Differences in olfactory dysfunction and its relationship with cognitive function in schizophrenia patients with and without auditory verbal hallucinations
In conclusion, this study highlights the commonality of olfactory identification dysfunction in SCZ patients and the importance of olfactory assessment of different subtypes of SCZ patients.PMID:36949249 | DOI:10.1007/s00406-023-01589-8 (Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience)
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - March 23, 2023 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Qianjin Wang Honghong Ren Zongchang Li Jinguang Li Lulin Dai Min Dong Jun Zhou Jingqi He Xiaogang Chen Lin Gu Ying He Jinsong Tang Source Type: research

< em > Amycolatopsis iheyensis < /em > sp. nov., isolated from soil on Iheya Island, Japan
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2023 Mar;73(3). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.005757.ABSTRACTA novel actinomycete, designated strain OK19-0408T, was isolated from soil collected on Iheya island, Okinawa prefecture, Japan. Using the polyphasic taxonomic approach, comparing 16S rRNA gene sequences, the new isolate was found to be most closely related to Amycolatopsis vancoresmycina JCM12675T (98.71 %). Phylogenetic analyses using 16S rRNA sequences indicated that strain OK19-0408T was clustered with Amycolatopsis australiensis JCM15587T. However, digital DNA-DNA hybridization analyses indicated a low relatedness, in the range of 33.9-34.7...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - March 23, 2023 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chananan Ngamcharungchit Hiroki Kanto Akira Tak é Bungonsiri Intra Atsuko Matsumoto Watanalai Panbangred Yuki Inahashi Source Type: research

< em > Capnocytophaga catalasegens < /em > sp. nov., isolated from feline oral cavities
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2023 Mar;73(3). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.005731.ABSTRACTThree bacterial strains, KC07075, KC07079 and KC07084T, were isolated from the oral cavity of cats in 2007 in Japan. These strains were Gram-negative rods, exhibited gliding motility, grew in air with 5 % CO2, and showed oxidase activity, but not catalase activity. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the three strains were 100 % identical. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain KC07084T showed 92.1 and 91.9% identity to the type strains of Capnocytophaga canis and Capnocytophaga felis, respectively, and showed 89.3-91.6% identity to other Capnocytophag...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - March 23, 2023 Category: Microbiology Authors: Michio Suzuki Koichi Imaoka Masanobu Kimura Shigeru Morikawa Ken Maeda Source Type: research

Emergence of carbapenem-resistant < em > Pseudomonas alcaligenes < /em > and < em > Pseudomonas paralcaligenes < /em > clinical isolates with plasmids harbouring < em > bla < /em > < sub > IMP-1 < /sub > in Japan
Conclusions. These results indicate that the two isolates acquired bla IMP-1 from different sources and that P. alcaligenes and P. paralcaligenes function as vectors and reservoirs of carbapenem-resistant genes in hospitals.PMID:36951922 | DOI:10.1099/jmm.0.001684 (Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - March 23, 2023 Category: Microbiology Authors: Emi Ono Mari Tohya Tatsuya Tada Tomomi Hishinuma Shin Watanabe Kyoko Kuwahara-Arai Teruo Kirikae Source Type: research

Efficacy of modified team ‐based learning in a flipped classroom for an acute‐care nursing course: A mixed‐methods study
ConclusionIncorporating team-based learning into the curriculum not only contributes to team building but is also effective as a teaching method to improve student learning.Implications for the profession and/or patient careThe intervention led to improvements in team approach and critical-thinking disposition across the course. The educational intervention also led to more time for self-learning. Future studies should include participants from various universities and evaluate the outcomes over a longer period. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - March 23, 2023 Category: Nursing Authors: Hiroaki Murata, Shoko Asakawa, Takao Kawamura, Hideki Yamauchi, Osamu Takahashi, Richard Henker Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Dose-Dependent Effects Of Amino Acids On Clinical Outcomes In Adult Medical Inpatients Exclusively Receiving Parenteral Nutrition: A Retrospective Cohort Study Using A Japanese Medical Claims Database
Rationale: Although recent guidelines have recommend adequate amino acid use as a part of parenteral nutrition, many patients have not received enough doses of amino acids as recommended, compared with the energy doses, in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of prescribed dose of amino acids on clinical outcomes in medical inpatients receiving parenteral nutrition. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - March 23, 2023 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Takagi, K. Murotani, S. Kamoshita, A. Kuroda Source Type: research

Relationship Between Parenteral Energy/Amino Acids And Clinical Outcomes In Long-Term Fasting Icu Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study Using Japanese Medical Claims Database
Rationale: Some critically ill patients cannot avoid depending on parenteral nutrition because they cannot receive enteral nutrition due to gastrointestinal dysfunctions or unstable cardiovascular dynamics. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between prescribed parenteral energy/amino acids and clinical outcomes during 4th to 7th day after ICU admission in the fasting (i.e., not take food orally or receive enteral nutrition (EN) during the period exceeding 7 days after ICU admission) and mechanically ventilated ICU patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - March 23, 2023 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Yasuda, Y. Horikoshi, S. Kamoshita, A. Kuroda, T. Moriya Source Type: research

