Enteropathogen co-infection in UK cats with diarrhoea

Conclusions: Multiple infections should be considered the most likely result of faecal testing in cats, and case management needs to take this into account. In contrast, the relatively high percentage of cats negative for all 8 enteropathogens tested could indicate an innate resistance to infection. Alternatively it could indicate a lack of exposure to these 8 enteropathogens or the presence of other enteropathogens not assessed by this assay.
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research

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This study demonstrated that HBCS could in turn lock moisture, can promote immunocompetence activity, can inhibit fibrosarcoma cell migration, and exhibits anti-bacterial functionality. Taken together, these results indicate that HBCS shows substantial promise for applications in cosmetics, biomedicine, and antibacterial therapies.
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Shunmugavel Uma Maheshwari, Sundarajan Amutha, Rangasamy Anandham, Ganapathyswamy Hemalatha, Natesan Senthil, Soon Woo Kwon, Natesan SivakumarAbstract:Panchamirtham is a fermented fruit mix made from natural fermentation of fruits (banana, brown sugar, seedless dates, sugar candy, honey, cardamom and ghee), which offers multiple health benefits to human. Research on fermented foods for probiotic microorganisms remains scarce compared to other dairy products. Hence, this present study was aimed to characterise the cultivable bacteria associated with panc...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life, Volume 22Author(s): Sofía Collazo-Bigliardi, Rodrigo Ortega-Toro, Amparo ChiraltAbstractHydrothermal (60 min, 180 °C) extracts and cellulose fibres from coffee and rice husks were obtained to be incorporated into corn starch films, in order to improve the film functional properties as food packaging material and confer them active properties. Extracts exhibited antioxidant properties (EC50: 5.37–5.29 mg extract solids/mg DPPH) and antibacterial activity against Listeria innocua and Escheriquia coli (MIC values: 35&nd...
Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study showed that the two ClO2 generation methods are suitable and effective for decontamination of produce. The correlation between the cumulative ppm-h and pathogen reduction was independent of the quantity of products and other factors that may affect the consumption rate of ClO2. Therefore, the treatment parameters obtained from this study can be used for decontamination applications of similar scale or as references for evaluating using ClO2 gas for decontamination of tomatoes, blueberries, and baby-cut carrots in commercial-scale trials.
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In conclusion, using a simple, fast, and inexpensive detection method, such as LAMP, especially in endemic regions or in an outbreak to control spreading of pathogens, is very important for public health.
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: 10 October 2019Source: Journal of Biotechnology, Volume 304Author(s): Melissa Horvat, Giuseppe Fiume, Susanne Fritsche, Margit WinklerAbstractA novel type III fungal CAR was identified from the organism Thermothelomyces thermophila. High expression levels were observed in E. coli using the pETDuet-1 plasmid system in combination with an autoinduction protocol. A broad substrate scope ranging from aromatic to aliphatic carboxylic acids was tested and TtCAR showed activity for all substrates. High specific activities for aromatic substrates and short chain aliphatic substrates were observed, comparable to t...
Source: Journal of Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, MR-1 immobilized on an electrode electrocatalyzes the oxidation of [Fe(CN)6]4- to [Fe(CN)6]3- efficiently and selectively. The selectivity depends on midpoint potential and overall charge(s) of redox molecules. Among 12 investigated redox molecules, the negatively charged molecules with high midpoint potentials, i.e., [Ru(CN)6]4- and [Fe(CN)6]4-, show strong electrocatalysis. Neither reference bacteria (Escherichia coli K-12 nor Streptococcus mutans) electrocatalyze the oxidation of [Fe(CN)6]4-. The electrocatalysis decays when MR-1 is covered with palladium nanoparticles presumptively involved with cytochro...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): M. Harshiny, S. AiswaryaDevi, M. MatheswaranAbstractIn the recent period, nanomaterial with enhanced multifunctional activity and less mammalian toxicity were greatly required. With this perception, the stability, cytotoxicity and antimicrobial, photocatalytic traits of Amaranthus spinosus leaf extract (B-FeO NPs) and sodium borohydride (C-FeO NPs) abridged iron oxide nanoparticles were studied. The analysis results confirmed that B-FeO NPs have better physicochemical characters than C-FeO NPs. The NPs cytotoxicit...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, activated carbon felt (C3P1AC1) fabricated by combining coconut-shell activated carbon powder (CSAC), carbon fiber, and cellulose fiber was used as the anode electrode in an Escherichia coli (E. coli) biofilm-inoculated MFC. CSAC ratio in the C3P1AC1 anodes was varied from 0 to 75 wt%, called C3P1AC1-X (X = 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, and 75), to investigate the effectiveness of CSAC on the performance of the anode. The C3P1AC1 anodes were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDS, and sheet resistance measurement. The maximum power density of the MFC has increased 7.2-fold from 0.53μWcm-2 when using the...
Source: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research
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