Integrating synapse, muscle contraction, and autonomic nervous system game: effect on learning and evaluation of students' opinions.
es FK Abstract This work describes the educational game "Integrating Synapse, Muscle Contraction, and Autonomic Nervous System," which was developed to assist students in understanding and integrating concepts related to the physiology of synapses, muscle contraction, and the autonomic nervous system. Analysis was made of the effect of the game on learning and the students' opinions about it. Dentistry students were divided into control and game groups. They attended lectures about the topics, after which the control group students were submitted to a test, whereas the game group performed the game activ...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - March 14, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Cardozo LT, Castro AP, Guimarães AF, Gutierrez LLP, Montrezor LH, Marcondes FK Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

A plumber's guide to the cardiovascular system.
Abstract Blood flow through the cardiovascular system is governed by the same physical rules that govern the flow of water through domestic plumbing. Using this analogy in a teaching laboratory, a model of the cardiovascular system constructed of pumps and pipes was used to demonstrate the basic interactions of pressure, flow, and resistance in a regulated system, with student volunteers providing the operational actions and regulatory components. The model was used to validate predictions and explore solutions prompted by student discussion. This interactive teaching laboratory provides an engaging experiential e...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - March 14, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Washburn SE, Stewart RH Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Diagram comprehension ability of college students in an introductory biology course.
Abstract College biology courses commonly use diagrams to convey information. These visual representations are embedded in course materials with the expectation that students can comprehend and learn from them. Educational research, however, suggests that many students have difficulty understanding diagrams and the conventions (e.g., labels, arrows) they contain. The present study evaluates biology students' ability to comprehend scientific diagrams and the diagram characteristics that affect this comprehension. Participants were students in a physiology course who completed a multiple-choice test of diagram compr...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - March 14, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Kottmeyer AM, Van Meter P, Cameron C Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

How about including free-standing, open-ended questions for readiness assessment and application activities in team-based learning, in addition to MCQs?
Abstract In conventional team-based learning (TBL), readiness assurance test (RAT) items must be formatted as free-standing multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Even in the application phase of TBL, all teams must work on the same, significant problem and be required to make a specific choice and simultaneously report them to the whole class, which the MCQ format with predetermined answer choices allows. However, the founders of the TBL method rightly emphasize that the intended learning outcomes of a course using TBL underlie the design of the various components of TBL. The main point of this brief essay is to sugge...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Prakash ES Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Determinants of self-regulated learning skills: the roles of tutors and students.
r G Abstract Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional method that offers students the opportunity to develop self-regulatory strategies as an explicit learning outcome. As a multifaceted PBL environment, the guidance of tutors is important to students as they develop self-regulatory learning (SRL) skills and self-efficacy, the most focused motivational element in SRL. The present study examines the relationship between academic achievement and PBL self-efficacy levels, as well as the role played by tutors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with third- year medical students (n = 257; 75%). The SRL perce...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Demirören M, Turan S, Taşdelen Teker G Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Undergraduate biological sciences and biotechnology students' reflective essays focus on descriptive details of experiential learning experiences.
Abstract Experiential learning experiences (ELEs), opportunities for students to apply knowledge and skills critically in a hands-on environment, are fundamental to the apprenticeship model of biological and biotechnological sciences. ELEs enhance student-learning gains, increase career readiness, and provide important networking opportunities. However, students do not often recognize the benefits of ELEs. Reflection is a highly effective tool to articulate learning gains and connect new content with established knowledge. Therefore, senior undergraduate students (n = 23), majoring in biological sciences or biotec...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Halpin PA, Donahue AE, Johnson KMS Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Connecting anatomy and physiology concepts in an interdisciplinary high-fidelity patient simulation with undergraduate nursing and allied health students.
PMID: 32057264 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Hillyer JM, Gordon KA Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Is memorization the name of the game? Undergraduates' perceptions of the usefulness of physiology songs.
Abstract The possible benefits of using music to enhance learning of STEM content are numerous, diverse, and largely unproven. We sought to determine which (if any) of these possible benefits are commonly experienced by undergraduate students and are thus especially worthy of further investigation. Four hundred ninety-three students in nine physiology courses at two midsized American universities rated the usefulness of short instructor-penned mathematical physiology songs and explained in their own words why each song would or would not be a useful study aid. The students collectively perceived the usefulness of ...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Crowther GJ, Wessels J, Lesser LM, Breckler JL Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

