Usefulness of mean platelet volume for predicting stroke risk in atrial fibrillation patients

In this study, our aim was to investigate the association between the MPV measured in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation. Consecutive patients referred to our center between January 2010 and April 2012 were included in this study. The patients with atrial fibrillation were classified into two groups according to presence or absence of a history of stroke by combining data from the medical histories after a thorough review of the medical records. MPV determination was made within 24 h following the onset of stroke. We studied 63 consecutive stroke patients with atrial fibrillation and 77 atrial fibrillation patients without stroke history. In receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the value for MPV levels to detect stroke with a sensitivity of 63.5% and specificity of 64.4% was 9.4 fl. High MPV (>9.4 fl) was significantly associated with the occurrence of stroke [odds ratio (OR) 4.021, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1709–9464, P 
Source: Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis - Category: Hematology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Elisabetta Lapenna, Michele De Bonis, Ilaria Giambuzzi, Benedetto Del Forno, Stefania Ruggeri, Manuela Cireddu, Simone Gulletta, Alessandro Castiglioni, Ottavio Alfieri, Paolo Della Bella, Stefano BenussiBackgroundThe study sought to assess the long-term outcomes of the stand-alone Cox-Maze IV procedure in symptomatic patients with refractory, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF).MethodsFifty-nine consecutive patients (mean age 52 ± 10.5 years, previous catheter ablation 80%, left ventricul...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although with a low number of pooled events, there was a trend for a lower post-procedure stroke in TMVR when compared with SMVR and a similar one between TMVR and OMT alone. PMID: 31829941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
AbstractIn 2016, the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) published guidelines advising caution when using direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with morbid obesity due to limited clinical efficacy and safety data supporting their use in this patient population. In this review, we analyzed published articles in the MEDLINE database (from inception through May 29, 2019), and the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and EMBASE databases (from inception through April 26, 2019) that evaluated morbidly obese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) or venous thromboembolism (VTE) who received DOACs. A ...
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: REVIEW OF THERAPEUTICS Source Type: research
We appreciate the thoughtful feedback regarding our manuscript by Drs. Lattanzi and Silvestrini. We agree that serologic and physiologic biomarkers of other occult stroke mechanisms would add to our understanding and management of these patients. In regard to occult cardiac sources of embolism, elevations in the brain natriuretic peptide,1 and larger P-wave terminal force (PWTF)2 or left atrial diameter3 are increasingly thought to be markers of a prothrombotic cardiopathy. As previously shown by Dr.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AliveCor is close to our hearts. Literally. David Albert, the co-founder of the company, started experimenting with handheld, wireless ECG devices in the late 90s. Approximately 10 years later we tried out their FDA-cleared, medical grade gadget. It was a truly inspiring moment. Needless to say, we’ve been keeping track of their journey ever since. In our eyes Kardia is the textbook example of technology shaping health care, empowering and supporting not only e-patients, but medical professionals as well. So, let’s take a look at their newest creation, the KardiaMobile6L! Why did the chicken cross the ro...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Health Sensors & Trackers cardiology ecg fda Healthcare heart technology Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Junya Aoki, Kentaro Suzuki, Satoshi Suda, Seiji Okubo, Masahiro Mishina, Kazumi KimuraAbstractBackgroundSince acute fluid-attenuated inversion recovery vascular hyperintensity (FVH) is indicative of disordered blood flow, FVH is considered a marker of acute major arterial occlusion. Conversely, the role of the absence of FVH (negative-FVH) remains unknown.MethodsConsecutive stroke patients were studied via magnetic resonance angiography, within 24 h of onset and major arterial occlusion. All patients were examined usi...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Premature atrial complexes (PACs) meet increased attention as a potential intermediary between sinus rhythm and atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients with even high numbers of PACs do not fulfill current guidelines for oral anticoagulation treatment though an associated stroke risk is suspected. Objective: We aimed to determine whether a high number of PACs or runs of AF less than 30 seconds in 2-day continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) recording was associated with risk of recurrent ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) or death in a large cohort of patients with acute ischemic stroke or TIA and no prior AF.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the safety of WATCHMAN implantation followed by 6 months of anti-thrombotic therapy in patients with a history of ICH.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of 63 patients with a history of ICH prior to WATCHMAN implantation (Group I) and 95 patients without a history of ICH who underwent WATCHMAN placement (Group II). The primary outcome was death, stroke, or major bleeding within 6  months of WATCHMAN placement.ResultsThe average CHA2DS2-VASc of Group I was 4.9  ± 1.7 vs 4.7 ± 1.4 for Group II (p = 0.34). The most common type of...
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In patients referred for typical AFL ablation, the CHADS2 score can be applied for prognosis assessment. A successful AFL ablation procedure should not divert the attention from recognizing and addressing other medical issues that have an impact on long-term mortality, which remains very high in this particular population. PMID: 31827060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Polish Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research
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