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Is it cost ‐effective to provide internet‐based interventions to complement the current provision of smoking cessation services in the Netherlands? An analysis based on the EQUIPTMOD
ConclusionProviding internet‐based smoking cessation interventions to complement the current provision of smoking cessation services could be a cost‐saving policy option in the Netherlands. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 15, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Kei ‐Long Cheung, Ben F. M. Wijnen, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Subhash Pokhrel, Hein Vries, Maximilian Präger, Silvia M. A. A. Evers Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Cost ‐effectiveness of increasing the reach of smoking cessation interventions in Germany: results from the EQUIPTMOD
ConclusionsIncreasing the reach of group‐based behavioural support, financial incentives and varenicline for smoking cessation by just 1% of current annual quit attempts provides a strategy to German policymakers that improves the population's health outcomes and that may be considered cost‐effective. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 15, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Manuel B. Huber, Maximilian Pr äger, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Adam Lester‐George, Marta Trapero‐Bertran, Bertalan Nemeth, Kei Long Cheung, Renee Stark, Matthias Vogl, Subhash Pokhrel, Reiner Leidl Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta ‐analysis
ConclusionA wide range of socio‐demographics, relationship, social, smoking‐related, pregnancy‐related, health and psychological factors have been found to predict smoking cessation in pregnancy. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Felix Naughton, Michael Ussher Tags: Review Source Type: research

Validation of a Contextualized Assessment of Smoking Behavior in Students
Abstract AimsThe aim of this study was to validate an audio simulation of culture‐specific social contexts associated with smoking to provide a medium for researchers to investigate social‐contextual influences on tobacco use in the laboratory. Methods81 students (34.6% men; n = 28) listened to five audio simulations of peer social contexts where offers to smoke tobacco were made (S‐SIDE). For each social scenario, participants answered questions about their willingness to accept the offer to smoke and completed measures of smoking cognitions and tobacco use. Thirty days later, participants completed online assessmen...
Source: Addiction - December 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Helle Larsen, Elske Salemink, Ilva Grond, Reinout W. Wiers, Kristen G. Anderson Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Improving Quit Rates of Web ‐Delivered Interventions for Smoking Cessation: Full Scale Randomized Trial of WebQuit.org versus Smokefree.gov
ConclusionsWebQuit.org and Smokefree.gov had similar 30‐day point prevalence abstinence rates at 12 months that were descriptively higher than those of prior published website‐delivered interventions and telephone counselor‐delivered interventions. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Jonathan B. Bricker, Kristin E. Mull, Jennifer B. McClure, Noreen L. Watson, Jaimee L. Heffner Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

News and Notes
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: News and Notes Source Type: research

New Books
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: New Books Source Type: research

Erratum
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Commentary on Fraser et al. (2018): Evidence base for harm reduction services —the urban–rural divide
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Kathryn E. Lancaster, Carlos D. Malvestutto, William C. Miller, Vivian F. Go Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Commentary on Urbanoski et al. (2018): Housing First and addiction –exploring the evidence
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Nicholas Pleace Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Commentary on Scheidell et al. (2018): En ‐counting adversities; the ‘building blocks’ of psychopathology
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Maggie Schauer, Katy Robjant Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Introducing Addiction Lives
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Jean O'Reilly, Robert West Tags: Editorial Note Source Type: research

Is ‘hardcore smoker’ a useful term in tobacco control?
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Robert West, Martin J. Jarvis Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ Cover, Editorial Board, Guidelines for submission, Title, Aims & Scope
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Self ‐reported marijuana use over 25 years and abdominal adiposity: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
ConclusionNeither cumulative marijuana use nor current marijuana use is associated with total abdominal, visceral, subcutaneous, or intermuscular adipose tissue, or liver attenuation in mid‐life. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Michael P. Bancks, Reto Auer, J. Jeffrey Carr, David C. Goff, Catarina Kiefe, Jamal S. Rana, Jared Reis, Stephen Sidney, James G. Terry, Pamela J. Schreiner Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Extending Addiction's conflict of interest policy to cover the emerging cannabis industry
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 5, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Keith Humphreys, Shane Darke, John Marsden, Robert West Tags: Editorial Note Source Type: research

