The use of pornography and the relationship between pornography exposure and sexual offending in males: A systematic review
ConclusionThe review yielded mixed findings largely due to variations in samples and a lack of agreed definitions for pornography. Recommendations are provided regarding the need for more recent longitudinal studies able to capture any possible changes within the pornography literature and its effect on sexual offenders, and the need for studies that provide specific definitions for pornography. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The intersection of violence, brain networks, and mindfulness practices
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Richard H. Morley, Paul B. Jantz, Cheryl FultonAbstractThis paper reviews and discusses the intersection of three brain networks, violence, and mindfulness practices. Research findings suggest that violence and predictors of violence are linked to neurological abnormalities in three interconnected brain networks including the salience network, the executive control network, and the default mode network. This paper also reviews findings which demonstrate that mindfulness practices and a related trait, self-compassion, lead t...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A meta-analysis of the association between psychopathy and sadism in forensic samples
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Debra O'Connell, David K. MarcusAbstractThis meta-analysis examined the association between psychopathic personality traits as assessed by the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 1991), and sadism. The PCL-R yields a total score as well as two factor scores. Factor 1 encompasses the interpersonal/affective components of psychopathy such as glibness, and callousness. Factor 2 captures the antisocial behavior aspects of psychopathy including impulsivity, and poor planning abilities. The meta-analysis included 19 indep...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The lack of social belonging: Reflections on violence against children in Mozambique
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Nair TelesAbstractWith the aim of reflecting on violence against children in Mozambique, the Health and Society Research Group (HSRG) at the Department of Sociology, Eduardo Mondlane University, held interviews and conducted focus groups with children and professionals in two cities. The hypothesis of the study is that the lack of social belonging carries within itself a kind of social behaviour that, in general, does not denounce the significant number of violent cases, especially those against the child. This reinforces s...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of perceived parent child relations on adjustment of young women exposed to mutual intimate partner violence during childhood
ConclusionWhere there is a history of mutual IPV, the quality of parent-child relations has a major impact on young women's adjustment. We discuss the study's limitations, as well as prospects for future research. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Direct verbal aggression in school settings: A review of the literature
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Daniel V. Poling, Stephen W. Smith, Gregory G. Taylor, Megan M. WorthAbstractOvert physical aggression in schools gains the most attention from educational professionals, yet researchers find that verbal aggression (VA) delivered directly is the most prevalent form. Perpetrators who engage in VA can experience a host of negative long-term outcomes and victims often experience anxiety, depression, and even suicide ideation. A review of the current literature about VA is essential to raise awareness of this form of aggression...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Public health problems associated with “boda boda” motorcycle Taxis in Kenya: The sting of inequality
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Kennedy Mkutu, Tessa Rhodes Mkutu (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Capturing violence in the night-time economy: A review of established and emerging methodologies
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Richard Philpot, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Kim Kristian Møller, Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard, Mark LevineAbstractNight-time economy (NTE) leisure zones, while providing local economic growth and positive social experiences, are hotspots for urban public violence. Research aimed at better understanding and thus reducing this violence has employed a range of empirical methods: official records, self-reports, experiments, and observational techniques. In this paper, we review the applications of these methodologies fo...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What role can cognitive neuroscience play in violence prevention?
