Adrenaline and cortisol levels are lower during nighttime than daytime hypoglycaemia in children with type 1 diabetes
Abstract AimWe investigated children's counter regulatory hormone profiles during a hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemic clamp procedure at day and night. MethodsIn 2013 we assessed the counter regulatory response to hypoglycaemia in eight outpatients with type 1 diabetes, recruited from the Herlev Hospital, Denmark, at a mean age of 9.6 ±2.3 years. Hyperinsulinaemic 80 mU/m2/min clamps were performed with a stepwise reduction in plasma glucose from euglycaemia (7‐9 mmol/L) to hypoglycaemia (
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: S Fredheim, P Foli Andersen, G L ærkholm, J Svensson, C. B Juhl, B Olsen, K Pilgaard, J Johannesen Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Pacifier use in newborns: related to socioeconomic status but not to early feeding performance
ConclusionWhile lower socioeconomic status was related to pacifier use, feeding performance in the first few days of life was no different between those infants who did and did not use pacifiers after a full‐term birth. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Roberta Pineda, Anhthi Luong, Justin Ryckman, Joan Smith Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Does non ‐invasive ventilation confer a lung protective effect and improve long‐term pulmonary outcomes?
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lauren Beard, Clyde J. Wright Tags: EBNEO Commentary Source Type: research

Nearly half of the adolescents in an Italian school ‐based study exceeded the recommended upper limits for daily caffeine consumption
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 7, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

---
Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 7, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Nearly half of the adolescents in an Italian school ‐based study exceeded the recommended upper limits for daily caffeine consumption
ConclusionMore than three quarters (76%) of the Italian adolescents in our study drank coffee on a daily basis and nearly half (46%) exceeded the recommended upper limits. Strategies are needed to reduce caffeine consumption by adolescents. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 7, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Barbara Santangelo, Rosa Lapolla, Irene Rutigliano, Massimo Pettoello Mantovani, Angelo Campanozzi Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

A realistic evaluation approach highlighted the success factors and difficulties of an innovative and comprehensive malnutrition programme in Madagascar
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

---
Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Survey highlights important discrepancies between definitions of paediatric abnormal growth taught to medical students in 23 European countries
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

---
Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A randomised cross ‐over study showed no difference in diaphragm activity during weaning from respiratory support
ConclusionThis study of preterm infants found no difference in the breathing effort measured by Edi between HFNC 6 l/min and nCPAP 3 cmH2O. HFNC could replace nCPAP when preterm infants are ready for weaning.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hilde Brenne, Kristine Hermansen Grunewaldt, Turid Follestad, H åkon Bergseng Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Issues facing families of infants discharged after cardiac surgery: the perceptions of charity helpline staff
ConclusionHelpline staff provided important, previously un‐captured evidence about the challenges faced by parents of children discharged after cardiac surgery in infancy. Staff have an important role in supporting communication, in terms of speaking to families about how to talk to professionals and talking to professionals directly to get or give information when parents are unable to do so.Capturing the perspective of helpline staff about communication issues has highlighted the need for interventions with professionals as well as parents.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jo Wray, Jenifer Tregay, Catherine Bull, Rachel L. Knowles, Sonya Crowe, Katherine Brown Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

One ‐third of children with lactose intolerance managed to achieve a regular diet at the three‐year follow‐up point
ConclusionOur long‐term follow up of lactose intolerant children showed that only a third were able to achieve a regular diet.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anat Yerushalmy ‐Feler, Hagai Soback, Ronit Lubetzky, Amir Ben‐Tov, Margalit Dali‐Levy, Tut Galai, Shlomi Cohen Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Finnish ‐born children of immigrants are more likely to be diagnosed with developmental disorders related to speech and language, academic skills and coordination
ConclusionChildren of immigrant parents were more likely to be diagnosed with developmental disorders and the association was strongest with regard to speech and language disorders. There were similar adjusted odd ratios for mothers, fathers and both parents. The development level of the country of origin was irrelevant.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Venla Lehti, David Gyllenberg, Auli Suominen, Andre Sourander Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Observational study shows that it is feasible to provide neuroprotective treatment for neonatal encephalopathy in low ‐income countries
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

---
Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Childhood death rates declined in Sweden from 2000 ‐2014 but deaths from external causes were not always investigated
ConclusionChildhood deaths showed a sustained decline from 2000‐2014 in Sweden and a quarter were from external, ill‐defined or unknown causes. Systematic, interagency death reviews could yield information that could prevent future deaths.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gabriel Otterman, Klara Lahne, Elizabeth V. Arkema, Steven Lucas, Staffan Janson, Lena Hellstr öm‐Westas Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Multi ‐centre emergency department study found that paracetamol and ibuprofen were inappropriately used in 83% and 63% of paediatric cases
ConclusionThe appropriate use of paracetamol and ibuprofen for paediatric pain in Italian emergency departments was very poor, but improved with age.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Franca Benini, Emanuele Castagno, Egidio Barbi, Sabrina Congedi, Antonio Urbino, Paolo Biban, Lucia Calistri, Rossella Letizia Mancusi Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

