Suspected feigning of autism in adults: a clinician survey, indications and proposed guidelines
This study is an online survey targeting a range of autism professionals, with varying levels of experience, working in different clinical settings. Approximately half of the professionals who completed the survey reported experiencing situations of suspected feigning of adult autism across a range of clinical contexts and with various motivations. In terms of best indications of potential feigning, most clinicians reported “textbook” self-descriptions of problem behaviours with vague examples, as well as inconsistent presenting problems and mismatch with any known developmental history. Approximately half o...
Source: Advances in Autism - January 19, 2022 Category: Child Development Authors: David Murphy Josephine Grace Broyd Source Type: research

Emotion transformation: a grounded theory for uncovering painful triggers and repairing relational connection for parents of autistic children
Anna Robinson, Ennie Yong Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- It is often voiced that parents of autistic children are the expert of their child, whereas parenting programmes target them as effective mediators for change. This paper aims to explore this unchallenged heuristic to develop an understanding of both emotional and relational needs of parents through trainers’ experiences of delivering emotion-focused and autism parent training. This qualitative study used a constructivist approach of grounded theory to gain an in-depth understanding of trainers’ exp...
Source: Advances in Autism - December 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Anna Robinson Ennie Yong Source Type: research

Effect of training program on sexual knowledge and social skills of adolescents with high-functioning autism in puberty
This study was conducted using a single-subject design. Participants were three boys diagnosed with HFA disorder, selected using purposive sampling. The social skills improvement system scale and the sexual knowledge questionnaire were used to measure SS and SK. The training program consisted of 49 sessions. Results showed that, given the comparison of scores before and after the intervention, the training program was effective in improving SS and SK. With regard to the importance of puberty, training programs for parents and adolescents play an effective role in increasing SS and SK of adolescents with HFA disorder....
Source: Advances in Autism - November 25, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Leila Akrami Mokhtar Malekpour Salar Faramarzi Ahmad Abedi Source Type: research

Assessment and treatment of anxiety in children and adolescents with ASD: a systematic review
Celal Perihan, Mack D. Burke, Lisa Bowman-Perrott, Joel Bocanegra Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of current studies that assess and treat anxiety symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). More specifically the study aimed to answer the following questions: What are the qualities of the current studies using cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) to treat anxiety symptoms in children with ASD? Did studies make necessary modifications and adaptations to CBTs according to the evidence-based strategies ...
Source: Advances in Autism - November 19, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Celal Perihan Mack D. Burke Lisa Bowman-Perrott Joel Bocanegra Source Type: research

The experiences of autistic adults during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK and implications for autism services development
Bettina Riese, Raja A.S. Mukherjee Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- COVID-19 has been challenging for many in the UK. This is no different to many with autism spectrum disorder. Based on the experiences and issues raised by a small group of autistic women in an ongoing support group, consideration if this holds true for the wider adult autistic community across further lockdowns and restrictions to public life was explored. An online questionnaire was created based on the issues raised. Participants indicated the degree to which they agreed or disagreed with each state...
Source: Advances in Autism - November 11, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Bettina Riese Raja A.S. Mukherjee Source Type: research

Chemiluminescence analysis of saliva for the assessment of emotional stress in autistic children undergoing a medical examination
This study involved 19 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (ICD-10 F84.0); the mean age was seven years. During EEG examination of the children, behavioral parameters were assessed. The activity of cytochrome P450 reductase (CYPOR) in saliva was measured before and after the EEG procedure using lucigenin-enhanced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-stimulated chemiluminescence assay. Significant differences in CYPOR activity were found between the children who were distressed during an EEG examination and the children without behavioral disturbances (Mann–Whitney test, p = 0.002). Thus, the...
Source: Advances in Autism - November 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Elena Proskurnina Galina Portnova Maria Ivanova Svetlana Sokolova Source Type: research

