Quantitative assessment of sediment delivery and retention in four watersheds in the Godavari River Basin, India, using InVEST  model - an aquatic ecosystem services perspective
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Nov 25. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-24013-5. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSediment export and retention are important ecosystem processes in any landscape causing soil erosion and sediment loading in waterways consequently affecting the health of aquatic habitats downstream. The present study quantifies sediment export and retention in four watersheds, viz., Hivra, Satrapur, Konta, and Jagdalpur in the Godavari River Basin, India, using Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-offs (InVEST) ecosystem service modelling tool. The results revealed that the sediment export yields range...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - November 26, 2022 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ganesan Kantharajan Panamanna Mahadevan Govindakrishnan Rajeev K Singh Estrada Carmona Natalia Sarah K Jones Achal Singh Vindhya Mohindra Nallur Kothanda Raman Krishna Kumar Jai C Rana Joy Krushna Jena Kuldeep K Lal Source Type: research

Ecological risk assessment and phytomanagement of trace metals in the sediments of mangroves associated with the Ramsar sites of Kerala, southern India
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Nov 25. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-24375-w. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study investigated trace metal accumulation in the sediments of three major mangrove ecosystems associated with the Ramsar sites of Kerala state, the ecological risks they pose, and the absorption, accumulation, and translocation of metals in five dominant mangrove species, as these systems are heavily impacted by anthropogenic interventions. The trace metal concentrations (mg kg-1) in the sediment of different mangrove habitats of Kerala ranged from 20 to 295 for Cu, 65 to 350 for Zn, 72 to 151 for Pb, 11 to 210 for...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - November 26, 2022 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Suseela Sreelekshmi Mahadevan Harikrishnan Sivasankaran Bijoy Nandan Muraleedharan Nair Sreelakshmi Joseph Philomina Kariyil Veettil Neethu Source Type: research

Prevalence of Tuberculosis and Mental Disorders Comorbidity: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
We examined TB-MD comorbidity prevalence and its impact on TB treatment outcomes as reported in studies set in the United States or in the top five countries of origin (Mexico, the Philippines, India, Vietnam, and China) for non-US –born persons with TB. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Scopus for articles published from database inception through September 2018. Of the 9 studies analyzed, one was set in the United States. The estimated pooled prevalence of comorbid TB-MD from eight non-US studies, wi th 2921 participants, was 34.0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 21.1%–49.5%]. Comorbid TB-MD prev...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 26, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Is achieving IGAP targets realistically possible without a major change in strategy? A view from India
Search terms: IGAP, Epilepsy treatment gap, Epilepsy in LMIC, IGAP India, Epilepsy surgery LMIC (Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy)
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - November 26, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Mamta Bhushan Singh, Ashish Suri Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Risk Factors and Current Trends in Maxillofacial Trauma: An Epidemiologic Study at a Major Trauma Center of North India
ConclusionRoad traffic accidents continue to be responsible for maximum trauma. Multidisciplinary assessment of every trauma victim is essential. This study can help formulate rigorous injury preventive schemes by distinguishing and analyzing maxillofacial trauma. Advocation and strict implementation of helmet and seatbelt use with heavy penalty for drinking and driving can lead to reduction of maxillofacial injuries. (Source: Oral Surgery)
Source: Oral Surgery - November 25, 2022 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Padmanidhi Agarwal, K. Neeraj, Gosla Reddy, Ashi Chug, Awaneesh Katiyar, Nouman Rashid, U. Vignesh, Kanav Jain Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

An Association Study of < b > < i > ESR < /i > < /b > 1 – < b > < i > Xba < /i > < /b > I and < b > < i > Pvu < /i > < /b > II Gene Polymorphism in Migraine Susceptibility in the Jammu Region
Conclusion: In conclusion,ESR1-XbaI polymorphism is significantly associated with migraine risk including both subtypes (MA and MO) in the North Indian population of Jammu.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - November 25, 2022 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Identification of novel exonic variants contributing to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer in West Indian population
Gene. 2022 Nov 22:147070. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2022.147070. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBreast and ovarian cancers are the most common cancer types in females worldwide and in India. Patients with these cancers require an early diagnosis which is essential for better prognosis, treatment and improved patient survival. Recently, the utilization of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based screening has accelerated molecular diagnosis of various cancers. In the present study, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) of 30 patients who had a first or second-degree relative with breast or ovarian cancer and are tested negative ...
Source: Gene - November 25, 2022 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Bhargav N Waghela Ramesh J Pandit Apurvasinh Puvar Franky D Shah Prabhudas S Patel Hemangini Vora Harsh Sheth Bhoomi Tarapara Shashank Pandya Chaitanya G Joshi Madhvi N Joshi Source Type: research

