Impact of Laboratory Methods, Colonization Density and Age on Detection of Streptococcus Pneumoniae in the Nasopharynx.
This study aimed to compare the performance of culture and molecular methods in detecting pneumococcus in the nasopharynx of healthy individuals and to evaluate the effects of age and colonization density on detection. Nasopharyngeal specimens were collected from healthy individuals from 2010-2012 on the Navajo Nation and White Mountain Apache Tribal lands in the United States. Pneumococci were detected by broth-enrichment culture and quantitative lytA polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Among 982 individuals (median age: 18.7 years; male: 47%) evaluated, 3 % were culture positive and an additional 27% were qPCR positive. Ag...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - September 10, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Sutcliffe CG, Grant LR, Cloessner E, Klugman KP, Vidal JE, Reid R, Colelay J, Weatherholtz RC, Chochua S, Jacobs MR, Santosham M, O'Brien KL, Hammitt LL Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Role of Physical Activity and Inflammation for Mortality, Cognition, and Depressive Symptoms in older Mexican Americans.
Abstract Higher physical activity (PA) is associated with decreased risk of mortality, dementia and depression, yet the mechanisms are not well understood and little evidence exists for Mexican Americans. We used Cox proportional regression to separately evaluate associations of baseline PA level with mortality, dementia/cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND) and depressive symptoms, and estimated mediating effects of inflammatory markers in additive hazard models from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging study (1998-2007). Low levels of PA (
Source: Am J Epidemiol - September 8, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Shih IF, Haan MN, Paul KC, Yu Y, Sinsheimer JS, Ritz B Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Early Life Predictors of Systolic Blood Pressure Trajectories from Infancy to Adolescence: Findings from Project Viva.
Abstract Childhood blood pressure (BP) is a strong predictor for later cardiovascular risk. However, few studies have assessed dynamic BP trajectories throughout the early life period. We investigated the relationship between early life factors and systolic BP (SBP) from infancy to adolescence using linear spline mixed-effect models among 1370 children from Project Viva, a Boston-area cohort recruited in 1999‒2002. After adjusting for confounders and child height, we observed higher SBP in children exposed to gestational diabetes [vs. normoglycemia‒at 3 years: β 3.16mmHg (95% confidence interval 0.28,6.04...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - September 8, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Aris IM, Rifas-Shiman SL, Li LJ, Belfort MB, Hivert MF, Oken E Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Do Deviations from Historical Precipitation Trends Influence Child Nutrition? An Analysis from Uganda.
er SD Abstract Changes in precipitation patterns may have deleterious effects on population health. We used data from the Uganda National Panel Survey from 2009-2012 (n = 3,223 children contributing 5,013 assessments) to evaluate the link between rainfall and undernutrition in children under age 5. We considered three outcomes (underweight, wasting, and stunting) and measured precipitation using household-reported drought and deviations from long-term precipitation trends measured by satellite. We specified multilevel logistic regression models with random effects for the community, village, and individual. Underw...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - September 8, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Epstein A, Torres JM, Glymour MM, López-Carr D, Weiser SD Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Placental DNA Methylation Mediates the Association of Prenatal Maternal Smoking on Birth Weight.
Abstract Prenatal maternal smoking is a risk factor for lower birth weight. We performed epigenome-wide association analyses of placental DNA methylation (DNAm) at 720077 Cytosine-phosphate-Guanine-sites (CpGs) and prenatal maternal smoking among 441 mother-infant pairs (2010-2014) and evaluated if DNAm mediates the association between smoking and birth weight using mediation analysis. Mean (SD) birth weight was 3443 grams (423) and 38 mothers (8.6%) reported smoking at a mean of 9.4 weeks of gestation. Prenatal maternal smoking was associated with a 175-gram lower birth weight (95% CI: -305.5, -44.8) and with dif...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - September 8, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Cardenas A, Lutz SM, Everson TM, Perron P, Bouchard L, Hivert MF Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +16 new citations
16 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/09/08PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - September 8, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +37 new citations
37 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/09/01PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - September 1, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +20 new citations
20 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/08/30PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - August 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Assessing the Role of Selection Bias in the Protective Relationship Between Caregiving and Mortality: the Caregiver-Study of Osteoporotic Fractures.