An evaluation of the online post-diagnostic groups facilitated by the autism spectrum condition service at Gloucestershire Health and Care NHS
Victoria Anne Hatton, Ming Xuan Lee Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Autism spectrum condition (ASC) is a lifelong developmental condition. According to research, it is recommended that those diagnosed with ASC should be offered post-diagnosis support to explore their diagnosis (Punshow, Skirrow and Murphy, 2009). The ASC Diagnostic Assessment Service at Gloucestershire Health Care (GHC) NHS Foundation Trust offers an assessment service to adults (18+) located within Gloucestershire. All those who receive a diagnosis are then invited to a 7-week post-diagnostic group faci...
Source: Advances in Autism - October 25, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Victoria Anne Hatton Ming Xuan Lee Source Type: research

The mediating role of parental playfulness on parent –child relationship and competence among parents of children with ASD
This study aims to adopt a strength-based model that investigates the mediating role of parental playfulness in the association between parent–child relationship and parental competence. This study is a quantitative study that adopts a correlational research design. The mediation analysis explores the role of parental playfulness as a mediator in the association between parent–child relationship and parental competence. The sample consisted of 120 parents of children diagnosed with ASD from India, selected using a purposive sampling technique. The mediation analysis results indicate that playfulness among...
Source: Advances in Autism - October 22, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Rini Grace Roy Aneesh Kumar Source Type: research

Overlap of anxiety, depression, irritability and aggressiveness in autism spectrum disorder: an exploratory study using cluster analysis
This study aims to explore the overlap between symptoms of depression, anxiety, irritability and aggressiveness in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to measure specific and idiosyncratic emotional responses. A total of 42 high functioning adolescents and adults, between 12 and 39 years old, meeting the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders – 5 criteria for ASD were selected from the InFoR Autism cohort. Data were analyzed in an exploratory way using Hill and Smith and K-medoids cluster analysis. The authors found an aggregation of anxiety, depression, aggressive behaviors and irritability. ...
Source: Advances in Autism - September 24, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Francois A.M. Jean Ali Jouni Manuel P. Bouvard Guillaume Camelot Anita Beggiato Isabelle Scheid Alexandru Gaman Celine Bouquet Myryam Ly-Le Moal Josselin Houenou Richard Delorme Marion Leboyer Anouck Amestoy Source Type: research

The creation of a specializedmedical-dental clinic for adults with developmental disabilities in Montreal, Canada
Melody Blessing Ng, Malvina Klag, Carrie Mazoff, Samantha Sacks, Chantal Czerednikow, Kathryn Borbridge, Terry Broda, Jonathan Lai Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- There is inadequate health care for patients with developmental disabilities (DD), due to a number of systemic issues. This case study describes the establishment of a medical-dental clinic in Montréal, Québec for adults with DD. The purpose of this paper is to describe the model of interdisciplinary care based on best practices, as an example to encourage a growing community of trained health pro...
Source: Advances in Autism - September 14, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Melody Blessing Ng Malvina Klag Carrie Mazoff Samantha Sacks Chantal Czerednikow Kathryn Borbridge Terry Broda Jonathan Lai Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Persian version of social responsiveness scale-second edition (SRS-2)
Navid Mirzakhani Araghi, Mehdi Alizadeh Zarei, Shafagh Saei, Parvin Dibajnia Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- To quantitatively measure the subtle and general symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of the instruments that have been designed and used is the social responsiveness scale (SRS). The purpose of this study is to translate the second edition of the SRS into Persian and to examine its psychometric properties in school and preschool children with ASD. The present study is a methodological study of the psychometric type; the study population consisted of...
Source: Advances in Autism - September 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Navid Mirzakhani Araghi Mehdi Alizadeh Zarei Shafagh Saei Parvin Dibajnia Source Type: research

Health status of people with autism spectrum disorder
Antonio Koceski, Vladimir Trajkovski Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The aim of this study is to determine what changes occur in the health status of people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to neurotypical controls. The authors performed a comparative analysis of data collected from 72 subjects with ASD and 75 neurotypical controls aged 3–24 years using the Rochester Health Status Survey IV (RHSS-IV). A structured individual interview was conducted to compare the health status of subjects in Macedonia. A majority of people with ASD take vit...
Source: Advances in Autism - August 20, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Antonio Koceski Vladimir Trajkovski Source Type: research

