Childhood eye examination.
Childhood eye examination. Am Fam Physician. 2013 Aug 15;88(4):241-8 Authors: Bell AL, Rodes ME, Collier Kellar L Abstract Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in examining children. Screening can reveal conditions commonly treated in primary care and can aid in discussion of visual concerns with parents or caregivers. Vision screening begins with a review of family and personal vision history to identify risk factors requiring referral, including premature birth, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, and a family history of strabismus, amblyopia, retinoblastoma, childhood glaucoma, childhood cataracts, or ocular or genetic systemic disease. Visual acuity measurement and external ocular examination are performed to recognize refractive error, childhood glaucoma, and various ocular conditions. Evaluation of fixation and alignment can identify amblyopia or strabismus. Red reflex examination is used to diagnose retinoblastoma, childhood cataracts, and other ocular abnormalities. PMID: 23944727 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: Content validity of the CABA was supported. Construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness require further study. What this adds to the evidence: The CABA has potential to offer clinicians and researchers a clinically practical measure of postural alignment for children with cerebral palsy. Preliminary investigation of CABA shows good content validity. However, more studies to assess the assessments' psychometrics including construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness are required.
Conclusions: Tests of balance and vestibular-related function may help guide clinical management of children with CP.
Conclusions: A photography-based goniometer can be a reliable and valid tool when measuring range of motion in children with cerebral palsy.
Conclusion: Respondents reported that barriers are complex and exist at the individual, family, team, and societal levels. Further research is needed to explore barriers and solutions at each of these levels, from meeting a child's individual medical needs to improving interprofessional communication to increasing equitable access to resources.
This study was designed to measure retinal perfusion density changes on optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography and OCT thickness alterations associated with acutely increased IOP after intravitreal injections. Methods: Retrospective observational clinical study of 40 eyes (39 patients) with various retinopathies from October 2016 to June 2017 at a tertiary care retina clinic in NYC. Patients were older than 18 years, with vision>20/100, able to fixate and without media opacities precluding OCT angiography, receiving intravitreal bevacizumab or aflibercept for diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, macu...
Abstract Takotsubo syndrome (TTS), also known as stress cardiomyopathy, is a type of acute heart failure syndrome triggered by intense psychological or physiological stress. TTS typically manifests as acute chest pain, dyspnea or syncope that mimics an acute myocardial infarction but does not involve coronary artery obstruction. The current understanding of the pathogenesis of TTS suggests that sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation plays a central role. Specifically, stress can activate the SNS and lead to the over-release of catecholamine, which have toxic effects on myocardial tissue when present at excess...
ZO-1 associates with α3 integrin and connexin43 in trabecular meshwork and Schlemm's canal cells. Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol. 2020;12(1):1-10 Authors: Li X, Acott TS, Nagy JI, Kelley MJ Abstract Cellular structures that perform essential homeostatic functions include tight junctions, gap junctions, desmosomes and adherens junctions. The aqueous humor, produced by the ciliary body, passes into the anterior chamber of the eye and is filtered by the trabecular meshwork (TM), a tiny tissue found in the angle of the eye. This tissue, along with Schlemm's canal (SC) inner wall cells, is thoug...
Publication date: Available online 26 March 2020Source: Meta GeneAuthor(s): Omid Daneshjoo, Ali hosseini, Masoud Garshasbi, Antonio Pizzuti
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Marguerite C. Weinert, David K. Wallace, Sharon F. Freedman, J. Wayne Riggins, Keith J. Gallaher, S. Grace Prakalapakorn
Publication date: Available online 26 March 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Dawn K. DeCarlo, Elizabeth Forte, Liyan Gao, Gerald McGwin, Cynthia Owsley