Screening Examination of Premature Infants for Retinopathy of Prematurity

This statement revises a previous statement on screening of preterm infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that was published in 2006. ROP is a pathologic process that occurs only in immature retinal tissue and can progress to a tractional retinal detachment, which can result in functional or complete blindness. Use of peripheral retinal ablative therapy by using laser photocoagulation for nearly 2 decades has resulted in a high probability of markedly decreasing the incidence of this poor visual outcome, but the sequential nature of ROP creates a requirement that at-risk preterm infants be examined at proper times and intervals to detect the changes of ROP before they become permanently destructive. This statement presents the attributes on which an effective program for detecting and treating ROP could be based, including the timing of initial examination and subsequent reexamination intervals.
Source: PEDIATRICS - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Ophthalmology From the American Academy of Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Abstract AIMS: To describe the clinical features, visual acuity and causes of ocular morbidity in children (0-18 years) with microphthalmos, anophthalmos, and coloboma (MAC) from North India. METHODS: A retrospective study conducted between October 2017 and September 2018 in three tertiary eye institutes, part of the Bodhya Eye Consortium with consensus led common pro formas. Children with complete clinical data and without syndromic/systemic involvement were included. The clinical phenotype was divided into isolated ocular coloboma (CB), coloboma with microcornea (CBMC), colobomatous microphthalmos (CBM...
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Three-quarters of children were blind preoperatively whereas over half had good vision 1-year postoperatively. Preoperative blindness, nystagmus/strabismus and aphakia predicted poor visual outcome, suggesting that cataract density determines density of amblyopia. PMID: 32522793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Almost half of the participants had good knowledge. Occupation and monthly income had a significant association with knowledge about strabismus. Since the source of information (TV/radio and Internet) was extremely important for the reliability and the level of knowledge, it is better to have sufficient media coverage. PMID: 32377416 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
We report two rare cases of reinfection of the mother during pregnancy where the neonates showed chorioretinitis.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
We report two rare cases of reinfection of the mother during pregnancy where the neonates showed chorioretinitis.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
Abstract Retinoblastomas represent 6% of all malignant tumors in children under 5 years old, which untreated lead to blindness in the affected eye and death due to metastases. The main symptoms are leukocoria and strabismus, which if possible, always necessitate a clarification within 1 week for exclusion of a retinoblastoma. The most frequent differential diagnoses are Coats' disease and persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) as well as other intraocular tumors, in particular astrocytomas. Systemic chemotherapy, if necessary in combination with laser hyperthermia, local chemotherapy and brachytherapy are the most imp...
Source: Der Ophthalmologe - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Ophthalmologe Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients presenting with PLAHF usually had retinal disorders. PMID: 31889465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Strabismus - Category: Research Tags: Strabismus Source Type: research
ConclusionsFurther research should be conducted in Israel to determine the prevalence of refractive errors, so that best practices can be established for Israel ’s population and social needs. In the interim, the Ministry of Health should promptly implement the inclusion of preschool visions screening for children in the approved “basket of services” covered by the National Health Insurance Laws, using photo-screening, including collection of the clin ical data.
Source: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Increased episodes of blood transfusions and chronic lung disease requiring high oxygen supplementation at 7-10 weeks of life are significant risk factors associated with Type 1 ROP in VLBW infants in our study. Strabismus at four years is more common in this group of patients. This study highlights the importance of long-term ophthalmologic surveillance for these high-risk children. PMID: 31388685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ophthalmoplegia frequently occurs after iatrogenic occlusion of the ophthalmic artery and its branches caused by cosmetic facial filler injection. Ocular motility recovers spontaneously in most patients. However, as most patients are blind, sensory strabismus may develop in nearly half of patients during follow-up that requires strabismus surgery. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, IV.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Original Articles Source Type: research
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