We examined possible selection bias due to 1) sampling decisions and 2) selective participation among women (baseline mean age=79 years) in Caregiver-SOF (1999-2009), an ancillary study to the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF). Caregiver-SOF includes 1,069 SOF participants (35% caregivers) from Baltimore, Maryland; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Monongahela Valley, Pennsylvania; and Portland, Oregon. Participants were identified by screening all SOF participants for caregiver status (1997-99; n=4,036; 23% caregivers) and rescreening a subset of caregivers and non-caregivers matched on sociodemographic factors 1-2 years later....
Source: Am J Epidemiol - August 19, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Smith ML, Heeren TC, Ranker LR, Fredman L Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Case-Only Analysis of Gene-Environment Interactions Using Polygenic Risk Scores.
Abstract Investigations of gene (G)-environment (E) interactions have led to limited findings to date, possibly due to weak effects of individual genetic variants. Polygenic risk scores (PRS), which capture the genetic susceptibility associated with a set of variants, can be a powerful tool for detecting global patterns of interaction. Motivated by the case-only method for evaluating interactions with a single variant, we propose a case-only method for the analysis of interactions with a PRS in case-control studies. Assuming the PRS and E are independent, we show how a linear regression of the PRS on E in a sample...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - August 19, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Meisner A, Kundu P, Chatterjee N Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Estimating Strength of Associations Between Prenatal Diet Quality and Child Developmental Outcomes - Results From a Large Prospective Pregnancy Cohort.
le G Abstract The aim of this paper is to estimate the strength of associations between prenatal diet quality and child behavioral, language and motor functions in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, 1999-2008. We created a Prenatal Diet Quality Index (PDQI) based on adherence to the Norwegian dietary guidelines. Child outcomes were sum scores on the Child Behavior Checklist, Ages and Stages Questionnaire and Child Development Index at 18, 36 and 60 months. Using a longitudinal cohort design and Bayesian hierarchical modelling, we estimated association strengths using inverse probability weighting to acco...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - August 2, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Borge TC, Brantsæter AL, Caspersen IH, Meltzer HM, Brandlistuen RE, Aase H, Biele G Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Venous Blood-based Biomarkers in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS): Rational, Design, and Results of the 2015 Wave.
Abstract Blood biomarkers provide critical information about health of older population, especially in large developing countries where self-reports of health are often inaccurate due to lack of access to health care; however, it is very difficult to collect blood samples in representative population surveys in such countries. The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), a nationally representative study of middle-aged and older Chinese, represents one of the first efforts to include blood biomarkers in a nationally representative survey of China. In the 2015 wave of CHARLS, 13,013 respondents loca...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Chen X, Crimmins E, Hu PP, Kim JK, Meng Q, Strauss J, Wang Y, Zeng J, Zhang Y, Zhao Y Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

70 years of TB Prevention: Efficacy, Effectiveness, Toxicity, Durability and Duration.
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) has been a leading infectious cause of death worldwide for much of human history with 1.6 million deaths estimated in 2017. The Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has played an important role in understanding and responding to TB, and has made particularly substantial contributions to prevention of TB with chemoprophylaxis. TB preventive therapy is highly efficacious in the prevention of TB disease, yet remains underutilized by TB programs worldwide despite strong evidence to support its use in high-risk groups including people living with H...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Salazar-Austin N, Dowdy DW, Chaisson RE, Golub JE Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Metabolome-wide Association Study with Habitual Physical Activity in Four Prospective Cohort Studies.
In this study, we identified plasma metabolites associated with habitual physical activity among 5197 U.S. participants from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), NHSII, and the Health Professional Follow-up Study (HPFS). Physical activity was assessed every 2-4 years by self-reported questionnaires. Blood was collected in the NHS between 1989-1990, NHSII during 1996-1999, and the HPFS during 1993-1995. Metabolic profiling was conducted by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Our study included 337 known metabolites, with 256 of them classified as lipids. We corrected for multiple testing by controlling the tail prob...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ding M, Zeleznik OA, Guasch-Ferre M, Hu J, Lasky-Su J, Lee IM, Jackson RD, Shadyab AH, LaMonte MJ, Clish C, Eliassen AH, Sacks F, Willett WC, Hu FB, Rexrode KM, Kraft P Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Re: "Supportive housing and its impact on diabetes among New York City homeless populations".
Re: "Supportive housing and its impact on diabetes among New York City homeless populations". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Jul 30;: Authors: Coughlin SS, Vernon M, Young L PMID: 31360989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 29, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Coughlin SS, Vernon M, Young L Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Nightshift Work and Prostate Cancer Risk: Results From the Canadian Case-Control Study PROtEuS.
