Effect estimates in randomized trials and observational studies: comparing apples with apples.
rrin I, Wittkop L, Meyer L, Perez-Hoyos S, Justice A, Neaton JD, Hernán MA, INSIGHT START Study Group and the HIV-CAUSAL Collaboration Abstract Effect estimates from randomized trials and observational studies may not be directly comparable because of differences in study design, other than randomization, and in data analysis. We propose a three-step procedure to facilitate meaningful comparisons of effect estimates from randomized trials and observational studies: 1) harmonization of the study protocol (eligibility criteria, treatment strategies, outcome, start and end of follow-up, causal contrast) so tha...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 7, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lodi S, Phillips A, Lundgren J, Logan R, Sharma S, Cole SR, Babiker A, Law M, Chu H, Byrne D, Horban A, Sterne JAC, Porter K, Sabin C, Costagliola D, Abgrall S, Gill J, Touloumi G, Pacheco AG, van Sighem A, Reiss P, Bucher HC, Montoliu Giménez A, Jarrin Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

High-sensitivity Cardiac Troponin and Natriuretic Peptide in Persons Without Cardiovascular Disease and Subsequent Risk of Infection: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.
Abstract Whether persons without prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) but elevated levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) or N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) are at high risk of infection is unknown. In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, we estimated the hazard ratios (HRs) of incident hospitalization with infection in relation to plasma hs-cTnT and NTproBNP among participants without prevalent CVD, and contrasted with those with prevalent CVD (coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke) from 1996 through 2013. In multivariable Cox model, prevalent CVD was sign...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 7, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ishigami J, Hoogeveen RC, Ballantyne CM, Folsom AR, Coresh J, Selvin E, Matsushita K Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +22 new citations
22 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/05/04PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 4, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +27 new citations
27 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/05/01PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 1, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Maternal Cell Phone Use During Pregnancy, Pregnancy Duration And Fetal Growth In Four Birth Cohorts.
We examined pregnancy duration (gestational age at birth, preterm/postterm birth), fetal growth (birth weight ratio, small/large for gestational age), and birth weight, low and high birth weight, and meta-analyzed cohort specific estimates. The intermediate exposure group had higher risk of giving birth at lower gestational age (Hazard Ratio=1.04, 95%CI 1.01, 1.07), and exposure-response relationships were found for shorter pregnancy duration (P
Source: Am J Epidemiol - April 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tsarna E, Reedijk M, Birks LE, Guxens M, Ballester F, Ha M, Jiménez-Zabala A, Kheifets L, Lertxundi A, Lim HR, Olsen J, Safont LG, Sudan M, Cardis E, Vrijheid M, Vrijkotte T, Huss A, Vermeulen R Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Assessing Zika Virus Transmission within Households during an Outbreak in Martinique, 2015-2016.
This study characterizes the contribution of household transmission in ZIKV epidemics and demonstrates the benefits of integrating multiple datasets to gain more insights on epidemic dynamics. PMID: 30995296 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - April 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Cousien A, Abel S, Monthieux A, Andronico A, Calmont I, Cervantes M, Césaire R, Gallian P, de Lamballerie X, Laouénan C, Najioullah F, Pierre-François S, Pircher M, Salje H, Ten Bosch QA, Cabié A, Cauchemez S Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Performance of Matching Methods to Unmatched Ordinary Least Squares Regression Under Constant Effects.
Abstract Matching methods are assumed to reduce the likelihood of a biased inference compared to ordinary least squares regression. Using simulations, we compare inferences from propensity score matching, coarsened exact matching, and un-matched covariate-adjusted ordinary least squares regression (OLS) to identify which methods, in which scenarios, produced unbiased inferences at the expected type I error rate of 5%. We simulated multiple datasets and systematically varied common support, discontinuities in the exposure and / or outcome, exposure prevalence, and analytic model misspecification. Matching inference...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - April 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Vable AM, Kiang MV, Glymour MM, Rigdon J, Drabo EF, Basu S Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Gender and Editorial Authorship in High Impact Epidemiology Journals.