Using digital social stories to improve social skills in children with autism: a pilot experimental single-subject study
This study aimed at exploring the impact of digital social stories in improving social skills of two students with ASD in the UAE. An experimental AB single-subject study was conducted to investigate the impact of digital social stories on nonverbal communication, targeting two specific behaviors: raising hands before leaving one’s seat (TB1) and playing and sharing toys with peers (TB2). Two digital social stories (DSS1 and DSS2) were developed for the purpose of this study and transformed using a digital platform to be displayed on an iPad (tablet). This study involved two male participants with ASD (10 and 1...
Source: Advances in Autism - August 19, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Mohammed F. Safi Maitha Alnuaimi Abdelaziz Sartawi Source Type: research

“We are different, that’s a fact, but they treat us like we’re different-er”: Understandings of autism and adolescent identity development
“We are different, that’s a fact, but they treat us like we’re different-er”: Understandings of autism and adolescent identity development Sue Mesa, Lorna G. Hamilton Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- A key development in early adolescence is the active construction of individual identity; for autistic young people, integrating the idea of “being autistic” forms part of this process. The purpose of this paper is to explore identity development from a contextualist perspective, foregrounding young people’s experiences within mainstre...
Source: Advances in Autism - August 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sue Mesa Lorna G. Hamilton Source Type: research

AAA screening in adults with ASD: a retrospective cohort study
This study highlights the need for investigation into the lack of validation of commonly used screening measures in autistic populations. (Source: Advances in Autism)
Source: Advances in Autism - August 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Marios Adamou Sarah Louise Jones Stephanie Wetherhill Source Type: research

Portrayals of autism and social awareness: a scoping review
Rosa Fontes, Margarita Pino-Juste Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this paper is to look at recent trends in scientific literature on the portrayal of autism in published and broadcast media and social awareness of the subject. A bibliometric analysis of content of such publications was performed. Results show that portrayals of autism from books, newspapers, news broadcasts, films and TV series are being scrutinized. Research focuses on the social categories of resulting stereotypes, the quality of such depictions, the benefits and downsides, stigmat...
Source: Advances in Autism - August 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Rosa Fontes Margarita Pino-Juste Source Type: research

Guest editorial
Verity Chester Advances in Autism, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp.193- (Source: Advances in Autism)
Source: Advances in Autism - August 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Verity Chester Source Type: research

Autistic traits in Indian general population and patient group samples: distribution, factor structure, reliability and validity of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient
This study aims to report the distribution, group differences and factor structure of autistic traits in Indian general population. The work also assesses the criterion validity of AQ across three patient group samples – autism spectrum disorder (ASD), obsessive-compulsive disorder and social anxiety disorder. In this study, psychometric properties of the adapted AQ were assessed among 450 neurotypical university students matched for age. Confirmatory factor analysis was done to see if the adapted AQ fits the original factor structure. Test–retest, internal consistency reliability and criterion validity were...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 26, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Asmita Karmakar Manisha Bhattacharya Susmita Chatterjee Atanu Kumar Dogra Source Type: research

Variables predicting the association between autistic traits and externalizing symptoms among young adults
María Álvarez-Couto, Domingo García-Villamisar, Gema P. Sáez-Suanes, María d'Orey Roquete Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Considering the high comorbidity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with externalizing disorders and that ASD is considered as a continuum, which implies the identification of it features in the whole population, the purpose of this paper is to know the characteristics of the association of externalizing symptoms in the population with ASD traits. One hundred and seventeen postsecondary students participated in the...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Mar ía Álvarez-Couto Domingo Garc ía-Villamisar Gema P. S áez-Suanes Mar ía d'Orey Roquete Source Type: research

