A higher level of ketonaemia does not predict oral rehydration failure in vomiting paediatric patients and routine measurement is unnecessary
ConclusionBlood levels of beta‐hydroxybutyrate had no predictive value for oral rehydration failure in young patients with vomiting and this routine measurement is unnecessary.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Luc ía Torres, Marina Sánchez, Blanca Cid, Eva Vicente, Roberto Velasco Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

A comparative study found that a seven ‐year school‐based exercise programme increased physical activity levels in both sexes
This study assessed whether a Swedish school‐based exercise intervention programme could increase total physical activity. MethodsWe followed up 228 children who started school in 1998‐2000 seven years later, when they had reached a mean age of 14.8. The 152 children (59% boys) at the intervention school did 200 minutes of physical education per week during that period and the 76 children (50% boys) in the three control schools did the standard 60 minutes. Questionnaires assessed the durations of total and leisure‐time physical activity and screen‐time activity at baseline and after five and seven years. ResultsPhy...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: F. Cronholm, B. E. Rosengren, C. Karlsson, M. K. Karlsson Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

The neonatal transport index could be used as a reference tool for the Italian perinatal care regionalisation plan
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 29, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 29, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Exposure to human voices has beneficial effects on preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit
ConclusionVocal stimuli increased preterm infants’ stability, but further studies are needed.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: S Saliba, R Esseily, M Filippa, P Kuhn, M Gratier Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