The impact of flipped classroom andragogy on student assessment performance and perception of learning experience in two advanced physiology subjects.
Abstract Flipped classroom teaching has been used by many educators to promote active learning in higher education. This andragogy is thought to increase student engagement by making them more accountable for their learning and increase time on task in the classroom. While there are several systematic reviews that point to improved student results, it remains unclear if flipped classrooms have positive learning effects in physiology education. Flipped classroom teaching was introduced in two advanced physiology subjects (advanced neuroscience, semester 1, and cardiorespiratory and renal physiology, semester 2). Ch...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Rathner JA, Schier MA Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Challenging endocrinology students with a critical-thinking workbook.
Abstract A central goal of science education is to help students develop higher order thinking skills to enable them to face the challenges of life. Accordingly, science instructors are now urged to craft their classrooms such that they serve as not only spaces for disseminating information, but also an arena through which students are encouraged to think scientifically and develop critical-thinking skills. This project aimed to develop a workbook that helps postsecondary students learn endocrinology and engages them in critical thinking. Each of the five chapters focuses on a different topic rooted within core bi...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Daemicke AK, Galt NJ, Samonds KE, Bergan-Roller HE Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Student perceptions of "doing" hematology physiology practicals.
The objective of this study was to explore students' perception on the importance of "doing" hematology experiments. The first-year medical students of the 2017-18 batch filled out a semistructured questionnaire at the end of the course of hematology practicals. The questionnaire captured their perception of the importance of doing hematology practicals on their own blood, the assessment of the same, and its value in medical training. Students indicated that doing practicals individually by pricking themselves was a necessary part of physiology teaching (n = 126 responses: 43 men, 83 women; 86%). They felt that i...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 16, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: D S, A T Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Advances in Physiology Education: My Journal and Yours Too?
PMID: 31898915 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - January 4, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Goodman BE Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

An anatomy workshop for improving anatomy self-efficacy and competency when transitioning into a problem-based learning, Doctor of Physical Therapy program.
Abstract First-year Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students entering a problem-based learning (PBL) program are faced with a number of pedagogical challenges, including the development of self-directed learning skills, resource unfamiliarity, and group dynamics. These challenges can make learning anatomy in a self-directed manner less efficient. Prematriculation introduction of strategies to improve anatomy learning may help prepare students for a rigorous DPT program and improve anatomy learning efficiency. The present study describes a 2-day anatomy workshop offered to incoming students before a DPT program wa...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - December 21, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Bains M, Kaliski DZ Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Undergraduate teaching assistants can provide support for reformed practices to raise student learning.
Abstract Graduate students who serve as teaching assistants are a critical part of STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) education and research at large universities in the U.S. Yet just like faculty, graduate students are not immune to the publish or perish paradigm, which can compete with one's dedication to teaching. While in recent years many STEM faculty members have become aware of how well undergraduates can assist instructors in their teaching, many, if not most, university faculty still teach in traditional settings, where graduate students are the norm and use of undergraduates is a comple...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - December 21, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Luckie DB, Mancini BW, Abdallah N, Kadouh AK, Ungkuldee ACP, Hare AA Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Synaptic board: an educational game to help the synaptic physiology teaching-learning process.
PMID: 31855455 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - December 21, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Chaves AD, Pigozzo DF, Kolling da Rocha CF, Mello-Carpes PB Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Formative assessment: question style matters.
PMID: 31697163 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - November 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Kuang SY Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

The use of the 5E instructional design strategy to teach respiratory physiology to first-year medical students.
PMID: 31697164 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - November 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Daines B, Berry A, Daroowalla F, Hirumi A, Harris DM Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Leveraging undergraduate research to identify culturally relevant examples in the anatomy and physiology curriculum.
PMID: 31697165 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - November 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Favero TG, Van Hoomissen JD Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

