The Ever-Present Costs of Cosmetic Surgery Tourism: A 5-Year Observational Study
ConclusionPatients seek out medical tourism for multiple reasons including cost savings, shorter waiting times and surgical expertise. The costs displayed should predominantly be viewed as a reflection of the detrimental effect these complications can have on patients ’ lives. Global governing bodies should focus efforts on educating patients and raising awareness on this ever-prevalent issue.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 24, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Gynecomastia: Ultrasound-Confirmed Classification Pertainent to Surgical Correction
ConclusionsThe simple classification helps surgeons choose the most suitable approach, avoiding insufficient or invasive treatments and undesirable scars. Moreover, the analysis of the type of sequelae and their correction allow high patients ’ satisfaction.Level of evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 24, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Response on: Commentary on “Skin Reducing Mastectomy and Prepectoral Breast Reconstruction in Large Ptotic Breasts”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 24, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Facial Contour Refining after Surgery-First SSRO with Computer-Assisted Design in East Asians
AbstractBackgroundSurgery-first sagittal split ramus osteotomies (SF-SSRO) are an effective treatment for patients with dental malocclusion. However, some patients with mandibular prognathism usually have facial deficiencies which cannot be corrected completely after orthognathic surgery. These are not accepted because the remaining facial contours are in disharmony.MethodsTwenty-five patients, who were unsatisfied with their appearances after SF-SSRO and orthodontics, were included. The preoperative CTs were used to investigate patients for facial deformity. To achieve a harmonious facial contour, mandible long-curve oste...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 22, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Gummy Smile: Mercado-Rosso Classification System and Dynamic Restructuring with Hyaluronic Acid
ConclusionsThe Mercado-Rosso GS classification system is a tool that facilitates the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to the gummy smile. RD Dynamic Restructuring ® constitutes a comprehensive therapeutic approach that makes reference to both the effect of the HA filler on the muscle movement and the balance between the muscle strength and the resistance of the soft tissue to be folded in different facial structures). Level of evidence: Level V. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 22, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Management of Patients Seeking Surgical Rhinoplasty with Previous Nasal Injections of Hyaluronic Acid
ConclusionsThere are three possible approaches: wait HA to be naturally reabsorbed; apply hyaluronidase before the surgery or proceed to rhinoplasty with no prior application of hyaluronidase. The physician must be aware of this progression and know how to manage each case to optimize the surgical outcome.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine Ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 22, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Botulinum Toxin Versus Placebo: A Meta-Analysis of Treatment and Quality-of-life Outcomes for Hyperhidrosis
ConclusionsIn focal axillary hyperhidrosis, BTX significantly reduces sweat production and yields superior outcomes in assessments of disease severity and quality-of-life. However, the quality-of-evidence is overall moderate and included studies account for short-term trial periods only. Further studies assessing BTX in comparison with first-line treatments for hyperhidrosis are warranted.Level of Evidence IIIThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Autho...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 22, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

The Effect of Photobiomodulation on Human Mesenchymal Cells: A Literature Review
ConclusionsPhotobiomodulation is a promising technology that can impact on cell viability, differentiation, proliferation, or migration, leading to enhance its regenerative capacity.No Level AssignedThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww....
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 22, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: “The Use of Semi-absorbable Mesh and Its Impact on Donor-Site Morbidity and Patient-Reported Outcomes in DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 19, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

How to Avoid Making Your Systematic Review a Conventional Review Article
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 19, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: Four-year Interim Results of the Safety of Augmentation Mammaplasty Using the Motiva Ergonomix ™ Round Silk Surface: A Multi-center, Retrospective Study
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 18, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Following ISAPS Recommendations, Does it Really Help?