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): R.J.R. BlairAbstractA cognitive neuroscience perspective seeks to understand behavior in terms of dysfunction in cognitive processes underpinned by neural processes. There has been an explosion in cognitive neuroscience work, and neuro-scientific work more generally, on violence over the last 20 years, particularly over the last decade. The paper will articulate a position regarding several forms of functional process, and their neural substrates, that, when dysfunctional, increase the risk for different forms of violence...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of different versions of Aggression Replacement Training (ART): A review
ConclusionsThe studies reviewed in this paper tentatively suggest that ART is an efficacious intervention to reduce aggressive behavior and improve anger control, social skills, and moral reasoning in at-risk children and youth. However, this conclusion is qualified by a number of methodological limitations that highlight the need for further, more rigorous evaluation studies. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Ethical loneliness and the development of a victim-focused approach to rape cases in South Africa
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Sheena SwemmerAbstractIn this article, I focus on the rape trial of the former South African president, Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma. I have chosen this specific case as it was extensively documented, both in the media and academically, with the main focus being on how the court had relied on gender-stereotyping in coming to its conclusion that the accused was not guilty as well as the degrading onslaught the victim experienced by communities around her. I look at the court's reliance on evidence of previous sexual history in f...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Measuring relational aggression in children and adolescents: A systematic review of the available instruments
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Ioanna Voulgaridou, Constantinos M. KokkinosAbstractResearch on relational aggression, defined as behaviors that are used to harm others' relationships, has shown that it is detrimental to children's and adolescents' emotional and social functioning. The main goal of this study is to review the extant relational aggression instruments and provide recommendations for future studies. Emphasis was placed on the measures' conceptual basis as well as on their psychometric properties, referring to reliability (i.e., internal consi...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Hostile attribution bias and aggression in adults - a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Stéphanie Klein Tuente, Stefan Bogaerts, Wim VelingAbstractHuman aggression is highly prevalent and has a large impact on the lives of victims and society in general. Causes and mechanisms of aggression are manifold. One prominent component of aggression is the tendency to interpret ambiguous behavior of others as hostile, so called Hostile Attribution Bas (HAB). This systematic review investigated the association between HAB and aggression in adults. PsychInfo, Embase, PubMed and Web of Science databases were searche...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Homicide and indigenous peoples in North America: A structural analysis
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Lisa Monchalin, Olga Marques, Charles Reasons, Simranjit AroraAbstractIndigenous peoples in Canada and the United States experience high levels of homicide and violence. In fact, the Indigenous homicide rate is the highest of any racial and ethnic group in either country. Of particular concern, is the amount of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. While such individual violence has been subject to research in Canada and, to a lesser extent, the United States, most of the literature focuses upon the micro factors ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

To destroy a people: Sexual violence as a form of genocide in the conflicts of Bosnia, Rwanda, and Chile
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Rachel A. Sitkin, Bandy X. Lee, Grace LeeAbstractThroughout history, attacks on women have been common during armed conflict. Frequently military forces have viewed sexual violence as a spoil of war, a punishment to defeated populations, or as the deviance of rogue soldiers. However, conflicts in which sexual violence has been weaponized have been increasing. When a military force's command utilizes systematic and widespread sexual violence as a weapon of war against a specific group, in both intent and effect, it fulfills e...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 44Author(s): (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exploring intimate partner violence from the perspective of African men: A meta-synthesis
This study was prompted by the paucity of data to address the growing problem of IPV in Africa, particularly the narrow focus on women's experiences in the current state of knowledge. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to explore African men's perceptions of IPV in order to gain an in-depth understanding of their involvement in IPV. Our findings indicate that instances of IPV in Africa are primarily linked to masculine hegemony, masculine intersubjectivity, and masculine defenses of non-violent identity. Furthermore, we find that their intimate female partners are seen as both active and passive actors in IPV. Constantly o...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The intersection of intimate partner violence and poverty in Black communities
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Tameka L. GillumAbstractIntimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health concern that has profound impacts on women across the globe. Though it cuts across race, socioeconomic status, age, geography and sexual orientation, those communities plagued by poverty experience disproportionate rates. Poverty creates unique circumstances of vulnerability for individuals, families, and communities and is disproportionately experienced by Black communities in both developed and developing countries. The impact of poverty on Bl...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mental health, empowerment, and violence against young women in lower-income countries: A review of reviews
