Risk factors for elder abuse and neglect: A review of the literature
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Jennifer E. StoreyAbstractElder abuse is a global problem gaining recognition due to its severe impact on victims and the ageing population. Increased recognition has led to the investigation of perpetrator and victim characteristics that increase the risk of elder abuse. The identification of such risk factors can assist practitioners in preventing abuse, determining the risk of continued elder abuse and, where factors are dynamic, can be targets for risk management. This literature review identifies and describes perpetr...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July–August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 47Author(s): (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The grooming of children for sexual abuse in religious settings: Unique characteristics and select case studies
This article examines the sexual grooming of children and their caregivers in a wide variety of religious settings. We argue that unique aspects of religion facilitate institutional and interpersonal grooming in ways that often differ from forms of manipulation in secular settings. Drawing from Christianity (Catholicism, Protestantism, and Seventh-day Adventism) and various sects (the Children of God, the Branch Davidians, the Fundamentalist Latter-day Saints, a Hindu ashram, and the Devadasis), we show how some religious institutions and leadership figures in them can slowly cultivate children and their caregivers into ha...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Changes in aggression among mainland Chinese elementary, junior high, and senior high school students across years: A cross-temporal meta-analysis
This study examined whether aggression among students in China rose or fell during 2003–2016. We applied a cross-temporal meta-analysis of 90 studies using Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) responses by 87,319 students (primary school students through senior high students). The results showed less aggression in later years. The decline in aggression was greater among junior high school students than among other students. Otherwise, the decline in aggression did not differ across gender or across regions (Eastern China, Central China, Western China). (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correlates of youth violence in low- and middle-income countries: A meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 2 September 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Olga Sánchez de Ribera, Nicolás Trajtenberg, Yulia Shenderovich, Joseph MurrayAbstractThe highest rates of serious interpersonal violence occur in low-and-middle income countries (LMICs) especially in Latin America, the Caribbean, and sub–Saharan Africa. However, previous reviews of risk factors for youth violence focused almost entirely on studies from high-income countries (HICs). Rigorous synthesis of evidence is needed for LMICs. We conducted a meta-analysis of studies of youth violence in LMICs, ide...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Consistently inconsistent: A systematic review of the measurement of pornography use
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Ethan A. Marshall, Holly A. MillerAbstractResearch indicates that pornography use is now practically ubiquitous among males and continually increasing among females. These statistics are concerning in light of decades of research signaling that pornography use may be associated with sexually coercive behavior. Though the relationship between pornography use and sexual coercion has been a focus of concern, the apparent inconsistency in methods used to assess pornography limits the field from approaching a consensus on the stre...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cyber dating abuse (CDA): Evidence from a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 27 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Sónia Caridade, Teresa Braga, Erika BorrajoAbstractYouth use a variety of digital tools to initiate, develop, and maintain a dating relationship. By doing so, youth become more accessible and vulnerable to interpersonal intrusiveness, which can promote certain forms of victimization, such as Cyber Dating Abuse (CDA). The present study provides a systematic review aimed to identify the studies that have been developed on youth CDA, describing their methodology, main objectives and findings, as well the constructs used. ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Why theory matters in correctional psychology
Publication date: Available online 26 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Tony WardAbstractEffective and ethical psychological practice relies on good science, and good science takes theory construction very seriously, as seriously as data collection. There is little point in developing valid research designs and sophisticated data analytic techniques if the ideas driving research are mistaken or trivial. In this paper I explore the problem of theoretical illiteracy for correctional psychological research and practice. First, I discuss why theory is important in science and the dangers of ignoring ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the efficacy of bystander sexual violence interventions for first- year college students: A systematic review
ConclusionBystander intervention education is effective in increasing bystander confidence among college students; however, confidence gained during bystander intervention education needs to be assessed. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of income inequality on factors associated with male physical Intimate Partner Violence perpetration: A meta-analysis
This study examines the influence of income inequality on risk markers for Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in countries with low and high income inequality measured by the GINI index. Examining male perpetration of IPV, we used meta-analytic procedures to learn if income inequality moderated the strength of the relationship between well-established risk markers and IPV. We found that young age, relationship dissatisfaction, violence towards non-family members, and emotional abuse perpetration were significantly stronger risk markers for countries with high income inequality than for countries with low income inequality. We...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The interface between homicide and the Internet. A classification