ConclusionsThis report shows that abdominoplasty is a safe procedure with low complication rates, which are even lower when the ISAPS Facility Accreditation Guideline is followed together with national, regional, state and other legal requirements.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 17, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Airflow Considerations and the Effect of Webster ’s Triangle in Reduction Rhinoplasty
ConclusionsIn reduction rhinoplasties, a decrease in the internal volume may be expected as directly proportional with the reduction amount. The decrease in the internal volume may create nasal breathing problems. To prevent it, nasal airflow should be adjusted according to new anatomy. In this study, we discussed “volumetric rhinoplasty” steps to prevent breathing problems in reduction rhinoplasty. Following these steps, not preserving Webster’s triangle (low-to-low osteotomy) has no effect on the nasal airway.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each artic...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 17, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Influence of Thoracic Malformation on the Muscular Anatomy of the Abdomen: Our Experience
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 17, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A Survey of Current Preferences of Plastic Surgeons Regarding the Assessment and Reduction of Preoperative Patient Anxiety
DiscussionMost plastic surgeon members of ACAPS did not assess their patients ’ anxieties preoperatively but appeared willing to use anxiety scales. Plastic surgeons also supported several measures to reduce anxiety, especially patient education, family member preferences, and anesthesiologist visits. Although plastic surgeons appeared to hold multiple parties responsible t o manage preoperative anxiety, they held themselves and anesthesiologists most responsible. Future studies are needed to determine whether these views cohere with those of other healthcare providers and whether these preferences change for pediatr...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 17, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: MD Codes TM : A Methodological Approach to Facial Aesthetic Treatment with Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers
The author would like to correct Table 3. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 17, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: Genital Beautification and Rejuvenation with Combined Use of Surgical and Non-surgical Methods
This article was updated to add references 31 and 32 and respective in text citations. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 17, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: “A Comparative Study Between Classic Derotation Graft and Novel Double V Cutting Folded Derotation Graft”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 16, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: The Dual Vascular Pedicle —A Novel Method to Approach Challenging Cases in Single-Staged Mastopexy Augmentation
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 16, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Autoaugmentation Brachioplasty: An Arm Contouring Method in Women with Massive Weight Loss
ConclusionAugmentation of the upper arm by autologous dermofat flap provides a well arm contour in appropriate balance with the forearm in women having severe arm deflation deformity following MWL. The findings were supported by the objective anthropometric measurements of the MUAC/MFAC of a normal weight healthy women which reached to a mean value of 1.366. The normal girth of upper arm should equal 1\(\frac{1}{3}\) that of the forearm.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 12, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Commentary on “Skin Reducing Mastectomy and Pre-pectoral Breast Reconstruction in Large Ptotic Breasts” by Maruccia et al.
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 12, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A New Technique for Remodelling and Increasing the Diameter of the Legs through Lipotransfer and Vertical Subcutaneous Fasciotomy of the Posterior Tibial Aponeurosis
DiscussionLipotransfer with fasciotomy improves the standard results of liposculpture in body contour management, which allows balanced relationships among the waist, hips, thighs and legs to be achieved in many patients who are not candidates for the placement of silicone prostheses because their legs and thighs are thin and hypotrophic.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 11, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Medial Epicanthoplasty Using a Lower Palpebral Margin Incision Combined With a Tiny Triangular Flap
ConclusionThe introduced method is simple in design and can preserve the original shape of the medial canthus while widening the palpebral fissure, which is a particularly suitable approach for epicanthoplasty in Asian patients.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 11, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

The Case for Breast Implant Removal or Replacement Without Capsulectomy
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 11, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

In Constant Search of & quot;Like & quot;: How Technology and Social Media Influence the Perception of our Body
AbstractWe live in a world where each of us is constantly surrounded by the influence of social networks that represent daily points of reference with which we interact. The perception of our body is determined by three main views: the view we ourselves have of our body, the view we have of our body when looking in the mirror and the perception of how others see our body. The combination of these three points of view manages to establish the relationship that each of us has with our body. Plastic surgery and aesthetic medicine are means that in recent decades have made it possible to resolve bodily discomforts. During this...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: The Effect of Arm Position on Breast Volume Measurement Using Three-dimensional Imaging
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 9, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A New Tool for Controlled Cartilage Crushing in Rhinoplasty
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 9, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Comment on a Modified Superior Pedicle Mastopexy Technique with an Inferolateral-Based Auto-Augmentation Flap
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 9, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Improving the Use of Surgical Gloves as an Implant Sizer During Breast Augmentation
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Capsular Contracture in Breast Implant Surgery: Where Are We Now and Where Are We Going?