Case study: impact of interdisciplinary interventions in a 9-year-old male child with autism spectrum disorder
This study aims to highlight the need for an interdisciplinary intervention approach to bring noteworthy changes in children with an autism spectrum disorder. It proposes to study how holistic individualized therapeutic plans can promote functionality even in the adolescent age. This study aims to channelize the restricted abilities in a positive manner and make it, a strength for the child. Social-emotional development along with academic goals is also proposed. The paper is based on an exploratory study where participant observation was the main tool. Unstructured interviews with the therapists were conducted and the ...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 19, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Vinita Berry Chavi Bhargava Sharma Source Type: research

The concept of autism spectrum disorder: a study on knowledge sharing protocol among parents with autistic children in Ghana
Bernard Kissi-Abrokwah, Kwame Kodua-Ntim Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this paper is to identify knowledge sharing practices used among parents with children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The study was based on qualitative philosophical foundations, where phenomenological case study design was used to make an in-depth understanding of how parents whose children are diagnosed with ASD shared knowledge among themselves. The population for this research consists of parents whose children have been diagnosed with ASD in Ghana. The study s...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 8, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Bernard Kissi-Abrokwah Kwame Kodua-Ntim Source Type: research

Parental perspectives on support needs and availability of autism services in South and South-Eastern Europe
Ivana Vasilevska Petrovska, Anastasia C. Giannakopoulou, Vassiliki Tsecoura, Angela Winstanley, Roberto Miletto, Georgeta Constanţa Roşca, Biserka Ivanova, Vasiliki Kaisa, Vladimir Trajkovski Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Amid the expanding demand on the autism service delivery system, little knowledge is accumulated regarding access and availability of support and services in the region of Southern and South-Eastern Europe – critical for improvement of individual outcomes, as well as family quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to explore how service d...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 8, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ivana Vasilevska Petrovska Anastasia C. Giannakopoulou Vassiliki Tsecoura Angela Winstanley Roberto Miletto Georgeta Constan ţa Roşca Biserka Ivanova Vasiliki Kaisa Vladimir Trajkovski Source Type: research

Usefulness of current autism diagnostic or screening assessment tools in adults with intellectual disability (ID): systematic review of literature
Solomon Shatananda, Abimbola Oyedokun, Mahesh Odiyoor, Sujeet Jaydeokar, Saman Shahzad Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of the study is to identify and ascertain if there were any validated tools for diagnosing or screening autism spectrum disorder in adults with ID. The estimated prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) in the general population is about 10.37/1,000 population (Maulik et al., 2011). In total, 1 out of 4 individuals with ID suffers from an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (Sappok et al., 2010). Early diagnosis and support for ASD is key to hav...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 8, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Solomon Shatananda Abimbola Oyedokun Mahesh Odiyoor Sujeet Jaydeokar Saman Shahzad Source Type: research

Differential diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Conclusions from these three cases cannot generalize to all children being seen in clinics for neurodevelopmental concerns. This series of case studies highlights commonly overlapping symptoms in children who present for differential diagnosis with social and/or behavioral concerns. Implications for educational placement and intervention are discussed. These cases highlight the challenges involved in the differential and dual diagnostic process for young children with developmental concerns. Diagnostic considerations can affect later educational placement and opportunities for socialization. This series of case st...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 5, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Michelle Heyman Megan Ledoux Galligan Giselle Berenice Salinas Elizabeth Baker Jan Blacher Katherine Stavropoulos Source Type: research

Stress in mothers of children with neurodevelopmental disorders
Ghorban Hemati Alamdarloo, Farzad Majidi Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Most parents experience stress when their children are diagnosed with some kind of disability. This paper aims to compare the level of stress among mothers of children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Research sample consisted of 150 mothers of children with neurodevelopmental disorders (50 mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder, 50 mothers of children with intellectual disability and 50 mothers of children with specific learning disorder selected by convenience sampling). The Stress...
Source: Advances in Autism - June 30, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ghorban Hemati Alamdarloo Farzad Majidi Source Type: research

