Assault–related sharp force injury among adults in Scotland 2001–2013: Incidence, socio-demographic determinants and relationship to violence reduction measures
ConclusionsThere already exist a range of violence prevention measures in Scotland, but in order to further reduce the inequality associated with sharp force injury, interventions should be further targeted to working with younger men from deprived communities of Scotland. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A developmental perspective on popularity and the group process of bullying
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): J. Loes Pouwels, Tessa A.M. Lansu, Antonius H.N. CillessenAbstractBullying is a group process in which youths have different roles (bully, assistant, reinforcer, defender, outsider, victim). Although many studies have examined the group process of bullying in childhood, few have examined the group process of bullying in adolescence. This paper addresses how the group process of bullying is different in adolescence than in childhood due to the greater importance of popularity in adolescence. We review studies on the prevalenc...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Jaimee S. Mallion, Jane L. WoodAbstractWith implementation of governmental strategies aimed at reducing gang involvement, academic interest in gang membership has rapidly increased. However, there is a dearth of knowledge relating to emotional processes of gang members (Wood & Alleyne, 2010). This review synthesizes existing literature surrounding possible risk factors for gang membership including, empathy, Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Psychopathy, Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, Oppositional Defiant Disorde...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reducing Latin America's violent hot spots
Publication date: Available online 5 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Robert Muggah, Katherine Aguirre TobónAbstractViolent crime concentrates in particular places, at specific times and among certain groups. Violent crime is especially concentrated in Latin American cities and urban neighborhoods. The region is home to just 14% of the world's population yet experiences 42% of the world's homicidal violence. In 2017, 43 of the 50 most homicidal cities on the planet were located there. The situation also appears to be worsening. Yet the very concentration of violent crime and its associat...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The association between attachment and psychopathic traits
Publication date: Available online 15 September 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Marion van der Zouwen, Machteld Hoeve, Anne M. Hendriks, Jessica J. Asscher, Geert Jan J.M. StamsAbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the association between attachment and psychopathic traits. A systematic search of relevant articles yielded 12 studies (11 independent samples), containing 133 effect sizes based on in total 1876 participants. Results from a three-level random-effects meta-analysis demonstrated a small-to-medium significant, overall association of r = 0.18, indicating that insecure attachmen...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relationship between animal cruelty in children and adolescent and interpersonal violence: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): C. Longobardi, L. Badenes-RiberaAbstractThe following study is a systematic review of the relationship between animal cruelty and interpersonal violence. The systematic literature review following PRISMA guidelines and combined with the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, enabled us to locate 32 studies published between 1995 and July 2017. Overall, the results show that episodes of animal cruelty during childhood and adolescence tend to co-occur alongside other forms of violent and antisocial behaviors. Cruel...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September–October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 42Author(s): (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-control, differential association and the drug–crime link in Uruguay in the context of the legalization of marijuana
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Nicolas Trajtenberg, Pablo Menese (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorder in police, firefighters, and emergency dispatchers
Publication date: Available online 31 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Kristin E. Klimley, Vincent B. Van Hasselt, Ashley M. StriplingAbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop after exposure to an event in which death, severe physical harm, or violence occurred or was threatened. First responders, including police, fire rescue personnel, and emergency dispatchers, have been viewed as populations at high risk for developing PTSD symptoms. Indeed, over 80% of first responders report experiencing traumatic events on the job, and it is estimated that 10–15% have been diagnosed w...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Bullying and cyberbullying: Protective factors and effective interventions
Publication date: Available online 31 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Izabela Zych, David P. Farrington, Maria M. Ttofi (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The folly of counting bodies: Using regression to transgress the state of serial murder classification systems
Publication date: Available online 30 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Enzo YaksicAbstractObjectiveThis commentary addresses misconceptions present in Too Few Victims: Finding the Optimal Minimum Victim Threshold for Defining Serial Murder and seeks to limit the damaging effect that the authors' recommendation of reverting the victim threshold will have on researchers, practitioners and law enforcement.Key pointsTo classify serial homicide offenders by a metric such as deadliness unnecessarily segments a population of offenders that share similar pathologies. Upper level statistics that neglect ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Perceptions and responses towards cyberbullying: A systematic review of teachers in the education system
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Peter J.R. Macaulay, Lucy R. Betts, James Stiller, Blerina KelleziAbstractThe rise and availability of digital technologies for young people have presented additional challenges for teachers in the school environment. One such challenge is cyberbullying, an escalating concern, associated with wide-reaching negative consequences for those involved and the surrounding community. The present systematic review explored teachers' perceptions and responses towards cyberbullying in the education system. Once the search strategy was ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sex offender residence restrictions and sex crimes against children: A comprehensive review