K Abstract Women comprise about half of senior epidemiologists, but little is known about whether they are also viewed as leaders (i.e., authorities) in the field. We believe editorial roles are markers of leadership in a field. Our objective was to describe the distribution of gender across authorship of editorials published in five high-impact epidemiology journals over the past eight years. We included editorials and commentaries published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, European Journal of Epidemiology, Epidemiology, International Journal of Epidemiology, and Journal of Clinical Epidemiology between ...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - April 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Authorship in High Impact Epidemiology Journals. Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

CP*Trends: An Online Tool to Compare Cohort and Period Trends Across Cancer Sites.
Abstract Cohort or period components of trend can provide a rationale for new research or point to clues of effectiveness for control strategies. Graphical display of trends guides models that quantify the experience of a population. A method for smoothing rates by single years of age and year are developed and displayed to show the contribution of period and cohort on trend. The magnitude of the contribution of period and/or cohort in a model for trends may be assessed by percent deviance explained and relative contribution of cohort and period individually, C-P Score. The method is illustrated using lung and bro...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - April 16, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Holford TR, Chen HS, Annett D, Krapcho M, Dorogaeva A, Feuer EJ Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Determinants of transmission risk during the late stage of the West African Ebola epidemic.
go RM Abstract Understanding risk factors for Ebola transmission is key for effective prediction and design of interventions. We used data on 860 cases in 129 chains of transmission from the latter half of the 2013-16 Ebola outbreak in Guinea. Using negative binomial regression, we determined characteristics associated with the number of secondary cases resulting from each infected individual. We found that attending an Ebola Treatment Unit was associated with a 38% decrease in secondary cases (Incident rate ratio (IRR) 0.62, 95%CI: 0.38, 0.99) in individuals that did not survive. Unsafe burial was associated with...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - April 3, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Robert A, Edmunds WJ, Watson CH, Henao-Restrepo AM, Gsell PS, Williamson E, Longini IM, Sakoba K, Kucharski AJ, Touré A, Nadlaou SD, Diallo B, Barry MS, Fofana TO, Camara L, Kaba IL, Sylla L, Diaby ML, Soumah O, Diallo A, Niare A, Diallo A, Eggo RM Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Re: "age at exposure to arsenic in water and mortality 30-40 years after exposure cessation".
RE: "AGE AT EXPOSURE TO ARSENIC IN WATER AND MORTALITY 30-40 YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE CESSATION". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Apr 01;188(4):811 Authors: PMID: 30923823 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 31, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

2018 Articles of the Year, Reviewers of the Year, and Figure of the Year.
Authors: PMID: 30923824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 31, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Use of Negative Control Exposure Analysis to Evaluate Confounding: An Example of Acetaminophen Exposure and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Nurses' Health Study II.
pf MG Abstract Frequent maternal use of acetaminophen in pregnancy has been linked to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, but concerns regarding uncontrolled confounding remain. In this article, we illustrate use of the negative control exposure (NCE) approach to evaluate uncontrolled confounding bias in observational studies on pregnancy drug safety and explain the causal assumptions behind the method. We conducted an NCE analysis and evaluated the associations between maternal acetaminophen use during different exposure periods and ADHD among 8,856 children born in 1993-2005 to women enr...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 31, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Liew Z, Kioumourtzoglou MA, Roberts AL, O'Reilly ÉJ, Ascherio A, Weisskopf MG Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
PMID: 30924856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 29, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Spector LG, DeWan AT, Pankratz ND, Turcotte LM, Yang JJ, Scheurer ME Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

A Note From the Editors.
Authors: PMID: 30912571 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 26, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

A Look at Propensity Score Calibration's Unique Identifiability.
PMID: 30896016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 21, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Van Domelen DR, Lyles RH Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +16 new citations
16 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/03/18PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 18, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Long-term Associations Between Disaster Experiences and Cardiometabolic Risk: A Natural Experiment From the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami.
