Namibia: Men in Oshana Encouraged to Get Circumcised

[New Era] Health directorate of Oshana region warned in December that circumcision should not be confused or misunderstood as the cure for HIV/AIDS, but merely a deterent. The directorate is encouraging men to get circumcised because circumcision lowers the chance of getting the HIV virus. The Oshakati Intermediate Hospital has an ongoing circumcision campaign but the health director said the number of men who come forward is not overwhelming.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: We recommend that the term general population be retired from the field's lexicon. HIV programmes should strengthen their capacity to describe the heterogeneity of those they serve and plan their interventions accordingly. To increase the efficiency and impact of the HIV response, it is urgent to stratify the category of general population by risk. Sexual networks are a promising basis for this stratification. PMID: 33000913 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
AIDS Education and Prevention,Volume 32, Issue 4, Page 356-366, August 2020.
Source: AIDS Education and Prevention - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
[WHO] Preventing heterosexually acquired HIV and achieving global HIV incidence goals require a combination of interventions. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is one of these interventions in settings with a high burden of HIV. New guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO) updates earlier recommendations on VMMC for HIV prevention.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAntiretroviral treatment (ART) can dramatically reduce the risk of HIV transmission, but the feasibility of scaling up HIV testing, linkage and treatment to very high population levels, and its impact on population HIV incidence, were unknown. We review key findings from a community-randomized trial in which we evaluated the impact of “universal test and treat” (UTT) on population HIV incidence in Botswana, a resource-constrained country with both high HIV prevalence and high ART coverage before study inception.Recent FindingsWe conducted a community-randomized trial (the “Ya Tsie...
Source: Current HIV/AIDS Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study we generated multi-factor profiles of HIV acquisition/transmission risk for men in Durban, South Africa, to help inform targeted programming and service delivery. METHODS: Data come from surveys with 947 men ages 20 to 40 conducted in two informal settlements from May to September 2017. Using latent class analysis (LCA), which detects a small set of underlying groups based on multiple dimensions, we identified classes based on nine HIV risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics. We then compared HIV service use between the classes. RESULTS: We identified four latent classes, with good model fi...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Efficacy of medical male circumcision on HIV incidence from randomized controlled trials was supported by effectiveness from observational studies in populations with diverse HIV risk and changing epidemic contexts. Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision remains an important evidence-based intervention for control of generalized HIV epidemics. PMID: 32558344 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Source: AIDS Care - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Patterns of HIV prevalence in Kenya suggest that areas where various cultural practices are prevalent bear a disproportionate burden of HIV. This paper examines (i) the contextual effects of cultural practices (polygyny, male circumcision) and related sexual behaviour factors on HIV prevalence and (ii) the extent to which specific cultural practices in a community/county might explain existing ethnic variations in HIV prevalence in Kenya. The analysis applies multilevel logistic regression to data from the 2012/13 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey. The results reveal striking ethnic variations in HIV prevalence...
Source: Culture, Health and Sexuality - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cult Health Sex Source Type: research
Male circumcision confers partial protection against heterosexual HIV acquisition among men. The President ’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has supported> 18,900,000 voluntary medical male circumcisi...
Source: BMC Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
This study was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data collected during sentinel surveillance for STI aetiologies. In the sentinel surveillance conducted at primary care facilities located in six South African provinces, an anonymous questionnaire was administered followed by collection of appropriate genital and blood specimens for laboratory testing including HIV, rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and HSV-2 serological testing. During analysis, multivariable logistic regression was used to determine association between prevalent HIV infection and male circumcision among males who were HSV-2 AND/OR RPR serology positive and ...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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