The relationship between autistic characteristics, social engagement and executive function in a typical sample
This study aims to represent a first attempt to examine in a non-clinical population the interplay between social engagement, executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM) within a social motivation theory framework. A total of 170 participants (135 female; mean age = 19.01 and standard deviation = 1.27) completed measures of ToM (Faux Pas task), autistic traits (Autism Spectrum Quotient), social engagement (reward dependence subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory), sociability and EF (both subscales of the Adult Temperament Questionnaire). Path analyses found that EF, sociability and social engagemen...
Source: Advances in Autism - June 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Nicolle Robertson Adam Qureshi Rebecca L. Monk Source Type: research

Teaching a child with autism to request help only when needed
Mo Chen, Shelley Kreibich, Jolene Hyppa-Martin Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or other developmental disabilities are often reported to have challenges in well generalizing the newly learned communicative skills such as requesting help. Not requesting help when it is needed can hinder engagement and learning, whereas requesting help could also be socially inappropriate. This paper aims to offer a demonstration of applying general case instruction to teach a young child diagnosed with ASD to request help only when needed whil...
Source: Advances in Autism - June 25, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Mo Chen Shelley Kreibich Jolene Hyppa-Martin Source Type: research

Awareness and perception of medical genetic services among Malaysian parents of autism spectrum disorders children: the lessons to be learned
This study aims to assess the level of awareness and perception of medical genetic services among Malaysian parents with ASD children. A cross-sectional survey using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was done among 111 parents of children with ASD from August 2017 to September 2019 in two clinics in Malaysia. A majority of children with ASD (80.20%) were male and diagnosed at the age of 3–4 years old (47.80%). When the autistic child was born, most mothers and fathers were aged 26–30 (40.50%) and 31–35 years old (42.30%), respectively. Another child with ASD in nuclear and exte...
Source: Advances in Autism - June 21, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Farahnaz Amini Kok Wah Yee Siew Chin Soh Abdulateef Alhadeethi Roya Amini Edmond Siah Chye Ng Source Type: research

The psychometric properties of the Iranian version of Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) in children with autism spectrum disorder
This study showed that ADI-R has sufficient ability to discriminate between children with ASD and those with no psychiatric diagnosis, and it is a reliable tool in Iran. The sensitivity and specificity for correctly diagnosing ASD was high, regardless of the age and cognitive level of the examiner. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first paper on psychometric properties of ADI-R in children with ASD. (Source: Advances in Autism)
Source: Advances in Autism - June 21, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Saeid Bashirian Ali Reza Soltanian Mahdieh Seyedi Salman Khazaei Ensiyeh Jenabi Katayoon Razjouyan Hadi Zarafshan Majid Barati Maryam Afshari Source Type: research

Preliminary investigation of interdisciplinary trainee ’s improvement in knowledge about autism spectrum disorder
This study attempted to assess trainees’ ASD knowledge and self-reported confidence in working with individuals with ASD and sought to understand if training through the LEND program increases these competencies. Additionally, the purpose of this study is to determine factors that predict ASD knowledge and self-reported confidence in providing services to this population, specifically in an interdisciplinary trainee sample. Participants were 170 interdisciplinary LEND trainees during the 2017–2018 academic year. Participants across the USA completed online pre- and posttraining surveys. The survey included d...
Source: Advances in Autism - June 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Tybytha D. Ryan Maryellen Brunson McClain Anna Merrill Naima Dahir Bryn Harris Sarah M. Irby Source Type: research

An individualized life-skills coaching program for adults with autism
This study provides a realistic perspective on how programs are applied in community-based settings, outside a structured, formal lab setting. It is concluded that individualized intervention approaches might be key to successful outcomes for adults with autism. (Source: Advances in Autism)
Source: Advances in Autism - June 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ashleigh Hillier Nataliya Poto David Schena II Abigail Buckingham Alice Frye Source Type: research

