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Conclusions This study provides evidence for enhanced myokine expression and tumor-suppressive effects of serum from chronically exercise-trained prostate cancer patients on androgen deprivation therapy.
Conclusions Temporizing CMI with US-guided percutaneous tenotomy and corticosteroid injections is effective in allowing continued sport participation among high-level athletes and does not negatively affect postoperative outcomes.
Purpose Reduced lean body mass (LBM) is common during and after treatment for breast cancer, and it is associated with increased treatment-induced toxicity, shorter time to tumor progression, and decreased survival. Exercise training is a potential intervention for maintaining or increasing LBM. We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis to investigate the effects of exercise training on LBM in breast cancer. Methods A comprehensive search was performed to November 2020 for randomized controlled trials reporting the effects of structured exercise training on LBM compared with control in women with brea...
Conclusions The hypoalgesic effects induced by the isometric exercise were not only localized to the moving part of the body but also can be extended to the distal part of the body. The exercise intensities play a vital role in modulating these effects. Exercise-induced hypoalgesia could be related to the modulation of nociceptive information transmission via a spinal gating mechanism and also rely on a top-down descending pain inhibitory mechanism.
Conclusions Exercise seems to affect circulating proteins, clinical characteristics, and muscle strength in FM. This study contributes to better understanding of systemic protein changes in FM compared with CON and how resistance exercise affects such changes.
Conclusions In PD, central NF seems exacerbated by the fatiguing task which, however, does not alter peripheral fatigue. This, besides the TTF like CTRL, suggests that physical activity may limit NF and counterbalance PD-induced degeneration through peripheral adaptations.
Purpose We quantified the magnitude of exercise-induced bronchodilation in adult asthmatics under conditions of narrowed and dilated airways. We then assessed the effect of the bronchodilation on ventilatory capacity and the extent of ventilatory limitation during exercise. Methods Eleven asthmatics completed three exercise bouts on a cycle ergometer. Exercise was preceded by no treatment (trialCON), inhaled β2 agonist (trialBD), or a eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea challenge (trialBC). Maximal expiratory flow-volume maneuvers (MEFV) were performed before and within 40 s of exercise cessation. Exercise tidal f...
We examined whether the magnitude of muscle damage indicated by changes in maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) strength 1 to 3 d after unaccustomed eccentric exercise (ECC) was correlated with changes in central and peripheral neuromuscular parameters immediately post-ECC. Methods Twenty participants (19–36 yr) performed six sets of eight eccentric contractions of the knee extensors. Rate of force development (RFD) during knee extensor MVIC, twitch force, rate of force development (RFDRT) and rate of relaxation (RRRT) of the resting twitch, maximal M-wave (MMAX), voluntary activation, silent period ...
Conclusions Genetically less active persons are at a higher risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases, which may partly explain the previously observed associations between low PA and higher disease and mortality risk. The same inherited physical fitness and metabolism-related mechanisms may be associated both with PA levels and with cardiometabolic disease risk.
Introduction Conflicting evidence exists on whether physical activity (PA) levels of humans have changed over the last quarter-century. The main objective of this study was to determine if there is evidence of time trends in PA, from cross-sectional studies that assessed PA at different time points using wearable devices (e.g., pedometers and accelerometers). A secondary objective was to quantify the rate of change in PA. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted of English-language studies indexed in PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science (1960–2020) using search terms (time OR temporal OR sec...
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