Abstract Nightshift work involving circadian disruption has been associated with breast cancer risk. A role in prostate cancer is also suspected but evidence is limited. We investigated the association between nightshift work and prostate cancer incidence in the Prostate Cancer and Environment Study (PROtEuS), a population-based case-control study conducted in 2005-2012 in Montreal, Canada. Participants were 1,904 prostate cancer cases (432 high-grade cancers) and 1,965 population controls. Detailed work schedules for each job held at least 2 years (n =15,724) were elicited in face-to-face interviews. Nightshift w...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 29, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Barul C, Richard H, Parent ME Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Recent Substance Use and Probability of Unsuppressed HIV Viral Load among Persons on Antiretroviral Therapy in Continuity Care.
Abstract Illegal drug and hazardous alcohol use are hypothesized to be strong risk factors for failure to achieve or maintain a suppressed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load in persons with HIV, but accurate quantification of this association is difficult due to challenges in measuring substance use as part of routine clinical care. We estimated the association between recent cocaine, opioid/heroin and hazardous alcohol use, and unsuppressed viral load among 1,554 persons engaged in care in the Johns Hopkins HIV Clinic between 2013 and 2017. We account for measurement error of substance use using Bayesi...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 29, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lesko CR, Keil AP, Fojo AT, Chander G, Lau B, Moore RD Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Association between Transient Opioid Use and Short-term Respiratory Exacerbation among Adults with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A Case-crossover Study.
This study aims to examine the association of transient or short-term opioid use and acute respiratory exacerbations among adults with COPD in Mississippi Medicaid. A case-crossover design was employed using 2013-2017 Mississippi Medicaid administrative claims data. The study found 1,972 qualifying exacerbation events occurring in 1,354 beneficiaries. The frequency and dose of opioid exposure in the seven days before the exacerbation were examined, and compared to the opioid exposure in ten control windows, each seven days long, before the exacerbation. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) were estimated using conditional logistic re...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 29, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rong Y, Bentley JP, McGwin G, Yang Y, Banahan BF, Noble SL, Kirby T, Ramachandran S Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Response to "Re: Supportive housing and its impact on diabetes among New York City homeless populations".
Response to "Re: Supportive housing and its impact on diabetes among New York City homeless populations". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Jul 30;: Authors: Lim S, Miller-Archie S, Singh T, Wu W, Walters A, Gould LH PMID: 31361013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 29, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lim S, Miller-Archie S, Singh T, Wu W, Walters A, Gould LH Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Validation of the Oxford WebQ Online 24-hour Dietary Questionnaire Using Biomarkers.
Abstract Oxford WebQ is an online dietary questionnaire covering 24 hours, appropriate for repeated administration in large-scale prospective studies including UK Biobank and the Million Women Study. We compared performance of the Oxford WebQ and a traditional interviewer-administered multi-pass 24-hour recall against biomarkers for protein, potassium and total sugar intake, and total energy expenditure estimated by accelerometry. 160 participants were recruited between 2014 and 2016 in London, UK, and measured at 3 non-consecutive time-points. The measurement error model simultaneously compared all 3 methods. Att...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Greenwood DC, Hardie LJ, Frost GS, Alwan NA, Bradbury KE, Carter M, Elliott P, Evans CEL, Ford HE, Hancock N, Key TJ, Liu B, Morris MA, Mulla UZ, Petropoulou K, Potter GDM, Riboli E, Young H, Wark PA, Cade JE Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Evidence for an effect of smoking rate reduction on all-cause mortality remains unsubstantial.
PMID: 31318014 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Aubin HJ, Dupont P, Berlin I Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Authors Reply.
artge P, Park Y, Abnet CC, Freedman ND PMID: 31318018 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Authors Reply. Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Use of Median Age at Death to Assess HIV mortality.
PMID: 31318019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Xia Q, Ramaswamy C, Torian LV Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Using Serosurvey Data Triangulation for More Accurate Vaccine Coverage Estimates: Measured and Modeled Coverage from Pakistan Household Survey.