This study investigated the association between disaster experience and cardiometabolic risks of survivors 2.5 years after the disaster onset, adjusting for health information pre-dating disaster using natural experiment data stemming from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. We used data from a cohort of adults aged 65 years or older in Iwanuma city of Japan located 80 km west of the earthquake epicenter. The baseline survey was completed seven months before the disaster, and the follow-up survey among survivors was performed approximately 2.5 years after. The survey data was linked to medical records with in...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 15, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Shiba K, Hikichi H, Aida J, Kondo K, Kawachi I Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Relationships Between Cadmium, Lead and Mercury Levels and Albuminuria: Results From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Database 2009-2012.
In conclusion, only blood and urinary Cd levels, but not Hg and Pb, were associated with albuminuria in adults in this population. PMID: 30874715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 15, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Zhu XJ, Wang JJ, Mao JH, Shu Q, Du LZ Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Gun Laws and Suicides.
Abstract The aim of this work was to examine the impact of a state gun law environment on suicides overall and within demographic subgroups. We linked 211,766 firearm suicides and 204,625 non-firearm suicides in the 50 states of the United States for 2005-2015 to the population in each state, year, race/ethnicity, sex, and age, as well as to an index of state-level gun control. Difference-in-differences zero-inflated negative-binomial models were used to evaluate the impact of strengthening gun control on firearm and non-firearm suicides. We subsequently stratified by sex and interacted the index by race/ethnicity...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 15, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ghiani M, Hawkins SS, Baum CF Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Maternal Gestational Weight Gain, Obesity, and the Timing of Pubertal Onset in Daughters.
We examined the associations between maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) and the timing of the onset of breast development (thelarche) and pubic hair development (pubarche) in a cohort of 2,070 girls born in a Kaiser Permanente Northern California facility between 2005-06. Using Weibull regression models accommodating interval censoring, and adjusting for important confounders, we found that excessive GWG was associated with increased risk of early thelarche (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.26-1.78) and early pubarche (HR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.10-1.66). Inadequate GWG was associated with early thelar...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 15, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Aghaee S, Laurent CA, Deardorff J, Ferrara A, Greenspan LC, Quesenberry CP, Kushi LH, Kubo A Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Applying the E-value to Assess the Robustness of Epidemiologic Fields of Inquiry to Unmeasured Confounding.
Abstract We explored the use of the E-value to gauge the robustness of fields of epidemiological inquiry to unmeasured confounding. We surveyed nutrition and air pollution studies that found statistically significant associations between exposures and incident outcomes. For 100 studies in each field, we extracted adjusted relative effect estimates and associated confidence intervals (95% CI). We inverted estimates where necessary so that all effects were greater than 1. We calculated E-values for both the effect estimate and the lower limit of 95%CI. Nutrition studies were smaller than air pollution studies (media...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 15, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Trinquart L, Erlinger AL, Petersen JM, Fox M, Galea S Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Author Replies.
PMID: 30869119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 14, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Weiss NS Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Estimating the Effect of Preventive Services with Databases of Administrative Claims: Reasons to Be Concerned.
Hernán MA PMID: 30869122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 14, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: García-Albéniz X, Hsu J, Bretthauer M, Hernán MA Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Future of Teaching Epidemiology.
Abstract The rapid pace of technologicaal advancements and the corresponding societal innovations and adaptations make it difficult to predict how teaching epidemiology will look in the coming decades. We discuss changes in the teaching of epidemiology that are currently unfolding. First, typical epidemiology curricula often lack formal instruction in important components of causal thinking, such as the formulation of well-defined research questions. We address gaps related to causal thinking, communication about our science, and interpretation of study results, and we make suggestions of specific content to close...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 13, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Werler MM, Stuver SO, Healey MA, LaMorte WW Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Reproductive Factors and Mammographic Density: Associations Among 24,840 Women and Comparison of Studies Using Digitized Film-Screen Mammography and Full-Field Digital Mammography.
Abstract Breast density is a modifiable factor that is strongly associated with breast cancer risk. We sought to understand the influence of newer technologies of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) on breast density research and to determine whether results are comparable across studies using FFDM and previous studies using traditional film-screen mammography. We studied 24,840 screening-age (40-74 years) non-Hispanic white women who were participants in the Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health of Kaiser Permanente Northern California and underwent screening mammography with either Hologic (Hologic...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 13, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alexeeff SE, Odo NU, McBride R, McGuire V, Achacoso N, Rothstein JH, Lipson JA, Liang RY, Acton L, Yaffe MJ, Whittemore AS, Rubin DL, Sieh W, Habel LA Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Future of Observational Epidemiology: Improving Data and Design to Align With Population Health.