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Rose Grace Grose, Katherine A. Roof, Daniel C. Semenza, Ximena Leroux, Kathryn M. YountAbstractGender-based violence (GBV) against women is a pervasive global human-rights violation. This systematic review of reviews synthesized research about the mental health and empowerment outcomes of GBV for adolescent girls and young women (ages 10–24) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). GBV exposures included child maltreatment, female genital mutilation/cutting, child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and non-p...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A systematic literature review of early posttraumatic interventions for victims of violent crime
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Stéphane Guay, Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost, Josette Sader, André MarchandAbstractCriminal acts are the most common traumatic events to which the general population is exposed. Developing clinical guidelines for preventing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among victims of violent crime would help to reduce the mental health costs related to these events. The goal of the current article was to systematically review published studies on the efficacy of early interventions for victims of violent crime. Of t...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The application and adoption of four ‘third wave’ psychotherapies for mental health difficulties and aggression within correctional and forensic settings: A systematic review
ConclusionsACT shows some potential promise as a treatment with a prisoner population but the general lack of methodologically sound studies greatly limits any conclusions that can be made. At present other treatments such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and other third wave therapies, most notably, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) have accrued more evidence as a result of greater amount of research. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Immediate responses by service providers after a violent critical incident: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Philip Birch, Erin Cox (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining ACTV: An argument for implementing neuroscience-based and trauma- informed treatment models in offender treatment programs
Publication date: Available online 8 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Eraina Schauss, Haley R. Zettler, Amanda RussellAbstractThere is a well-established link between experiencing traumatic events in childhood such as witnessing violence and later perpetration of domestic violence. Within the United States, literature in the area of domestic violence has largely neglected the link between the neuroscience of trauma exposure in childhood and later instances of perpetration. Few research studies have explored the neurological impact of adverse childhood experiences on adult offending behavior. Ad...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Inner gnawing, outward clawing - The role of existential crises in crime causation
Publication date: Available online 2 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): John T. BennettAbstractThis paper provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the role of existential crises in crime causation. The theory presented in this paper is that a crisis of meaning is interrelated with other criminogenic factors, and that these factors together lead to frustration, which in turn may lead to aggression in some cases. Specifically, factors of anomie, boredom, mass entertainment, subculture, and gender are explored. This framework traces the influence of both social structure and culture on the indiv...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - January 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of affect regulation in the treatment of people who have committed sexual offenses
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): E. Gunst, J.C. Watson, J. Willemsen, M. DesmetAbstractAffect regulation problems have been found to play an important role in the onset of problematic behavior, such as sexual abuse. The role of emotion and maladaptive coping has become relevant in both research and treatment interventions. Forensic treatments have been strongly influenced by conceptualizations of affect regulation that emphasize the control of emotional experience and expression. For a long time, emotions were treated as less important than cognition. Howev...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dynamic risk factors and constructing explanations of offending: The Risk-Causality Method
Publication date: Available online 30 November 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Roxanne Heffernan, Tony Ward, Stijn Vandevelde, Lore Van DammeAbstractThe explanation of offending and reoffending currently relies upon the Risk-Need-Responsivity model's concept of “criminogenic need” (Andrews & Bonta, 2010; Bonta & Andrews, 2017) or dynamic risk factors (DRF). This is problematic because the DRF construct is predictive rather than explanatory, and suffers from a number of conceptual problems. Relatedly, the identification and management of DRF in individuals who have committed crimes ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - December 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Unsanctioned aggression and violence in amateur sport: A multidisciplinary synthesis
This article critically reviews and synthesizes contemporary scientific research on unsanctioned aggression and violence in amateur sport. The authors identify the need to understand violence in amateur sport within its social ecology. The proposed framework sensitizes researchers, policymakers, and practitioners to the multi-level web of interacting influences on unsanctioned aggression and violence in amateur sport, as well as to factors and issues to be considered in relation to the prevention and mitigation of violent behavior in amateur sport. The findings indicate that there is a dearth of studies that analyze the me...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychopathic killers: A meta-analytic review of the psychopathy-homicide nexus
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Bryanna Fox, Matt DeLisiAbstractDespite cultural notions that psychopathy and homicide are strongly linked, there has not been a quantitative meta-analytic review of the association between psychopathy and homicide offending. The current study meta-analyzed data from 29 unique samples from 22 studies that included 2603 homicide offenders, and found that the mean psychopathy score on the PCL-R for a homicide offender was 21.2 (95% CI = 18.9–23.6). This score is indicative of moderate psychopathy. The overall effect...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The quantitative study of serial murder: Regression is not transgression
