSIONS: Fibrin occlusion performed across various institutions shows cure when associated with injectate spread matching the CVF drainage pattern and shorter pretreatment symptom duration, emphasizing the importance of accurate injectate placement and early intervention. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Callen, A. L., Jones, L. C., Timpone, V. M., Pattee, J., Scoffings, D. J., Butteriss, D., Huynh, T., Shen, P. Y., Mamlouk, M. D. Tags: SPINE IMAGING AND SPINE IMAGE-GUIDED INTERVENTIONS Source Type: research

Fetal MR Imaging Anatomy of the Transverse Temporal Gyrus (Heschl Gyrus) [PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: The Heschl gyrus appears on MR imaging at 24–25 weeks' gestational age, paralleling the functional activation of the auditory system. We propose the Heschl gyrus as an early additional MR imaging marker of fetal brain development. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Piccirilli, E., Marchetti, C., Panara, V., Celentano, C., D'Antonio, F., Sensi, S., Righini, A., Caulo, M. Tags: PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING Source Type: research

The Influence of Nonaerated Paranasal Sinuses on DTI Parameters of the Brain in 6- to 9-Year-Old Children [PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Nonaeration of the paranasal sinuses is a common incidental finding on pediatric MR imaging brain scans. The amount of air in the paranasal sinuses can influence fractional anisotropy and, to a lesser degree, mean diffusivity values of WM tracts and should be considered in DTI studies in pediatric populations. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Dremmen, M. H. G., Papp, D., Hernandez-Tamames, J. A., Vernooij, M. W., White, T. Tags: PEDIATRIC NEUROIMAGING Source Type: research

MR Imaging Appearance of Ruptured Rathke Cleft Cyst and Associated Bone Marrow Enhancement [HEAD AND NECK IMAGING]
We present 7 cases of ruptured Rathke cleft cysts and basisphenoid bone marrow enhancement below the sella that could be used to potentially distinguish a ruptured Rathke cleft cyst from other cystic lesions. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Mark, I. T., Glastonbury, C. M. Tags: HEAD AND NECK IMAGING Source Type: research

Prevalence of Cochlear-Facial and Other Non-Superior Semicircular Canal Third Window Dehiscence on High-Resolution Temporal Bone CT [HEAD AND NECK IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Sixty-four-channel CT with multioblique reformatting is sensitive and specific for identifying cochlear-facial dehiscence, with rates similar to those in postmortem series. Jugular bulb–vestibular aqueduct dehiscence is a common incidental finding and is unlikely to produce third window physiology. Other non-superior semicircular canal third window dehiscences are rare in asymptomatic patients. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Razskazovskiy, V., McCall, A. A., Branstetter, B. F. Tags: HEAD AND NECK IMAGING Source Type: research

Specificity of Quantitative Functional Brain Mapping with Arterial Spin-Labeling for Preoperative Assessment [NEUROIMAGING PHYSICS/FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING/CT AND MRI TECHNOLOGY]
CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm the specificity of functional ASL in targeting the regional neuronal excitability. Functional ASL could be considered as a valid supplementary technique to BOLD imaging for presurgical mapping when spatial accuracy is crucial for delineating eloquent cortex. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Iannotti, G. R., Nadin, I., Ivanova, V., Tourdot, Q., Lascano, A. M., Momjian, S., Schaller, K. L., Lovblad, K. O., Grouiller, F. Tags: NEUROIMAGING PHYSICS/FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING/CT AND MRI TECHNOLOGY Source Type: research

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury: Are We Overscreening Low-Mechanism Trauma? [EMERGENCY NEURORADIOLOGY]
CONCLUSIONS: We advocate reservation of blunt cerebrovascular injury screening in low-mechanism trauma for patients meeting the expanded Denver criteria. Further research is needed to determine the behavior of indeterminate cases and to establish criteria for separating true-positive from false-positive findings. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Hiatt, K. D., Agarwal, R., Oravec, C. S., Johnson, E. C., Patel, N. P., Geer, C. P., Wolfe, S. Q., Zapadka, M. E. Tags: EMERGENCY NEURORADIOLOGY Source Type: research

4D-DSA for Assessment of the Angioarchitecture and Grading of Cranial Dural AVF [NEUROINTERVENTION]
CONCLUSIONS: Detailed analysis of dural AVFs according to the standardized display of 4D-DSA volumes was feasible and helpful in understanding the angioarchitecture in selected cases. Further improvement and validation of the 4D software should solidify the complementary role of 4D-DSA to conventional 2D-DSA series. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Samp, P. F., Keil, F., du Mesnil, R., Birkhold, A., Kowarschik, M., Hattingen, E., Berkefeld, J. Tags: NEUROINTERVENTION Source Type: research

