Predictors of Poor Hospital Discharge Outcome in Acute Stroke Due To Atrial Fibrillation

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Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: CE Test: Online Only Source Type: research

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AbstractStroke after catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a potential complication with long term consequences. Aim of this study was to determine incidence and potential predictors of stroke and left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi after AF ablation with cryo-energy. Two hundred nine consecutive patients with symptomatic drug refractory AF (65% male; 61  ± 11 yo, 69% paroxysmal AF, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score 2  ± 1.4) were enrolled between October 2012 until December 2015. Long term follow-up was performed with outpatient clinic visits at 6-month intervals. Incidence ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with kidney failure and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, treatment with apixaban was not associated with a lower incidence of new stroke, transient ischemic attack, or systemic thromboembolism but was associated with a higher incidence of fatal or intracranial bleeding. PMID: 32444398 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
Occult atrial fibrillation (AF) can be the underlying cause for cryptogenic stroke (CS). Implantable loop recorders (ILRs) have become an important tool for long-term arrhythmia monitoring in CS patients. Office-based ILR implantation by non-electrophysiologist physicians is increasingly common. To report the real world diagnostic yield and accuracy of remote ILR monitoring in high risk CS patients, we retrospectively analyzed 145 consecutive patients with CS who underwent ILR implantation between October 2014 and October 2018 at New York University Langone Health.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe left atrial appendage (LAA) has been identified as a site of thrombus formation in the heart and as a source of embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, leading to stroke. Studies suggest that LAA closure may reduce the risk for stroke and the need for anticoagulation; conversely, incomplete closure can increase the stroke risk almost 12 ‐fold. Because open heart surgery is associated with increased risk for subsequent stroke, surgeons generally prefer to close the LAA during heart surgery, as recommended in current atrial fibrillation management guidelines. Building on trends toward minimally invasive ...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research
Conclusions: Evidence indicates that each DOAC may have differences in outcomes when used in patients with a high BW/BMI. Currently, low-quality data are available that support avoiding dabigatran and considering apixaban or rivaroxaban; lack of sufficient data preclude a recommendation for edoxaban use in this patient population. PMID: 32443941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewExcessive supraventricular ectopic activity (ESVEA), in the form of frequent premature atrial contractions (PACs) and runs of PACs, is commonly observed in clinical practice and is frequently considered to be benign. Yet, recent studies have demonstrated a link between ESVEA and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the association between ESVEA and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, and mortality.Recent FindingsA systematic search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library up to December 2017 to identify studies assessing adverse ca...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Kuronuma K, Okumura Y, Morikawa T, Yokoyama K, Matsumoto N, Tachibana E, Oiwa K, Matsumoto M, Kojima T, Haruta H, Nomoto K, Sonoda K, Arima K, Kogawa R, Takahashi F, Kotani T, Ohkubo K, Fukushima S, Itou S, Kondo K, Chiku M, Ohno Y, Onikura M, Hirayama A, SAKURA AF Registry Investigators Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) often coexist. The aims of this study were to explore the factors associated with the serum levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and the association between prognosis and a history of HF or the serum NT-proBNP level in Japanese patients wit...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been identified as an individual risk factor for stroke and thrombosis. Concurrently, ischaemic stroke caused by nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) has attracted increasing att...
Source: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractAimsRight ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) is a common finding in Anderson –Fabry disease (AFD), but the prognostic role of right ventricular (RV) involvement has never been assessed. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of RVH and RV systolic function in AFD.Methods and resultsForty ‐five AFD patients (56% male patients) with extensive baseline evaluation, including assessment of RVH and RV systolic function, were followed‐up for an average of 51.2 ± 11.4 months. RV systolic function was assessed by standard and tissue Doppler echocardiography. Cardiovascula...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
AbstractEdoxaban, alongside other direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC), is increasingly used for prevention of thromboembolism, including stroke. Despite DOAC therapy, however, annual stroke rate in patients with atrial fibrillation remains 1 –2%. Rapid exclusion of relevant anticoagulation is necessary to guide thrombolysis or reversal therapy but, so far, no data exists on the effect of edoxaban on available point-of-care test systems (POCT). To complete our previous investigation on global coagulation-POCT for the detection of DOAC, we evaluated whether CoaguChek®-INR (CC-INR) is capable of safely ruling out edox...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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