The difference between a clinical technician and clinical practitioner is in the scope of practice: the need for a bioscience understanding in paramedicine.
Abstract "Only teach me what I need to know!" This commonly heard refrain is often spoken by allied health students while studying preclinical sciences (physiology, anatomy, pharmacology). Here we use a clinical scenario undertaken by second-year Bachelor of Paramedic Practice students of acute coronary syndrome to demonstrate the difference in clinical decision making when using a clinical reasoning approach to treatment rather than relying exclusively on a practice guidelines approach. We hope to demonstrate that understanding basic bioscience concepts, such as the Frank-Starling mechanism and the anat...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - November 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Rathner JA, Kettle C Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Research-based teaching-learning method: a strategy to motivate and engage students in human physiology classes.
ute;M PMID: 31697167 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - November 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Granjeiro ÉM Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Interpretation of clinical data and hypothesis testing with the aid of self-collected data from physiology laboratory courses: a teaching approach for medical students.
PMID: 31697168 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - November 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Grasser EK, Montani JP Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Impact of distance learning via synchronous videoconferencing on pharmacy student performance in a biological science course sequence: an 8-yr analysis.
PMID: 31642703 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - October 25, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Dirks-Naylor AJ, Baucom E Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

An educational tool to improve understanding of angiotensin II function and the adrenergic system in renal circulation.
PMID: 31642704 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - October 25, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Colombo R, Santos RA, Rech LS, Tonolli BT, Farina GS, Gerhardt GJL Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Every presentation is a performance.
Abstract Good presentation skills are important. Why? When you improve your presentation skills, you improve your ability to engage your audience and communicate whatever science you happen to do. In graduate school you learn how to do research, and you sometimes learn how to teach, but how often do you actually learn how to give an effective, engaging presentation? In this personal view I recount some of my early experiences as a presenter and some of the techniques I use to (hopefully) engage my audiences. PMID: 31642705 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - October 25, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Curran-Everett D Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Using an integrated teaching approach to facilitate student achievement of the learning outcomes in a preclinical medical curriculum in India.
Abstract Today most education institutions around the world have adopted the philosophy of outcome-based education. The emphasis in outcome-based education is achievement of outcomes; hence the curriculum should be designed in a way that it includes the components targeted specifically at achieving these outcomes. A discipline-based approach results in fragmentation of learning and lack of clinical applicability. Integrated teaching could be a solution to achieve required outcomes in a holistic way. Hence, the aim of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate an integrated teaching module. Temporal coordin...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - October 25, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Vashe A, Devi V, Rao R, Abraham RR, Pallath V, Umakanth S Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Molecules of Life and Mutations: a new course of advanced pathophysiology combining several modern didactic approaches.
PMID: 31642707 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - October 25, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Hatina J, Kripnerova M, Khazov N, Krimpeni MS, Drbal K, Schwarz S Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Patterns of medical student engagement in a second-year pathophysiology course: relationship to USMLE Step 1 performance.
Abstract Historically, attendance has been a marker of academic performance, but the current medical education literature has had mixed results. In addition, attendance is dropping in the preclinical curricula, whereas, at the same time, the focus on United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 performance is increasing. This present study is a mixed-method approach correlating student attendance and access to the formal curriculum in a second-year pathophysiology course to performance on Step 1. Additionally, survey and focus group data evaluated the usage and importance of both the formal curriculum and th...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - September 26, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Kauffman CA, Derazin M, Asmar A, Kibble JD Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

