Bone-stromal cells up-regulate tumourigenic markers in a tumour-stromal 3D model of prostate cancer

Conclusions: Collectively our results suggest that both PC3 and HS5 cells provide a "protective" and reciprocal milieu that promotes tumour growth. As such 3D co-cultures may serve as a more complex and valid biological model in the drug discovery pipeline.
Source: BioMed Central - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we found that lncRNA FEZF1-AS1 promoted chemoresistance, autophagy and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through regulation of miR-25-3p/ITGB8 axis in PC, providing a new regulatory mechanism of PC and a novel therapeutic target. PMID: 32196579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
by Ik-Hwan Han, Hyun-Ouk Song, Jae-Sook RyuTrichomonas vaginalis (Tv), a protozoan parasite causing sexually-transmitted disease, has been detected in tissue of prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa). IL-6, a mediator of chronic inflammation, induces the progression of prostate cancer, and influences the polarization of M2 macrophages, which are the main tumor-associated macrophages. We investigated whether IL-6 produced by human prostate epithelial cells stimulated withTv induces the M2 polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages, which in turn promotes the progression of PCa. Conditioned ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionIn conclusion, macrophages were recruited into the prostate epithelium and presented diverse phenotypes and morphology, consistent with changes reflected in the hormonal environment. Macrophages with the TAM phenotype were found restricted to areas of premalignant and malignant lesions in aging prostates, denoting a possible involvement in cancer progression. In contrast, M2 macrophages were found in the regressed epithelium after castration.
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
In this study, a new protocol involves three-component condensation of the 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole as a 1,3-binucleophile, versatile aldehydes and N-methyl-1-(methylthio)-2-nitroethenamine as an enamine analogous in the presence of trichloroacetic acid as a Brønsted-Lowry acidic promoter leads to new functionalized N-alkyl-6-nitro-3,5-dihydro-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-7-amine in moderate to good yields. The presence of five nitrogen heteroatoms in the product structure has gathered immense attention among chemists and biologists due to their biological values. Therefore, we evaluated the anti-tumor activity of ...
Source: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Bioorg Med Chem Lett Source Type: research
Abstract Recent studies revealed that the histone demethylase KDM2B regulates the epithelial markers E-Cadherin and ZO-1, the RhoA/B/C-small-GTPases and actin cytoskeleton organization, in DU-145 prostate- and HCT-116 colon-tumor cells. Here we addressed the role of KDM2B in the activation of Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK)-signaling and its involvement in regulating tumor cell motility. We used RT-PCR for gene transcriptional analysis, Western blotting for the assessment of protein expression and activity and wound-healing assay for the study of cell migration. KDM2B overexpression or silencing controls the activity ...
Source: Cancer Biology and Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer Biol Ther Source Type: research
Identifying new mechanisms that underlie the complex process of metastasis is vital to combat this fatal step in prostate cancer (PCa) progression. Small non-coding RNAs are emerging as important regulators of tumor cell biology. Here we take an integrative approach to elucidate the contribution of microRNAs to metastatic progression, combining transcriptomic analysis with functional screens for migration and morphology. We developed high-content microscopy, high-throughput functional screens for migration and morphology in PCa cells using a microRNA library. RNA-Seq analysis of paired epithelial and mesenchymal PCa cells ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Kavita Shah Multifunctional protein YBX1 upregulation promotes castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). However, YBX1 protein abundance, but not its DNA status or mRNA levels, predicts CRPC recurrence, although the mechanism remains unknown. Similarly, the mechanism by which YBX1 regulates androgen receptor (AR) signaling remains unclear. We uncovered the first molecular mechanism of YBX1 upregulation at a post-translational level. YBX1 was identified as an Aurora Kinase-A (AURKA) substrate using a chemical screen. AURKA phosphorylates YBX1 at two key residues, which stabilizes it and promotes its nuclear transloca...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION The present results indicate that a stronger cytotoxic effect was induced by modulating the dose-rate in a cancer cell-dependent manner, this suggesting that choose the dose-rate based on the individual patient's tumor characteristics could be strategic for effective RT exposures. PMID: 32149569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
ConclusionBased on the vesicular cargo, the molecular constituents, the exosomes have the potential to change the fate of macrophage phenotypes, either M1, classically activated macrophages, or M2, alternatively activated macrophages. In this review, we discuss and describe the ability of tumor-derived exosomes in the mechanism of macrophage activation and polarization.
Source: Inflammation Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Abstract Myeloid-derived suppressor cells with polymorphonuclear morphology (PMN-MDSCs) contribute to the progression and immune evasion of prostate cancer. However, the spatial distribution of tumor-infiltrating PMN-MDSCs in primary and metastatic prostate cancer, especially in the context of comparison between the epithelial and stromal compartments of the tumor, has not been characterized. Here, we describe a multicolor immunofluorescence staining study of 90 primary tumors, 37 lymph node metastases (all with matched primary tumors) and 35 bone metastases using archived samples. CD11b+ CD15+ cells were identifi...
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Pathol Clin Res Source Type: research
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