Comparison between three supportive treatments for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in high-risk patients undergoing coronary angiography.

Comparison between three supportive treatments for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in high-risk patients undergoing coronary angiography. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2014 Nov-Dec;25(6):1217-23 Authors: Yeganehkhah MR, Iranirad L, Dorri F, Pazoki S, Akbari H, Miryounesi M, Vahedian M, Nazeri A, Hosseinzadeh F, Vafaeimanesh J Abstract Contrast-induced nephropathy is the third most common cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this study was to compare three supportive treat-ments for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in high-risk patients undergoing coronary angiography. In this randomized clinical trial study, 150 patients with at least one risk factor, such as, congestive heart failure, history of diabetes mellitus, age>65 years or renal failure were randomly assigned to three equal groups: First group (Sodium (Na) bicarbonate infusion), second group [(N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) + Sodium Chloride (Nacl)], third group (Nacl). Angiography was performed with 350 mgI/mL of Iohexol (Omnipaque). Serum creatinine (Cr), blood blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and urine pH were measured at the start of angiography and 48 hours later. The three groups had no significant difference in demographic characteristics or other risk factors before intervention (P>0.05). Forty eight hours after exposure, the Cr level increased signi-ficantly in the Nacl group (P = 0.039), while these changes were not significant in the other gr...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: AI technologies are growing their role in health care; but, up to now, their "real-life" implementation remains limited. However, in the near future, the potential of AI-driven era could change the clinical practice in Urology, improving overall patient outcomes. PMID: 31833725 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Muhammad Aftab, T. Brett Reece, Lars G. Svensson
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsSarcopenia is prevalent in LTx patients. Neither sarcopenia nor 6MWD predicted mortality or short-term outcomes after LTx. This is in contrast to albumin levels, which were inversely associated with survival and complications. Albumin shows promise as an important predictor of mortality and short-term outcomes after LTx.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Nicholas J. Goel, Amit Iyengar, John J. Kelly, Constantine Mavroudis, Catherine Lancaster, Noel N. Williams, Daniel T. Dempsey, John KucharczukBackgroundPostsurgical readmissions are an increasingly scrutinized marker of health care quality. We sought to estimate the rate, risk factors, causes, and costs associated with readmissions after esophagectomy in a large, nationally representative cohort.MethodsWe studied patients from the Nationwide Readmissions Database undergoing esophagectomy from 2010 to 2014. Data were collect...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
This study examined whether LVAD exchanges affect posttransplantation outcomes.MethodsThis study focused on adult patients in the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database who were bridged to transplant with a LVAD implanted between 2007 and 2017. Patients who underwent LVAD exchange were compared with those supported with a single device. The primary end point was all-cause mortality at 1, 2, and 5 years after transplantation. The impact of device exchange on risk-adjusted outcomes was examined using Cox proportional hazards models.ResultsAmong 8239 patients who met the inclusion criteria, there were 611 pump...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): J. Hunter Mehaffey, Robert B. Hawkins, Eric J. Charles, Irving L. Kron, Gorav Ailawadi, John A. Kern, Mark E. Roeser, Benjamin Kozower, Nicholas R. TemanBackgroundCurrent reporting on cardiac surgical outcomes focuses on a patient’s status at 30 days and lacks long-term meaningful data. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of complications after cardiac operation on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) at 1 year after surgery.MethodsAll patients undergoing cardiac operation at an academic institution (2014...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Laine MK, Kautiainen H, Gissler M, Pennanen P, Eriksson JG Abstract There is a lack of data about the influence of sunshine hours on the prevalence for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the prevalence of GDM varied according to hours of daily sunshine during the first trimester. The study cohort (N = 6189) consists of all primiparous women with a Finnish background who delivered between 2009 and 2015 living in Vantaa city, Finland. Data on births and maternal characteristics were obtained from National Health Registers. Data on sunshine hours were obtained f...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Elisangela Aparecida Nazario Franco, Ana Sanches-Silva, Regiane Ribeiro-Santos, Nathália Ramos de MeloAbstractBackgroundFiber intake has been associated with a lower risk of developing various chronic diseases such as metabolic diseases (e.g. obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia). In this line, psyllium presents a high content of soluble fiber, associated with health benefits.Scope and approachThe aim of this review is to evaluate the scientific evidence of psyllium health benefits. The nutritional properties of ps...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, we developed an LC/MS/MS multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode method to identify and quantify these metabolites formed from the metabolism of senecionine, a carcinogenic PA, by mouse, rat, and human liver microsomes, and primary rat hepatocytes. Together with the chemically prepared standards of these metabolites, this represents an accurate and convenient LC/MS/MS analytical method for quantifying these five reactive pyrrolic metabolites in biological systems.
Source: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite differences between adults with SCI and adults with CVD in several demographic and health-related measures, the overall similarity in PARs for SCI and CVD suggests potential benefits from using effective CVD interventions to address SCI. PMID: 31835014 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
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