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Joanne Savage, Casey WindsorAbstractIn this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the empirical evidence related to the effectiveness of residence restrictions imposed on sex offenders for preventing sex crimes against children. This topic is important because such laws currently exist in many states and there is ongoing debate about changes in law in some jurisdictions. We build on previous reviews by narrowing our scope and applying a greater focus on important methodological features of the studies. In the absence of...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Don't shoot the messengers: A response to Ellis and Hoskin's (2018) commentary on the prenatal androgen hypothesis
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Travis C. Pratt, Jillian J. Turanovic, Alex R. Piquero, Francis T. Cullen (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Oedipism: When psychosis reaches the eyes
We report the case of bilateral oedipism in a 37 years old woman suffering from schizophrenia since the age of 16. Psychiatric exam revealed delusional syndrome whose main themes were erotomaniac, influence, possession, and persecution. She had auditory, visual hallucinations, and mental automatism syndrome. The patient was treated by clozapine and underwent twenty sessions of electroconvulsivotherapy. After three months of hospitalization, Miss I·F's condition has improved but she lost definitively her sight. This case illustrates a rare complication of a severe mental disorder. Advanced theories explaining this ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parents, family characteristics and bullying behavior: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Annalaura Nocentini, Giada Fiorentini, Ludovica Di Paola, Ersilia MenesiniAbstractThe review investigates the role played by contextual family processes, relational processes and parental individual processes on bullying and victimization. A systematic review has been conducted in five databases (Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, ERIC) from1970 through November 2017. Finally, 154 studies were reviewed differentiating among the three levels of family processes. The majority of the studies addressed single or multiple var...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are cyberbullying intervention and prevention programs effective? A systematic and meta-analytical review
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Hannah Gaffney, David P. Farrington, Dorothy L. Espelage, Maria M. TtofiAbstractThis paper presents the results from a systematic and meta-analytical review of the effectiveness of cyberbullying intervention and prevention programs. Systematic searches were conducted for published and unpublished studies from 2000 to end 2017 on several online databases, including Web of Science, Scopus, PsychINFO, PsychARTICLES, Google Scholar, DARE, and ERIC. In addition, specific journals, for example, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social N...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The multidimensional peer victimization scale: A systematic review
The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Peer Victimization Scale (MPVS, Mynard & Joseph, 2000). This systematic review examined 34 published studies demonstrating that the MPVS is a reliable, valid, and psychometrically sound measure for capturing multiple facets of peer victimization across a variety of samples. Results also highlighted that there are relatively stable sex differences in the rates and pattern of peer victimization, with males experiencing more direct forms of victimization and females experiencing more indirect forms of victimization. Recommendati...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

School-based anti-bullying interventions for adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review
We report a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of school-based interventions to reduce and prevent bullying among adolescents in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In addition to searching 31 databases, we also hand searched key journals and grey literature. We contacted experts in the field for input during the search process. After rigorously screening retrieved studies against predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria, only three studies were included in this review. One study used a cognitive and behavioral approach to target bullying among adolescents in Romania, one study adapted the international...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Evaluating the effectiveness of school-bullying prevention programs: An updated meta-analytical review
This report updates earlier research conducted by Farrington and Ttofi (2009). Systematic searches of online databases (i.e., Web of Science, PsychARTICLES, PsychINFO, EMBASE, DARE, ERIC, Google scholar, and Scopus) were conducted for primary studies published from 2009 to December 2016. Searches were also conducted for unpublished reports. To be included in the systematic review, primary studies must: (1) describe an evaluation of a school-based anti-bullying program; (2) utilize an appropriate operational definition of school-bullying (e.g., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014; Farrington, 1983; Olweus, 1992...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Firearm-related violence in Sweden – A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Ardavan KhoshnoodAbstractRecent reports state that firearm-related violence is increasing in Sweden. In order to understand the trend of firearm-related violence in Sweden with regard to rate, modus operandi (MO) and homicide typology, and for which injuries and causes of death firearm-related violence is responsible, a systematic literature review was conducted. After a thorough search in different databases, a total of 25 studies published in Swedish and English peer-review journals were identified and thus analyzed. The resu...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The use of women and children in suicide bombing by the Boko Haram terrorist Group in Nigeria
Publication date: September–October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 42Author(s): Macpherson U. Nnam, Mercy Chioma Arua, Mary Sorochi OtuAbstractTerrorism has taken a new and frightening dimension in Nigeria. The manifestation is the incessant use of women and children in suicide bombing by the Boko Haram terrorist group. Examining this operational shift provided further impetus and insights into understanding the core of the problem. It brought to light the fact that Nigeria is a society where patriarchy holds sway and certain salient socio-political structures (culture, religion, economy and poli...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The usefulness of psychopathy in explaining and predicting violence: Discussing the utility of competing perspectives