SOLO-based task to improve self-evaluation and capacity to integrate concepts in first-year physiology students.
Abstract An accurate self-assessment of student work can enhance student learning and subsequently improve academic performance. Instructors can facilitate this process by providing "standards" that students can utilize as feedback when self-evaluating their understanding. Traditional forms of feedback, such as marked assessment tasks, are limited in their ability to serve as standards, as they do not adequately capture variations corresponding to different levels of understanding. To develop a complex understanding in physiology, students have to integrate concepts pertaining to different subcomponents ...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - September 26, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Williams MT, Lluka LJ, Meyer JHF, Chunduri P Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Calcium and muscle contraction: the triumph and tragedy of Lewis Victor Heilbrunn.
Abstract Lewis Victor Heilbrunn has been called the pioneer of Ca2+ as an intracellular regulator (Campbell AK. Cell Calcium 7: 287-296, 1986; Campbell AK. Intracellular Calcium, 2015). In 1947, he was the first to provide convincing evidence that Ca2+ triggered muscle contraction (Heilbrunn LV, Wiercinski FJ. J Cell Comp Physiol 29: 15-32, 1947). Yet his work was met mostly with silence and neglect. One wonders why. Heilbrunn was a general physiologist who believed in the uniformity of nature with regard to movement. He believed that ". . . the theory of what makes cells divide should not be ve...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - September 26, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Rall JA Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

A virtual experiment improved students' understanding of physiological experimental processes ahead of a live inquiry-based practical class.
Abstract Physiology is commonly taught through direct experience and observation of scientific phenomena in "hands-on" practical laboratory classes. The value of such classes is limited by students' lack of understanding of the underlying theoretical concepts and their lack of confidence with the experimental techniques. In our experience, students follow experimental steps as if following a recipe, without giving thought to the underlying theory and the relationship between the experimental procedure and the research hypotheses. To address this issue, and to enhance student learning, we developed an onl...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - September 26, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Quiroga MDM, Choate JK Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Planning, implementation, and evaluation of multicomponent, case-based learning for first-year Indian medical undergraduates.
In conclusion, MC-CBL appeared to be an effective supplement for the lectures, providing an opportunity for the students to relate the knowledge learned during lectures. PMID: 31553644 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - September 26, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Muthukrishnan SP, Chandran DS, Afreen N, Bir M, Dastidar SG, Jayappa H, Mattoo B, Navneet A, Poorasamy J, Roy A, Sharma A, Ghosh D, Deepak KK Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

