Cerebral basis of posttraumatic stress disorder following the Chernobyl disaster.

CONCLUSIONS: PTSD following radiation emergency is characterized by comorbidity of psychopathology, neurocognitive deficit, and cerebrovascular pathology with increased risk of cerebral atherosclerosis and stroke. The cerebral basis of this PTSD is proposed to be an abnormal communication between the pyramidal cells of the neocortex and the hippocampus, and deep brain structures. It is recommended that a system of emergency and long-term psychological and psychiatric care be organized for the survivors in Fukushima Daichi, Japan. PMID: 23445934 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research

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In a blog post last week, I shared an excerpt from the new book that Paul Cerrato and I just completed,The Transformative Power of Mobile Medicine. Here is a second excerpt from Chapter 3,  “Exploring the Strengths and Weaknesses of Mobile Health Apps.”Even patients who are fully engaged in their own care still need access to medical apps they can trust. The IQVIA Institute for Human Data Science has performed a detailed analysis of the clinical evidence supporting mobile health apps, rating their maturity and relative quality. Its rating scale places a single observational study near the bottom of th...
Source: Life as a Healthcare CIO - Category: Information Technology Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe challenges and impacts of stroke most commonly reported by dyads were: uncertainty about future health, fear of recurrent strokes, negative emotions, and role changes post-stroke. Dyads and nurses agreed that resiliency skills such as mindfulness/focusing on the present, problem solving, gratitude/optimism, self-care, interpersonal communication and developing a supportive team of family, friends, and medical staff are beneficial to optimize recovery. The potential barrier to intervention delivery was accessibility, due to challenges of time and travel to appointments. Participants agreed that starting the i...
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Laura A. Stein, Emily Goldmann, Ahmad Zamzam, Jean M. Luciano, Steven R. Mess é, Brett L. Cucchiara, Scott E. Kasner, Michael T. Mullen
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation treatment that involves the induction of electrical currents in a targeted region of the brain with the ability to impact various functional processes (Chervyakov  et al., 2015). rTMS has shown to provide clinical improvement among a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders and has been FDA-approved for treatment resistant depression (TRD). rTMS continues to undergo trials for other treatment indications including post-traumatic stress disorder (PT SD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), bipolar depression, schizophren...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Conclusion. Modafinil is a central nervous system stimulant with well-established effectiveness in the treatment of narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder. There is conflicting evidence about the benefits of modafinil in the treatment of fatigue and EDS secondary to TBI. One randomized, controlled study states that modafinil does not significantly improve patient wakefulness, while another concludes that modafinil corrects EDS but not fatigue. An observational study provides evidence that modafinil increases alertness in fatigued patients with past medical history of brainstem diencephalic stroke or multiple scleros...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Review excessive daytime sleep fatigue head injury modafinil stroke TBI traumatic brain injury Source Type: research
Conclusions: Compared to noncombat veterans in the United States, combat veterans have elevated rates of PTSD, suicide attempt, stroke, and chronic pain independent of other sociodemographic, military, and mental health factors. Younger combat veterans have elevated rates of PTSD, suicidal ideation, and migraine headaches, while older combat veterans have elevated rates of heart disease and heart attack. These results characterize the population-based burden of mental and physical health conditions in combat veterans. They further underscore the importance of age- and condition-sensitive screening, monitoring, and treatmen...
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
What is the common denominator of behavioral psychology, pain management, medical training, rehabilitation and meditation? The answer is virtual reality. I believe that within a few years, VR will be a game-changer in these areas. Thus, it is high time to enlist the most important VR companies in healthcare. VR is conquering new heigths in terms of healthcare and sales figures Medical VR is an area with fascinating possibilities. It has not just moved the imagination of science-fiction fans, but also clinical researchers and real life medical practitioners. As a doctor, you could assist in the OR without ever lifting a sca...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Virtual Reality in Medicine future GC1 Healthcare Innovation meditation pain management Personalized medicine psychology rehabilitation VR Source Type: blogs
Conclusion This intriguing study sets out a possible pathway by which the effects of stress on the brain could translate into inflammation in the blood vessels, and so raise the risks of cardiovascular disease. This would help to explain why people living in stressful situations, or with illnesses such as depression and anxiety, are more at risk of heart attacks and strokes. However, there are important limitations to the study which mean we should treat the findings with caution. The main study of 293 people was relatively small for a long-term study looking at cardiovascular disease, and only 22 people had a cardiovascul...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Mental health Source Type: news
A new technique of analyzing brain patterns appears to help people overcome fear and build self-confidence.The approach, developed by a UCLA-led team of neuroscientists, is described in two new papers, published in the journals Nature Communications and Nature Human Behaviour.Their method could have implications for treating people with depression, dementia and anxiety disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, said Hakwan Lau, a UCLA associate professor of psychology and the senior author of both studies. It could also play a role in improving leadership training for executives and managers.In theNature Human Be...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
iev G Abstract The neuroimmune system represents a dense network of biochemical signals associated with neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, neurohormones, cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors synthesized in neurons, glial cells and immune cells, to maintain systemic homeostasis. Endogenous and/or exogenous, noxious stimuli in any tissue are captured by sensor cells to inform the brain; likewise, signals originating at the central nervous system (CNS) level are transmitted to peripheral immune effectors which react to central stimuli. This multidirectional information system makes it possible for the CNS to resp...
Source: Epilepsy Curr - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
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