The experiences of fathers who have a child with autism spectrum disorder: from birth to adulthood
This study highlighted the need to educate health-care professionals, the general public and prospective fathers. Creating “dads groups” could help to direct fathers towards other people who understand their situation. Finally, trialling methods to accelerate fathers’ acceptance, such as acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), could help to reduce psychological stress. To date, most research largely focusses on mothers’ experiences, as mothers are typically seen as the primary caregiver. Previous research also tends to focus on the earlier years of life. This research addresses the often-overloo...
Source: Advances in Autism - May 21, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Katherine Dewey Melanie Hodgkinson Source Type: research

Perceived stress among mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder in Egypt
This study aims to assess perceived stress among mothers of children with ASD in Egypt. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt on 94 mothers of children with ASD using a structured questionnaire of the socio-demographic and clinical features of the studied mothers and their children and the perceived stress scale (PSS). The mean total PSS score of mothers was 31.97 ± 12.39 and the level of autism had a statistically significant relation with stress perceived by the studied mothers. The findings in this study were based on caregivers’ self-reporting. ...
Source: Advances in Autism - May 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ahmed Hashem El-Monshed Mostafa Amr Source Type: research

The presentation, recognition and diagnosis of autism in women and girls
Bethany Driver, Verity Chester Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Autistic women and girls have received comparatively less attention within clinical practice and research. Research suggests women tend to be diagnosed later than men, and are more likely to experience misdiagnosis. This paper aims to report a narrative literature review that examines research on the presentation, recognition, and diagnosis of autistic women and girls. Findings suggest that autistic females present differently to males and highlight low recognition of the female presentation of autism a...
Source: Advances in Autism - March 11, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Bethany Driver Verity Chester Source Type: research

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on autistic adults – a survey
This study aims to present the results of a survey of autistic people (n = 51) conducted by a UK specialist autism team. A cross-sectional online survey. A total of 72% respondents reported either some or significant deterioration in mental health during the pandemic. The issues that caused most negative impact were uncertainty over what will happen next and disruption of normal routine. Respondents reported a variety of coping strategies to help them through the pandemic. To date there has been little research looking specifically at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on autistic people. This paper...
Source: Advances in Autism - February 24, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Conor James Davidson Keri Lodge Alwyn Kam Source Type: research

Enhancing the social networks of adults with ASD: a low level community intervention
Roy McConkey, Marie-Therese Cassin, Rosie McNaughton, Elaine Armstrong Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to design and evaluate an innovative community-based service for adults with autism in a rural region of Northern Ireland. The goal was to reduce their social isolation through gaining social skills and building social networks. Over three years, 54 persons with a median age of 21 years received 12 months of one-to-one, personalised support and opportunities to participate in peer groups and social activities which are detailed in the pa...
Source: Advances in Autism - February 8, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Roy McConkey Marie-Therese Cassin Rosie McNaughton Elaine Armstrong Source Type: research

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder ’s perception on parent-implemented home-based developmental, individual-difference and relationship (DIR)/Floortime intervention
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder’s perception on parent-implemented home-based developmental, individual-difference and relationship (DIR)/Floortime intervention Iylia Dayana Shamsudin, Ted Brown, Mong-Lin Yu, Primrose Lentin Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The developmental, individual-difference and relationship (DIR)/Floortime® approach is a commonly used parent-implemented intervention with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Currently, no evidence is available about the intervention’s implementation and utility in Malaysia. ...
Source: Advances in Autism - January 25, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Iylia Dayana Shamsudin Ted Brown Mong-Lin Yu Primrose Lentin Source Type: research

Developing a model for mental health services for children and young people with intellectual disability and/or autism in North West England
Christine Wee, Trixie Mottershead, Sarah Wright, Sujeet Jaydeokar, Mahesh Odiyoor Advances in Autism, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.178-190 This paper aims to improve community care for people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and/or autism. Lack of coordination between agencies leads to children and young people with the most complex needs falling between services. The North West Operational Delivery Network (ODN) for learning disability and autism set out to develop a model of care for mental health services for children and young people with ID and/or autism in North West England that would improve coordination...
Source: Advances in Autism - January 11, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Christine Wee Trixie Mottershead Sarah Wright Sujeet Jaydeokar Mahesh Odiyoor Source Type: research

