Mapping discourse coalitions in the Minimum Unit Pricing for alcohol debate: A discourse network analysis of UK newspaper coverage
ConclusionsMedia coverage of Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) in Scotland from June 2011 to November 2012 showed alignment between the policy positions of 1) alcohol producers and think ‐tanks opposed to MUP; and 2) public health advocates and health charities in favour of the policy. Some alcohol industry actors were supportive of MUP indicating divisions amongst the industry. Discourse network analysis may be usefully applied to study other highly contested policy issues in hea lth and beyond. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Gillian Fergie, Philip Leifeld, Ben Hawkins, Shona Hilton Tags: Policy Case Study Source Type: research

How competent are people who use opioids at responding to overdoses? qualitative analyses of actions and decisions taken by lay first ‐responders during overdose emergencies
ConclusionsPeople who use opioids can be trained to respond appropriately to opioid overdoses and thus to save their peers' lives. Overdose response requires both practical competency (e.g. skills and knowledge in administering basic first aid and naloxone) and social competency (e.g. willingness to help others, having the confidence to be authoritative and make decisions, communicating effectively, and demonstrating compassion and care to victims post ‐resuscitation). (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Joanne Neale, Caral Brown, Aimee N. C. Campbell, Jermaine D. Jones, Verena E. Metz, John Strang, Sandra D. Comer Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Time since first cannabis use and 12 ‐month prevalence of cannabis use disorder among youth and emerging adults in the United States
This study estimated whether and how the 12 ‐month prevalence of cannabis use disorder among U.S. youth aged 12‐17 and emerging adults aged 18‐25 varied by time since first cannabis use.DesignRepeated cross ‐sectional survey data from the 2015‐2017 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH).SettingUnited States.Participants101,000 NSDUH participants aged 12 ‐25.MeasurementsPast 12 ‐month cannabis use disorder was assessed using DSM‐IV criteria.FindingsAmong youth, the lifetime prevalence of cannabis use was 15.3% (95% CI=14.86% ‐15.65%). Among emerging adults, the lifetime prevalence of cannabis use ...
Source: Addiction - November 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Beth Han, Wilson M. Compton, Carlos Blanco, Christopher M. Jones Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Exploring the relationship between polygenic risk for cannabis use, peer cannabis use, and the longitudinal course of cannabis involvement.
AbstractBackground and aimsFew studies have explored how polygenic propensity to cannabis use unfolds across development, and no studies have yet examined this question in the context of environmental contributions such as peer cannabis use. Outlining the factors that contribute to progression from cannabis initiation to problem use over time may ultimately provide insights into mechanisms for targeted interventions. We sought to examine the relationships between polygenic liability for cannabis use, cannabis use trajectories across ages 12 ‐30, and perceived peer cannabis use at ages 12‐17.DesignMixed effect logistic ...
Source: Addiction - November 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Emma C. Johnson, Rebecca Tillman, Fazil Aliev, Jacquelyn L. Meyers, Jessica E. Salvatore, Andrey P. Anokhin, Danielle M. Dick, Howard J. Edenberg, John Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Vivia V. McCutcheon, John I. Nurnberger, Bernice Porjesz, Marc Sc Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Response to commentaries: The quest(ion) remains in the search for a meaningful reduction ‐based end‐point
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 25, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Brian D. Kiluk, Garrett M. Fitzmaurice, Eric C. Strain, Roger D. Weiss Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Commentary on Graydon et al. (2018): Realistic simulations and nudging gambling policy
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: W. Spencer Murch, Luke Clark Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