AbstractCapsular contracture is the leading complication after surgery with breast implants. A lot of progress has been made investigating this complication over the years, and knowledge has been gained on this complication. Currently, the exact cause for capsular contracture is still unclear. It has been hypothesized that immunobiological factors (i.e., immunological and bacterial factors) and several risk factors play a central role in its development. In this paper, we give an overview of the known immunological factors that have been investigated in contracted and non-contracted capsules, as well as the role of bacteri...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Response on: “Autologous Fat Grafting with Percutaneous Fasciotomy and Reduction of the Nipple-Areolar Complex for the Correction of Tuberous Breast Deformity in Teenagers”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A Comparative Analysis of Fleur-de-Lis and Traditional Panniculectomy after Bariatric Surgery
ConclusionFdL showed a comparable safety and efficacy profile to TP when performed in post-bariatric surgery patients, with equivalent improvement in PROs across multiple domains. Preoperative weight loss should be encouraged in this population as pannus weight is an independent risk factor for complications.Level of Evidence IIIThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: “Effect on Tumescent Lidocaine and Epinephrine Infiltration on Blood Loss in Inferior Pedicle Wise-Pattern Breast Reduction: A Prospective Randomized Study”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Getting to the Bottom of Patient Experiences with Genital Gender Affirmation Surgery: A Qualitative Analysis of Online Reviews
ConclusionsThis study is the first to analyze online reviews of genital gender-affirming surgery. The majority of patients gave positive ratings and the qualitative content had mostly positive sentiment. Salient themes not only include surgeon medical care and outcome, but other nonsurgical elements that formulate the patient ’s experience as a whole.Level of Evidence VThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: ...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Is Orbicularis Oculi Muscle Resection Necessary in Upper Blepharoplasty? A Systematic Review
ConclusionThe resection of OOM along with skin in upper blepharoplasty showed no difference in long-term aesthetic outcome and was associated with initially higher ophthalmological morbidity compared to skin only procedure. While we are not suggesting that OOM resection is never required, the evidence strongly support its preservation during standard upper blepharoplasty.Level of Evidence IIIThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/002...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical Treatment of Capsular Contracture (CC): Literature Review and Outcomes Utilizing Implants in Revisionary Surgery
ConclusionWith our expertise in the field and the results of this up-to-date literature review, it can be concluded that implant exchange is recommended in case of breast revision for capsular contracture, and the use of subpectoral smooth silicone gel breast implants is a good option after surgical treatment in patients with primary or recurrence Baker III –IV.Level of Evidence IIIThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/002...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Comment on: “Autologous Fat Grafting with Percutaneous Fasciotomy and Reduction of the Nipple–Areolar Complex for the Correction of Tuberous Breast Deformity in Teenagers”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: A Modified Superior Pedicle Mastopexy Technique with an Inferolateral-Based Autoaugmentation Flap
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Comment on: “Circumlateral Vertical Augmentation Mastopexy for the Correction of Ptosis and Hypoplasia of the Lower Medial Quadrant in Tuberous Breast Deformity”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 3, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Application of a Proposed Multi-Positional Circumferential Arm Liposuction Method and Quantification of its Clinical Efficacy Evaluation
ConclusionOur new MCAL technique was successful, maximizing the esthetic results in upper limb contour refinements in the superficial fascial layer. The clinical efficacy of this proposed MCAL method was evaluated by CT and 3D digital technology, which provided further accuracy in demonstrating its effect on the shape of the arm.Level of evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorshttps://www.springer.com. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 2, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Reoperation Because of Dissatisfaction with the Aesthetic Results of Gynecomastia Surgery: Technical Considerations
ConclusionsThe most common cause of undercorrection was incomplete FGT removal, and the most common cause of overcorrection was excessive RMFT removal. Complete FGT excision and proper RMFT preservation can reduce the reoperation rate after gynecomastia surgery.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based Medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - February 1, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A Prospective Study Determining Patient Satisfaction with Combined Cryolipolysis and Shockwave Therapy Treatment for Noninvasive Body Contouring