A randomised trial of enteral glutamine supplementation for very preterm children showed no beneficial or adverse long ‐term neurodevelopmental outcomes
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 593-599, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 593-599, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A randomised trial of enteral glutamine supplementation for very preterm children showed no beneficial or adverse long ‐term neurodevelopmental outcomes
ConclusionThis was the first study on the long‐term effects of enteral glutamine supplementation on the neurodevelopmental outcomes of very preterm children. Our study provided no evidence that enteral glutamine supplementation had any beneficial or adverse effects on the children's motor, neurocognitive, academic and behavioural outcomes at 13 years of age.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: E. Sabrina Twilhaar, Jorrit F. de Kieviet, Jaap Oosterlaan, Ruurd M. van Elburg Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Review shows that using surfactant a number of times or as a vehicle for budesonide may reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
ConclusionConsiderable research has been carried out into the increase in BPD, which has resulted from improvements in neonatal survival. Key areas of research include repeated surfactant administration, using surfactant as a vehicle for budesonide and stem cell therapy.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: J M Hasco ët, J C Picaud, I Ligi, T Blanc, P Daoud, V Zupan, F Moreau, I Guilhoto, M Rouabah, C Alexandre, E Saliba, L Storme, J Patkai, M Pomedio, I Hamon Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Clinicians need to decrease antibiotic use in previously healthy infants hospitalised with bronchiolitis
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marion Bailhache, Emilie Bloudeau, Olivier Richer, Pascal Pillet, Marie Lagarde Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Review shows that implementing a nationwide protocol for congenital diaphragmatic hernia was a key factor in reducing mortality and morbidity
ConclusionOrganising healthcare and implementing a nationwide French protocol were key factors for reducing mortality and morbidity from CDH.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: L Storme, J Boubnova, S Mur, L Pognon, D Sharma, E Aubry, R Sfeir, P Vaast, T Rakza, A Benachi, Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Cognition and Behaviour in Childhood Epilepsy. By Lieven Lagae Mac Keith Press, London, 2017. ISBN 978 ‐1‐909962‐87‐3.
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Per Åmark Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Obese children aged 4 ‐6 displayed decreased fasting and postprandial ghrelin levels in response to a test meal
This study compared the fasting ghrelin and insulin levels of obese children aged 4‐6 with those of normal weight children and tested postprandial ghrelin levels in the obese children after a standard breakfast. MethodsWe recruited 67 children at Lund University Hospital from 2008‐2011. They comprised 30 obese children from a weight study and 37 normal weight children receiving minor elective surgery. Their mean ages were 4.7 ±0.6 years and 4.3 ±0.8 years, respectively. The obese children ate a standard breakfast and postprandial ghrelin was measured after 60 minutes. ResultsThe obese children had lower g...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 25, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jenny Önnerfält, Charlotte Erlanson‐Albertsson, Caroline Montelius, Kristina Thorngren‐Jerneck Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Asphyxiated neonates who received active therapeutic hypothermia during transport had higher rates of hypocapnia than controls
Abstract AimWe investigated the association between active hypothermia and hypocapnia in neonates with moderate to severe hypoxic‐ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) transported after birth. MethodsThis was a retrospective cohort study of neonates with HIE born between 2007‐2011 and transported to Semmelweis University, Hungary, for hypothermia treatment before and after we introduced active cooling during transport in 2009. Of these, 71 received intensive care plus controlled active hypothermia during transport, while the 46 controls just received standard intensive care. Incident hypocapnia was defined as a partial pressu...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Eniko Szakmar, Kata Kovacs, Unoke Meder, Geza Bokodi, Andras Szell, Zsolt Somogyvari, Attila J Szabo, Miklos Szabo, Agnes Jermendy Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Women who had positive relationships with their own mothers reported good attachments to their first child before and after birth
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 633-637, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 633-637, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Women who had positive relationships with their own mothers reported good attachments to their first child before and after birth
ConclusionWe found that women who had positive relationships with their own mothers also had positive attachments to their unborn babies and in the period immediately after birth. Our findings supported Bowlby attachment intergenerational transmission theory.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Franca Tani, Valeria Castagna, Lucia Ponti Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Children with optic nerve hypoplasia face a high risk of neurodevelopmental disorders
Abstract AimOptic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) is a congenital ocular malformation that has been associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, but the prevalence in unilateral disease and less severe visual impairment is unknown. We studied intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders in patients with ONH. MethodsThis was a population‐based cross‐sectional cohort study of 65 patients (33 female) with ONH below 20 years of age, living in Stockholm in December 2009, with data analysed in January 2016. Of these 35 were bilateral and 30 were unilateral. Neurodevelopmental disorders were diagnosed or confirmed by neurolo...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sara Dahl, Ronny Wickstr öm, Ulla Ek, Kristina Teär Fahnehjelm Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Review demonstrates that less invasive surfactant administration in preterm neonates leads to fewer complications
ConclusionLess invasive surfactant therapy improves pulmonary outcomes in preterm neonates with RDS and should ideally be administered in combination with CPAP.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ludwig Gortner, Simone S. Sch üller, Egbert Herting Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Strictly controlled glucose infusion rates are associated with a reduced risk of hyperglycaemia in extremely low birth weight preterm infants
ConclusionA strict GIR strategy reduced the risk of severe hyperglycaemia and adverse outcomes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hans Jorgen Stensvold, Astri M. Lang, Kenneth Strommen, Tore G. Abrahamsen, Bjorn Ogland, Are H. Pripp, Arild E. Ronnestad Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Questions, challenges and perspectives relating to Internet gaming disorder
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kai W. Mueller Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The effect of skin ‐to‐skin care on cerebral oxygenation during nasogastric feeding of preterm infants
ConclusionCerebral oxygenation remained stable before, during and after gavage feeding in an incubator and during skin‐to‐skin care. The small decrease in oxygen saturation whilst receiving gavage feeding during skin‐to‐skin care is unlikely to be clinically important, providing reassurance that preterm infants maintain physiological stability during skin‐to‐skin care.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 23, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: A Marulli, C. O. F Kamlin, J. A Dawson, S. M Donath, P. G Davis, L Lorenz Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Number needed to suffer: replying to comments on my paper
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 23, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Per ‐Arne Lönnqvist Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Serum 25 ‐hydroxyvitamin D3 levels of one‐month‐old term infants in Tokyo using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 23, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kaori Hara, Kazushige Ikeda, Yuhei Koyama, Yasuhiro Wada, Tomonobu Hasegawa Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Reviewing and addressing the link between mass media and the increase in  obesity among European children: The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) and The European Childhood Obesity Group (ECOG) consensus statement
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 568-576, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 568-576, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effects of foetal growth restriction and preterm birth on cardiac morphology and function during infancy
Abstract AimTo investigate the effects of foetal growth restriction (FGR) and prematurity on cardiac morphology and function in infancy. We hypothesised that FGR and prematurity would both alter cardiac development. MethodsCardiac morphology and function were evaluated in 24 preterm FGR infants (p‐FGR) and 23 preterm and 19 term appropriately grown for gestational age infants (p‐AGA and t‐AGA, respectively) by conventional echocardiography and Tissue Doppler Imaging. p‐FGR and p‐AGA infants were studied on postnatal day 1 and all groups were studied at one‐and six‐months post‐term age. Resultsp‐FGR infant...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Emily Cohen, Christie Whatley, Flora Y. Wong, Euan M. Wallace, Joanne C. Mockler, Alexsandria Odoi, Samantha Hollis, Rosemary S. C. Horne, Stephanie R. Yiallourou Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Reviewing and addressing the link between mass media and the increase in  obesity among European children: The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) and The European Childhood Obesity Group (ECOG) consensus statement
Conclusion. Health policies in Europe must take account of the range of social media influences that promote the development of childhood obesity. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Artur Mazur, Margherita Caroli, Igor Radziewicz ‐Winnicki, Paulina Nowicka, Daniel Weghuber, David Neubauer, Łukasz Dembiński, Francis P. Crawley, Martin White, Adamos Hadjipanayis Tags: Committee Report Source Type: research