Abstract Household surveys remain an essential method for estimating vaccine coverage in developing countries. However, the resulting estimates have inevitable and currently unmeasurable information biases from inaccuracies in recall, low retention of home-based health records (HBR, i.e. vaccination cards), and inaccurate recording of vaccination onto HBRs. We developed an innovative method to overcome these biases, enhance the validity of survey results and estimate true vaccine coverage using nested serological immune marker assessments. We enrolled children 12-23 months of age in vaccine coverage surveys in Kar...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Gong W, Hayford K, Shah MT, Iqbal J, Moss WJ, Moulton LH, Chandir S, O'Brien KL Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Response by Florido and Selvin to Commentary regarding article: "Cancer Survivorship and Subclinical Myocardial Damage: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study".
Response by Florido and Selvin to Commentary regarding article: "Cancer Survivorship and Subclinical Myocardial Damage: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Jul 08;: Authors: Florido R, Selvin E PMID: 31282936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 7, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Florido R, Selvin E Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Cancer Survivorship and Subclinical Myocardial Damage.
Abstract The rate of cardiovascular disease among cancer survivors is higher than in the general population. This difference is due to traditional CVD risk factors and also to the cardiotoxicity of cancer treatment. In a population-based cohort study of 3,512 men and women who were free of CVD at visit 5, Florido et al. evaluated the association of cancer survivorship with subclinical myocardial damage, as assessed by elevated high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTnT). Cancer survivors had significantly higher odds of elevated hs-cTnT (odds ratio [OR] = 1.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03, 1.53). Results w...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 7, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Coughlin SS, Kapuku G Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Effect of Reverse Causality and Selective Attrition on the Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Mortality in Postmenopausal Women.
The objective of this manuscript is to investigate methodological explanations for the apparent attenuation of obesity-related risks in older adults. We used data from 68,132 participants from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trial in this analysis. All of the participants were postmenopausal women aged 50-79 at baseline (1993-1998). To examine reverse causality and selective attrition, we compared rate ratios from inverse probability of treatment (IPTW) and censoring (IPCW) weighted Poisson marginal structural models to results from an unweighted adjusted Poisson regression model. The estimated mortality rate ...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 4, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Banack HR, Bea JW, Kaufman JS, Stokes A, Kroenke CH, Stefanick ML, Beresford SA, Bird CE, Garcia L, Wallace R, Wild RA, Caan B, Wactawski-Wende J Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Metformin Treatment and Cancer Risk: Cox Regression Analysis with Time-Dependent Covariates of 320,000 Individuals with Incident Diabetes Mellitus.
Abstract There is conflicting evidence regarding the association between metformin use and cancer risk in diabetic patients. During 2002-2012, we followed a cohort of 315,890 incident diabetic individuals aged 21-87 years insured in the largest health maintenance organization in Israel. We used a discrete form of the weighted cumulative metformin exposure to evaluate its association with cancer incidence. This was implemented in a time-dependent covariate Cox model, adjusting for treatments with other glucose lowering medications, as well as age, sex, ethnic background, socioeconomic status, smoking (for bladder a...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - July 2, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Dankner R, Agay N, Olmer L, Murad H, Boker LK, Balicer RD, Freedman LS Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

American Journal of Epidemiology-Some Changes, Same Commitment to Excellence.
PMID: 31260073 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Schisterman EF Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Change in Leadership of the American Journal of Epidemiology.
PMID: 31260074 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Celentano DD Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

A Time of Change.
PMID: 31260075 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Szklo M Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Impact and Effectiveness of State-level Tuberculosis interventions in California, Florida, New York and Texas: A model-based analysis.
Abstract The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) disease in the United States has stabilized, and additional interventions are needed to make progress toward TB elimination. But the impact of such interventions depends on local demography and heterogeneity in populations at risk. Using state-level individual-based TB transmission models, calibrated to California, Florida, New York, and Texas, we modeled two TB interventions: (i) Increased targeted testing and treatment (TTT) of high-risk populations, including people who are non-US-born, diabetic, HIV-positive, homeless, or incarcerated; and (ii) Enhanced TB contact in...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 27, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Shrestha S, Cherng S, Hill AN, Reynolds S, Flood J, Barry PM, Readhead A, Oxtoby M, Lauzardo M, Privett T, Marks SM, Dowdy DW Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Impact of Public Transportation Use on Cognitive Function in Older Age: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of the Free Bus Pass Policy in the UK.
Abstract This quasi-experimental study examines whether the introduction of an age-friendly transportation policy, free bus passes for older adults, increased public transport use and in turn impacted cognitive function among older people in England. Data comes from 7 waves (2002-2014) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n =17,953), which measures global cognitive function, memory, executive function, and processing speed before and after the bus pass was introduced in 2006. The analytical strategy is an instrumental variable approach with fixed effects, which exploits the age-eligibility criteria for fre...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 27, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Reinhard E, Carrino L, Courtin E, van Lenthe F, Avendano M Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +21 new citations
21 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/06/26PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 26, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Estimating the True Burden of Legionnaires' Disease.