ConclusionThe most important aspects of body contouring methods is a patient ’s safety, comfort, satisfaction and self-image improvement. In this study, we report a high level of patient satisfaction when using a combination of fat reduction procedures of cryolipolysis followed by shockwave therapy. The majority of cases report being satisfied or extremely satisfied with t he treatment and found this body contouring combination method comfortable. Cryolipolysis combined with shockwave treatment appears to be a safe and efficient way of reducing the size of localized and stubborn fat deposits for subjects who desire n...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 29, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Functional Role of Scroll Reconstruction in Open Rhinoplasty
AbstractBackgroundThe scroll area of the nose is important for breathing; thereby, its reconstruction can improve the nasal patency.ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of scroll reconstruction on breathing in patients following open rhinoplasty.MethodsUsing the prospective controlled study design, we enrolled a cohort of patients undergoing open rhinoplasty. The patients were randomly divided into two groups (each group withn = 14). The predictor variable was scroll reconstruction (yes/no). The main outcome variables include pre- and postoperative third-month peak nasal inspiratory flowmeter (PNIF) value (ml/min)...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 28, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: Surgical Management of the Internal Nasal Valve —A Review of Surgical Approaches
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 28, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Discussion on: “Safety of a Modified Lipoabdominoplasty Technique for Donor-Site Closure in Abdominal Based Free Flap Breast Reconstruction”
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 28, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Response on: Comment of Plane Change vs Capsulotomy —A Comparison of Treatments for Capsular Contraction in Breast Augmentation Using the Subfascial Plane
(Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 28, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A Comparative Study Between Classic Derotation Graft and Novel Double V Cutting Folded Derotation Graft
ConclusionsBoth the classic derotation graft and DVCFD graft possess similar stability in tip plasty. The novel modification of the DVCFD graft has more efficient cartilage usage and is a feasible and safe surgical option for patients with limited harvestable cartilage for tip lengthening.Level of evidence III This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 27, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

The Dual Vascular Pedicle: A Novel Method to Approach Challenging Cases in Single-Stage Mastopexy/Augmentation
ConclusionPlastic surgery has been described as a struggle between beauty and blood supply. We have performed a one-stage mastopexy/augmentation using a wide and thick dermo-glandular glandular pedicle to maximize the blood supply in a range of challenging patients with promising results.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authorswww.springer.com/00266. (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 27, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Madelung Disease Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics: a Systemic Review
ConclusionMadelung disease consists of specific epidemiological and clinical characteristics, knowledge of which can be helpful for diagnosis and cognition. Lipectomy and liposuction are considered to be the most effective treatment methods for Madelung disease; however, choice of surgery should be based on comprehensive consideration of the disease, such as severity, mass location, and patient expectations.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Ins...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 25, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Lipo-Bodylift Reconstruction Following Massive Weight Loss: Our Experience with 100 Consecutive Cases
We report our experience using the Lipo-Bodylift technique for circumferential lower trunk reconstruction following massive weight loss.MethodsThe procedure combines extensive circular liposuction with circular skin resection immediately under the dermis. We classify lower trunk deformities using three parameters: (1) excess skin (in the horizontal direction, or both horizontally and vertically); (2) the body mass index (BMI); and, (3) skin quality (hyperlaxity or a normal tone). All patients can be divided into four groups, of whom groups I and II are the best candidates for the Lipo-Bodylift procedure. We also describe o...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - January 25, 2021 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research