2nd Pan American Congress of Physiological Sciences, Havana, Cuba, May 27-31, 2019.
Abstract Physiology education was well represented at the 2nd Pan American Congress of Physiological Sciences in Havana, Cuba, with two symposia, a workshop, and a poster session. PMID: 31408380 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Carroll RG, Halpin PA, Silverthorn DU Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Using technology to increase student (and faculty satisfaction with) engagement in medical education.
Abstract Faculty dissatisfaction with diminishing levels of student engagement in lifestyle medicine sessions prompted this exploratory project that compared differences in students' substantive engagement in medical preclinical and clinical level lifestyle medicine sessions. The preclinical and clinical level sessions had the same learning objectives and learning tasks, properly aligned with that level of student learning, but were offered in different learning formats, either traditional classroom approaches or technology-enhanced approaches. At the preclinical level, we transferred a nonmandatory, face-to-face ...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Kay D, Pasarica M Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Design of a student-led organizational partnership to host an annual statewide Science Olympiad K-12 outreach tournament.
Abstract Since fall 2015, the University of Virginia's (UVA) Engineering Student Council (ESC) has partnered with the nonprofit Virginia Science Olympiad (VASO) organization to host a Science Olympiad (SciOly) state tournament in Charlottesville, Virginia, each spring. This annual tournament brings over 2,000 middle and high school students, teachers, and parents to the UVA campus, and teams of 15-17 people from roughly 90 schools across Virginia participate in 46 different events (23 middle school, Division B; 23 high school, Division C) relating to the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fie...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tavakol DN, Emmons K Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Effect of in-class group clicker-quiz competition on student final exam performance.
Salvador Palmer R PMID: 31408383 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Priego-Quesada JI, Jimenez-Perez I, Cibrián Ortiz de Anda RM, González-Peña R, Salvador Palmer R Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Teaching physiology within a system dynamics framework.
PMID: 31408384 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Rubin DM, Letts RFR, Richards XL Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Answering Huxley: "now" students take a "then" exam.
Answering Huxley: "now" students take a "then" exam. Adv Physiol Educ. 2019 Sep 01;43(3):397-400 Authors: Rangachari PK Abstract Twenty-eight undergraduate students in a health sciences program volunteered for an exercise in the history of examinations. They had completed a second-year course in anatomy and physiology in which they studied modern texts and took standard contemporary exams. For this historical "experiment," students studied selected chapters from two 19th century physiology texts (by Foster M. A Textbook of Physiology, 1895; and Broussais FJV. A Treatise o...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Rangachari PK Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Understanding basic vein physiology and venous blood pressure through simple physical assessments.
Abstract An understanding of the complexity of the cardiovascular system is incomplete without a knowledge of the venous system. It is important for students to understand that, in a closed system, like the circulatory system, changes to the venous side of the circulation have a knock-on effect on heart function and the arterial system and vice versa. Veins are capacitance vessels feeding blood to the right side of the heart. Changes in venous compliance have large effects on the volume of blood entering the heart and hence cardiac output by the Frank-Starling Law. In healthy steady-state conditions, venous return...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tansey EA, Montgomery LEA, Quinn JG, Roe SM, Johnson CD Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Examining the effects of different teaching strategies on metacognition and academic performance.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different metacognitive interventions on knowledge and regulation of cognition, as well as academic performance (i.e., exam and final grades) in three sections of an undergraduate human anatomy and physiology course. All targeted classes were randomly assigned to one of three groups (reflection practice, passive acquisition of knowledge, and collaborative learning), and the interventions were implemented after exam 1. A pre- and posttest survey was administered during the semester (during week 2 and after exam 2), and exam and final course grades wer...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - August 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Langdon J, Botnaru DT, Wittenberg M, Riggs AJ, Mutchler J, Syno M, Caciula MC Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Learning clinical skills through audiovisual aids embedded in electronic-PBL sessions in undergraduate medical curriculum: perception and performance.
Abstract Learning clinical skills in a large group of undergraduate medical students is challenging. Innovative technology-based modalities are being evaluated to complement limited hospital rotations. We determined the effectiveness of clinical skills-related audiovisual (AV) aids embedded in electronic-problem-based learning (PBL) sessions, in terms of students' feedback and formative Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) grades. This mixed-method study was conducted during the Cardiovascular System module in year 3 of the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery program. The AV aids, mainly consist...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - July 31, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Arain SA, Afsar NA, Rohra DK, Zafar M Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

How much do preclinical medical students utilize the internet to study physiology?
Abstract Medical students increasingly utilize social media platforms to supplement their preclinical learning; however, the prevalence of social media use for physiology learning in medical education remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine how first-year medical students from both direct entry medicine and graduate entry medicine interacted with social media as a learning tool by assessing its prevalence, perceived benefits, favored platforms, and reason(s) for its use. Seventy-one percent of surveyed students (out of 139 participants) stated that they interacted with social media in genera...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - July 31, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: O'Malley D, Barry DS, Rae MG Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Undergraduate research using single-subject research design in exercise physiology.
PMID: 31361150 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Physiol Educ)
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - July 31, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Favero TG Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

A conceptual framework for the core concept of "cell membrane".
A conceptual framework for the core concept of "cell membrane". Adv Physiol Educ. 2019 Sep 01;43(3):373-377 Authors: Michael J, Modell H Abstract We have created and validated a conceptual framework for the core physiology concept of "cell membrane." The conceptual framework is composed of 27 items arranged in a hierarchy that is, in some instances, four levels deep. We have validated it with input from faculty who teach at a wide variety of institutional types. All items making up the framework were deemed essential to moderately important. However, some of the main ideas were cle...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - July 31, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Michael J, Modell H Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