Abstract Improvements in data resources and computational power provide important opportunities to ensure the continued relevance and growth of observational epidemiology. To achieve that promise, rigorous statistical analyses are important but not sufficient. We must prioritize articulating relevant research questions and developing strong study designs. Relevance depends on designing observational research so it delivers actionable clinical or population health evidence. Expanding data sources, including administrative records and data from emerging technologies such as sensors, can potentially be leveraged to i...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 13, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Glymour MM, Bibbins-Domingo K Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Within-Person Associations Between Financial Hardship and Cognitive Performance in the PATH Through Life.
This study provides new evidence that the onset (shock) of financial hardship is a potent stressor associated with occasion specific deficits in fluid cognitive abilities. PMID: 30865222 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 13, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Kiely KM, Anstey KJ, Butterworth P Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Teaching on the Continuum: Epidemiology Education from High School through Graduate School.
Abstract Epidemiology education is increasingly recognized as a core science necessary for career preparation throughout the health sector, and graduate epidemiology instruction is continually being reevaluated to ensure students receive appropriate training. Recent work has also focused on the potential for epidemiology to be formally incorporated as a stand-alone discipline in undergraduate education and even integrated into wide-scale high school science learning. As epidemiology educators, however, we face a tremendous challenge in that we should appreciate differences in students' instructional needs and goal...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: D'Agostino EM, Hlaing WM, Stark JH Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Optimism and Healthy Aging in Women and Men.
Abstract Mounting evidence indicates specific associations between higher levels of optimism and healthier behaviors, reduced risk of chronic diseases, and lower mortality. Yet, for public health purposes, it is critical to consider how optimism may be related to a full scope of health conditions in aging-from cognitive to physical health. Using prospective data from the Health and Retirement Study (N=5,698), we examined if higher baseline optimism was associated with subsequent increased likelihood of maintaining healthy aging over 6-8 years of follow-up. Optimism was assessed at study baseline (2006 or 2008), an...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Kim ES, James P, Zevon ES, Trudel-Fitzgerald C, Kubzansky LD, Grodstein F Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Using Bounds to Compare the Strength of Exchangeability Assumptions for Internal and External Validity.
We describe bounds for the risk difference of a binary exposure on a binary outcome under four common study settings: observational and randomized studies, each with and without simple random selection from the target population. Through these scenarios, we introduce randomizations for selection and treatment, and the width of the bounds are narrowed from 2 (the width of the range of the risk difference) down to 0 (point identification). We then assess the strength of the assumptions of exchangeability for internal and external validity by comparing their contributions to the width of the bounds in the setting of an observ...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Breskin A, Westreich D, Cole SR, Edwards JK Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Supportive housing and its impact on diabetes among New York City homeless population.
Abstract Supportive housing addresses a fundamental need for living among homeless individuals, which can lead to reduced diabetes risk and improved diabetes care. The authors tested the association between supportive housing and diabetes outcomes among homeless adults who were eligible for the New York City supportive housing program in 2007-2012. They used multiple administrative data sources, identifying 7,525 Medicaid-eligible adults. The outcomes included receiving evaluation and management services, hemoglobin A1C and lipid testing (those with baseline diabetes, N=1,489), and incidence of new diabetes diagno...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lim S, Miller-Archie SA, Singh TP, Wu WY, Walters SC, Gould LH Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Enigmatic gender difference in cancer incidence: evidences from childhood cancers.
Abstract We aimed to investigate the differences in cancer incidence between boys and girls. The incidence data for pediatric cancer were retrieved from the International Incidence of Childhood Cancer. Poisson regression was applied to detect the gender differences in cancer incidence at global and regional levels. Boys were more susceptible to childhood cancers than girls, with a global boy-to-girl incidence rate ratio (IRR) of 1.27 (95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.26-1.28) for leukaemia, 1.48 (95% CI 1.46-1.51) for lymphomas, 1.10 (95% CI 1.08-1.11) for central nervous system neoplasms, 1.11 (95% CI 1.08-1.13) f...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Liu Z, Yang Q, Cai N, Jin L, Zhang T, Chen X Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Controlled Direct Effect of Early Life Socioeconomic Position on Periodontitis in a Birth Cohort.