Toxicity: exploring and expanding the concept
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: John Strang, Joanne Neale, Rebecca McDonald, Nicola Kalk Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Moving beyond vaping as a cessation ‐only practice
Abstract Commentary to: How do we determine the impact of e-cigarettes on cigarette smoking cessation or reduction? Review and recommendations for answering the research question with scientific rigor (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - December 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Megan Weier Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Risk of Amphetamine Use Disorder and Mortality Among Incident Users of Prescribed Stimulant Medications in the Veterans Administration
This study's aims were to ascertain the demographics of stimulant medication users compared with nonusers, examine temporal trends of stimulant medication use, and estimate risk factors for development of amphetamine use disorder (AUD) and mortality among new users of stimulant medications. DesignCox proportion hazards regression in a retrospective cohort adjusted by baseline covariates. SettingUnited States, national administrative database of the Veterans Affairs (VA) Healthcare system ParticipantsAdult incident users of stimulant medications (n=78,829) from fiscal years (FY) 2001 to 2012. MeasurementsPrimary outcomes we...
Source: Addiction - December 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Arthur N. Westover, Paul A. Nakonezny, Ethan A. Halm, Bryon Adinoff Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

E ‐cigarette Price Sensitivity Among Middle and High School Students: Evidence from Monitoring the Future
ConclusionsHigher e‐cigarette disposable prices appear to be associated with reduced e‐cigarette use among adolescents in the US. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Michael F. Pesko, Jidong Huang, Lloyd D. Johnston, Frank J. Chaloupka Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Relationship between high ‐risk patients receiving prescription opioids and high‐volume opioid prescribers
Abstract Aims(1) To characterize the amount of prescription opioids prescribed for high‐risk patients by low‐volume prescribers; (2) to quantify how high‐ and low‐volume prescribers differ systematically in their prescribing patterns. DesignCross‐sectional study using 2015 longitudinal, all‐payer QuintilesIMS pharmacy claims. We conducted an aggregated analysis for the first aim and an individual‐level analysis for the second aim. SettingCalifornia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, and Washington, USA. ParticipantsAmong 4 046 275 patients, we identified 375 848 concomitant users (filling more ...
Source: Addiction - November 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Hsien ‐Yen Chang, Irene B. Murimi, Christopher M. Jones, G. Caleb Alexander Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Excess overdose mortality immediately following transfer of patients and their care as well as after cessation of opioid substitution therapy.
ConclusionsIn the UK, opioid‐dependent people who are transferred to an alternative treatment provider for continuation of their opioid substitution therapy experience high overdose mortality rates, with substantially higher rates in the first month (especially first 14 days) following transfer. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Karolina M. Bogdanowicz, Robert Stewart, Chin ‐Kuo Chang, Hitesh Shetty, Mizanur Khondoker, Edward Day, Richard D. Hayes, John Strang Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Luck, come here! Automatic approach tendencies toward gambling cues in moderate ‐ to high‐risk gamblers
ConclusionsIn the Netherlands, relative to non‐problem gamblers, moderate‐ to high‐risk gamblers appear to have a stronger tendency to approach rather than to avoid gambling‐related pictures compared with neutral ones. This gambling approach bias is associated concurrently with past‐month gambling expenditure and duration of gambling and has been found to predict persistence in gambling behaviour over time. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Marilisa Boffo, Ruby Smits, Joshua P. Salmon, Megan E. Cowie, David T. H. A. Jong, Elske Salemink, Pam Collins, Sherry H. Stewart, Reinout W. Wiers Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Advancing alcohol research and treatment: contentions and debates about treatment intensity, goals and outcomes in the 1970s and 1980s
ConclusionsPioneering research and publications in the 1970s and 1980s, sometimes conducted and produced in contentious contexts, influenced significantly conceptualizations of alcohol‐related problems, and laid the foundations for treatment hypotheses and research, improving access to a broader range of evidence‐based treatment. These underpinning works influenced the development of stepped‐up care from brief to intensive interventions, relapse prevention and treatment options not limited to abstinence, and they identified the need to include a stronger focus on quality of life. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Steve Allsop Tags: Addiction Classics Source Type: research

Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol (CMCA): Secondary Analyses of an RCT Showing Effects of Community Organizing on Alcohol Acquisition by Youth in the Cherokee Nation
Abstract AimsWe evaluated the effects of a community organizing intervention, Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol (CMCA), on the propensity of retail alcohol outlets to sell alcohol to young buyers without age identification and on alcohol acquisition behaviors of underage youth. DesignRandom assignment of community to treatment (n=3) or control (n=2). Student surveys were conducted four times per year for three years; the cohort was in 9th and 10th grades in the 2012‐13 academic year. Alcohol purchase attempts were conducted every 4 weeks at alcohol retailers in each community (31 repeated waves). SettingThe Ch...
Source: Addiction - November 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Alexander C. Wagenaar, Melvin D. Livingston, Dallas W. Pettigrew, Terrence K. Kominsky, Kelli A. Komro Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Evaluating clinical stop ‐smoking services globally: towards a minimum data set
ConclusionsThere would be benefit in establishing a minimum data set (MDS) to standardize data captured for smoking cessation services globally. Once implemented, a formal MDS could provide a basis for meaningful evaluations of different smoking cessation treatments in different populations in a variety of settings across many countries. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Andrew L. Skinner, Robert West, Martin Raw, Emma Anderson, Marcus R. Munaf ò Tags: Addiction Debate Source Type: research

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity
Abstract Established in 2006, the Centre for Alcohol Policy Research (CAPR) is Australia's only research centre with a primary focus on alcohol policy. CAPR has four main areas of research: alcohol policy impacts; alcohol policy formation and regulatory processes involved in implementing alcohol policies; patterns and trends in drinking and alcohol problems in the population; and the influence of drinking norms, cultural practices and social contexts, particularly in interaction with alcohol policies. In this paper, we give examples of key publications in each area. During the past decade, the number of staff employed at C...
Source: Addiction - November 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Claire Wilkinson, Amy Pennay, Sarah MacLean, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Margaret Hamilton, Anne ‐Marie Laslett, Heng Jiang, Sarah Callinan, Orratai Waleewong Tags: Research Centres Series Source Type: research

Patterns of substance use and mortality risk in a cohort of ‘hard‐to‐reach’ polysubstance users
ConclusionsIn a Norwegian prospective cohort study, ‘hard‐to‐reach’ polysubstance users had a more than 10 times higher mortality risk than the general population. Mortality risk was not a function of any single drug use indicator, but two distinct combinations of substances, frequencies and routes of administration were associated with the mortality risk. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 24, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Linn Gjersing, Anne Line Bretteville ‐Jensen Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Lifetime Marijuana Use and Subclinical Atherosclerosis: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
ConclusionMarijuana use appears to be associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, but only among ever tobacco users. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 23, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Reto Auer, Stephen Sidney, David Goff, Eric Vittinghoff, Mark J. Pletcher, Norrina B. Allen, Jared P. Reis, Cora E. Lewis, Jeffrey Carr, Jamal S. Rana Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Alcohol ‐related harm in emergency departments: a prospective, multicentre study
Abstract BackgroundEmergency department alcohol‐related presentation data are not routinely collected. It is likely that previous research has underestimated the numbers of patients presenting with alcohol‐related conditions. DesignMulticentre, prospective study. Patients were prospectively screened for alcohol‐related presentations over a seven‐day period in December 2014. Part one involved screening to determine alcohol positive ED presentations, and data collection of patient demographic and clinical information. Part two involved a consent‐based survey conducted with patients aged ≥ 14 years to perform Alc...
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Assoc Prof Diana Egerton ‐Warburton, Andrew Gosbell, Katie Moore, Angela Wadsworth, Drew Richardson, Daniel M. Fatovich Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Of moral judgments and sexual addictions
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Keith Humphreys Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Incidence and risk factors for mortality after release from prison in Australia: A prospective cohort study
ConclusionsPeople released from prison in Queensland, Australia are at increased risk of death, particularly due to drug‐related causes. Those at greatest risk of death are characterised by poor physical and mental health and a history of risky substance use. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 20, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Simon J. Forsyth, Megan Carroll, Nicholas Lennox, Stuart A. Kinner Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Applying recommended evidence standards to understand the impact of e ‐cigarettes on youth smoking and reporting of weak scientific evidence
Commentary to: How do we determine the impact of e‐cigarettes on cigarette smoking cessation or reduction? Review and recommendations for answering the research question with scientific rigor (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Michael J. Green, Shona Hilton Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Looking to the future —more concern than optimism that cryptomarkets will reduce drug‐related harms
Commentary to: Will growth in cryptomarket drug buying increase the harms of illicit drugs? (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Jane Mounteney, Andrew Cunningham, Teodora Groshkova, Roumen Sedefov, Paul Griffiths Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Focus on cryptomarkets and online reviews too narrow to debate harms of drugs bought online
Commentary to: Will growth in cryptomarket drug buying increase the harms of illicit drugs? (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Daan Gouwe, Sander Rigter, Tibor Markus Brunt Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

