West Africa: Polio Spreads to Ethiopia
[VOA]A polio outbreak on the Horn of Africa has spread to Ethiopia.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a worldwide effect for what seems like an eternity. After shelter-in-place orders became more prevalent in March, most people probably didn’t think they’d still be wearing masks in October. So the question remains, when will the pandemic end? It turns out there are quite a few factors that contribute to the rise and fall of a pandemic, some within our control, some that are not. An outbreak becomes a pandemic when it meets two criteria, first, it spreads rapidly and widely, and second, it must qualify as a severe disease. If either of these factors change, it is no long...
Conclusions: As Karbala response to polio outbreak met the target global indicators and standards of polio surveillance. The circulation of the virus in this locality was interrupted and further transmission of the disease is unlikely.
Background: Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a member of the Picornaviridae family of single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. EV-D68 infection has historically been associated with respiratory illnesses in humans. However, in the summers of 2014, 2016, and 2018 EV-D68 outbreaks coincided with a spike in polio-like acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) cases. This raised concerns that EV-D68 could be the causative agent of AFM during these recent outbreaks.
Background: Whilst wild polio outbreaks are becoming a distant memory, vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) outbreaks are increasing in incidence. For many countries currently experiencing VDPV outbreaks (Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, etc.) it has been many years since polio has been observed and the optimal location of vaccination campaigns are uncertain.
[PR Newswire] Amman, Jordan -- "The recent vaccine-derived polio outbreaks confirmed in Yemen and Sudan are consequences of increasingly low levels of immunity among children. Each outbreak has paralysed children in areas that have been extremely difficult if not impossible to reach with routine or supplementary polio vaccination for extended periods of time.
(Natural News) Just a week after the World Health Organization announced that their lengthy polio vaccination campaign in Africa was a success, it emerged that their oral vaccine has actually spurred yet another new outbreak of the disease there. The new outbreak is being seen in Sudan, where two children were paralyzed shortly after being...
We describe here the three main infectious causes of epidemics that affect the peripheral nervous system: leprosy, poliomyelitis and diphtheria. We then discuss the main epidemics of immune-mediated origin.
We are tantalisingly close to eradicating the disease. Things may slip backwards because of science, thugs and exponents of ignorancePolio arrives, if it announces itself at all, as a high temperature. Or a sore throat. Maybe a headache, or an upset stomach. It can go within a week or so, and be mistaken for flu. It is transmitted by poor hygiene, largely affects children under five, and many don ’t realise they’ve had it. In 5-10% of cases, however, the virus affects the nerves, paralysing the legs in particular; sometimes it reaches the lungs. For most, this is temporary. For others –30 years ago, this ...
PMID: 32853189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This report describes how disruptions in routine immunizations because of the COVID-19 pandemic have elevated the risk for increases in vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio in Africa and the Philippines.