Thyroid carcinoma, version 2.2014.
Thyroid carcinoma, version 2.2014. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2014 Dec;12(12):1671-80 Authors: Tuttle RM, Haddad RI, Ball DW, Byrd D, Dickson P, Duh QY, Ehya H, Haymart M, Hoh C, Hunt JP, Iagaru A, Kandeel F, Kopp P, Lamonica DM, Lydiatt WM, McCaffrey J, Moley JF, Parks L, Raeburn CD, Ridge JA, Ringel MD, Scheri RP, Shah JP, Sherman SI, Sturgeon C, Waguespack SG, Wang TN, Wirth LJ, Hoffmann KG, Hughes M Abstract These NCCN Guidelines Insights focus on some of the major updates to the 2014 NCCN Guidelines for Thyroid Carcinoma. Kinase inhibitor therapy may be used to treat thyroid carcinoma that is symptomatic and/or progressive and not amenable to treatment with radioactive iodine. Sorafenib may be considered for select patients with metastatic differentiated thyroid carcinoma, whereas vandetanib or cabozantinib may be recommended for select patients with metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma. Other kinase inhibitors may be considered for select patients with either type of thyroid carcinoma. A new section on "Principles of Kinase Inhibitor Therapy in Advanced Thyroid Cancer" was added to the NCCN Guidelines to assist with using these novel targeted agents. PMID: 25505208 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Our finding suggests that hTERT polymorphisms rs10069690 and rs2736100 are associated with increased risk for PTC in Chinese female population and rs2736100 may be related to age. Consistent with US20170360914 and US20170232075, they are expected to be potential molecular target for anti-cancer therapy. PMID: 31538903 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: In MTC patients with increased Ctn and no known distant metastases, F-18-Dopa PET/CT is more sensitive to detect structural disease than any other imaging modality, including WB MRI. PMID: 31530235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Expression of a constitutively activated ALK mutant in thyroids of mice leads to development of metastasizing thyroid cancer resembling human PDTC. These results demonstrate in vivo that increased ALK activity is a driver mechanism in thyroid carcinogenesis. PMID: 31526103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Bonk S, Kluth M, Hube-Magg C, Polonski A, Soekeland G, Makropidi-Fraune G, Möller-Koop C, Witt M, Luebke AM, Hinsch A, Burandt E, Steurer S, Clauditz TS, Schlomm T, Perez D, Graefen M, Heinzer H, Huland H, Izbicki JR, Wilczak W, Minner S, Sauter G, Simon R Abstract To assess the prognostic and diagnostic utility of PSA immunostaining, tissue microarrays containing 17,747 prostate cancers, 3,442 other tumors from 82 different (sub) types and 608 normal tissues were analyzed at two different antibody concentrations (1:100 and 1:800). In normal tissues, PSA expression was limited to prostate epithelial c...
wkins Thyroid cancer is rare in the pediatric population, but thyroid carcinomas occurring in children carry a unique set of clinical, pathologic, and molecular characteristics. In comparison to adults, children more often present with aggressive, advanced stage disease. This is at least in part due to the underlying biologic and molecular differences between pediatric and adult thyroid cancer. Specifically, papillary thyroid carcinoma (which accounts for approximately 90% of pediatric thyroid cancer) has a high rate of gene fusions which influence the histologic subtypes encountered in pediatric thyroid tumors, are as...
teo Landriscina The Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (RAS)/v-raf-1 murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1 (RAF)/mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK) signaling cascade is the most important oncogenic pathway in human cancers. Tumors leading mutations in the gene encoding for v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) serine-threonine kinase are reliant on the MAPK signaling pathway for their growth and survival. Indeed, the constitutive activation of MAPK pathway results in continuous stimulation of cell proliferation, enhancement of the apoptotic threshold and induction of a migratory and met...
ConclusionsPET/CT was useful for early detection of EPCs. The use of PET/CT for the early detection and treatment of EPCs with no symptoms can improve treatment outcomes.
Pleural metastasis of thyroid carcinoma is very rarely encountered in the evaluation of pleural effusion and diagnosis may be challenging. However, an anaplastic transformation of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), although a rare condition, should be considered even after a prolonged period of patient follow ‐up. Here we report a case of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma mimicking malignant pleural mesothelioma diagnosed nine years after the initial diagnosis of PTC and detail the clues used to orient and confirm the diagnosis.