Purification of heat labile toxin from Bordetella pertussis vaccine strain 134 employed indigenous technology
Conclusion The B. pertussis HLT could be purified through two phase with G50 and DEAE, cost effective techniques, the G50 purification has reduced the bioburden problems during DEAE purification and at the same time the quality of the product was high. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - June 24, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Effects of adherence to antiretroviral therapy on body mass index, immunological and virological status of Nigerians living with HIV/AIDS
Conclusion Adherence to HAART reduced viral load to an undetectable level and increased CD4 count among adherent PLWHA on HAART. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - June 19, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The role of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging in assessment of normal myelination in infantile brain
Conclusion ADC values decrease with progressive increase of age. Using ADC values is useful in assessment of normal myelination development in the infantile brain and matches the results of conventional MRI. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - June 18, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Pitfalls in management of acute gouty attack, a qualitative research conducted in Makah Region – Saudi Arabia
Conclusion There were common pitfalls that need a training program to increase awareness of doctors with general guidelines and recommendations. The most critical pitfalls include prescribing Allopurinol in acute gouty attacks and ignoring the Renal Function Test. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - May 28, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

3Tesla MRI surface coil: Is it sensitive for prostatic imaging??
Conclusion 3T MRI imaging using phased array surface coil is a useful diagnostic tool for detecting prostate cancer, trustworthy when compared to endorectal approach. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - May 28, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Prevalence of reflux esophagitis among patients undergoing endoscopy in a secondary referral hospital in Giza, Egypt
Conclusion The prevalence of RE is low among patients undergoing endoscopy. Most of the patients had a mild degree of esophagitis. BE and stricture were rarely seen. Male sex and HH were risk factors of RE. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - May 28, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Adolescents’ knowledge and awareness of diabetes mellitus in Kuwait
Conclusion The students contributed in this study have good general information about diabetes except for a few areas. Our study will clarify these areas to help in designing educational programs to treat these deficiencies of knowledge about the disease and increase the awareness. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - May 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Unilateral post-tuberculosis lung destruction and massive haemoptysis in pregnancy with successful outcome
We present an unbooked 36year old G6P4 +1 (4 alive) woman who presented with chronic cough, massive haemoptysis and multiple pregnancy (twin) at 35week gestation. She had completed anti-tuberculosis treatment twice at and over nine years prior to presentation. On evaluation, there were clinical and radiological evidences of unilateral (right) destroyed lung but no evidence of active tuberculosis; resuscitation was with antibiotics, blood transfusion and oxygen therapy followed by an emergency caesarean delivery due to significant maternal compromise. The symptoms resolved following antibiotic therapy and she was subsequent...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Effect of female genital mutilation on female sexual function, Alexandria, Egypt
Conclusion FGM was a risk factor for dysmenorrhea, obstructed labor and postpartum hemorrhage. Cases had lower mean sexual function; moreover, half of them convinced with FGM practice and with its continuation. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - April 24, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Synchronous rhabdomyosarcoma of the testis and kidney: A case report and review of the literature
We present a case of 22year old male with inguinoscrotal swelling, fever and abdominal distention who was diagnosed as having obstructed left inguinoscrotal hernia and a right renal mass. The patient had surgery, and a diagnosis of synchronous rhabdomyosarcoma of the left testis, paratesticular tissue and right kidney was made by histology and immunohistochemistry. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - April 17, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Finite element model to study calcium distribution in oocytes involving voltage gated Ca2+ channel, ryanodine receptor and buffers
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2015 Source:Alexandria Journal of Medicine Author(s): Parvaiz Ahmad Naik , Kamal Raj Pardasani Calcium is one of the most important signalling ions in cell biology performing numerous functions with high specificity. A calcium wave triggers life at fertilization but also can cause cell death. The means by which this single ion can be both highly specific and universal is believed to lie in its spatiotemporal dynamics mediated by ion channels, pumps, receptors and calcium buffers. During oocyte maturation the calcium signalling machinery undergoes differentiation which results i...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 21, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Glutathione S-transferase M1, T1 and P1 gene polymorphisms and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Egyptian diabetic patients with and without diabetic vascular complications
Conclusion Our results could point out to potential roles of GSTP1 polymorphism alone or combined with GSTM1 gene polymorphism in the pathogenesis of T2DM related oxidative stress. Screening for other functional GST gene polymorphisms is important to understand the impact of interaction of multiple genetic factors in the pathogenesis of T2DM. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Possible protective effect of procainamide as an epigenetic modifying agent in experimentally induced type 2 diabetes mellitus in rats
Conclusion The present work could provide a proof of concept that procainamide could be used as a possible therapeutic potential in type 2 diabetics as an epigenetic demethylating agent to increase insulin levels and it is better to be used in combination with oral hypoglycemic agent e.g. metformin to decrease insulin resistance. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Effect of consumption of fresh and heated virgin coconut oil on the blood pressure and inflammatory biomarkers: An experimental study in Sprague Dawley rats
