When farmers are pulled in too many directions: comparing institutional drivers of food safety and environmental sustainability in California agriculture
This article addresses these questions by comparing the institutional manifestations of two distinct societal obligations placed on California fruit and vegetable farmers: to practic e sustainable agriculture and to ensure food safety. Drawing on the concept of constrained choice, I define and utilize a framework for comparison comprising five types of institutions that shape farm management decisions: rules and standards, market and supply chain forces, legal liability, social networks and norms, and scientific knowledge and available technologies. Several insights emerge. One, farmers are expected to meet multiple societ...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - July 3, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Gina Rae La Cerva: Feasting wild: in search of the last untamed food
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - July 1, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Stan cox: the green new deal and beyond: ending the climate emergency while we still can
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 29, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The COVID-19 pandemic: a systemic analysis
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 23, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Harvey S. James, Jr. (ed.): Ethical tensions from new technology: the case of agricultural biotechnology
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Building power through crisis
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 16, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

COVID-19 crisis: time to reflect on how we live and interact with nature
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The Covid-19 epidemic: are there lights at the end of the long tunnel?
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Who gets to define ‘the COVID-19 problem’? Expert politics in a pandemic
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 8, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

COVID-19 —does social distancing include species distancing?
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 8, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Industrial seafood systems in the immobilizing COVID-19 moment
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 8, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The Arkansas traveler ’s paradox: COVID-19 and the rural sociology of stupidity
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 4, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Crops from  U.S. food supply chains will never look nor taste the same again
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 3, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

What can people think of doing when they have little money?
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - June 3, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

A dose of reality
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 31, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The Covid-19 pandemic stress the need to build resilient production ecosystems
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 23, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Unequally vulnerable: a food justice approach to racial disparities in COVID-19 cases
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 20, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Legal and social protection for  migrant farm workers: lessons from COVID-19
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Re-orienting policy for growing food to nourish communities
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 18, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Farmer field schools and the co-creation of knowledge and innovation: the mediating role of social capital
AbstractResearch has repeatedly confirmed that farmer field schools (FFS) can serve as a bridge between science and farm practice, enhancing simultaneously rural social energy. However, even though social capital is a burgeoning topic in FFS research, it is not clear whether and how it mediates FFS performance. In this mixed-methods study, using data from two FFS projects conducted in Greece, we examined if social capital among trainees facilitates the co-creation of knowledge and the co-development of agricultural innovations by farmers. A thematic analysis was performed to analyse qualitative data, whereas regression mod...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 15, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Farm resilience in the face of the unexpected: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 14, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

One Bioethics for Covid 19?
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 13, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

COVID-19 and a shifted perspective on infectious farm animal disease research
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 12, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Native food systems impacted by COVID
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 11, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

From texts to enacting practices: defining fair and equitable research principles for plant genetic resources in West Africa
AbstractCollaborative research practices in the field of plant genetic resources must follow the principles of fairness and equity as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). In this context the concepts of fairness and equity generally refer to the substantive and procedural dimensions associated with sharing the benefits of this research. But neither term is clearly defined by these international treaties, and the meanings attributed to the concepts vary among different societies. This paper looks at the question...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 9, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Here we are: Agriculture and Human Values in the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - May 2, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Competing food sovereignties: GMO-free activism, democracy and state preemptive laws in Southern Oregon
This article presents ethnographic research findings about the expression and negotiation of multiple food sovereignties by civil society in rural southern Oregon and the State of Oregon via democratic processes. In particular, these findings illustrate the effects of socio-political power dynamics on local and state acts of food sovereignty, democracy and agrifood policy by analyzing what the different expressions of food sovereignty reveal for its implementation at the local level. (Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 30, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Mobilising common biocultural heritage for the socioeconomic inclusion of small farmers: panarchy of two case studies on quinoa in Chile and Bolivia
AbstractValorising the biocultural heritage of common goods could enable peasant farmers to achieve socially and economically inclusive sustainability. Increasingly appreciated by consumers, peasant heritage products offer small farmers promising opportunities for economic, social and territorial development. Identifying the obstacles and levers of this complex, multi-scale and multi-stakeholder objective requires an integrative framework. We applied the panarchy conceptual framework to two cases of participatory research with small quinoa producers: a local fair in Chile and quinoa export production in Bolivia. In both ca...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Cosmopolitan translations of food and the case of alternative eating in Manila, the Philippines
AbstractScholars believe that cosmopolitans —individuals who are open to foreign cultures—contribute to the adoption of Euro-American conceptions of food in the Global South. However, there remains a dearth in our understanding of the links between globalization, cosmopolitanism, and the reproduction of food and food cultures more broadly . In this paper, I draw from the sociology of translation to examine the mechanisms by which cosmopolitans reproduce food across space and time, a conceptual approach I refer to as ‘cosmopolitan translations of food.’ This approach focuses on how human and non-huma...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Do food donation tax credits for farmers address food loss/waste and food insecurity? A case study from Ontario
AbstractTo increase donations of nutritious food, Ontario introduced a tax credit for farmers who donate agricultural products to food banks in 2013. This research seeks to investigate the role of Ontario ’s Food Donation Tax Credit for Farmers in addressing both food loss and waste (FLW) and food insecurity through a case study of fresh produce rescue in Windsor-Essex, Ontario. This research also documents the challenges associated with rescuing fresh produce from farms, as well as alternatives to donating. Interviews with food banks, producers and key informants revealed that perceptions of the tax credit, and the ...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Renegotiating gender roles and cultivation practices in the Nepali mid-hills: unpacking the feminization of agriculture
AbstractThe feminization of agriculture narrative has been reproduced in development literature as an oversimplified metric of empowerment through changes in women ’s labor and managerial roles with little attention to individuals’ heterogeneous livelihoods. Grounded in feminist political ecology (FPE), we sought to critically understand how labor and managerial feminization interact with changing agricultural practices. Working with a local NGO as part of an international, donor-funded research-for-development project, we conducted semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, and participant observatio...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