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Henriette Bergstrøm, Simon R. Larmour, David P. FarringtonAbstractThe current study is a review of the utility of psychopathy in violence risk assessment. Psychopathy has long been considered one of the most important factors when assessing the risk for future violence in forensic samples. Concerns about tautology have however indicated a need to critically assess the utility of psychopathy measures in risk assessment. We argue that the focus should be as much on the psychopathic personality in the explanation of violent...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moral domain as a risk and protective factor against bullying. An integrating perspective review on the complexity of morality
This article reviews the state-of-the-art of morality including moral sensitivity, reasoning, emotion, motivation and identity, and group norms, analyzing its protective role against bullying. The need for a comprehensive theoretical approach to morality understood as a complex construct is discussed, starting from the articulated analysis of all its dimensions. This work advances knowledge useful for the design of educational interventions aimed to prevent bullying, to stimulate the socially desirable and prosocial behavior, as well as to improve peer relationships. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Roots of sadistic terrorism crimes: Is it Islam or Arab culture?
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Jilani ben Touhami MeftahAbstractThis research deals with the phenomenon of terrorism and attempts to ascertain the true roots of its sadistic crimes. The research considers two possible hypotheses to explain this phenomenon: The first hypothesis says that since most of the perpetrators of these crimes are Muslim, the roots of these sadistic crimes are religious and based on the texts of the Qur'an and Sunnah. The second hypothesis is that since most of the perpetrators of these crimes are mostly Arabs or some of their neighbor...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A developmental approach to cyberbullying: Prevalence and protective factors
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Robin M. Kowalski, Susan P. Limber, Annie McCordAbstractRecent years have witnessed a plethora of research on cyberbullying. However, many of the published studies have yielded mixed findings related to cyberbullying and its relation to demographic variables such as age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Review papers have been published on some of these topics, but comprehensive reviews of the relation between age and cyberbullying victimization and perpetration are lacking, particularly with regard to protective factors. Thus, the...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are children involved in cyberbullying low on empathy? A systematic review and meta-analysis of research on empathy versus different cyberbullying roles
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Izabela Zych, Anna C. Baldry, David P. Farrington, Vicente J. LlorentAbstractCyberbullying is a relatively new aggressive behavior in which young people repeatedly and intentionally inflict harm on peers, using electronic devices. Cyberbullying has very damaging consequences and studies on the topic are increasing. Nevertheless, there are still gaps in sound knowledge regarding factors that could protect children from being cyberbullies or cybervictims. The current systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to overcome ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Consistency of gender differences in bullying in cross-cultural surveys
We report on overall male:female (M:F) ratios, and variations in these by age (or grade), by survey time point, and by offline/online bullying. We also compare consistency of M:F ratios across countries, over the five surveys. The preponderance of male perpetrators of bullying is found consistently across surveys, and survey time point. It is also consistent by age, but HBSC data suggest a curvilinear trend in early adolescence. Males also tend to more frequently be victims of bullying, consistent across age and survey time point, but with variations by survey. There is some indication of a decrease in M:F ratio recently i...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cyberhate: A review and content analysis of intervention strategies
Publication date: Available online 5 May 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Catherine BlayaAbstractThis paper presents a review of intervention programmes against cyberhate. Over the last decade, the preoccupation over the use of electronic means of communication as a tool to convey hate, racist and xenophobic contents rose tremendously. NGOs, legal professionals, private companies, and civil society have developed interventions but little is known about their impact. For this review we followed the method and protocol from the guidelines from the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook for Systematic Reviews an...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Standing up to bullying: A social ecological review of peer defending in offline and online contexts
Publication date: Available online 19 May 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Laura J. Lambe, Victoria Della Cioppa, Irene K. Hong, Wendy M. CraigAbstractBullying is a relationship problem that most often occurs in the presence of peers. Peers who witness bullying play a critical role in intervening. Peer intervention, or defending, is a complex behavior. Defending a victimized peer can occur offline and online, with many similarities between the two contexts. This paper, guided by the Social Ecological Model, systematically reviewed the correlates associated with defending at different levels including: ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Status of the prenatal androgen hypothesis after two meta-analyses reported little support: A commentary
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Lee Ellis, Anthony W. HoskinAbstractEvolutionary neuroandrogenic (ENA) theory asserts that the main underlying forces behind human criminality is evolutionary (in ultimate terms) and neuroandrogenic (in proximate terms). Neuroandrogenic factors primarily refer to the influence of sex hormones on brain functioning, especially both prenatal and post-pubertal testosterone. We recently reported evidence that supports the theory. Using a rather crude measure of prenatal testosterone exposure (known as the 2D:4D digit ratio), our two...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Influence of psychological contract on workplace bullying