Conclusion Repeatedly heated VCO caused an elevation in the BP. The BP elevation was associated with a significant increase in the inflammatory bio-markers (VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and CRP), TXB2 and a significant reduction in the plasma PGI2 level. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Comparison of serum C3 complement levels between young women with recurrent urinary tract infection and healthy women
Conclusion In this study setting, the levels of C3 among young women with recurrent UTI were lower than healthy women but were not significant clinically. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A method optimization study for atomic absorption spectrophotometric determination of total zinc in insulin using direct aspiration technique
Publication date: March 2015 Source:Alexandria Journal of Medicine, Volume 51, Issue 1 Author(s): Sadia Ata , Feroza Hamid Wattoo , Mahmood Ahmed , Muhammad Hamid Sarwar Wattoo , Syed Ahmed Tirmizi , Abdul Wadood A sensitive, reliable and relative fast method has been developed for the determination of total zinc in insulin by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. This designed study was used to optimize the procedures for the existing methods. Spectrograms of both standard and sample solutions of zinc were recorded by measuring the absorbance at 213.9nm for determination of total zinc. System suitability parameters were ...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Reproductive and biochemical changes in obese and non obese polycystic ovary syndrome women
Conclusions Overweight and obese PCOS women had significantly higher age of menarche, abortion and menstrual disturbances. Also, signs of hyperandrogenism, acanthosis nigricans were more encountered among them with higher levels of fasting glucose, fasting insulin, FSH, LH and testosterone. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Evaluation of the role of ischemia modified albumin as a new biochemical marker for differentiation between ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke
Conclusion Our investigation in elderly patients suggests that IMA assay is a sensitive marker for early detection of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 6, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Blunt abdominal trauma: The role of focused abdominal sonography in assessment of organ injury and reducing the need for CT
Conclusion Ultrasonography is considered the best modality in initial evaluation of blunt abdominal trauma patients as it is noninvasive, readily available, and requires minimal preparation time. Ultrasonography is very useful in follow up of patients with intra-abdominal injury and decreases use of CT which has the disadvantages of being expensive, high dose radiation. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - March 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Evaluation of electrolyte imbalance among tuberculosis patients receiving treatments in Southwestern Nigeria
Conclusion Hyponatraemia, hyperkalaemia, and hypochloremia characterized some of the electrolyte imbalance among TB patients receiving treatments. The raised level of bicarbonate may be attributed to overcorrection of respiratory acidosis often found in patients with tuberculosis. Monitoring electrolytes is therefore an important component of TB management. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - February 26, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Hypogonadism in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: relationship with airflow limitation, muscle weakness and systemic inflammation
Conclusion Hypogonadism is highly prevalent in clinically stable COPD patients and is particularly related to the severity of the airway obstruction. Systemic inflammation is present in stable COPD patients and its intensity is related to the severity of the underlying disease and it predisposes to skeletal muscle weakness and exercise intolerance. However, we failed to find a significant association between hypogonadism and muscle weakness or systemic inflammation. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - February 24, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Assessment of Annona reticulata Linn. leaves fractions for invitro antioxidative effect and antimicrobial potential against standard human pathogenic strains
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2015 Source:Alexandria Journal of Medicine Author(s): Prasad G. Jamkhande , Amruta S. Wattamwar , Ashish D. Kankudte , Priti S. Tidke , Mohan G. Kalaskar Since from long time the plant, Annona reticulata Linn. is known for its beneficial effects. Leaves of A. reticulata were screened for phytochemicals and in vitro antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activity. The shade dried leaves were extracted with methanol and aqueous methanolic extract was partitioned successively with n-butanol, chloroform and acetone solvents. Methanolic extract was subjected to antioxidant scre...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - February 5, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A cerebrovascular stroke following endoscopy for an elderly patient with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2015 Source:Alexandria Journal of Medicine Author(s): Ahmed Gado , Basel Ebeid Elderly people constitute an increasing proportion of those presenting with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Not only in upper gastrointestinal bleeding is advanced age a risk of death, but also exceeding 60years of age results in an increased risk of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events. Factors likely to influence the morbidity and mortality associated with endoscopy in an elderly cohort with acute gastrointestinal bleeding include the acuity and severity of bleeding and the presence o...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - February 5, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Prevalence and associated risk factors for obesity in Jalalabad city – Afghanistan
Conclusion Approximately one third of adult population in Jalalabad city is suffering from obesity which is a cause of concern. Blood lipid profile is either borderline or more than average among study participants which could contribute to non-communicable diseases. Measures such as raising awareness and lifestyle modifications may help to reduce the burden of obesity among Jalalabad adults. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 16, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

3T MRI of the breast with computer aided diagnosis, can it help to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures???