Publication date: Available online 28 November 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Emma E. Fridel, James Alan FoxAbstractIn Too Few Victims: Finding the Optimal Minimum Victim Threshold for Defining Serial Murder, we empirically examined how victim count influences the definition of serial homicide. With a series of multinomial logistic regressions, we determined that a cutoff of three victims was optimal to ensure a more homogeneous population, and recommended a return to this traditional threshold (Fridel & Fox, 2018). In response, Yaksic (2018) published a scathing review of our work, claiming that...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Characteristics and clinical applicability of the validated scales and tools for screening, evaluating and measuring the risk of intimate partner violence. Systematic literature review (2003–2017)
ConclusionThis systematic review provides a big-picture perspective of validated IPV tools published since 2003. It can help health professionals and researchers choose the most appropriate tool for their specific purposes and context. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sexual cyberbullying: Review, critique, & future directions
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Anandi C. Ehman, Alan M. GrossAbstractSexual cyberbullying is a relatively novel issue wherein various forms of technology including cell phone messaging, social media, and other online tools are used to harass another individual in a sexually explicit fashion, or to coerce an individual into providing private sexual information or engage in activities which are sexual in nature. The present article explores the relevant research to date on sexual cyberbullying. A methodological critique of this literature is discussed and ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Translating research into practice: Designing effective reentry services for adolescent offenders
This article introduces the model design of a specialized juvenile reentry program that resulted in reducing recidivism to less than half the recidivism rate of those in the control group. The reentry program and evaluation was funded by the Second Chance Act and has been identified as a promising practice in reentry planning. The reentry project was a collaborative, region-wide effort involving juvenile justice administrators, law enforcement officials, treatment providers, and other community support partners. The intensity and type of reentry services provided were determined by the results of standard risk assessment a...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Risk markers for physical intimate partner violence victimization: A meta-analysis
We examined 50 risk markers for IPV victimization for women, and 28 risk markers for IPV victimization for men. Using a random-effects approach, the overall strength of each risk marker for men and women was calculated to find out which risk markers were most strongly correlated with IPV victimization for both men and women. Next, gender was used as a moderator on 28 risk markers to test if there was a significant difference in the strength of risk markers between men and women. We found that the strongest risk markers for IPV victimization for both men and women were risk markers located in the microsystem, and specifical...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Antecedent factors in different types of workplace violence against nurses: A systematic review
DiscussionThe antecedent factors identified the studies need to be developed and implemented into intervention studies. Furthermore such studies need to be rigorously evaluated through a meta-analytic approach to develop robust solutions and offer recommendations to nurses and workplaces.Implications for nursing & health policyThe identified antecedent factors build on the existing evidence related to workplace violence. This systematic review supports the need for intervention-based organizational and state level policies that are evidence-based to mitigate or prevent workplace violence among nurses. (Source: Aggressi...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: November–December 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 43Author(s): (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2): A review of the properties, reliability, and validity of the CTS2 as a measure of partner abuse in community and clinical samples
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Harriet Chapman, Steven M. GillespieAbstractThe purpose of this review is to explore the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), focusing on its research uses for assessing IPV. An overview of the CTS2 is presented, including the area that it assesses, the purpose of the tool, and its content. The tool's attempts to measure the purported construct are evaluated, drawing upon principles of reliability, validity and appropriate norms. The CTS2 has been found to be a reliable and valid instrument to measure IPV across different...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of affect regulation in the treatment of people who have committed sexual offences
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): E. Gunst, J.C. Watson, J. Willemsen, M. DesmetAbstractAffect regulation problems have been found to play an important role in the onset of problematic behavior, such as sexual abuse. The role of emotion and maladaptive coping has become relevant in both research and treatment interventions. Forensic treatments have been strongly influenced by conceptualizations of affect regulation that emphasize the control of emotional experience and expression. For a long time, emotions were treated as less important than cognition. Howev...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - November 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Managing cases of gender based sexual assault in the Metropole of Tunis, a public health based approach
Publication date: Available online 29 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Mehdi Ben Khelil, Amine Zgarni, Meyssa Belghith, Mohamed Allouche, Ahmed Banasr, Mohamed Bellali, Olfa Bekir, Anis Benzarti, Moncef HamdounAbstractGender based-violence and sexual violence represented a stigmatized problem in the Arab World due to religious and social reasons. In Tunisia, before the 2011 Revolution, few data were available about this subject.Since the 2016, a new Emergency Forensic Unit was settled to offer an inclusive follow up of victims of sexual assaults.The aim of our study was to analyze the pattern v...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acknowledging the victim to perpetrator trajectory: Integrating a mental health focused trauma-based approach into global violence programs