Conclusion: Early life SEP has an effect on the development of periodontitis in adulthood that is not mediated by adulthood SEP and behaviors. PMID: 30834447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Schuch HS, Nascimento GG, Peres KG, Mittinty MN, Demarco FF, Correa MB, Gigante DP, Horta BL, Peres MA, Do LG Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Opioid Use, Misuse, and Suicidal Behaviors in a Nationally Representative Sample of U.S. Adults.
Abstract Prior research has shown associations between opioid misuse and suicidal behaviors, but the relationship between medical opioid use and suicidal behaviors is not known. We assessed associations between opioid use and misuse to suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts among adults 18-64 years old (n=86,186) using nationally representative cross-sectional data from the 2015-2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. We used logistic regression to estimate associations between opioid use/misuse and suicidal behaviors and propensity score weighted logistic regression to examine the counterfact...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Samples H, Stuart EA, Olfson M Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Age at Immigration, Generational Status, and Mortality among Children of Immigrant Mothers: a Longitudinal Analysis of Siblings.
m A Abstract Previous studies document that age at immigration and generational status are important predictors of socioeconomic outcomes among children of immigrants. Whether these characteristics are related to long-term mortality is unknown. Leveraging variation within sib-ships, we evaluated the association of age at immigration and generational status (first or second generation) with mortality among children of immigrant mothers to Sweden. Data included 272,429 individuals (126,701 sib-ships) aged 15+ from the total Swedish population who were followed between 1990 and 2009. Population-average and sibling fi...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Mehta NK, Martikainen P, Cederström A Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

To What Extent Does Age at Death Account for Sex Differences in Alzheimer's Disease Mortality Rates?
Abstract Our objective was to compare sex-specific rates of death with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or dementia as the underlying or associated cause using death records. De-identified individual records of causes of death of all people aged of 60 or more who died in Australia during 2006-2014 (n = 1,104,684) were analyzed. There were 184,562 records dementia codes (AD, vascular dementia, or unspecified dementia). Death rate ratios for women compared to men were estimated using Poisson regression. Women had a greater crude death rate of all-types of dementia compared with men (5.9 per 1,000 person-years comp...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 2, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Buckley RF, Waller M, Masters CL, Dobson A Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Examining sex/gender differences in risk of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias: Challenges and future directions.
Abstract The majority of people living with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias are women. Longer life expectancy is one factor thought to contribute to this observation, but possible sex-specific biological mechanisms have received considerable attention from the research community. In the current issue of the Journal, Buckley et al. (Am J Epidemiol. XXXX;XXX(XX):XXXX-XXXX) use death certificate information on all deaths among adults ages 60 years and older in Australia between 2006 and 2014 to evaluate sex/gender differences in rates of death with dementia (all-types), Alzheimer's disease dementia, and vas...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 2, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Mayeda ER Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

RE:"Reassessing the global mortality burden of the 1918 influenza pandemic".
RE:"Reassessing the global mortality burden of the 1918 influenza pandemic". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Mar 02;: Authors: Spreeuwenberg P, Kroneman M, Paget J PMID: 30824908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 2, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Spreeuwenberg P, Kroneman M, Paget J Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Estimating the Impact of Tuberculosis Case Detection in Constrained Health Systems: An Example of Case Finding in South Africa.
Abstract Mathematical models are increasingly used to compare strategies for tuberculosis control and inform policy decisions. Models often do not consider financial and other constraints on implementation and may overestimate the impact that can be achieved. We developed a pragmatic approach for incorporating resource constraints into mathematical models of tuberculosis. Using a transmission model calibrated for South Africa, we estimated the epidemiologic impact and resource requirements (financial, human resource (HR) and diagnostic) of nine case finding interventions. We compared the model-estimated resources ...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 2, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Sumner T, Bozzani F, Mudzengi D, Hippner P, Houben RM, Cardenas V, Vassall A, White RG Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Re: "reassessing the global mortality burden of the 1918 influenza pandemic".