Conclusion 3T MRI breast with CAD is very sensitive imaging tool, that can help to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Short term follow-up of culprit only revascularization versus total revascularization in primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with multivessel disease
Conclusion Both treatment strategies carry equivalent short term outcome among patients with STEMI treated with PPCI. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Postpartum hemorrhage is related to the hemoglobin levels at labor: Observational study
Conclusion: Our study supports the association between anemia (Hb<10) and the risk of PPH. We also provide evidence of the association between severe anemia and emergency hysterectomy. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Impact of occult hepatitis B virus infection on antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C patients
Conclusion The prevalence of OBI was higher in our CHCV patients. OBI was significantly associated with poor response to combined Peg-IFNα and RBV therapy. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Does prostaglandin-E1 modulate d-galactosamine induced cell death in primary culture of human hepatocytes?
Conclusion: PGE1 could be a useful protective treatment against DGA-induced hepatocyte cell death. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 6, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (A1166C) gene polymorphism in Egyptian adult hemodialysis patients
Conclusion This study suggested that CC/AC genotype could serve as a predictor of an early end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and could, in the future, become an important part of the clinical process of renal risk identification. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 6, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Genital tuberculosis is common among females with tubal factor infertility: Observational study
Conclusion Genital tuberculosis is still a common health problem contributing to infertility in area considered non endemic indicating underestimation of the condition and so neglected. Antitubercular therapy is not effective in restoration of women’s fertility function as they often present with advanced pathology beyond recovery. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - January 3, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Value of dobutamine stress tissue Doppler in evaluation of LV functional improvement after elective PCI
Conclusion Stress TDI provides a feasible and quantitative technique that improves reproducibility of DSE. Sm during stress showed better accuracy than WMSI for the prediction of functional recovery following revascularization and was simple, sensitive and accurate for the detection of subtle myocardial systolic velocity changes. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Accidental IV administration of epinephrine instead of midazolam at colonoscopy
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2014 Source:Alexandria Journal of Medicine Author(s): Ahmed Gado , Basel Ebeid , Anthony Axon Drug administration errors appear to be a major source of iatrogenic harm to hospitalized patients. They often, particularly in the case of epinephrine, have catastrophic consequences both for the patient and the well-meaning provider. The following incident is a medication error case report which illustrates one way that incorrect medication may be administered. IV epinephrine was accidentally administered instead of midazolam at colonoscopy. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - December 4, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Role of MRI in rectal carcinoma after chemo irradiation therapy with pathological correlation
Conclusion High resolution pre treatment MRI of the rectum has a high predictive value of treatment outcome either for neoadjuvant treatment or surgery. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - December 4, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Role of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in diagnosis of secondary intussusception in children
Conclusions Finally we conclude that multidetector CT could efficiently diagnose children presenting with secondary intussusceptions. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - December 3, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Variational finite element method to study the absorption rate of drug at various compartments through transdermal drug delivery system
Conclusion The drug concentration at the nodal points of different dermal layers has been computed and the graphs were plotted between drug concentration and thickness of dermal layers using MATLAB software. It has been observed that due to dense network of connective tissues in dermal and sub-dermal parts, the drug absorption is maximum as compared to cutaneous tissues. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 25, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Acute ischemic stroke prognostication, comparison between Glasgow Coma Score, NIHS Scale and Full Outline of UnResponsiveness Score in intensive care unit
Conclusions The GCS and the FOUR score are accurate predictors of mortality after acute ischemic stroke, and are equal in prediction to the NIHSS. The NIHSS is more accurate than the GCS and the FOUR score in predicting poor neurologic outcome. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 20, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Thanatochemistry: Study of synovial fluid potassium
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Alexandria Journal of Medicine, Volume 50, Issue 4 Author(s): Nilesh Keshav Tumram , Vipul Namdeorao Ambade , Anand Paikuji Dongre Death interval estimation is one of the major attributes obtained from thanatochemistry. Body fluids like vitreous humour have been consistently used to estimate death interval from regression equations, but these may be useless when dealing with eye trauma, ocular disorders or in mutilated remains. Until recently, there was no consistent assessment of the reliability of measurements of the synovial fluid for death interval estimation. The purpose of thi...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Thanatochemistry: Study of vitreous humor potassium
