What can we learn about stroke from retinal ischemia models?
What can we learn about stroke from retinal ischemia models? Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2013 Jan;34(1):91-103 Authors: D'Onofrio PM, Koeberle PD Abstract Retinal ischemia is a very useful model to study the impact of various cell death pathways, such as apoptosis and necrosis, in the ischemic retina. However, it is important to note that the retina is formed as an outpouching of the diencephalon and is part of the central nervous system. As such, the cell death pathways initiated in response to ischemic damage in the retina reflect those found in other areas of the central nervous system undergoing similar trauma. The retina is also more accessible than other areas of the central nervous system, thus making it a simpler model to work with and study. By utilizing the retinal model, we can greatly increase our knowledge of the cell death processes initiated by ischemia which lead to degeneration in the central nervous system. This paper examines work that has been done so far to characterize various aspects of cell death in the retinal ischemia model, such as various pathways which are activated, and the role neurotrophic factors, and discusses how these are relevant to the treatment of ischemic damage in both the retina and the greater central nervous system. PMID: 23202803 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Authors: Kargiotis O, Safouris A, Psychogios K, Chondrogianni M, Andrikopoulou A, Theodorou A, Magoufis G, Stamboulis E, Tsivgoulis G PMID: 33029978 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Young adult IS patients in Korea exhibit low awareness and poor management of their risk factors. Although the short-term outcome was relatively favorable in those patients, having SLE was associated with unfavorable outcomes. More attention needs to be paid for improving awareness and controlling risk factors in this population. PMID: 33029967 [PubMed]
Conclusions: The integrity of the intra- and interhemispheric connections might be related to different processes of motor recovery dependent on the BDNF genotype. Thus, the BDNF genotype may need to be considered as a factor influencing neuroplasticity and functional recovery in patients with stroke. This trial is registered with http://www.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03647787. PMID: 33029116 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionGTC exhibited significant efficacy in improving patients ’ quality of life as well as neurological function and controlling hypertension. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800016667)
ConclusionsThe lowered MD index early after mechanical recanalization without BGC usage can be interpreted as microstructural ischemic damage of the salvaged penumbra. It was shown that achieving complete reperfusion in a setting of BGC usage with proximal flow arrest minimizes penumbral damage and improves long-term outcomes.Key Points• Microstructural ischemic damage can be reduced by using proximal flow arrest during endovascular treatment with balloon guide catheter.• Complete reperfusion in a setting of balloon guide catheter minimizes penumbral damage and improves long-term outcome.
We present the case of a very rapid neurologic and radiographic decline of a patient with an acute ischemic stroke who developed rapid fulminant cerebral edema leading to herniation in the setting of hypercarbic respiratory failure attributed to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
AbstractIschemic stroke remains one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide. The stroke patients with an inadequate intake of folic acid tend to have increased brain injury and poorer prognosis. However, the precise mechanisms underlying the harmful effects of folic acid deficiency (FD) in ischemic stroke is still elusive. Here, we aimed to test the hypothesis that mitochondrial localized STAT3 (mitoSTAT3) expression may be involved in the process of neuronal damage induced by FD in in vivo and in vitro models of ischemic stroke. Our results exhibited that FD increased infarct size and aggravated the da...
ConclusionsOur systematic review highlights that, in acute ischemic stroke associated with isolated cervical ICA occlusion, bridging (IVT + EVT) might lead to higher rate of functional independence at follow-up, without increasing mortality. The low quality of available studies prevents from drawing firm conclusions, and randomized-controlled clinical trials are critically needed to define optimal treatment in this AIS subgroup.
AbstractIntroductionWith multiple proven benefits, statin therapy has become the most critical advance in stroke prevention. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors and the effect of poor adherence or statin interruption on the clinical outcomes of ischemic stroke.MethodsThis prospective cohort study included patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke between 2014 and 2018. Consecutive patients were distinguished into subgroups according to the adherence and withdrawal of statin. All participants were followed for 24 months. The outcomes included stroke recurrence, major cardiovascular events, all-cause mortality, an...