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): M.C.A. Liem, M.E.F. GeelenAbstractIt has been argued that the Internet presents numerous new opportunities for crime, including homicide. So far, empirical scholarly research in this domain is rather limited. In order to discover how perpetrators have used the Internet in the homicides they have committed, we conducted an international newspaper search (2006–2017). Based on this analysis, we identify five distinct types of Internet use in homicides, namely Internet as an encyclopedia, Internet as a platform, Internet as...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Approaching the study of cyberbullying towards social workers from a systems perspective
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Ravit AlfandariAbstractTo date, cyberbullying research has been conducted without coherent, shared conceptual and operational definitions and with no clear, agreed theoretical ground. Hence, there is great confusion as to how to classify, measure and analyze this phenomenon. In response, this article proposes applying the systems approach developed in safety engineering, as a possible theoretical framework for investigation into cyberbullying. Central to the systems approach is the conceptualization of the relationship betwee...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Do adult males with antisocial personality disorder (with and without co-morbid psychopathy) have deficits in emotion processing and empathy? A systematic review
ConclusionThis review found no evidence of empathy deficits in ASPD groups with or without co-morbid psychopathy and only limited evidence of diminished startle reactivity in those with ASPD alone. In contrast, ASPD groups with co-morbid psychopathy were found to exhibit aberrant patterns of affective reactivity and difficulty when processing negative/aversive stimuli which lends support to the notion that these groups may be differentiated in terms of emotional dysfunction. However, as the majority of reviewed studies employed ASPD groups that included participants with co-morbid psychopathy/psychopathic traits and did no...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effect of mindfulness practice on aggression and violence levels in adults: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Anna Gillions, Rachael Cheang, Rui DuarteAbstractViolence and aggression represent a serious problem, with significant cost and impact at individual and societal level. There has been increasing interest in the potential of mindfulness interventions to decrease levels of violence and aggression. This paper systematically reviews the evidence to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions for the reduction of violence and aggression levels. Five electronic databases were searched, and methods followed published guida...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Elder homicide: A systematic literature review
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Michaela M. Rogers, Jennifer E. StoreyAbstractThis paper presents the findings of the first review of the research-based evidence reporting the phenomenon of elder homicide. A systematic review of peer-reviewed literature published across the world (between 1982 and 2018) was undertaken. A total of 33 articles were identified and appraised using PRISMA including quantitative (n = 30) and mixed methods (n = 3) studies. Four themes were identified in the synthesis of findings: victim characteristics; offender characteri...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Childhood and adolescent animal cruelty and subsequent interpersonal violence in adulthood: A review of the literature
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Heng Choon Chan, Rebecca W.Y. WongAbstractAnimal cruelty has been a growing concern worldwide, and is broadly defined as all socially unacceptable behaviors that are intentionally perpetrated to cause unnecessary pain, suffering, distress, and/or death to an animal. This review synthesizes more than 87 research studies identified through online databases and manual search of specific studies. Findings denote that beating, hitting, or kicking, shooting, strangling or smothering, stabbing, and sexual abusing are reported to be ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

College student peer aggression: A review with applications for colleges and universities
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Rebecca ThomasAbstractThis review summarizes literature focusing on peer relational and physical aggression in the context of college and university environments. Studies included in the review were published from 2006 to 2016. While some research focused on physical aggression, most focused on relational aggression. Overall, the research reviewed suggested that social-cognitive constructs such as hostile attribution biases, individual traits such as lower agreeableness, impulsivity, and poor mental health, negative emotions ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Fight and flight: Examining putative links between social anxiety and youth aggression
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Laura A. Andrews, Shannon L. Brothers, Jennifer S. Sauvé, Douglas W. Nangle, Cynthia A. Erdley, Melissa K. HordAbstractSomewhat surprisingly, social anxiety has been linked with aggressive behavior in adults. Among youth, this connection has been demonstrated with anxiety symptoms more broadly. This review extends previous work by evaluating this association specifically with social anxiety in the child and adolescent literature. Given the complexities of aggressive behavior, the review is organized by its various form...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Impulsivity and aggression: A meta-analysis using the UPPS model of impulsivity
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Konrad BresinAbstractTrait impulsivity has long been proposed to play a role in aggression, but the results across studies have been mixed. One possible explanation for the mixed results is that impulsivity is a multifaceted construct and some, but not all, facets are related to aggression. The goal of the current meta-analysis was to determine the relation between the different facets of impulsivity (i.e., negative urgency, positive urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking) and aggression. ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A systematic review of comprehensive interventions for substance abuse: Focus on victimization