Online training for physical activity practitioners on evidence-based practices for clients with autism
Scott McNamara, Melissa Bittner, Sean Healy Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Physical activity professionals often lack the experience and knowledge to implement the pedagogical and behavioral strategies required to successfully work with people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To enable individuals with ASD to achieve the benefits of exercise, physical activity professionals must be knowledgeable and skilled in relation to delivering evidence-based practices (EBP). The recent worldwide coronavirus disease pandemic highlights the value and necessity of effective onlin...
Source: Advances in Autism - November 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Scott McNamara Melissa Bittner Sean Healy Source Type: research

The effectiveness of sensory integration intervention on the emotional-behavioral problems of children with autism spectrum disorder
Ghorban Hemati Alamdarloo, Hasan Mradi Advances in Autism, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.152-166 Autism spectrum disorder is a kind of neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction across multiple contexts, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities. The purpose of this paper is to determine the effectiveness of sensory integration intervention on emotional-behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorder. This research was conducted in a pretest-posttest design with control group. The participants were 30 childr...
Source: Advances in Autism - November 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Ghorban Hemati Alamdarloo Hasan Mradi Source Type: research

The trend of association between autism traits in mothers and severity of autism symptomatology in children
This study aims to see the trend of association, if any, between child autism symptom and mothers’ autism phenotype as well as mothers’ theory of mind and to see if mothers’ theory of mind was associated with their own autistic traits. Data were collected from 96 mothers of children with varying symptom severity of autism (mild, moderate and severe) using Autism Spectrum Quotient and faux pas recognition test. Analysis of variance, trend analysis and t-test were done. Results showed a linear trend of relationship between mothers’ autism phenotype and child symptom severity. However, the groups...
Source: Advances in Autism - November 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Asmita Karmakar Manisha Bhattacharya Jayeeta Adhya Susmita Chatterjee Atanu Kumar Dogra Source Type: research

“Recalling hidden harms”: autistic experiences of childhood applied behavioural analysis (ABA)
“Recalling hidden harms”: autistic experiences of childhood applied behavioural analysis (ABA) Owen McGill, Anna Robinson Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to investigate the long-term impacts autistic adults experienced from childhood participation in the applied behavioural analysis (ABA). Possible participants were recruited through advertisements on social media and autism and ABA organisations. Possible participants were given the choice between an online or face-to-face interview or an anonymised online questionnaire. Reflections from...
Source: Advances in Autism - October 23, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Owen McGill Anna Robinson Source Type: research

Public attitudes to people with ASD: contact, knowledge and ethnicity
Eli Gemegah, Dimitra Hartas, Vasiliki Totsika Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The increase in autism prevalence and presentation in the media suggests a rise in public awareness. This paper aims to explore what factors (contact, knowledge and ethnicity) may be associated to positive attitudes towards individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). An online survey examined contact with and knowledge of ASD among Black, Asian and White ethnic groups to predict public attitudes to people with ASD. In multiple regression models, the results suggested that the level o...
Source: Advances in Autism - October 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Eli Gemegah Dimitra Hartas Vasiliki Totsika Source Type: research

Framing autism in newspaper media: an example from Finland
This study aims to examine the extent to which Finnish print media papers extend medical and societal narration of ASD to other issue domains and the extent to which newspaper stories use a positive, negative or neutral narrative. The authors analyzed 210 full newspaper reports from the largest daily appearing newspaper by circulation in Finland from 1990 to 2016. The authors used the newspaper’s electronic database to conduct a systematic papers search. The authors then used coding scheme about news story framing, which was followed by a detailed content analysis of the papers. Approximately two-thirds of the ...
Source: Advances in Autism - October 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Henri Pesonen Tiina Itkonen Mari Saha Anders Nordahl-Hansen Source Type: research