‘Pesticides are our children now’: cultural change and the technological treadmill in the Burkina Faso cotton sector
This article thus expands on the classic concept of the technological treadmill, demonstrating how economic and cultural processesintersect within a process of agrarian change to drive labor-saving agricultural technology adoption in the Burkinab è cotton sector. This expanded treadmill concept illuminates the complex dynamics compelling farmers’ choices to opt into input-intensive agriculture, and also helps explain rising farmer differentiation, as poorer farmers struggle to stay afloat and wealthier farmers expand. (Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

FASTing in the mid-west?: A theoretical assessment of ‘feminist agrifoods systems theory’
AbstractIn this article, we assess the generalizability of the feminist agrifood systems (FAST) model developed by Sachs et al. (The rise of women farmers and sustainable agriculture, University of Iowa Press, Iowa City, 2016). We ask to what extent might these findings generated from the study of Pennsylvania women farmers be generalized to other regions of the U.S. We define and situate the FAST theory to the Michigan, U.S. context in order to better understand how the shifts in agriculture and women ’s roles in the U.S. based on our data, align or depart with that experienced by women farmers in the northeast. We ...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Exploring migrants ’ knowledge and skill in seasonal farm work: more than labouring bodies
AbstractMigrant farmworkers dominate the horticultural workforce in many parts of the Minority (developed) World. The ‘manual’ work that they do—picking and packing fruits and vegetables, and pruning vines and trees—is widely designated unskilled. In policy, media, academic, activist and everyday discourses, hired farm work is framed as something anybody can do. We interrogate this notion with empirical evi dence from the Sunraysia horticultural region of Australia. The region’s grape and almond farms depend heavily on migrant workers. By-and-large, the farmers and farmworkers we spoke to push...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Food system perspective on fisheries and aquaculture development in Asia
AbstractThis paper reviews development research and policies on freshwater fish in South and Southeast Asia. We conduct a systematic review of academic literature from three major science-based policy institutions to analyze development research and policies that have accompanied the ongoing transition from freshwater capture fisheries to aquaculture in the region. Using a ‘food fish system’ framework allows for the identification and systematic comparison of assumptions underpinning dominant development policies. We analyze the interrelations between the production, provisioning, and consumption of wild and fa...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Annette Aur élie Desmarais (ed) Frontline Farmers: How the National Farmers Union resists agribusiness and creates our new food future
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 25, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Books received
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 22, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Timothy A. Wise: Eating Tomorrow: agribusiness, small farmers and the battle for the future of food
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 21, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Feeding the melting pot: inclusive strategies for the multi-ethnic city
AbstractThe need for a shift toward healthier and more sustainable diets is evident and is supported by universalized standards for a “planetary health diet” as recommended in the recent EAT-Lancet report. At the same time, differences exist in tastes, preferences and food practices among diverse ethnic groups, which becomes progressively relevant in light of Europe’s increasingly multi-ethnic cities. There is a growing tens ion between current sustainable diets standards and how diverse ethnic resident groups relate to it within their ‘culturally appropriate’ foodways, raising questions aroun...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 16, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Acting like an algorithm: digital farming platforms and the trajectories they (need not) lock-in
AbstractThis paper contributes to our understanding of farm data value chains with assistance from 54 semi-structured interviews and field notes from participant observations. Methodologically, it includes individuals, such as farmers, who hold well-known positionalities within digital agriculture spaces —platforms that include precision farming techniques, farm equipment built on machine learning architecture and algorithms, and robotics—while also including less visible elements and practices. The actors interviewed and materialities and performances observed thus came from spaces and places i nhabited by, fo...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 13, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Trent Brown: Farmers, subalterns, and activists: social politics of sustainable agriculture in India
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 12, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