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): Rajalakshmi M., Naresh B.AbstractA few decades back, organizations were very much targeted towards profit, productivity, performance and turnovers. But now some organizations are only concerned about their employee's well-being and satisfaction for better performance in their organization. In this esteem, researchers and organization are considering various factors which improve their employee satisfaction, employee well-being, employee productivity, employee morale, employee performance, employee behavior and attitude in t...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factors influencing the development of attitudes towards men who sexually offend and the impact on their care and treatment: A systematic review of literature between 1985 and 2015
ConclusionsThe papers highlighted a range of factors that influence attitudes. These factors appear to influence the flavour of attitudes and the nature of attitudes is seen to be an influencing factor in terms of the quality of relationships between men who commit sexual offences and professional staff. However the definition of attitudes needs to be more carefully applied to empirical research. Results collected from the studies provide suggestions regarding the clinical implications. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Issues in the assessment of bullying: Implications for conceptualizations and future directions
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): Mary Jia, Amori MikamiAbstractBullying, a common type of violent behavior in school-aged youth, is traditionally conceptualized as a particular form of repeated peer aggression that is intentional and that involves a power differential between the bully and the victim. Intentionality and power differentials distinguish bullying from general aggression between peers which may lack these characteristics. Despite the fact that nearly every investigation of bullying references this specific definition, studies infrequently cons...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Aggression in mental health residential facilities: A systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionAggression in residential care services is common. Certain individual factors are associated to an increased risk for such aggression. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A systematic review of the association between rape myth acceptance and male-on-female sexual violence
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): Emma J. Yapp, Ethel QuayleAbstractRape myth acceptance is considered an established risk factor for male-on-female sexual violence, and is therefore the target of a number of primary prevention programmes. However, there is not a clear evidence base substantiating the role of rape myth acceptance in sexual violence, nor any reviews of recent literature. This review systematically searched relevant Psychology and Social Science databases in Autumn 2016, in order to collate cross-sectional and longitudinal research on the ass...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Risk factors for female perpetrators of intimate partner violence within criminal justice settings: A systematic review
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): Jenny Mackay, Erica Bowen, Kate Walker, Lorna O'DohertyAbstractThere is a lack of understanding of the risk factors for female-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) relative to men's IPV behaviours. Males can access offence-specific interventions in prison and on probation. However, depending on national criminal justice policies, female IPV perpetrators access general offending behaviour programmes only or offence-specific programmes that have been designed with male perpetrators in mind. The extent to which men's an...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sexual assault interventions may be doing more harm than good with high-risk males
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): Neil M. Malamuth, Mark Huppin, Daniel LinzAbstractBased on legal requirements and other considerations, there have been many well-meaning interventions intended to reduce sexual assault on university campuses throughout the US. There is no legal requirement, however, to evaluate the effectiveness of these programs, and few evaluations have been conducted. Those that have suggest that at best only a small number of these interventions have been effective and those involve bystander interventions. More importantly, there has ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sexual abuse and charismatic cults
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): Hava DayanAbstractThe article explores the enigmatic yet dire phenomenon of sexual abuse in cultic circumstances. Such a quest into the realm of cults is vital since, “sexual exploitation of women in cults of all types is widespread, and, to date, is possibly the least talked about, and certainly the least researched, aspect of cult life” (Lalich, 1997, pp. 7). Sexual abuse of consenting adults has been examined in circumstances of formal authority (workplace, mental institutions, jailing institutions and even a...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The chiral nature of the enhanced interrogation programme
This article considers in detail precisely why the enhanced interrogation programme, and the role of health professionals in it, can be said to be conflicted. The article identifies a number of reasons, including: the ambiguous and divided nature of the violence used in it; the dual roles that health professionals played in the enhanced interrogation initiative as healers and interrogators; professional division over the programme's ethics and effectiveness; the serious and negative impacts that the programme had on interrogators as well as detainees; and its split legacies. Underlying these individual reasons is the sense...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining gender differences in the correlates of psychopathy: A systematic review of emotional, cognitive, and morality-related constructs
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 41Author(s): Leah M. Efferson, Andrea L. GlennAbstractPrevious research examining the correlates of psychopathy has often focused on males. However, research on female psychopathy has increased over the past twenty years, and we are gaining more information about the similarities and differences in psychopathy in males and females. The purpose of this systematic review is to discuss the current research on gender differences in the correlates of psychopathy. The research to date largely relies on measures based on the Psychopathy-Checkl...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Comparing intrafamilial child sexual abuse and commercial sexual exploitation of children: A systematic literature review on research methods and consequences
ConclusionsFurther research on consequences of CSEC is greatly needed. Longitudinal research should focus on comparing the presence of various consequences (mental health, physical health, sexual behavior and daily functioning) in victims of CSEC, victims of ICSA and a non-sexually abused control-group. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“Adding fuel to the fire”? Does exposure to non-consenting adult or to child pornography increase risk of sexual aggression?