Systematic review of the effect of denosumab on children with osteogenesis imperfect showed inconsistent findings
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Guowei Li, Yanling Jin, Mitchell A H Levine, Heike Hoyer ‐Kuhn, Leanne Ward, Jonathan D Adachi Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Randomised crossover trial showed that using breast milk or sucrose provided the same analgesic effect in preterm infants of at least 28 weeks
ConclusionExpressed breast milk and 24% sucrose had the same analgesic effect during venipuncture in most of the preterm neonates, but sucrose worked better in extremely preterm infants.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 18, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: L Collados ‐Gómez, P Ferrera‐Camacho, E Fernandez‐Serrano, V Camacho‐Vicente, C Flores‐Herrero, A M García‐Pozo, R Jiménez‐García Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Maternal mood disorders and lithium exposure in utero were not associated with poor cognitive development during childhood
ConclusionThis small, clinical cohort showed no significant association between mothers’ prenatal exposure to lithium or mood disorders and their offspring's IQ.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 18, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: L Forsberg, M Adler, I R ömer Ek, M Ljungdahl, L Navér, L L Gustafsson, G Berglund, A Chotigasatien, U Hammar, B Böhm, K Wide Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Infant Brain Development. Formation of the Mind and the Emergence of Consciousness. By Hugo Lagercrantz. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2016. 156 pp. ISBN 978 ‐3‐319‐44843‐5.
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 14, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ingemar Kjellmer Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The neonatal transport index could be used as a reference tool for the Italian perinatal care regionalisation plan
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 13, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carlo Bellini, Luca A. Ramenghi Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Virus Detection in Critically Ill Children with Acute Respiratory Disease : A New Profile in View of New Technology
ConclusionHigher risk of intubation was found in patients with parainfluenza as compared to RSV. The risk of intubation comparing parainfluenza virus to other viruses and for patients with multiple versus single virus needs to be further studied.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 13, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Atsushi Kawaguchi, Angela Bates, Bonita E. Lee, Steven Drews, Daniel Garros Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Education, school type and screen time were associated with overweight and obesity in 2,930 adolescents
Abstract AimThis cross‐sectional study analysed the influence of socioeconomic factors on screen time, overweight and obesity. MethodsWe asked adolescents aged 10, 14 and 17 from 10 school types in urban and rural regions in Upper Austria to complete questionnaires from December 2012 to February 2013. Their parents were also asked to complete questionnaires. ResultsThe questionnaires were completed by 2,930 adolescents and 2,209 parents. Total weekend screen time was significantly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) in 10‐year‐old boys (p
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 13, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dieter Furthner, Margit Ehrenmueller, Roland Lanzersdorfer, Gerhard Halmerbauer, Klaus Schmitt, Ariane Biebl Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Shaken or Stirred? Evaluating the combination of budesonide –surfactant for survival free of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 13, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kent Willis, Mark Weems Tags: EBNEO Commentary Source Type: research

Do fidgety general movements predict cerebral palsy and cognitive outcome in clinical follow ‐up of very preterm infants?
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 13, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Joy Olsen, Peter Marschik, Alicia Spittle Tags: EBNEO Commentary Source Type: research

Does a procalcitonin ‐guided approach to term and late‐preterm neonates with suspected early‐onset sepsis safely decrease unnecessary antibiotic exposure?
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 13, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Thomas A. Hooven Tags: EBNEO Commentary Source Type: research

The panorama of cerebral palsy in Sweden part XII shows that patterns changed in the birth years 2007 ‐2010
ConclusionA non‐significant decrease in CP prevalence was seen in term‐born children. Hemiplegia was still the most prevalent CP type, while the prevalence of dyskinetic CP had decreased. One in two children had white matter lesions, indicating late second or early third trimester timing.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: K. Himmelmann, P. Uvebrant Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Highlights in this issue
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anna K äll, Hugo Lagercrantz Tags: Highlights in this issue Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Elevated serum adipsin may predict unsuccessful treatment for cows ’ milk allergy but other biomarkers do not
ConclusionNone of the 15 allergy, immunology or inflammatory markers were useful in predicting the outcome of OIT. Preliminary evidence was found that high serum adipsin after the six‐month escalation phase of OIT might predict unsuccessful outcome. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Susanna Salmivesi, Marita Paassilta, Heini Huhtala, Riina Nieminen, Eeva Moilanen, Matti Korppi Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Uniform national guidelines do not prevent wide variations in the clinical application of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 620-627, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Phototherapy is commonly used for neonatal jaundice but greater control is needed to avoid toxicity in the most vulnerable infants
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 611-619, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 620-627, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 611-619, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Adults who were born preterm with a very low birth weight reported a similar health ‐related quality of life to their term‐born peers
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Johan Bj örkqvist, Petteri Hovi, Anu‐Katriina Pesonen, Katri Räikkönen, Kati Heinonen, Anna‐Liisa Järvenpää, Johan G. Eriksson, Sture Andersson, Eero Kajantie Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Phototherapy is commonly used for neonatal jaundice but greater control is needed to avoid toxicity in the most vulnerable infants
ConclusionPhototherapy is proved to be a strong candidate for the most common therapeutic modality in NICU infants. However, in light of reported toxicity in the smallest, most vulnerable infants, we recommend increased emphasis on quality control.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Khalaf Mreihil, J ūratė Šaltytė Benth, Hans Jørgen Stensvold, Britt Nakstad, Thor Willy Ruud Hansen, , Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

A possible way to assess tidal exhaled nitric oxide in neonates and infants treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 557-559, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 6, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 557-559, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 6, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research