How farmers “repair” the industrial agricultural system
AbstractScholars are increasingly calling for the environmental issues of the industrial agricultural system to be addressed via eventual agroecological system-level transformation. It is critical to identify the barriers to this transition. Drawing from Henke ’s (Cultivating science, harvesting power: science and industrial agriculture in California, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2008) theory of “repair,” we explore how farmers participate in the reproduction of the industrial system through “discursive repair,” or arguing for the continuation of t he industrial agriculture system. Our empirical ...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - March 31, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The promise and pitfalls of mobile markets: an exploratory survey of mobile food retailers in the United States and Canada
AbstractIn recent years innovative approaches have emerged across the United States and Canada to improve access to healthful foods. Mobile markets —traveling food retailers that specifically target food deserts—are one such strategy. Given the recent emergence of mobile markets, and their positioning as a solution to disparities in food access, research is needed to understand potentials and limitations of the model. In this article, we re port on findings from a survey of mobile market operators in the United States and Canada. Results identify tensions between the intended goals of mobile markets and constra...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - March 30, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Julie Guthman: Wilted: pathogens, chemicals, and the fragile future of the strawberry industry
(Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - March 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

“Every day it’s tuo zaafi ”: considering food preference in a food insecure region of Ghana
This study takes the role of food preference in food insecurity analysis seriously. Guided by feminist political ecology, I do so by underscoring bodily relationships totuo zaafi a cereal based porridge upheld as a culturally important meal across semi-arid West Africa. Drawing from 12  months of mixed methods fieldwork in Upper West Ghana, I look at perceptions of this salient meal as well as rates of consumption of it to uncover how food preference features in food insecurity. I use the refrain routinely evoked by my interlocutors during the height of the food insecure season— “Every day it’stuo za...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - March 18, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Malign and benign neglect: a local food system and the myth of sustainable redevelopment in Appalachia Ohio
AbstractLocal food systems seem virtuous in the larger context of the neoliberalization of global food systems and increasing food insecurity. However, local food systems are critiqued for reproducing neoliberalism when they prioritize niche-market consumerism over enhancing access for poor people. Advocates, in contrast, insist local food systems contribute to an equitable political economy of food if they are place-based and inclusive. Local food systems must not, according to them, be condemned monolithically in light of their neoliberal tendencies, but evaluated instead on a case-by-case basis regarding their potential...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - February 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Women farmers in developed countries: a literature review
This article reviews such research produced by scholars in all disciplines to explore to what extent women farmers are becoming more equal to men farmers and to suggest further contributions to the literature. As examples, topics that has been widely researched in developing countries but have received almost no attention in developed countries include comparisons of men and women farmers ’ productivity and their access to and use of resources. Discoveries in these and other areas will be important not only for their insights into the agricultural industry in developed countries, but also because they will inform, an...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - February 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

“Going local”: farmers’ perspectives on local food systems in rural Canada
AbstractAmid the highly industrialized, export-focused food system of the Canadian prairies, some farmers and consumers are turning to localized agriculture as an alternative —they are “going local”. Despite farmers’ obvious importance to the food system, surprisingly little research has examined their motivations and reasons for localization. To date, most local food scholarship in North America has focused on either consumers’ motivations to buy local or the systemic aspects of local food, such as regulations, infrastructure, and marketing arrangements. Existing research suggests that local ...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - February 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Moral conflicts, premises and the social dimension of agricultural sustainability
AbstractThe most cited sustainability definition, by the World Commission on the Environment and Development (Our common future, World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford, 1987), contains a moral imperative, as pointed out by several scholars. While ethical implications have been examined by philosophers and social scientists, concepts such as agricultural sustainability have been challenged less. The present work should contribute to the debate on the implicit moral values of agricultural sustainability and help uncover conflicting moral perspectives regarding agricultural sustainability. Choosing the social...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - February 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Correction to: Migrant farmworker injury: temporality, statistical representation, eventfulness
The original version of this article was revised due to missing institute information in the “Context: methods and positionality” section. Where it says “there is IRB approval from X University”, it should specify “there is IRB approval from the University of California Berkeley”. (Source: Agriculture and Human Values)
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - February 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research