Legislation can help children to receive the support they need to manage chronic health conditions like type 1 diabetes at school
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gun Forsander Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Multicountry cross ‐sectional study found that functional gastrointestinal disorders such as colic and functional dyschezia were common in South American infants
ConclusionFunctional gastrointestinal disorders were common in infants from the South American countries of Colombia, Panama and Nicaragua, particularly colic and functional dyschezia. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ashish Chogle, Carlos A. Velasco ‐Benitez, Ricardo Chanis, Milton Mejia, Miguel Saps Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Asphyxiated neonates who received active therapeutic hypothermia during transport had higher rates of hypocapnia than controls
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The ongoing challenge of meningococcal disease
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hans Fredlund Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Oral mucosa lesions and gingival bleeding can indicate the progression of liver disease in children and adolescents aged two to 18 years
ConclusionThis study found that oral lesions and gingival bleeding may indicate the progression of liver failure.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dorota Olczak ‐Kowalczyk, Ewa Krasuska‐Sławińska, Dariusz Gozdowski, Wojciech Kowalczyk, Joanna Pawłowska Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Walter Harris (1647 ‐1732) and his contribution to paediatrics
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Konstantinos Laios Tags: Paediatric Essay Source Type: research

Parental education and family income affect birth weight, early longitudinal growth and body mass index development differently
ConclusionParental education protected against childhood obesity, even after adjusting for income and other important parental characteristics. Income‐related differences in height, despite similar BMIs, raise questions about body composition and metabolic risk profiles. The dominant role of education underscores the value of health literacy initiatives for the parents of young children.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rebecka Bramsved, Susann Regber, Daniel Novak, Kirsten Mehlig, Lauren Lissner, Staffan M årild Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Five ‐country manikin study found that neonatologists preferred using the LISAcath rather than the Angiocath for less invasive surfactant administration
ConclusionOverall, neonatologists preferred using the LISAcath rather than the Angiocath on a neonatal manikin.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Laura Fabbri, Katrin Klebermass ‐Schrehof, Marta Aguar, Catherine Harrison, Ewa Gulczyńska, Debora Santoro, Marco Di Castri, Vincent Rigo Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Wrapping preterm infants in cloth and newspaper after delivery led to higher temperatures on arrival at the neonatal intensive care unit
Abstract AimNeonatal hypothermia is a preventable cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity and wrapping neonates in newspaper sandwiched between cotton sheets is a simple intervention. This 2017 Indian pilot study tested the heat insulating property of sandwiched sheets MethodsAt birth we randomised 100 neonates who were more than 32 weeks of gestation and needed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) observation or care without a ventilator or bilevel positive airway pressure support into two groups of 50. The intervention and control groups were wrapped in two pre‐warmed sheets at birth that did or did not contain a laye...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nitika Agrawal, Kunal Das, Prachi Patwal, Neerul Pandita, Alpa Gupta Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Impaired cognitive ability at 2.5 years predicts later visual and ophthalmological problems in children born very preterm
Abstract AimTo identify possible predictive factors for visual problems at 6.5 years in children born very preterm. MethodsDuring 2004 to 2007, all very preterm infants (gestational age
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jonina Hreinsdottir, Ylva Fredriksson Kaul, Lena Hellstr öm‐Westas, Kerstin Rosander, Claes von Hofsten, Gerd Holmström Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Repeated doses of salbutamol and aeroallergen sensitisation both increased salbutamol ‐induced hypoxia in children and adolescents with acute asthma
ConclusionAlthough bronchodilators are the first‐line treatment for acute asthma, they caused modest hypoxemia, especially at repeated doses and, or, in patients with aeroallergen sensitisation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 29, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Murat Ozer, Betul Buyuktiryaki, Umit Murat Sahiner, Ozlem Teksam, Betul Karaatmaca, Ozge Soyer, Bulent Enis Sekerel Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Extreme prematurity, treated retinopathy, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and cerebral palsy are significant risk factors for ophthalmological abnormalities at 6.5 years of age
ConclusionThis time‐course risk analysis model showed a changing panorama of significant risk factors for ophthalmological abnormalities in children aged 6.5 years who were born extremely preterm.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ann Hellstr öm, Karin Källén, Birgitta Carlsson, Gerd Holmström, Peter Jakobsson, Pia Lundgren, Fredrik Serenius, Karin Stjernqvist, Kristina Tornqvist, Kerstin Hellgren Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Repeated doses of salbutamol and aeroallergen sensitisation both increased salbutamol ‐induced hypoxia in children and adolescents with acute asthma
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 647-652, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 647-652, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Study of top ballet school students revealed large deficiencies in their body weight and body fat
ConclusionSpecial attention should be paid to low BMIs and body fat in young ballet school dancers aged 10 to 15 yearsThis article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: El żbieta Grochowska‐Niedworok, Marek Kardas, Edyta Fatyga, Karolina Piórkowska‐Staniek, Małgorzata Muc‐Wierzgoń, Teresa Kokot Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Randomised study found that improved nutritional intake was associated with better sleep patterns in prepubertal children who were both short and lean
ConclusionAdequate nutritional intake was associated with better sleep patterns and may enhance linear growth.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michal Yackobovitch ‐Gavan, Ayelet Machtei, Liora Lazar, Raanan Shamir, Moshe Phillip, Yael Lebenthal Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Randomised study found that improved nutritional intake was associated with better sleep patterns in prepubertal children who were both short and lean
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 666-671, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Neural perspectives on cognitive control development during childhood and adolescence should take into account how obesity affects brain development
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 720-721, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 666-671, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 720-721, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Urine dipstick tests can aid decision making when treating infants with unexplained fever but more research is needed
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Astha Panghal, Aakash Pandita, Girish Gupta, Kirti Naranje, Anita Singh Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Subdural haemorrhage in infants: abuse or natural causes? The importance of thorough child death review
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Peter Fleming, Roger W. Byard Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Paediatricians ’ expectations and perspectives regarding genetic testing for children with developmental disorders
ConclusionPaediatricians generally expect many positive and less negative impacts of genetic testing for children with developmental disorders. Parental perspectives are needed.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Isabelle Tremblay, Anne ‐Marie Laberge, Dominique Cousineau, Lionel Carmant, Anita Rowan, Annie Janvier Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta ‐analysis found higher levels of behavioural problems in male left behind children aged 6‐11 years
ConclusionInterventions and policies are urgently needed to tackle behavioural issues among LBC children, especially high‐risk males aged 6‐11 years.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Guang ‐Bo Qu, Wei Wu, Ling‐Ling Wang, Xue Tang, Ye‐Huan Sun, Jie Li, Jun Wang Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Neural perspectives on cognitive control development during childhood and adolescence should take into account how the obesity affects brain development
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Irene Esteban ‐Cornejo, Francisco B. Ortega, Andrés Catena Tags: Short Commentary Source Type: research