Dilemmas of empowering families of children with autism spectrum disorders: a qualitative case study
Rouhallah Khara, Leila R. Kalankesh, Hassan Shahrokhi, Saeed Dastgiri, Kamal Gholipour, Mohammad-Reza Feizi-Derakhshi Advances in Autism, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.129-140 The purpose of this study was to identify the challenges and solutions in the empowerment of families of children with autism in Tabriz located in the North West of Iran. In this exploratory and qualitative study, which was conducted from January to March 2019, 14 in-depth face-to-face interviews and 1 focus group (n = 5) were conducted with family empowerment experts. Data analysis was performed based on a content analysis approach via MAX...
Source: Advances in Autism - October 5, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Rouhallah Khara Leila R. Kalankesh Hassan Shahrokhi Saeed Dastgiri Kamal Gholipour Mohammad-Reza Feizi-Derakhshi Source Type: research

Practitioner experience of the impact of humanistic methods on autism practice: a preliminary study
Anna Robinson, Ian Galbraith, Lorna Carrick Advances in Autism, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.114-128 Autistic people are subject to having their behaviour shaped from a variety of practitioners predominantly using behaviourist methodologies. Little is known about how learning alternative humanistic methodologies impacts practitioner experiences of relational encounters with autistic people. This paper aims to develop an understanding of practitioner experiences of using person-centred counselling (PCC) skills and contact reflections (CR) when engaging with autistic people. This qualitative study used an interpre...
Source: Advances in Autism - August 20, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Anna Robinson Ian Galbraith Lorna Carrick Source Type: research

Commentary on “being diagnosed with autism in adulthood: a personal case study”
Commentary on “being diagnosed with autism in adulthood: a personal case study” Samuel Tromans, Verity Chester Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this paper is to provide a commentary on “being diagnosed with autism in adulthood: a personal case study”. A commentary on an individual’s personal experiences of being referred to autism assessment services and subsequently receiving a diagnosis of autism in adulthood. Many individuals are not diagnosed with autism until their adult life, and as a result, miss the benefits of tim...
Source: Advances in Autism - July 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Samuel Tromans Verity Chester Source Type: research

Autism identification across ethnic groups: a narrative review
Samuel Tromans, Verity Chester, Eli Gemegah, Kristian Roberts, Zoe Morgan, Guiqing Lily Yao, Traolach Brugha Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of the paper is to review autism identification across different ethnic groups. Diagnosis of autism may be missed or delayed in certain ethnic groups, leading to such groups being underserved relative to their needs. This can result in members of such groups being effectively denied essential avenues of support that can substantially improve the quality of life of autistic persons as well as those whom care for them. ...
Source: Advances in Autism - June 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Samuel Tromans Verity Chester Eli Gemegah Kristian Roberts Zoe Morgan Guiqing Lily Yao Traolach Brugha Source Type: research

Evaluation of sleep disturbances, gastrointestinal problems and eating behaviors in Turkish children with autistic disorder and PDD-NOS
This study was conducted with 102 children who were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Sleeping and GI (abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, difficulty swallowing) problems in children were obtained by asking their parents using a questionnaire. The feeding assessment survey (FAS), brief autism mealtime behavior inventory (BAMBI) and food consumption frequency were used to obtain information about the children’s eating habits. The BAMBI total score, food refusal and features of autism subscale scores of those with AD were higher than those in the PDD-NOS group (p
Source: Advances in Autism - June 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sebahat Gok Serife Nur Ozturk Rabia Karaca Serhat İlbars Nalan Hakime Nogay Source Type: research

Being diagnosed with autism in adulthood: a personal case study
Ross Henley Advances in Autism, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to report the personal experiences of an adult male diagnosed with autism at the age of 48 years. A personal case study methodology was used to illustrate the journey to autism diagnosis, the experience of diagnosis and post-diagnosis support. This case study illustrates how stress and mental health difficulties can precede autism diagnosis in adults. The personal experiences detailed highlight how an adult autism diagnosis can bring about positive change, prompting increased self-knowledge and coping skil...
Source: Advances in Autism - June 19, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Ross Henley Source Type: research