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Bushra Sabri, Claire Greene, Gregory M. LucasAbstractViolence victimization is common among men and women who use substances and is associated with co-occurring health issues such as PTSD, depression and HIV. Substance use interventions, therefore, should include integrated components that are designed to address co-occurring health issues among victimized substance-using individuals. This systematic review synthesized the evidence on efficacy of comprehensive, integrated, multicomponent interventions for victimized substance...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the relationships between impulsivity, aggression, and recidivism for prisoners with antisocial personality disorder
In conclusion, psychopathy is associated with recidivism; moreover, impulsivity and aggression are central to recidivism for these individuals. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Negotiating in the skies of Hong Kong: The efficacy of the Behavioral Influence Stairway Model (BISM) in suicidal crisis situations
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Gregory M. Vecchi, Gilbert K.H. Wong, Paul W.C. Wong, Mary Ann MarkeyAbstractLaw enforcement agencies often deal with dangerous, difficult, and disordered individuals by applying the theory and practice of tactical negotiation composed of a unique application of communication techniques aimed at obtaining voluntary compliance. Known as hostage or crisis negotiation, law enforcement tactical negotiation (LETN) has shown to be an effective technique for resolving barricaded hostage and crisis situations, kidnappings, and suicid...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Persistent material hardship and childhood physical aggression
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Paul E. Bellair, Thomas L. McNulty, Alex R. PiqueroAbstractSome developmental models of childhood aggression deny any influence of socioeconomic status (SES), while others stress a more central role. We argue that greater attention to persistent material hardship (i.e., inability to provide for basic needs) may enhance the centrality of SES in developmental approaches. We analyze a longitudinal sample of children in the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study, and examine whether persistent material hardship shapes patter...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A life history approach to understanding juvenile offending and aggression
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Cortney Simmons, Zachary Rowan, Alissa Knowles, Laurence Steinberg, Paul J. Frick, Elizabeth CauffmanAbstractLife history theory has been used to understand how harsh and unpredictable environments contribute to risk behaviors. The theory suggests that exposure to negative environments leads individuals to adopt a “fast” life strategy, which is hypothesized to make individuals more likely to engage in risky behavior that is associated with immediate rewards. Using data from a sample of 1216 justice-involved male yo...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of infant socialization and self-control in understanding reactive-overt and relational aggression: A 15-year study
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Alexander T. Vazsonyi, Magda JavakhishviliAbstractThe present study employed parallel analyses to develop a greater understanding of the relationships between infant socialization (maternal sensitivity and home quality), early childhood self-control (attentional focusing, inhibitory control, gratification delay, and self-control), and measures of reactive-overt and relational aggression, assessed from ages 8.5 to 15 years. Self-reported, mother reported, and observational data were employed from a national sample of N =...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Government political structure and violent death rates: A longitudinal analysis of forty-three countries, 1960–2008
ConclusionsHomicide and suicide appear to be more prevalent in democracies. Future analyses should examine which aspects of democracies lead to higher rates of violent death and should seek to use independently collected mortality data. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Special issue introduction
Publication date: Available online 7 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Alex R. Piquero (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Violence and health: Merging criminal justice, law, mental health, and public health - Part B: Policy and institutional actors as nexuses for criminal justice and public health
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Bandy X. Lee, Grace Lee, Paul Bryant, Morkeh Blay-Tofey, Erik Kramer (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Fame-seeking mass shooters in America: Severity, characteristics, and media coverage
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Jason R. Silva, Emily Ann Greene-ColozziAbstractThe current study examines the severity, characteristics, and coverage of fame-seeking mass shootings in the United States from 1966 to 2018. Specifically, this research highlights the rate of incidents and casualties, provides a comparison of fame-seeking shootings against all other mass shootings, and examines the media's coverage of the phenomenon. Findings illustrate a rise in incidents and casualties at the turn of the century. Fame-seeking perpetrators were overwhelmingly m...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Childhood risk factors for personality disorder symptoms related to violence
ConclusionFamilies and schools seem to be particularly crucial environments which may influence the development of personality disorders and behavioral problems such as violence. More prospective longitudinal studies are needed to further disentangle the complex interactions between psychosocial family factors, personality disorders and violent behavior and to further explore their underlying mechanisms in order to inform more effective intervention programs. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using self-reflective tools to understand violence perpetration among patients with personality disorders