RE: "REASSESSING THE GLOBAL MORTALITY BURDEN OF THE 1918 INFLUENZA PANDEMIC". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Mar 02;: Authors: Chandra S, Christensen J PMID: 30824934 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 2, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Chandra S, Christensen J Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Re: "quantification of human microbiome stability over 6 months: implications for epidemiologic studies".
RE: "QUANTIFICATION OF HUMAN MICROBIOME STABILITY OVER 6 MONTHS: IMPLICATIONS FOR EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 25;: Authors: McSkimming DI, Banack HR, Genco R, Wactawski-Wende J, LaMonte MJ PMID: 30801627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 25, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: McSkimming DI, Banack HR, Genco R, Wactawski-Wende J, LaMonte MJ Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Three authors reply.
THREE AUTHORS REPLY. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 25;: Authors: Shi J, Sinha R, Goedert JJ PMID: 30801631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 25, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Shi J, Sinha R, Goedert JJ Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

A Pregnancy Cohort to Study Multidimensional Correlates of Preterm Birth in India: Study Design, Implementation, and Baseline Characteristics of the Participants.
We report baseline characteristics and outcomes of the first 2,000 enrolled participants. A high frequency of preterm births (14.9% among 1,662 live births) is noteworthy. The cohort database and the repositories will become global resources to answer critical questions on preterm birth and other birth outcomes. PMID: 30770926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 16, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bhatnagar S, Majumder PP, Salunke DM, Interdisciplinary Group for Advanced Research on Birth Outcomes—DBT India Initiative (GARBH-Ini) Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

RE: RE: Risk Set Matching to Assess the Impact of Hospital-Acquired Bloodstream Infections.
PMID: 30759175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 13, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Watson D, Spaulding AB, Dreyfus J Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Sleep Characteristics and Cognitive Function and Decline Among Older Adults.
Abstract Sleep laboratory studies find that restricted sleep duration leads to worse short-term cognition, especially memory. Observational studies find associations between self-reported sleep duration or quality and cognitive function. However self-reported sleep characteristics may not be very accurate and misreporting could relate to cognition. In the Sleep Study of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally-representative cohort of US older adults (2010-2015), we examine whether self-report and actigraph measured sleep are associated with cross-sectional cognitive function and 5...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 13, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: McSorley VE, Bin YS, Lauderdale DS Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

RE: "Risk Set Matching to Assess the Impact of Hospital-Acquired Bloodstream Infections."
RE: "Risk Set Matching to Assess the Impact of Hospital-Acquired Bloodstream Infections." Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 13;: Authors: Ohneberg K, Wolkewitz M, Schumacher M PMID: 30759196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 13, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ohneberg K, Wolkewitz M, Schumacher M Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Re: "Associations of dietary protein intake with fat-free mass and grip strength: A cross-sectional study in 146,816 UK Biobank participants".
Re: "Associations of dietary protein intake with fat-free mass and grip strength: A cross-sectional study in 146,816 UK Biobank participants". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 12;: Authors: Tong TYN, Bradbury KE, Key TJ PMID: 30753259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 12, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tong TYN, Bradbury KE, Key TJ Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Response to Letter to the Editor: "Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and exposure to diesel exhaust in a Danish cohort".
Response to Letter to the Editor: "Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and exposure to diesel exhaust in a Danish cohort". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 11;: Authors: Dickerson AS, Hansen J, Gredal O, Weisskopf MG PMID: 30753256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 11, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Dickerson AS, Hansen J, Gredal O, Weisskopf MG Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Re: "Re: Associations of dietary protein intake with fat free mass and grip strength: cross-sectional study in 146,816 UK Biobank participants".
Re: "Re: Associations of dietary protein intake with fat free mass and grip strength: cross-sectional study in 146,816 UK Biobank participants". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 11;: Authors: Celis-Morales CA, Gill JMR, Gray SR PMID: 30753260 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - February 11, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Celis-Morales CA, Gill JMR, Gray SR Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research