Responding to parental requests for life ‐sustaining treatment – relational potential revisited
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 26, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 26, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Responding to parental requests for life ‐sustaining treatment – relational potential revisited
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 26, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aaron Wightman, Jennifer Cobelli Kett, Benjamin S. Wilfond Tags: A Different View Source Type: research

Association of Intralipid Intake in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants with Neurodevelopmental Outcomes
ConclusionHigher IL intake was associated with lower cognitive, motor and language scores. Breast milk intake eliminated the latter associations, which underscores the important role of breast milk in developmental outcome.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 23, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: William Oh, Lynn Przystac, Leslie McKinley, Richard Tucker, Elisabeth C. McGowan, Betty R Vohr Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Association of intralipid intake in extremely low birthweight infants with  neurodevelopmental outcomes
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 600-604, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 23, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 600-604, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 23, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Exploratory and confirmatory studies have different targets and both are needed in clinical research
Conclusions drawn from medical studies are usually based on statistical analyses of collected quantitative data and the typical conclusion drawn from the statistical analysis is whether the hypothesis in question can be accepted or rejected and by what probability. This means that the study must have a hypothesis, or some hypotheses, but it is important that there are not too many in relation to the sample size. Indeed, most clinical journals currently only accept studies if the authors have clearly stated the hypothesis they want to evaluate. In addition, most journals demand a power analysis, at least in the case of inte...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Matti Korppi, Kirsi Nuolivirta Tags: A Different View Source Type: research

Assessing truncal obesity in predicting cardiometabolic risk in children: clinical measures versus dual ‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Parents with overweight children two and five years of age did not perceive them as weighing too much
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Review shows that using surfactant a number of times or as a vehicle for budesonide may reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Parents with overweight children two and five years of age did not perceive them as weighing too much
This study examined whether the parents of children who were overweight at two and five years of age perceived their children as being too heavy and related the findings to sociodemographic factors. MethodsThe data collection included parental questionnaires and anthropometric data from a longitudinal birth cohort of 2666 children born in the south‐west region of Sweden in 2007–2008. ResultsWe found that 14.9 and 11.8% of the children were considered overweight or obese at the age of two and five, but 96.4 and 87.1% of their parents perceived their weight to be just about right at these ages. The difference was sta...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sara Berggren, Josefine Roswall, Bernt Alm, Stefan Bergman, Jovanna Dahlgren, Gerd Almquist ‐Tangen Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Endocrine Manifestations in Children with Williams ‐Beuren Syndrome
Abstract AimEndocrine abnormalities in Williams‐Beuren syndrome (WBS) include growth retardation, precocious puberty, hypercalcaemia and thyroid disorders. We aimed to characterise these abnormalities in a national cohort of children with WBS. MethodsA retrospective study comprising a national cohort of individuals with WBS in Israel (16 males, 18 females) followed between 2010‐2016. ResultsThe age at diagnosis of WBS was 1.4±1.0 years. Height standard deviation score (SDS) at last visit was correlated to the mid‐parental height‐SDS (r=0.46 p=0.007). Yet, participants did not reach their mid‐parental heigh...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 21, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yael Levy ‐Shraga, Doron Gothelf, Shiran Pinchevski‐Kadir, Uriel Katz, Dalit Modan‐Moses Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Endocrine manifestations in children with Williams –Beuren syndrome
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 678-684, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 21, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 678-684, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 21, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Multi ‐country cross‐sectional study found that functional gastrointestinal disorders such as colic and functional dyschezia were common in South American infants
ConclusionFunctional gastrointestinal disorders were common in infants from the South American countries of Colombia, Panama and Nicaragua, particularly colic and functional dyschezia.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ashish Chogle, Carlos A. Velasco ‐Benitez, Ricardo Chanis, Milton Mejia, Miguel Saps Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Multicountry cross ‐sectional study found that functional gastrointestinal disorders such as colic and functional dyschezia were common in South American infants
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 708-713, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 708-713, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Serum complement factor 5a levels are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in obese children
ConclusionSerum C5a was elevated in obese children, especially in those with NAFLD and it may be proposed as a novel marker to predict advanced disease. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 19, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wei Hu, Min Wang, Chunyan Yin, Shuangshaung Li, Yuesheng Liu, Yanfeng Xiao Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist can be used to wean infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernias off respiratory support
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Arata Oda, Liisa Lehtonen, Hanna Soukka Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Comment on how fetal growth restriction and preterm birth affects cardiac morphology and function during infancy
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: P P Bassareo, G Mercuro Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Narrative review shows that the short ‐term use of ketorolac is safe and effective in the management of moderate‐to‐severe pain in children
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 560-567, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research