This study has been carried out to determine the death interval from the biochemical parameter of vitreous potassium. In 308 medicolegal cases vitreous humor was taken and analyzed for potassium with known time of death. There was a linear rise in potassium concentration with increasing death interval. Regression equation was calculated for the same. The study indicates that potassium levels in vitreous for determining death interval are useful and can afford a good method of determining the death interval along with other traditional methods. Also the previously established formulae for estimating death interval from vitr...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Management of cervical polyradiculopathy through multisegmental laminoforaminotomies
Conclusion Cervical laminoforaminotomy is an effective technique in addressing multisegmental cervical radicular compression. Moreover, this technique eliminates the need of fusion and possible internal fixation, which are essential if the alternative anterior procedure was performed; thus, reducing the overall cost and morbidity. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of delayed washout rate of contrast-enhanced multi-detector computed tomography in adrenal incidentalomas
Conclusion The 15-min delayed washout MDCT could be a valuable diagnostic tool in adrenal incidentalomas. At APW ⩾60% and RPW ⩾40%, it is significantly accurate in differentiating adrenal adenomatous lesions. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
Conclusion Endoscopic third ventriculostomy is as effective as shunt in treating idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Patients must be treated as early as possible before permanent damages occur. Further studies are needed to clarify more about the pathophysiology, CSF dynamics and new management. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Intraoperative precautionary insertion of external ventricular drainage catheters in posterior fossa tumors presenting with hydrocephalus
Conclusion Intra-operative insertion of EVD catheter during surgery of posterior fossa tumors, as it allows better control of the ICT during surgery if needed, provides a life saving emergency CSF drainage outlet if tumor resection fails to resolve HC or for the occurrence of de novo HC, and finally it provides adequate control of CSF leak in cases with supratentorial ventriculomegaly, where the use of lumbar drains may be hazardous. Intraoperative drainage prevents possible complications met with early CSF diversion. But the application of this technique should better be restricted to midline posterior fossa tumors relate...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A study of retrograde degeneration of median nerve forearm segment in carpal tunnel syndrome of variable severities
Conclusions Retrograde degeneration exists in patients with CTS. Forearm median motor NCV and median mixed conduction study are valid electrophysiologic tools for the assessment of RGD in patients with CTS. Retrograde degeneration is not related to grade of severity of CTS. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

HCV RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as a predictor of the response to antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C
Conclusion Detection of HCV RNA in PBMCs may be important to assess the virological response to interferon treatment and to predict relapse after antiviral therapy and may be taken as a reference to formulate the duration of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

3DCRT for posterior fossa: Sparing of surrounding organs at risk
Conclusion 3DCRT using parallel opposed fields is recommended for posterior fossa irradiation boost as it minimizes the exit dose to all structures other than the cochlea, however its mean dose was within the tolerance. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The added value of advanced neuro-imaging (MR diffusion, perfusion and proton spectroscopy) in diagnosis of primary CNS lymphoma
Conclusions Restricted diffusion, relative hypo perfusion, increased Cho/Cr, Cho/NAA, decreased NAA/Cho, NAA/Cr and presence of lactate or lipid peaks are consistent imaging finding in CNS lymphoma. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Is diffusion weighted imaging adding value in diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions? Experience in 50 patients
Conclusions DWI should be included as a basic sequence in the routine MRI study of the liver as it helps in diagnosis and so reaching a final diagnosis or at least trying to narrow the list of differential diagnosis. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - November 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

In-vitro binding assay study of 99mTc-flouroquinolones with E. coli, Salmonella and Ps. aeruginosa
Publication date: Available online 27 October 2014 Source:Alexandria Journal of Medicine Author(s): Muhammad Abdul Qadir , Feroza Hamid Wattoo , Mehwish Yaseen , Sadia Atta , Muhammad Hamid Sarwar Wattoo , Sheikh Asrar Ahmad , Asad Gulzar A simple methodology was developed to evaluate binding efficiency of antibiotic members of fluoroquinolones, namely ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and enorfloxacin, complexed with 99mTc, against Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial strains. Radioactivity in the pellet, tips supernatant and micro-centrifugation tubes was counted separately for 5s in a sodium iodide...
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - October 29, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Role of susceptibility weighted imaging and evoked potential studies in early detection of neuropsychiatric manifestations in the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
Conclusions SWI and neurophysiological studies may provide a useful test in the evaluation and management of early neurological lupus. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - October 22, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research