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Heidi L. KarAbstractViolence prevention and intervention programming continues to overlook conclusive findings from biopsychosocial research that demonstrates the salience of early interpersonal trauma in subsequent perpetration of violent behavior. As a result, programs struggle to achieve significant and sustained behavior change in individuals whose past experiences of early interpersonal violence predispose them to use violence against others. A robust research literature unequivocally links early interpersonal trauma ex...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Child sexual abuse and the propensity to engage in criminal behaviour: A critical review and examination of moderating factors
In conclusion, CSA was associated with an increased risk for engaging in general and violent crime as a juvenile or adult, compared to individuals without an abuse history; however, ambiguities concerning the CSA–sexual offending relationship remain. Consistent with ecological and transactional models, a multitude of factors appeared to influence the CSA–offending relationship. Implications for the prevention of criminal behaviour, and recommendations for future research are discussed. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assault–related sharp force injury among adults in Scotland 2001–2013: Incidence, socio-demographic determinants and relationship to violence reduction measures
ConclusionsThere already exist a range of violence prevention measures in Scotland, but in order to further reduce the inequality associated with sharp force injury, interventions should be further targeted to working with younger men from deprived communities of Scotland. (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A developmental perspective on popularity and the group process of bullying
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): J. Loes Pouwels, Tessa A.M. Lansu, Antonius H.N. CillessenAbstractBullying is a group process in which youths have different roles (bully, assistant, reinforcer, defender, outsider, victim). Although many studies have examined the group process of bullying in childhood, few have examined the group process of bullying in adolescence. This paper addresses how the group process of bullying is different in adolescence than in childhood due to the greater importance of popularity in adolescence. We review studies on the prevalenc...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Jaimee S. Mallion, Jane L. WoodAbstractWith implementation of governmental strategies aimed at reducing gang involvement, academic interest in gang membership has rapidly increased. However, there is a dearth of knowledge relating to emotional processes of gang members (Wood & Alleyne, 2010). This review synthesizes existing literature surrounding possible risk factors for gang membership including, empathy, Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Psychopathy, Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, Oppositional Defiant Disorde...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reducing Latin America's violent hot spots
Publication date: Available online 5 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Robert Muggah, Katherine Aguirre TobónAbstractViolent crime concentrates in particular places, at specific times and among certain groups. Violent crime is especially concentrated in Latin American cities and urban neighborhoods. The region is home to just 14% of the world's population yet experiences 42% of the world's homicidal violence. In 2017, 43 of the 50 most homicidal cities on the planet were located there. The situation also appears to be worsening. Yet the very concentration of violent crime and its associat...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The association between attachment and psychopathic traits
Publication date: Available online 15 September 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Marion van der Zouwen, Machteld Hoeve, Anne M. Hendriks, Jessica J. Asscher, Geert Jan J.M. StamsAbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the association between attachment and psychopathic traits. A systematic search of relevant articles yielded 12 studies (11 independent samples), containing 133 effect sizes based on in total 1876 participants. Results from a three-level random-effects meta-analysis demonstrated a small-to-medium significant, overall association of r = 0.18, indicating that insecure attachmen...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relationship between animal cruelty in children and adolescent and interpersonal violence: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): C. Longobardi, L. Badenes-RiberaAbstractThe following study is a systematic review of the relationship between animal cruelty and interpersonal violence. The systematic literature review following PRISMA guidelines and combined with the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, enabled us to locate 32 studies published between 1995 and July 2017. Overall, the results show that episodes of animal cruelty during childhood and adolescence tend to co-occur alongside other forms of violent and antisocial behaviors. Cruel...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September–October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 42Author(s): (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-control, differential association and the drug–crime link in Uruguay in the context of the legalization of marijuana
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Nicolas Trajtenberg, Pablo Menese (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorder in police, firefighters, and emergency dispatchers
Publication date: Available online 31 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Kristin E. Klimley, Vincent B. Van Hasselt, Ashley M. StriplingAbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop after exposure to an event in which death, severe physical harm, or violence occurred or was threatened. First responders, including police, fire rescue personnel, and emergency dispatchers, have been viewed as populations at high risk for developing PTSD symptoms. Indeed, over 80% of first responders report experiencing traumatic events on the job, and it is estimated that 10–15% have been diagnosed w...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Bullying and cyberbullying: Protective factors and effective interventions
Publication date: Available online 31 August 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Izabela Zych, David P. Farrington, Maria M. Ttofi (Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior)
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research