US state cigarette tax increases and smoke ‐free legislation in relation to cigarette expenditure across household socioeconomic circumstances: a quasi‐experimental study
ConclusionCigarette tax increases in the US between 2000 and 2014 may have reduced smoking prevalence due to an absolute and relative increase in household tobacco expenditure while smoke ‐free policies appear to have led to a reduction in expenditure. Although tax increases had a stronger impact on absolute expenditure among households above the poverty level, impact on relative expenditure was similar, and consequences for socioeconomic inequalities in smoking will vary based on the broader financial situation of households. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Melissa Kull, Christopher F. Baum Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Machine ‐Learning Prediction of Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Cross‐Study, Cross‐Cultural Validation
ConclusionsComputerized screening software shows promise in predicting the risk of alcohol use among adolescents. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Mohaamad H. Afzali, Matthew Sunderland, Sherry Stewart, Benoit Masse, Jean Seguin, Nicola Newton, Maree Teesson, Patricia Conrod Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Compliance with Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocols in Substance Users: a Meta ‐Analysis
ConclusionsThe pooled compliance rate for Ecological Momentary Assessment studies in substance ‐using populations from 1998 to 2017 was lower than the recommended rate of 80%, and was not associated with frequency or duration of assessments. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Andrew Jones, Danielle Remmerswaal, Ilse Verveer, Eric Robinson, Ingmar H. A. Franken, Cheng K. Fred Wen, Matt Field Tags: Review Source Type: research

Blunted stress reactivity reveals vulnerability to early life adversity in young adults with a family history of alcoholism
This study aimed to determine whether exposure to ELA has a greater impact on stress reactivity in young adults with a family history of alcoholism (FH+) compared with young adults with no family history of alcoholism (FH ‐).DesignObservational study using linear modelling.SettingOklahoma, USA.Participants709 young adults (398 females) recruited through community advertisement.MeasurementsWe obtained heart rates and cortisol levels in subjects while undergoing public speaking and mental arithmetic stress compared with a resting control day (1418 test sessions). ELA was quantified as 0, 1, or> 1 adverse events experien...
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: William R. Lovallo, Andrew J. Cohoon, Ashley Acheson, Kristen H. Sorocco, Andrea S. Vincent Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Self ‐wise, Other‐wise, Streetwise (SOS) training, an intervention to prevent victimization in dual diagnosis patients: results from a randomized clinical trial
ConclusionsAmong dual diagnosis patients, care as usual plus Self ‐wise, Other‐wise, Streetwise (SOS) training was more effective in preventing victimization than care as usual alone. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Marleen M. Waal, Jack J. M. Dekker, Martijn J. Kikkert, Carolien Christ, Jaga Chmielewska, Monique W. M. Staats, Wim Brink, Anna E. Goudriaan Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Dying Alone: The Sad Irrelevance of Naloxone in the Context of Solitary Opiate Use
Addiction, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Janet M. Wojcicki Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Changes over time in marijuana use, deviant behavior and preference for risky behavior among U.S. adolescents from 2002 ‐2014: Testing the moderating effect of gender and age
ConclusionsWhile marijuana use, deviant behavior, and risk preferences among U.S. adolescents declined from 2002 to 2014, associations have remained stable, with marijuana use positively associated with deviant behavoirs and risk preferences. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Shadiya L. Moss, Julian Santaella ‐Tenorio, Pia M. Mauro, Katherine M. Keyes, Silvia S. Martins Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Disentangling longitudinal relations between youth cannabis use, peer cannabis use, and conduct problems: developmental cascading links to cannabis use disorder
ConclusionsCannabis use in adolescence does not appear to lead to greater conduct problems or association with cannabis ‐using peers apart from pre‐existing conduct problems. Instead, adolescents who (1) increasingly affiliate with cannabis‐using peers or (2) have increasing levels of conduct problems are more likely to use cannabis, and this cascading chain of events appears to predict cannabis use disorder in emerging adulthood. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Ivy N. Defoe, Atika Khurana, Laura M. Betancourt, Hallam Hurt, Daniel Romer Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Age ‐varying effects of cannabis use frequency and disorder on symptoms of psychosis, depression and anxiety in adolescents and adults
ConclusionsSignificant associations between cannabis use (CU) frequency and disorder (CUD) and psychotic and depressive symptoms in late adolescence and young adulthood extend across adulthood, and include anxiety. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Bonnie J. Leadbeater, Megan E. Ames, Ashley N. Linden ‐Carmichael Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Harm reduction in opioid treatment: an established idea under threat
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Nicola J. Kalk Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

The public health consequences of e ‐cigarettes: a review by the National Academies of Sciences. A call for more research, a need for regulatory action
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Judith J. Prochaska Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Changes to Editorial Team
Addiction, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 15, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: New Editor Announcement Source Type: research