National survey showed that Chinese city children under two years of age had similar feeding patterns to developed countries
ConclusionThe feeding practices of Chinese city children were similar to those in developed countries, but strategies are needed to promote more rational consumption of nutritional supplements.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hua ‐hong Wu, Hui Li, Ya‐qin Zhang, Xin‐nan Zong, Zong‐han Zhu, Yang Yu Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Combining Rome III criteria with alarm symptoms provides high specificity but low sensitivity for functional gastrointestinal disorders in children
ConclusionsCombining the Rome III criteria and an absence of alarm symptoms from patient questionnaires had high specificity but low sensitivity when diagnosing pain‐predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders in children seeking medical care for gastrointestinal complaints.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Agneta Uusij ärvi, Ola Olén, Petter Malmborg, Martina Eriksson, Peter Grimheden, Henrik Arnell Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Do substantial BMI reduction episodes among Swedish schoolchildren have any impact on their final height?
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cross ‐sectional study of randomly selected 18‐year‐old students showed that body mass index was only associated with sleep duration in girls
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Randomised controlled trial of diazoxide for small for gestational age neonates with hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia provided early hypoglycaemic control without adverse effects
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

---
Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The distress thermometer provides a simple screening tool for selecting distressed childhood cancer survivors
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Using anaerobic blood cultures for infants younger than 90 days rarely showed anaerobic infections but increased yields of bacterial growth
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Nutritional therapy complications in children with ultra ‐short bowel syndrome include growth deficiency but not cholestasis
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Observational study found that even small variations in light can wake up very preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

---
Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Age ‐based norm‐reference values for the Child Oral and Motor Proficiency Scale (ChOMPS)
ConclusionThe ChOMPS is the first valid and reliable parent‐report measure of eating, drinking, and related skills that has age‐based norm‐reference values for use in clinical practice and research.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Britt Frisk Pados, Suzanne M. Thoyre, Jinhee Park Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Critically ill neonates displayed stable vital parameters and reduced metabolic acidosis during neonatal emergency airborne transport in Sweden
This study evaluated the medical quality of acute airborne transports carried out by a neonatal emergency transport service in a Swedish healthcare region from 2012‐2015. MethodsThe transport charts and patient records of all infants transported to the regional centre were reviewed for transport indications and vital parameters and outcomes. ResultsWe identified 187 acute airborne transports and the main indications for referral were therapeutic hypothermia after perinatal asphyxia, extremely preterm birth and respiratory failure. There were 37 deaths, but none of these occurred during transport and none of the deaths th...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 26, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ingrid Frid, Johan Ågren, Mattias Kjellberg, Erik Normann, Richard Sindelar Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

24 – hour oxygen saturation recordings in preterm infants: editing artefact
ConclusionWe recommend that oximetry recordings to determine cardio‐respiratory stability in newborn infants ready for discharge from the neonatal unit have software editing features applied. This will remove artefact without consuming time in a busy unit.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Grace Wellington, Dawn Elder, Angela Campbell Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Telomere length was similar in school age children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and allergic asthma
This study aimed to determine its effect on telomere length and lung function in school‐aged children born preterm with BPD. MethodsWe examined 29 children with BPD, born preterm in Stockholm county 1998‐99, along with 28 children with allergic asthma born at term matched for age and gender. At 10 years of age, we measured relative telomere length (RTL) in blood by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, lung function by spirometry and inflammation by fractional exhaled nitric oxide and blood cytokines. ResultsRTL was not different in preterm born with BPD compared to term born children with asthma. The gender effect w...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: E Henckel, U Svenson, B Nordlund, E Berggren Brostr öm, G Hedlin, S Degerman, K Bohlin Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Folic Acid Supplementation throughout pregnancy: Psychological developmental benefits for children
ConclusionThough conclusions must be drawn with caution this research presents a number of potential implications, the main one being a proposed policy recommendation for women to take folic acid for the duration of pregnancy rather than stopping at the end of the first trimester. The second is the potential for future research to explore the possible psychological and social development benefits and in line with this to try and identify the explanatory mechanism involved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lesley ‐Anne Henry, Tony Cassidy, Marian McLaughlin, Kristina Pentieva, Helene McNulty, Colum P. Walsh, Diane Lees‐Murdock Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

School ‐based study found that physical activity and aerobic fitness predicted increases in total body fat and abdominal fat at a mean age of 9.8 years
ConclusionOur two‐year follow up of children with a mean age of 9.8 years at baseline showed that physical activity, aerobic fitness and body fat or abdominal fat predicted changes in total body fat or abdominal fat, but not the percentage of body fat.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anton Danielson, Ola Thorsson, Magnus K. Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Lars B. Andersen, Magnus Dencker Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Proactive telephone support provided to breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants after discharge: a randomised controlled trial
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

National data showed that delayed sleep in six ‐year‐old children was associated with excessive use of electronic devices at 12 years
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Spanish population ‐study shows that healthy late preterm infants had worse outcomes one year after discharge than term‐born infants
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Body length and occipitofrontal circumference may be good indicators of neurodevelopment in very low birthweight infants – secondary publication
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Retrospective observational study indicates that the paediatric assessment triangle may suggest the severity of Kawasaki disease
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Limited association between markers of stress during pregnancy and fetal growth in ‘Born into Life’, a new prospective birth cohort
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Prenatal phthalate exposure was associated with croup in Swedish infants
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The preterm infant stomach actively degrades milk proteins with increasing breakdown across digestion time
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research