This article is the first to integrate the vast research literatures on non-consenting adult and on child pornography (also a form of non-consenting pornography) by using the framework of the Confluence Model of sexual aggression. In contrast to the contradictory conclusions reached by various reviewers and commentators who have typically emphasized a particular methodology or parts of the literature, this review finds a great deal of consistency and convergence among the differing methodologies and literatures that have examined the impact of pornography on individuals. It is concluded that pornography use may add to the ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Addressing violence against educators through measurement and research
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Linda A. Reddy, Dorothy L. Espelage, Eric M. Anderman, Jaclyn Kanrich, Susan D. McMahonAbstractViolence against educators is a significant understudied phenomenon that has been largely ignored by policy makers and funders. The primary goal of this paper is to advance measurement and research on educator safety and victimization. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review of the extant literature (1988 to 2016). Although the number of studies has increased dramatically over the past decade, this review revealed only 37 studie...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Protective factors against bullying and cyberbullying: A systematic review of meta-analyses
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Izabela Zych, David P. Farrington, Maria M. TtofiAbstractBullying and cyberbullying are damaging aggressive behaviors in which some children and adolescents intentionally inflict frequent and long term harm on peers who become victimized. The number of studies on bullying is high and a lot of knowledge has already been gathered. Nevertheless, there are still many gaps in knowledge that need to be addressed. Research on protective factors and effective interventions is still in its relatively early stages. This systematic review ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Animal abuse as an outcome of poor emotion regulation: A preliminary conceptualization
This article examines the motivations that underlie animal abuse and the maladaptive emotion regulation techniques that facilitate this type of behavior. We focus on two specific emotion regulation styles that have been implicated in existing literature; that is, the mis-regulation and under-regulation of emotions. Based on existing research and theories, we posit that the facilitative role emotion regulation plays in the perpetration of animal abuse is vital in our understanding of how and why this abuse occurs. In this article, we present a preliminary conceptualization of animal abuse behavior that depicts emotion regul...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What we know, what we do not know, and what we should and could have known about workplace bullying: An overview of the literature and agenda for future research
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle EinarsenAbstractOver the last three decades, the scientific and social interest in workplace bullying has accelerated and our understanding of this pervasive and detrimental social problem has advanced considerably in a relatively short amount of time. Workplace bullying is now a phenomenon of global interest, new topics are steadily emerging within the field, and the methodological quality of the studies has become more sophisticated. Building on findings from the ever increasing number of ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A literature review of protective factors associated with homophobic bullying and its consequences among children & adolescents
This article reviews 32 studies that focused on protective factors associated with homophobic bullying perpetration and victimization among children and adolescents. The review examines homophobic bullying as it applies to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth and their heterosexual and cisgender peers. Using the social-ecological framework, this paper highlights protections at the individual level (e.g., sexual identity, self-esteem), the family level (e.g., social support at home), the peer level (e.g., positive friendships) and the school level (e.g., school policies against homophobic bully...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Legislative response to family violence in South Africa: A family centered perspective
Publication date: September–October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 42Author(s): Jill Ryan, Michelle V. Esau, Nicolette V. RomanAbstractSouth Africa has instituted many legislative and constitutional changes since 1994 to combat violence. Regardless of these legislative developments, South Africa has some of the most endemic rates of violence in the world with most of these high rates of violence located within family violence. In response, South African legislation drew from a number of international and regional commitments as well as constitutional amendments to facilitate an enhanced family en...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research