An outside-the-box activity to demonstrate how humans and animals turn.
Abstract Developing hands-on activities that engage and excite K-12 students is critical for stimulating interest in science-based careers. We created an activity for high school students that required them to integrate biology and physics concepts to experience how humans and animals maneuver through their environments (i.e., turning). Understanding how turning works is important because it accounts for up to 50% of daily walking steps and is needed for survival when animals elude predators and capture prey. For this activity, student groups used 2 × 4 lumber, wood screws, and a power drill to build an appa...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - June 29, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Bye TK, Carter KR, Carrier DR, Elmer SJ Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Physiology Understanding (PhUn) Week in a public Spanish-immersion elementary school in Kentucky.
Abstract The purpose of this outreach program was to promote elementary school students' understanding of human physiology and exercise science. I conducted this outreach event for 421 pre-kindergarten through grade 5 students attending a Spanish-immersion elementary school within a large, urban public school district in Kentucky. To meet the needs of the school's minority students, I delivered the Physiology Understanding (PhUn) program bilingually in both English and Spanish. The University of Louisville's PhUn team was composed of 14 undergraduate students, 5 graduate students, and 3 other faculty scientists wh...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - June 29, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Terson de Paleville DGL Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Perceived clinical relevance and retention of basic sciences across the medical education continuum.
Abstract Medical programs are under pressure to maintain currency with scientific and technical advances, as well as prepare graduates for clinical work and a wide range of postgraduate careers. The value of the basic sciences in primary medical education was assessed by exploring the perceived clinical relevance and test performance trends among medical students, interns, residents, and experienced clinicians. A pilot study conducted in 2014 involved administration of a voluntary 60-item multiple-choice question test to 225 medical students and 4 interns. These participants and 26 teaching clinicians rated the it...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - June 29, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Malau-Aduli BS, Alele FO, Heggarty P, Teague PA, Sen Gupta T, Hays R Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Examining the first-person perspective as appropriate prelaboratory preparation.
Abstract Prelaboratory tasks are used to facilitate learning and introduce and provide context for laboratory work. The application of first-person perspective (FPP) technology may provide interesting new approaches to providing prelaboratory preparation. However, there is limited knowledge as to whether this perspective is useful or enjoyable for students preparing for laboratory tasks. The purpose of this study was to examine whether prelaboratory preparation, utilizing the FPP technique, was enjoyable and led to improvements in laboratory task-specific self-efficacy in comparison to the traditional text-only (T...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - June 29, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Nederveen JP, Thomas ACQ, Parise G Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Factors influencing the National License Examination step 1 score in preclinical medical students.
This study aimed to determine factors influencing the NLE1 score (NLE1S). The NLE1S, academic achievement, and class attendance were obtained officially. Other factors, including study habits, were obtained via a questionnaire, with 81.97% (241/294) being returned. Students were divided into four groups according to the central passing score and Z-score of the NLE1S, including the fail (
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - June 29, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Lertwilaiwittaya P, Sitticharoon C, Maikaew P, Keadkraichaiwat I Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Multimedia-aided instruction in teaching basic life support to undergraduate nursing students.
Abstract Basic life support (BLS) knowledge is a necessity for nursing students, as they have to deal with cardiac arrest events during their professional career. Existing studies indicate poor BLS knowledge among health science students, including nursing students. Learning BLS requires an understanding of basic sciences, such as anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, subjects perceived to be difficult, resulting in misconceptions. Hence, a multimedia-aided instruction on BLS, supplemented with cooperating learning groups, was developed to assist nursing students in gaining correct BLS knowledge. A pretest-postte...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - June 29, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Junsawang C, Jittivadhna K, Luealamai S, Pookboonmee R Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Implementing inclusive practices in an active learning STEM classroom.
Abstract What do you bring to a conversation about diversity, equity, and inclusion? While acknowledging this conversation is important, many science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) faculty shy away from engaging these topics. STEM educators often hesitate to participate in these discussions due to their self-perceived lack of knowledge or training. However, as institutions welcome ever-diversifying student populations, STEM faculty must consider how their teaching and mentoring approaches affect their students. During the 2018 American Physiological Society (APS) Institute for Teaching and Learning, STE...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - May 17, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Johnson KMS Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research