Ischemic stroke in greyhounds

Stroke can be the result of ischemic or hemorrhagic events that cause decreased perfusion to the entire brain or to a specific region of the brain. Ischemic stroke is the result of vascular occlusion secondary to a thrombus or embolus. Hemorrhagic stroke is the result of bleeding.
Source: Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery - Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Neurology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 4 February 2019Source: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical SciencesAuthor(s): Ting Huang, Ni Li, Jianqing GaoAbstractThrombus formed in blood vessel is a progressive process, which would lead to life-threatening thrombotic diseases such as ischemic stroke. Unlike other diseases, the recognition of thrombus is usually in the late stage where blood vessels are largely blocked. So acute thrombotic diseases have a narrow therapeutic window, and remain leading causes of morbidity and mortality, whereas current thrombolysis therapy has limited therapeutic effects and bleeding complications. Th...
Source: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study details the design of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study – a postauthorization observational study, which is part of the postapproval plan for edoxaban agreed with the European Medicines Agency. Methods The ETNA-AF-Europe study (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02944019) is a multicenter, prospective, observational study that enrolled 13 980 patients with atrial fibrillation treated with edoxaban from 852 sites across 10 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerl...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Trial design Source Type: research
Conclusions: In patients who are on OAC with vitamin K antagonist and underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, no significant differences were found in mortality, ischemic, and hemorrhagic complications between the patients treated with TT and DT. Thus, tailored treatment based on individual thromboembolic and bleeding risk might be the most reasonable approach in these patients.
Source: American Journal of Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
There are no evidence-based guidelines for antithrombotic therapy in left ventricular assist device patients. We evaluated the efficacy of a multi-agent, test-guided protocol, which remained consistent throughout our use of the Heartware HVAD. Thrombelastography and platelet function analyzer (PFA)-100 guide antiplatelet titration. Goals are normal kaolin thrombelastography maximum amplitude and prolonged PFA-100. We analyzed incidence and rates of nonprocedural bleeding, stroke, and pump thrombosis for all 81 primary Heartware left ventricular assist devices implanted since 2011. For each event, we examined whether each t...
Source: ASAIO Journal - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Adult Circulatory Support Source Type: research
Authors: Kreuziger LB, Massicotte MP Abstract Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is the overarching term that encompasses the temporary and durable devices used in patients with severe heart failure. MCS disturbs the hematologic and coagulation system, leading to platelet activation, activation of the contact pathway of coagulation, and acquired von Willebrand syndrome. Ischemic stroke and major hemorrhage occur in up to 30% of patients. Hematologists are an essential part of the MCS team because they understand the delicate balance between bleeding and clotting and alteration of hemostasis with antithrombotic th...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
AbstractStrong evidence for the use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in the early phase of non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)-related acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is lacking, because this kind of patients were excluded from phase III randomized clinical trials (RCT) and ad hoc RCTs are ongoing. In the latest years a lot of real life studies on this topic have been published. The aim of our review was to focus on these. We reviewed the PubMed databases searching articles reporting on DOACs starting time within 2 weeks from AIS onset. We selected fifteen studies, eight with retrospective, six with prospective observ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusions:Our analysis found that the rate of reports of death and MI were higher with rFVIIa than other procoagulants, while reports of ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage were more common with PCCs. rFVIIa has been associated with cardiovascular before, a finding reiterated by our study. There are notable limitations of this type of analysis, including the reliance on the accurate reporting of adverse events to the FDA, possibility of duplications of reports in the FAERS database, and the importance of not conflating correlation with causation as it relates to these events. The association between rFVIIa and in...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 901. Health Services Research-Non-Malignant Conditions: Poster III Source Type: research
This study utilizes a national electronic health record (EHR) database to understand clinical outcomes with use of second-line treatments including: thrombopoietin receptor agonists (specifically, eltrombopag and romiplostim), rituximab, and splenectomy.METHODS: Utilizing the Optum EHR database, we identified patients who initiated a second-line treatment from Jan. 1, 2009 to Sep. 30, 2016 for primary or unspecified ITP. Additionally, patients included in the analysis had the following characteristics: 18 years or older; previous treatment with corticosteroids or immune globulin products; and active in the database for at ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 311. Disorders of Platelet Number or Function: Poster II Source Type: research
Background: Traditional prothrombin time (PT) based international normalized ratio (INR) is often highly variable. Often this is caused by rapid factor VII reductions due to its short (4 hour) half-life. Thus, factor VII variation is an important confounder during vitamin K antagonist (VKA) dosing. Furthermore, prior studies have demonstrated that factor VII reductions only minimally influence the antithrombotic effect and bleeding risk of VKA, the clinical effect depending mainly on controlled reduction of factors II and X. Therefore, ignoring the influence of FVII during VKA monitoring has the potential to simplify manag...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Poster I Source Type: research
Conclusion:The findings from our study indicate that SCD patients have a high cumulative incidence of bleeding. While the increased incidence of intracranial, urological, and retinal bleeding has been previously described and are confirmed here, we present the novel finding that SCD patients also have a high incidence of GI bleeding, the majority of which are from an upper GI source. The association of hemorrhagic stroke with a history of ischemic stroke is also confirmed. The association of bleeding with VTE is likely due, at least in part, to anticoagulation. Further studies on the causes and risk factors for GI bleeding...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Organ Damage and Clinical Complications in Sickle Cell Disease Source Type: research
More News: Bleeding | Brain | Hemorrhagic Stroke | Ischemic Stroke | Neurology | Neurosurgery | Perfusion | Stroke | Thrombosis | Veterinary Research