Considering Psychological and Cognitive Factors in Interventional Neuroradiology: A Systematic Literature Review [NEUROINTERVENTION]
CONCLUSIONS: Our review highlights the need to include cognitive and psychological assessments in clinical practice in case patients eligible for interventional neuroradiology procedures. In the future, much more research of and attention to cognitive and psychologic aspects of neurovascular disease is needed. Systematic incorporation of strategies and tools to access and address pre, peri-, and postprocedural psychological and cognitive components could have major benefits in patient satisfaction, recovery, and the success of endovascular practice. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Riccietti, C., Schiavolin, S., Caldiera, V., Ganci, G., Sgoifo, A., Camarda, G., Leonardi, M., Ciceri, E. Tags: NEUROINTERVENTION Source Type: research

Impact of Balloon Guide Catheters in Elderly Patients Treated with Mechanical Thrombectomy: Insights from the ROSSETTI Registry [NEUROINTERVENTION]
CONCLUSIONS: In our study, balloon guide catheter use during endovascular treatment of anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion in elderly patients did not predict the first-pass effect, near-complete final recanalization, or functional independence at 3 months. Further studies, including randomized clinical trials, are needed to confirm these results. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Terceno, M., Bashir, S., Puig, J., I-Estadella, J. D.-, Murias, E., Jimenez, J. M., Diaz, E. G., Monso, J. F., Bravo-Rey, I., Romero, V., Werner, M., Lopez-Rueda, A., Roman, L. S., Anadaluz, J. B., Doncel-Moriano, A., Rosati, S., Perez-Garcia, C., Remollo Tags: NEUROINTERVENTION Source Type: research

Radiogenomics Provides Insights into Gliomas Demonstrating Single-Arm 1p or 19q Deletion [BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: IDH-mutant gliomas with single-arm 1p or 19q deletion have MR imaging appearance and survival that are similar to those of astrocytomas without 1p or 19q deletion and significantly different from those of 1p/19q-codeleted oligodendrogliomas. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Lasocki, A., Buckland, M. E., Molinaro, T., Xie, J., Gaillard, F. Tags: BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING Source Type: research

Mesoscopic Assessment of Microstructure in Glioblastomas and Metastases by Merging Advanced Diffusion Imaging with Immunohistopathology [BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Diffusion imaging fractional anisotropy and orientation dispersion metrics correlated with histopathologic markers of directionality and may serve as imaging biomarkers in contrast-enhancing tumor components. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Würtemberger, U., Erny, D., Rau, A., Hosp, J. A., Akgün, V., Reisert, M., Kiselev, V. G., Beck, J., Jankovic, S., Reinacher, P. C., Hohenhaus, M., Urbach, H., Diebold, M., Demerath, T. Tags: BRAIN TUMOR IMAGING Source Type: research

DWI-Detected Ischemic Lesions after Endovascular Treatment for Cerebral Aneurysms: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis [NEUROVASCULAR/STROKE IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Many patients who undergo endovascular procedures for intracranial aneurysms present with new postprocedural DWI-detected ischemic lesions, regardless of the endovascular procedure used. Future studies and meta-analyses are needed to investigate early and long-term outcomes of such small infarcts. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Habtezghi, A. B., Ghozy, S., Bilgin, C., Kobeissi, H., Kadirvel, R., Kallmes, D. F. Tags: NEUROVASCULAR/STROKE IMAGING Source Type: research

Perfusion Collateral Index versus Hypoperfusion Intensity Ratio in Assessment of Collaterals in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke [NEUROVASCULAR/STROKE IMAGING]
CONCLUSIONS: Results show that the perfusion collateral index outperforms the hypoperfusion intensity ratio in the assessment of collateral status, infarct growth, and determination of functional outcomes. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Tsui, B., Chen, I. E., Nour, M., Kihira, S., Tavakkol, E., Polson, J., Zhang, H., Qiao, J., Bahr-Hosseini, M., Arnold, C., Tateshima, S., Salamon, N., Villablanca, J. P., Colby, G. P., Jahan, R., Duckwiler, G., Saver, J. L., Liebeskind, D. S., Nael, K. Tags: NEUROVASCULAR/STROKE IMAGING Source Type: research

Ethical Considerations and Fairness in the Use of Artificial Intelligence for Neuroradiology [ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE]
Discussions on the implementation of fairness criteria that maximize benefit and minimize unfairness and harm to neuroradiology patients will be provided, including suggestions for neuroradiologists to consider as artificial intelligence algorithms gain acceptance into neuroradiology practice and become incorporated into routine clinical workflow. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - November 8, 2023 Category: Radiology Authors: Filippi, C. G., Stein, J. M., Wang, Z., Bakas, S., Liu, Y., Chang, P. D., Lui, Y., Hess, C., Barboriak, D. P., Flanders, A. E., Wintermark, M., Zaharchuk, G., Wu, O. Tags: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Source Type: research