The harm reduction impact of cryptomarkets: inequality and opportunity
Commentary to: Will growth in cryptomarket drug buying increase the harms of illicit drugs? (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Harry R. Sumnall Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetics of concentrated naloxone nasal spray for opioid overdose reversal: Phase I healthy volunteer study
ConclusionsConcentrated 2 mg intranasal naloxone is well‐absorbed and provides early exposure comparable to 0.4 mg intramuscular naloxone, following the 0.4 mg intramuscular curve closely in the first 10 minutes post‐dosing and maintaining blood levels above twice the intramuscular reference for the next 2 hours. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Rebecca McDonald, Ulrike Lorch, Jo Woodward, Bj örn Bosse, Helen Dooner, Gill Mundin, Kevin Smith, John Strang Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

A man before his time: Russell's insights into nicotine, smoking, treatment and curbing the smoking problem
ConclusionsThe legacy of Russell's landmark research is seen in present‐day nicotine science, policy and discourse. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 15, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson Tags: Addiction Classics Source Type: research

Opioid Dependence and Pregnancy in Early Twentieth ‐Century America
ConclusionsThe precedent that women who use drugs while pregnant deserve humane treatment extends to the early twentieth century in the US. From 1910 to 1930, perceptions of infants of drug‐using women changed from hopeful to fearful. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathan Tauger Tags: Addiction History Source Type: research

Self ‐Reported Marijuana Use Over 25 Years and Abdominal Adiposity: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Abstract AimsWe investigated the association between cumulative lifetime and current marijuana use with total abdominal adipose tissue (AT), visceral AT, subcutaneous AT, intermuscular AT, and mean liver attenuation (LA) at mid‐life. DesignLongitudinal and cross‐sectional secondary data analysis of participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. SettingCARDIA field centers in Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; and Oakland, CA, USA. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Michael P. Bancks, Reto Auer, J. Jeffrey Carr, David C. Goff, Catarina Kiefe, Jamal S. Rana, Jared Reis, Stephen Sidney, James G. Terry, Pamela J. Schreiner Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Addiction Volume 112 Contents
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Addiction Volume 112 Contents Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ TOC
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

News and Notes
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: News and Notes Source Type: research

Corrigendum
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Erratum
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Commentary on van der Maas et al. (2017): Going where the action is
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Francis Markham, Martin Young Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Methamphetamine ‐related death is an under‐addressed public health problem
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Shane Darke, Sharlene Kaye, Johan Duflou Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Why methamphetamine ‐related deaths need more attention
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Rebecca McKetin Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

What is the real distribution of methamphetamine ‐related causes of death?
(Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Chian ‐Jue Kuo, Chiao‐Chicy Chen Tags: Commentary Source Type: research