This study attempted to address these limitations by using behaviour cycle logs (BCLs) (Gordon & Wong, 1999–2009), a self-reflective behavioural strategy tool, that is currently used as an approach to manage violence on a particular PD forensic unit. All available BCLs in the period from January 2014 to April 2017 belonging to 11 patients were analysed. Using thematic analysis, three themes on factors associated with violence use were derived: power struggles, raging emotions, blame game. These findings also highlighted potential treatment targets to curb future violence use. Future research is needed to see if t...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Truancy intervention and violent offending: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Stephanie M. Cardwell, Lorraine Mazerolle, Alex R. PiqueroAbstractViolent offending and violent offenders occupy a key policy issue and policy group for prevention and intervention efforts. Research has examined an array of risk factors implicated in predicting violent offending, but interventions aimed at reducing these risk factors and their effect on violence have been less investigated, especially those within a randomized trial. We use data from a truancy reduction experiment in Australia to examine whether participants in...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The propensity for aggressive behavior and lifetime incarceration risk: A test for gene-environment interaction (G × E) using whole-genome data
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): J.C. Barnes, Hexuan Liu, Ryan T. Motz, Peter T. Tanksley, Rachel Kail, Amber L. Beckley, Daniel W. Belsky, Benjamin W. Domingue, Terrie E. Moffitt, Travis C. Pratt, Jasmin WertzAbstractIncarceration is a disruptive event that is experienced by a considerable proportion of the United States population. Research has identified social factors that predict incarceration risk, but scholars have called for a focus on the ways that individual differences combine with social factors to affect incarceration risk. Our study is an initial...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assessing general strain theory and measures of victimization, 2002–2018
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Nina Barbieri, Stephen J. Clipper, Chelsey Narvey, Amanda Rude, Jessica M. Craig, Nicole Leeper PiqueroAbstractGeneral Strain Theory (GST) is one of the leading theories of crime and delinquency in the field of criminology, with victimization identified as a leading source of strain due to the frequency and prevalence of its experience. However, measures of victimization widely range from direct experiences of physical violence to vicarious or even anticipated victimization, making it difficult to isolate the explanatory contri...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coping strategies among immigrant women who have experienced intimate partner violence in North America: A narrative review
This study explores what is known about these victims' coping strategies to develop a better understanding of existing studies in the literature. We systematically reviewed qualitative studies on immigrant female IPV survivor coping strategies that were published in peer-reviewed journals between the year 2007 and 2017. We sought to answer the question, “What is known about coping strategies utilized by female immigrant survivors' of IPV in the US and Canada?” Eight qualitative studies were reviewed, and the results showed that survivors utilized multiple formal and informal coping strategies. We critically exp...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Early risk factors for violence among Hispanic youth: Evidence from a systematic review
ConclusionsImplications for theory and practice, as well as suggestions for future research are discussed. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dynamic risk factors: Conceptualization, measurement, and evidence
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Roxanne Heffernan, Daniel Wegerhoff, Tony WardAbstractThe concept of “criminogenic need” is firmly entrenched within forensic research and practice. So much so that its status is rarely questioned, and its central role in risk reduction and management is accepted at face value. However, the analogue concept of dynamic risk factor (DRF) has recently come under scrutiny, with criticisms centering upon its composite nature and lack of coherence. These criticisms challenge the presumed causality of these factors, and th...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Continuity of the delinquent career behind bars: Predictors of violent misconduct among female delinquents
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Jessica M. Craig, Chad R. TrulsonAbstractWhile many scholars have investigated potential predictors of institutional misconduct among adult inmates, few have assessed the determinants of misconduct among incarcerated juvenile delinquents. This lack of research attention to the predictors of institutional misconduct is especially notable among female delinquents. As females have been theorized to have unique pathways to offending, it is pertinent to examine their pathways to institutional misconduct. The current study investigat...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May–June 2019Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 46Author(s): (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parental supervision and later offending: A systematic review of longitudinal studies
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): India M.L. Flanagan, Katherine M. Auty, David P. FarringtonAbstractParental supervision has been identified as an important influence on offending. This systematic review focuses specifically on parental supervision, compared to existing systematic reviews which tend to concentrate on a wider range of family factors. The main aim of this article is to assess the precise nature of the association between parental supervision and offending. Overall, 19 prospective longitudinal studies were identified (published since 1996) which ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Peers as Law Enforcement Support (PALS): An early prevention program
This article describes the Peers as Law Enforcement Support (PALS) program developed in a collaboration between a local police agency and University psychology department. Results of a pilot study evaluating participants' perspectives on course content and quality of instruction are presented. Finally, the need for a broad spectrum approach to prevention and intervention of mental health issues in officers is underscored. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Violence and health: Merging criminal justice, law, mental health, and public health - Part A: Neuroscience, epidemiology, and revisionist discourse