Association Of Body Mass Index And Japanese College Sumo Wrestlers
Rationale: Obesity is a metabolic disease. Sumo wrestlers were expected to grow bigger in stature for improving athletic performance. Therefore, sumo wrestlers seem unhealthy. There are not enough data the association between metabolism with exercise habits and obesity classify by BMI. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - March 23, 2023 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. Sato, M. Nakajima, Y. Takeishi, K. Nakajima, K. Egawa, E. Watanabe Source Type: research

A non-interventional, questionnaire study of physicians based on their experience with a dietary fiber-containing whey peptide digestive formula
In this study, the impact of PP use on EFI and nutritional status of patients was investigated through a questionnaire to physicians. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - March 23, 2023 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Takano, Y. Kamada, S. Sakai, M. Ichikawa, M. Sasaki Source Type: research

Impact of Introducing Infliximab Biosimilars on Total Infliximab Consumption and Originator Infliximab Prices in Eight Regions: An Interrupted Time-Series Analysis
ConclusionsIntroduction of the first infliximab biosimilar was not consistently associated with increased consumption across regions. Additional policy and healthcare system interventions to support biosimilar infliximab adoption are needed. (Source: BioDrugs)
Source: BioDrugs - March 23, 2023 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Introduction of the new Editor-in-Chief of Brain & Development
Dr. Masafumi Morimoto has just taken office as the new Editor-in-Chief of Brain& Development. Dr. Morimoto is Professor in the Division of Pediatrics, Department of Medical Science, School of Nursing, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. He is an eminent researcher and clinician engaged in child neurology, and has treated many pediatric patients with neurological disorders, published numerous papers, and trained a number of young pediatric neurologists. (Source: Brain and Development)
Source: Brain and Development - March 23, 2023 Category: Neurology Authors: Katsuhiro Kobayashi Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Validation of quality indicators for evaluating geriatric pharmacotherapy services in primary care: a mixed methods study
Conclusions A set of 121 QIs for geriatric pharmacotherapy was field tested for their five measurement properties. This QI set can be used to identify patients who may benefit from clinician reviews of their medicines. These QIs may be applied at different levels within the healthcare system: patient, pharmacy, regional and national levels. Further mechanisms to automatically collect and report data should be established to facilitate sustainable quality improvement initiatives. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - March 23, 2023 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sato, N., Fujita, K., Okada, H., Kushida, K., Chen, T. F. Tags: Open access, Geriatric medicine Source Type: research

iPAPP: study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing safety and efficacy of intravenous paracetamol and indomethacin for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Introduction Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) causes severe morbidity in premature infants. Although the use of indomethacin is the standard therapy for PDA, it is sometimes not applicable because of its adverse effects, such as renal and platelet dysfunctions. Paracetamol has emerged as an alternative to indomethacin owing to its excellent safety profile in infants. Of the recently reported case series and clinical trials on the use of paracetamol for PDA, there are few reports in Japan on paracetamol use in preterm infants. Furthermore, indications for the use of paracetamol for PDA have not been approved for use in PDA. W...
Source: BMJ Open - March 23, 2023 Category: General Medicine Authors: Namba, F., Honda, M., Sakatani, S., Motojima, Y., Kikuchi, K., Sako, M., Ogawa, K., Mikami, M., Kawada, K., Fukuoka, N., Ueda, K. Tags: Open access, Paediatrics Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 5243: Correlation between Dietary Intake of Vitamins and Oral Health Behaviors: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aimed to investigate whether oral health behaviors were related to the dietary intake of vitamins. In this cross-sectional study, we included respondents of the 2016 national health and nutrition examination survey, and dental diseases from Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, findings of blood tests related to metabolic syndrome, dietary intake, oral health status, and behaviors were collected. Participants were divided into two groups based on their oral health behavior: the yes group (performed interdental cleaning or tongue brushing) and the no group (did not perform the behavio...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - March 23, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Moeka Ariizumi Maya Izumi Sumio Akifusa Tags: Article Source Type: research

Viruses, Vol. 15, Pages 813: Recent Advancements in Mosquito-Borne Flavivirus Vaccine Development
Qian Lately, the global incidence of flavivirus infection has been increasing dramatically and presents formidable challenges for public health systems around the world. Most clinically significant flaviviruses are mosquito-borne, such as the four serotypes of dengue virus, Zika virus, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus and yellow fever virus. Until now, no effective antiflaviviral drugs are available to fight flaviviral infection; thus, a highly immunogenic vaccine would be the most effective weapon to control the diseases. In recent years, flavivirus vaccine research has made major breakthroughs with sever...
Source: Viruses - March 23, 2023 Category: Virology Authors: Bingan Wu Zhongtian Qi Xijing Qian Tags: Review Source Type: research