Sierra Leone: Ebola Overshadows Fight Against HIV/Aids

[IPS]Freetown -The outbreak of the deadly Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone has dwarfed the campaign against HIV/AIDS, to the extent that patients no longer go to hospitals and treatment centres out of fear of contracting the Ebola virus.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: By mid- to late-2017, the Treat All strategy was the standard of care at almost all IeDEA sites, including rural, primary-level health facilities in low-resource settings. While further assessments of site-level capacity to provide high-quality HIV care under Treat All and to support sustained viral suppression after ART initiation are needed, the widespread introduction of Treat All at the service delivery level is a critical step towards global targets for ending the HIV epidemic as a public health threat. PMID: 31623428 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The first of the three hypotheses about its origins is the Columbian hypothesis, which states that Columbus's crew acquired syphilis from Native Americans and carried it back to Europe in 1493 A. D. On the contrary, the second hypothesis (pre-Columbian) asserts that syphilis was present in Europe long before Columbus's voyage and was transferred to the New World by Columbus's men. The Unitarian theory argues that syphilis, bejel, yaws, and pinta are not separate diseases but they represent syndromes caused by slightly different strains of one organism. Nowadays, Syphilis' origin is still uncertain and remains ...
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Haijiang Lin, Yingying Ding, Chenxi Ning, Xiaotong Qiao, Xiaochen Chen, Xiaoxiao Chen, Weiwei Shen, Xing Liu, Yuling Hong, Na HeSummaryBackgroundInconclusive results have been reported in studies evaluating the association between HIV infection and subclinical atherosclerosis. Unsolved issues include whether the increased atherosclerosis burden observed in some studies is attributed to greater prevalence of traditional risk factors or HIV infection. Therefore, we evaluated the association of HIV infection with subclinical atherosclerosis as ...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsTherefore, we infer that serum miRNAs in HIV-1 infection may play important roles in HIV-induced cancer and could be used as a potential biomarker for HIV-cancers detection.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionAn ST2 LZD- and methicillin-resistant clone was established in the whole hospital, not only in the ICU but also in wards where LZD consumption is low. This highlights the need to implement and maintain infection control measures as well as antimicrobial stewardship programs in all hospital units, to preserve the efficacy of LZD.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionThe overall prevalence of CPOs at Barts Health Trust was 3.1%, comprising NDM and OXA-48-type carbapenemases, which is in line with other London-based studies. Renal patients and the elderly had the highest burden of CPOs, whereas previous hospitalization and foreign travel were associated with an increased risk of CPO carriage.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractInherited bleeding coagulation disorders (IBCDs) have a powerful diagnostic tool in next generation sequencing (NGS) that not only offers confirmation of diagnosis but also aids in genetic counselling, prenatal diagnosis and helps to predict the clinical course and follow-up of a disease. In our group, targeted-NGS using a Custom SureSelect QXT Panel (Agilent Technologies, Inc., Santa Clara, CA, USA) was designed to screen for causal variants in 40 genes related with the coagulation cascade. In this work, we used NGS for screening all the coding and intronic boundary regions ofF5 gene in two patients affected by fa...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Abstract Nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of the four major curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs), namely trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Despite huge global incidence, STIs remain as neglected diseases. The success of antiretrovirals for halting progression to AIDS in HIV-infected individuals and for stopping HIV transmission to uninfected contacts, either as pre- or post-exposure -prophylaxis, has to lead to increased risky sexual behaviors through risk compensation. Recent epidemics and outbreaks of STIs among men having sex with men reflect the global loss...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
Conclusion This article increases our knowledge of the relationship between Twitter and traditional media in times of epidemics. In contrast to previous studies that underlined how users rely on Twitter for sharing information from mainstream media (such as 1,2,3), our study shows that tweets combine information dissemination with emotional stances and critical views, leading to a new or greatly increased debate about a subject that was treated as insignificant by other media. In that sense, Twitter acts mostly as a filter of information as well as a space where it is reconstructed. In the “Twittersphere,” the ...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Today, 1989 may be most associated with Taylor Swift: It is the album that won her a second Grammy for Album of the Year. Not only that, it happens to be the year Swift was born--such a long, long time ago! People under 35 have no personal memory of 1980s pop culture, which is ironic since Swift's album in part pays homage to it. In the real 1989 (no offense to Swift and the 10 co-producers who made the album), all sorts of revolutions took place: Mr. Gorbachev tore down that pesky wall, for example. America's greatest antagonist, the Soviet Union, collapsed in 1989. Brazil conducted its first democrat...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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