Vision guardians for community eye health: the LV Prasad Eye Institute model in India
Community Eye Health. 2022;35(115):24-26. Epub 2022 Sep 20.NO ABSTRACTPMID:36425853 | PMC:PMC9680605 (Source: Community Eye Health)
Source: Community Eye Health - November 25, 2022 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Srinivas Marmamula Rajashekar Varada Jachin D Williams Rohit C Khanna Source Type: research

Predictors of Postoperative Outcome in Emergency Laparotomy for Perforation Peritonitis; a Retrospective Cross-sectional Study
CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study, hypotension, azotaemia, coagulopathy, and delay in surgery, increase the risk of postoperative mortality of patients undergoing emergency laparotomy for perforation peritonitis. Tachycardia, hypotension, azotaemia, hypoalbuminemia, and pre-operative coagulopathy were good predictors of need for ICU admission. Shock at presentation, deranged renal function and coagulopathy were associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications.PMID:36426170 | PMC:PMC9676704 | DOI:10.22037/aaem.v10i1.1827 (Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing)
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - November 25, 2022 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Ankit Rai Farhanul Huda Praveen Kumar Lena Elizabath David Chezhian S Somprakas Basu Sudhir Singh Source Type: research

Comments on "Clinical, radiological and histopathological profile of patients with endobronchial lesions on fibreoptic bronchoscopy" by Sarma et al
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2022 Nov 23. doi: 10.4081/monaldi.2022.2467. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDear Editor, The article by Sharma et al. regarding endobronchial biopsy in 120 patients in northern India is an attempt to understand the clinical profile, etiology and pathology of the patients who presented with endobronchial findings...PMID:36426900 | DOI:10.4081/monaldi.2022.2467 (Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease)
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - November 25, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vidushi Rathi Pranav Ish Source Type: research

Zingiber officinale, Phyllanthus emblica, Cinnamomum verum, and Curcuma longa to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes: an Integrative Review
This article collected, tabulated, and summarized groundbreaking reveals from promising studies. This integrative review provides information on the hypoglycemic properties of ginger, Indian gooseberry, cinnamon, and turmeric and discusses the possibility of those herbs reducing the glycemic impact of a diet once incorporated. Further research should be done regarding the incorporation of these herbs successfully into a regular diet.PMID:36424773 | DOI:10.2174/1573399819666221124104401 (Source: Current Diabetes Reviews)
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - November 25, 2022 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Uththara Subodhini Wijewardhana Madhura Arunoda Jayasinghe Isuru Wijesekara K K D S Ranaweera Source Type: research

When quantity takes on a quality of its own: A retrospective exploration of the lived experience of cumulative harm
AbstractCumulative harm refers to the effects of an accumulation of adverse experiences in a child's life. An understanding of cumulative harm and its integration into practice frameworks, legislation, policy and service delivery is hailed as an imperative of critical social concern and has been demanded by researchers, practitioners, commissioners and coroners. However, there is minimal research exploring the nature and defining qualities of cumulative harm and the implications for individuals in adulthood. The present study uses interpretive phenomenological analysis to explore the lived experiences of cumulative harm in...
Source: Child Abuse Review - November 25, 2022 Category: Child Development Authors: India Bryce, Gavin Beccaria, Peter McIlveen, Jan Du Preez Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A Nursing School on Reservation Land
An associate degree in nursing program was established six years ago at the tribal college of the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, home of the Aaniiih and Nakoda people. As this program continues to evolve and grow, it offers a successful example of how to increase diversity in nursing and potentially improve the health outcomes of Native Americans living on and nearby reservation communities. (Source: AJN)
Source: AJN - November 25, 2022 Category: Nursing Tags: In the Community Source Type: research

Thrombolytic treatment of right atrial thrombus in a patient with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case report
AbstractRight atrial thrombus is a severe complication of central venous catheterization (CVC). Concomitant pulmonary embolism may aggravate the clinical picture by causing or increasing shortness of breath and decreasing effort capacity, palpitations, and tricuspid valve regurgitation. A 32-year-old female patient withB cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia receiving chemotherapy was treated with alteplase thrombolysis because of the development of catheter-related right atrial thrombus and accompanying pulmonary embolism. On echocardiography, it was observed that the thrombus in the right atrium had regressed completely, but...
Source: Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 25, 2022 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Salvage Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (sRARP) for Radiation-Recurrent Prostate Cancer: a Single-Center Experience
AbstractThis case series reported on five patients with radiation-recurrent localized prostate cancer (PCa) who underwent salvage robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (sRARP). Median postoperative follow-up period was 8  months. Median (range) peri-operative parameters such as operative time, the estimated blood loss, and length of hospital stay were 127 min (113–158), 61 ml (54–111), and 9 days (8–11), respectively. None of the five patients required conversion to an open approach or required a blood tra nsfusion, or experienced a rectal/ureteral injury. Urinary leakage was present in one patient (20%) at the in...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - November 25, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research