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Bandy X. Lee, Maya Prabhu, Grace Lee, Erik Kramer, Morkeh Blay-Tofey (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Preventing violence against children at schools in resource-poor environments: Operational culture as an overarching entry point
Publication date: Available online 19 May 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Dipak NakerAbstractThis paper articulates a case for prioritizing prevention of violence against children (VAC) at schools in resource poor environments of developing countries. The first section makes a broad case for why it is important to focus on schools as an entry point for preventing VAC. The second section discusses how the whole school approaches prevalent in developed nations such as Positive Behavioral Intervention Support (PBIS) can be adapted and contextualized for resource poor environments. The paper delineates be...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Why we should universalize the insanity defense and replace punishment with therapy and education
This article will be devoted to showing why punishment, far from preventing violence, is the most powerful stimulant to violence that we have yet discovered; and that we need to replace it with empirically tested policies that do prevent violence. To speak of universalizing the insanity defense is simply another way to speak of abolishing punishment. The article will show why we should abandon the notion that prisons can be reformed, and instead replace them with safe, secure residential colleges and therapeutic communities. This would mean thinking of violence as a problem in public health and preventive medicine, about w...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - May 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Tracking narrative change in the context of extremism and terrorism: Adapting the Innovative Moments Coding System
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Raquel da Silva, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Miguel M. Gonçalves, Catarina Rosa, Joana SilvaAbstractExisting models of deradicalisation, countering violent extremism (CVE), and counter-terrorism (CT) have lacked a clear theory of change, as well as robust empirical methodologies. This paper proposes an empirically-based systematic and transparent methodology – the Innovative Moments Coding System (IMCS) – which is empirically sensitive, ethically defensible, and can be of use in the context of research to ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Juvenile Firesetters as multiple problem youth with particular interests in fire: A meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Danielle L.C. Perks, Bruce D. Watt, Katarina Fritzon, Rebekah DoleyAbstractJuveniles are overrepresented among arson offenders, though previous research has been mixed in identifying key risk factors differentiating juvenile firesetters from youth who do not light unsanctioned fires. The current meta-analysis examined all published and available unpublished research over a 30-year period, examining risk and protective factors associated with youth firesetting. Control groups comprised youth living in the community, forensic sa...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - April 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moving beyond prison rape: Assessing sexual victimization among youth in custody
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Eileen M. AhlinAbstractThis integrated literature review discusses the need to treat youth in custody distinctly from adult carceral populations when examining sexual victimization. Although the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) mandates correctional facilities address sexual assault in both populations, the lack of available information on risk factors among youth may lead to practitioners and policy-makers becoming reliant on the adult literature when making decisions on preventative and reactive care for juveniles. Such ex...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Neurobiological findings of the psychopathic personality in adults: One century of history
The objectives, sample (age, percentage of male, type of sample), country of origin of the studies, language, design, instruments, and results and main conclusions were extracted from each study. Overall, the results reinforce the idea that psychopathic traits are associated with abnormalities in the way the brain processes environmental emotional information, and that the fundamental cognitive properties related to attention maintain or worsen these abnormalities. In some cases, changes in attention explain, by themselves, the abnormalities in emotional processing. Future studies using neurophysiological paradigms would b...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - April 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Measures for evaluating sex trafficking aftercare and support services: A systematic review and resource compilation
Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Laurie M. Graham, Rebecca J. Macy, Amanda Eckhardt, Cynthia F. Rizo, Brooke L. JordanAbstractIncreasingly, organizations are providing services to promote the resilience and reintegration of persons trafficked for sexual exploitation. Unfortunately, services for survivors of trafficking have out-paced the evaluation of such services. However, formative studies exist on the needs and service outcomes of survivors of trafficking. We undertook a systematic summary of such studies with the aim of compiling the measures and construc...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - April 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predicting domestic violence: A meta-analysis on the predictive validity of risk assessment tools
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Claudia E. van der Put, Jeanne Gubbels, Mark AssinkAbstractRisk assessment tools are increasingly being used to guide decisions about supervision and treatment of domestic violence perpetrators. However, earlier review studies showed that the predictive validity of most of these tools is limited, and is reflected in small average effect sizes. The present study aimed to meta-analytically examine the predictive validity of domestic violence risk assessment tools, and to identify tool characteristics that positively moderate the ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - April 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research