Abstract Over the past decade, the reported incidence of Legionnaires' disease (LD) in the Northeastern US has increased, reaching 1-3 cases per 100,000. There is reason to suspect this is an underestimate of the true burden as cases may be underdiagnosed. In this analysis of pneumonia and influenza hospitalizations (P&I), we estimate the percentage of cases due to Legionella, influenza and RSV by age group. We fit mixed effects models to estimate attributable percentage using weekly time series data of P&I hospitalizations in Connecticut from 2000 to 2014. Model-fitted values were used to calculate estima...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 20, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Cassell K, Gacek P, Rabatsky-Ehr T, Petit S, Cartter M, Weinberger DM Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Mortality Risks of Dual- and Poly-Tobacco Product Users in the United States.
We examined these associations by pooling nationally-representative data from the 1991, 1992, 1998, 2000, 2005, and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (n=118,144). Mortality information was obtained by linkage to the National Death Index. Cigarette smokers who additionally used other tobacco products smoked as many if not more cigarettes per day than exclusive cigarette smokers. Furthermore, cigarette smokers who additionally used other tobacco products had mortality risks that were as high and sometimes higher than exclusive cigarette smokers. As tobacco use patterns continue to change and diversify, future studies ne...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 20, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Choi K, Inoue-Choi M, McNeel TS, Freedman ND Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +35 new citations
35 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/06/20PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 20, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Jointly Representing Geographic Exposure and Outcome Data Using Cartograms.
PMID: 31172181 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 6, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tran NK, Goldstein ND Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Family History-Wide Association Study ("FamWAS") for Identifying Clinical and Environmental Risk Factors for Common Chronic Diseases.
Family History-Wide Association Study ("FamWAS") for Identifying Clinical and Environmental Risk Factors for Common Chronic Diseases. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Jun 07;: Authors: Rasooly D, Ioannidis JPA, Khoury MJ, Patel CJ Abstract Family history is a strong risk factor for many common chronic diseases and summarizes shared environmental and genetic risk, but how this increased risk is mediated is unknown. We developed a "Family History-Wide Association Study" (FamWAS) to systematically and comprehensively test Clinical and Environmental Quantitative Traits (CEQTs) for their associatio...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 6, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rasooly D, Ioannidis JPA, Khoury MJ, Patel CJ Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Two-phase, generalized case-control designs for quantitative longitudinal outcomes.
We describe ascertainment corrected maximum likelihood and multiple imputation estimation procedures that permit valid and efficient inferences. We embed all methodological developments within the framework of conducting a sub-study that seeks to examine genetic associations with lung function in continuously smoking participants in the Lung Health Study. PMID: 31165875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - June 4, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Schildcrout JS, Haneuse S, Tao R, Zelnick LR, Schisterman EF, Garbett SP, Mercaldo ND, Rathouz PJ, Heagerty PJ Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Consortium of Metabolomics Studies (COMETS): Metabolomics in 47 Prospective Cohort Studies.
E, Hsing AW, Johansson M, Kelly RS, Khoo CM, Kivimäki M, Kristal BS, Langenberg C, Lasky-Su J, Lawlor DA, Lotta LA, Mangino M, Le Marchand L, Mathé E, Matthews CE, Menni C, Mucci LA, Murphy R, Oresic M, Orwoll E, Ose J, Pereira AC, Playdon MC, Poston L, Price J, Qi Q, Rexrode K, Risch A, Sampson J, Seow WJ, Sesso HD, Shah SH, Shu XO, Smith GCS, Sovio U, Stevens VL, Stolzenberg-Solomon R, Takebayashi T, Tillin T, Travis R, Tzoulaki I, Ulrich CM, Vasan RS, Verma M, Wang Y, Wareham NJ, Wong A, Younes N, Zhao H, Zheng W, Moore SC Abstract The Consortium of Metabolomics Studies (COMETS) was established in ...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 31, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Yu B, Zanetti KA, Temprosa M, Albanes D, Appel N, Barrera CB, Ben-Shlomo Y, Boerwinkle E, Casas JP, Clish C, Dale C, Dehghan A, Derkach A, Eliassen AH, Elliott P, Fahy E, Gieger C, Gunter MJ, Harada S, Harris T, Herr DR, Herrington D, Hirschhorn JN, Hoove Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Association of Social Isolation on the Risk of Stroke among Middle-aged and Older Adults in China.