What defines a clinically meaningful outcome in the treatment of substance use disorders: ‘Getting your life back’
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 13, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Lara A. Ray, Aaron C. Lim, Steven Shoptaw Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Could prenatal food insecurity influence neonatal abstinence syndrome severity?
ConclusionAmong women receiving opioid agonist treatment, prenatal food insecurity appears to be associated with increased risk for neonatal abstinence syndrome pharmacological treatment. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 13, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Ruth Rose ‐Jacobs, Michelle Trevino‐Talbot, Christine Lloyd‐Travaglini, Howard J. Cabral, Martha Vibbert, Kelley Saia, Elisha M. Wachman Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Addiction Volume 113 Contents
Addiction, Volume 113, Issue 12, Page E1-E15, December 2018. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Addiction Volume 113 Contents Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ TOC
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ Cover, Editorial Board, Guidelines for submission, Title, Aims & Scope
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Response to Brown et al. ‘Does the offer of e‐cigarettes benefit smoking cessation among unselected smokers?’
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 8, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Michael O. Harhay, Andrea B. Troxel, Kevin G. Volpp, Scott D. Halpern Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Does the offer of e ‐cigarettes benefit smoking cessation among unselected smokers?
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 8, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Jamie Brown, Lion Shahab, Robert West Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

New Books
Addiction, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Graham Allen Tags: New Books Source Type: research

News and notes
Addiction, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Graham Allen Tags: News and Notes Source Type: research

A prospective study of alcohol involvement and the dual ‐systems model of adolescent risk‐taking during late adolescence and emerging adulthood.
AbstractAimsTo estimate interactions and unique effects of behavioral approach and behavioral control on alcohol involvement hypothesized by dual ‐systems models, during adolescence and emerging adulthood.DesignIn a longitudinal study, behavioral approach and behavioral control were examined in relation to alcohol involvement, cross ‐sectionally and prospectively.Setting and Participants846 general population twins born in Colorado, USA were assessed twice (M=17.3 and 22.8 years ‐old; female=51.4%; White=91.8%).MeasurementsBehavioral approach was measured by self ‐report questionnaires of sensation seeking and subj...
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Jarrod M. Ellingson, Robin Corley, John K. Hewitt, Naomi P. Friedman Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

The evolving drug epidemic of prescription opioid injection and its association with HCV transmission among people who inject drugs in Montreal, Canada
AbstractAimsTo examine temporal trends in prescription opioid (PO) injection and to assess its association with hepatitis C virus (HCV) seroconversion among people who inject drugs (PWID).DesignProspective cohort study spanning 2004 to 2016.SettingMontreal, Canada.ParticipantsPWID reporting injection in the past 6 months.MeasurementsPWID were recruited between 2004 and 2016. At each 3 ‐6 month follow‐up visit, participants completed interview‐administered questionnaires and were tested for HCV‐Antibody (HCV‐Ab).FindingsAmong 1524 PWID (83% males, mean age 38 (SD=10), 34% (31 ‐36) PO injection past month) includ...
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Julie Bruneau, Nelson Arruda, Geng Zang, Didier Jutras ‐Aswad, Élise Roy Tags: HCV Prevention Source Type: research

Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) as a Tool for Continuing Medical Education on Opioid Use Disorder and Comorbidities
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Jon Agley, Zachary W. Adams, Leslie A. Hulvershorn Source Type: research

An analysis of issues in the classification and reporting of heroin ‐related deaths.
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathan C. Stam, Dimitri Gerostamoulos, Jennifer L. Pilgrim, Karen Smith, Lauren Moran, Sarah Parsons, Olaf H. Drummer Source Type: research

The social location of harm from others ’ drinking in 10 societies
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Thomas K. Greenfield, Dag Rekve, Orratai Waleewong, Oliver Stanesby, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Vivek Benegal, Sally Casswell, Ramon Florenzano, Hoang T.M. Hanh, Siri Hettige, Katherine J. Karriker ‐Jaffe, Isidore O Source Type: research