Abstract Given there is limited research examining the specific role social isolation plays in stroke risk, we aimed to estimate the controlled direct effect of social isolation on stroke risk in China. A nationally representative sample (n=12,662) of individuals aged 45 and older (at baseline, 2011; with corresponding follow-ups in 2013 and 2015), was taken from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Stroke was assessed through self- or proxy-reported physician diagnosis. Social isolation was measured by incorporating marital status; frequency of contact with friends, family, and children; and partic...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Zhou Z, Lin C, Ma J, Towne SD, Han Y, Fang Y Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

E-Values and quantitative epistemology.
PMID: 31150042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Trinquart L, Galea S Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Re: "Associations of Electric Shock and Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Field Exposure With the Risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: The Euro-MOTOR Project".
Re: "Associations of Electric Shock and Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Field Exposure With the Risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: The Euro-MOTOR Project". Am J Epidemiol. 2019 May 31;: Authors: Su L, Jin Y, Lou H, Chen G PMID: 31150043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Su L, Jin Y, Lou H, Chen G Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Scaling-up Hepatitis C Prevention and Treatment Interventions for Achieving Elimination in the United States - a Rural and Urban Comparison.
Abstract In the U.S. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission is increasing among people who inject drugs (PWID). Many regions have insufficient prevention intervention coverage. Using modelling, we investigate the impact of scaling-up prevention and treatment interventions on HCV transmission among PWID in Perry County, Kentucky (PC), and San Francisco, California (SF), where HCV sero-prevalence among PWID is>50%. A greater proportion of PWID access medication-assisted treatment (MAT) or syringe service programs (SSP) in urban SF (established community) than rural PC (young, expanding community). We model the prop...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Fraser H, Vellozzi C, Hoerger TJ, Evans JL, Kral AH, Havens J, Young AM, Stone J, Handanagic S, Hariri S, Barbosa C, Hickman M, Leib A, Martin NK, Nerlander L, Raymond HF, Page K, Zibbell J, Ward JW, Vickerman P Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

"A brief case against application of the E-value to Epidemiologic fields."
"A brief case against application of the E-value to Epidemiologic fields." Am J Epidemiol. 2019 May 31;: Authors: Hamra GB PMID: 31150048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hamra GB Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Am J Epidemiol; +28 new citations
28 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Epidemiol These pubmed results were generated on 2019/05/30PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 30, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Association Between Serum β-alanine and Risk of Dementia: the Hisayama Study.
In conclusion, higher serum β-alanine levels were significantly associated with lower risks of all-cause dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Since serum β-alanine levels reflect the intakes of carnosine/anserine, higher intakes of carnosine/anserine may be beneficial for the prevention of dementia. PMID: 31127276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 24, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hata J, Ohara T, Katakura Y, Shimizu K, Yamashita S, Yoshida D, Honda T, Hirakawa Y, Shibata M, Sakata S, Kitazono T, Kuhara S, Ninomiya T Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Associations of occupant motor vehicle crash with future heart failure and ischemic stroke in older adults.
ASSOCIATIONS OF OCCUPANT MOTOR VEHICLE CRASH WITH FUTURE HEART FAILURE AND ISCHEMIC STROKE IN OLDER ADULTS. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 May 21;: Authors: Kalesan B, Andersson C, Torp-Pedersen C, Gislason GH, Vasan RS PMID: 31111859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Epidemiol)
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 20, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Kalesan B, Andersson C, Torp-Pedersen C, Gislason GH, Vasan RS Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Cesarean Delivery and Hypertension in Early Adulthood.
Abstract The rate of cesarean delivery (CD) is high in many parts of the world. Birth via CD has been associated with adverse later health outcomes, such as obesity, asthma, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Few studies have focused on hypertension. We investigated the associations of CD with hypertension, systolic blood pressure (BP), and diastolic BP and tested whether body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) was a mediator of these associations in a birth cohort (n = 2,020) assembled in 1978-1979 and followed up in 2002-2004 in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. The CD rate was 32.0%. Hypertension was present in ...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 20, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ferraro AA, Barbieri MA, da Silva AAM, Goldani MZ, Fernandes MTB, Cardoso VC, Stein AD, Bettiol H Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research