Are abuse ‐deterrent opioid formulations all they are crushed up to be?
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - November 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Lewis S. Nelson Source Type: research

Evaluating dynamic impacts of abuse ‐deterrent prescription opioid formulations
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Keith Humphreys Source Type: research

Corrigendum
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Association of alcohol consumption with allergic disease and asthma: a multi ‐centre Mendelian randomization analysis
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Tea Skaaby, Tuomas O. Kilpel äinen, Amy E. Taylor, Yuvaraj Mahendran, Andrew Wong, Tarunveer S. Ahluwalia, Lavinia Paternoster, Stella Trompet, David J. Stott, Claudia Flexeder, Ang Zhou, Guy Brusselle, Ayesha Sajjad, Lies Lahousse, Henning Source Type: research

Substance use and the objectives of current global health frameworks: measurement matters
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Kevin D. Shield, J ürgen Rehm Source Type: research

Concordance between the diagnostic guidelines for alcohol and cannabis use disorders in the draft ICD ‐11 and other classification systems: Analysis of data from the WHO's World Mental Health Surveys
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Louisa Degenhardt, Chrianna Bharat, Raimondo Bruno, Meyer D. Glantz, Nancy A. Sampson, Sergio Aguilar ‐Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Brendan Bunting, Jose Miguel Caldas‐de‐Almeida, Alfredo H. Cia, Oye Gureje, Elie G. Karam Source Type: research

Progressive nicotine patch dosing prior to quitting smoking: Feasibility, safety, and effects during the pre ‐quit and post‐quit periods
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dunja Przulj, Luis Wehbe, Hayden McRobbie, Peter Hajek Source Type: research

Rat Park: How a rat paradise changed the narrative of addiction
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 27, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Suzanne H. Gage, Harry R. Sumnall Source Type: research

A developmental cascade model for early adolescent ‐onset substance use: the role of early childhood stress
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Roy Otten, Chung Jung Mun, Daniel S. Shaw, Melvin N. Wilson, Thomas J. Dishion Source Type: research

The Public Health Consequences of E ‐cigarettes: A Review by the National Academies of Sciences A Call for More Research, a Need for Regulatory Action
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Judith J. Prochaska Source Type: research

Test uptake and Hepatitis C prevalence in 5483 Danish people in drug use treatment from 1996 to 2015: A register based cohort study
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Anne Øvrehus, Stine Nielsen, Janne Fuglsang Hansen, Dorte Kinggaard Holm, Peer Christensen Source Type: research

Estimating alcohol ‐attributable fractions for injuries based on data from emergency department and observational studies: a comparison of two methods
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Yu Ye, Kevin Shield, Cheryl J. Cherpitel, Jakob Manthey, Rachael Korcha, J ürgen Rehm Source Type: research

A dynamic, modifiable model for estimating cost ‐effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy: application to an RCT of self‐help delivered by text message
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Matthew Jones, Murray Smith, Sarah Lewis, Steve Parrott, Tim Coleman Source Type: research

Extended ‐release injectable naltrexone (XR‐NTX): A response to clinical issues raised by Brewer and Streel
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Brantley Phillip Jarvis, August F. Holtyn, Shrinidhi Subramaniam, Andrew D. Tompkins, Emmanuel A. Oga, George Bigelow, Kenneth Silverman Source Type: research

Long ‐acting naltrexone has long‐acting benefits and 100% induction rates are not difficult to achieve
Addiction,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Colin Brewer, Emmanuel Streel Source Type: research

Commentary on Rege et al. (2018): Naloxone reports to US poison centers highlight overdose prevention opportunities
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Elizabeth M. Oliva, Mark Bounthavong Source Type: research

T. Lupick Fighting for space: How a group of drug users transformed one city's struggle with addiction. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press; 2017. ISBN 978 ‐1551527123
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Catherine R. McGowan Source Type: research

E ‐cigarette use in England 2014–17 as a function of socio‐economic profile
Addiction, EarlyView. (Source: Addiction)
Source: Addiction - October 17, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Loren Kock, Lion Shahab, Robert West, Jamie Brown Source Type: research