Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, version 4.2014.

Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, version 4.2014. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2014 Sep;12(9):1282-303 Authors: Zelenetz AD, Gordon LI, Wierda WG, Abramson JS, Advani RH, Andreadis CB, Bartlett N, Byrd JC, Czuczman MS, Fayad LE, Fisher RI, Glenn MJ, Harris NL, Hoppe RT, Horwitz SM, Kelsey CR, Kim YH, Krivacic S, LaCasce AS, Nademanee A, Porcu P, Press O, Rabinovitch R, Reddy N, Reid E, Saad AA, Sokol L, Swinnen LJ, Tsien C, Vose JM, Yahalom J, Zafar N, Dwyer M, Sundar H Abstract Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative disorders originating in B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, or natural killer cells. Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) accounts for approximately 6% of all newly diagnosed NHL cases. Radiation therapy with or without systemic therapy is a reasonable approach for the few patients who present with early-stage disease. Rituximab-based chemoimmunotherapy followed by high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell rescue (HDT/ASCR) is recommended for patients presenting with advanced-stage disease. Induction therapy followed by rituximab maintenance may provide extended disease control for those who are not candidates for HDT/ASCR. Ibrutinib, a Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was recently approved for the treatment of relapsed or refractory disease. This manuscript discusses the recommendations outlined in the NCCN Guidelines for NHL regarding the diagnosis and management of patients with MCL. PMID: 25190696 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research

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Antonio Lucena-Cacace1, Masayuki Umeda1, Lola E. Navas2,3 and Amancio Carnero2,3* 1Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2CIBERONC, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain 3Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR), CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133+ cells with self-renewal properties and capable of initiating new tumors contributing to Glioma progression, maintenance, hierarchy, and complexity. GSCs are highly res...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion In this section, we discuss the mechanisms responsible for lymphomagenesis in the various inborn errors of immunity and provide an overview of the treatment. Defects in Immune Responses That Predispose to Lymphomagenesis in PIDDs The complex immune mechanisms and their interplay that predisposes to neoplastic transformation of B or T cells and development of lymphomas in PIDD patients has not been fully elucidated. However, it is expected that the etiology in most cases is multifactorial and related to a dynamic regulation of immune response and environmental triggers (Figure 3). An underlying intrinsic susce...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Discussion Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is an essential molecule for maintaining immune homeostasis and subverting inflammation. Disorders arising from excess inflammation or SOCS1 deficiency can be potentially treated with SOCS1 mimetics (Ahmed et al., 2015). While SOCS1 has promising potential in many disorders, it should be noted that new targets and actions of SOCS1 are still being discovered and not all the effects of this protein are beneficial in autoimmune diseases and cancer. For instance, SOCS1 degrades IRS1 and IRS2, required for insulin signaling, via the SOCS Box domain, thus, limiting its potential in ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study was supported in part by the National Cancer Center Research and Development Fund (25-A-7 and 28-A-8); Health and Labor Science Research Grants for Clinical Research, Japan; and joint research funding from Takeda Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd.; Noile-Immune Biotech Inc.; Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.; BrightPath Biotherapeutics Co., Ltd.; and Sysmex Co., Ltd. This study was performed as part of a research program of the Project for Development of Innovative Research on Cancer Therapeutics (P-Direct), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. Conflict of Interest Statement TN, TS, and TY ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
By CHADI NABHAN MD, MBA, FACP Some books draw you in based on a catchy title, a provocative book jacket, or familiarity with the author. For me, recollections of medical school primers written by the renowned lymphoma pioneer Vincent DeVita Jr. and my own path as an oncologist immediately attracted me to “The Death of Cancer.” I felt a connection to this book before even reading it and prepped myself for an optimistic message about how the cancer field is moving forward. Did I get what I bargained for? Co-authored with his daughter, Elizabeth DeVita-Raeburn, DeVita brings us back decades ago to when he had jus...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Care Books Physicians Book Review Chadi Nabhan Chemotherapy Oncology randomized controlled trials The Death of Cancer Vincent DeVita Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: AlloSCT can produce durable remissions in a subset of patients with heavily treated, rel/ref PMBCL. Patients with refractory disease at alloSCT had dismal outcomes. Despite the expanding treatment options available for these patients, alloSCT should be considered in the management of patients with rel/ref PMBCL who are sensitive to salvage therapy.Figure 1A PFS and OS After AlloSCT in Patients with Rel/Ref PMBCLFigure 1B PFS in Patients with Sensitive versus Refractory PMBCL at AlloSCTDisclosuresHerrera: Merck, Inc.: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy, Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb:...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 732. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Results: Poster I Source Type: research
Background: The treatment of NHL has witnessed a paradigm shift over time, with targeted immunotherapy, stem cell transplant (SCT) among others. Historically, XRT was used quite frequently for the management of NHL but with advent of better systemic therapy, its utilization has changed. Trends and patterns of care for XRT use have never been formally reported.Methods: We identified patients with NHL diagnosis in the National Cancer Database (NCDB) between years 2004 and 2015. Demographic, clinical, facility level, initial treatment and outcome data were collected. The utilization of XRT in diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL) and ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 902. Health Services Research-Malignant Diseases: Poster III Source Type: research
Introduction: Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is among the most common malignancies in adolescents and young adults. High-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) are standard for most patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) disease. Current salvage therapies are associated with excessive toxicity and variable complete remission rates (Harker-Murray et al, Pediatr Blood Cancer 2014). Novel regimens that increase remission rates and reduce late effects of therapy are needed, particularly for young patients. Nivolumab (nivo) is a fully human IgG4 anti-programmed death-1 monoclon...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 624. Hodgkin Lymphoma and T/NK Cell Lymphoma-Clinical Studies: Hodgkin Lymphoma: Chemotherapy and Response Adapted Approaches Source Type: research
Background: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is an important modality in the management of many hematologic malignancies. The first step for patients who are candidates for AHSCT is adequate stem cell collection. Recombinant granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (GCSF) is used for stem cell mobilization. Plerixafor has been used to increase the yield of mobilized stem cells, either upfront or pre-emptively when pre-apheresis peripheral blood CD34+ cell count is low. In the last few years, biosimilar G-CSF (Zarxio®) has become available. Although biosimilar G-CSF may reduce mobilization costs w...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 711. Cell Collection and Processing: Poster III Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study found that sociodemographic factors were associated with the risk of developing medical conditions in AYA NHL, ALL and AML survivors. As expected, the risk of medical conditions varied by cancer type and treatment, with those undergoing SCT having a higher risk of medical conditions regardless of cancer type. NHL and ALL survivors who were uninsured or publicly insured were at a consistently higher risk of developing medical conditions, as were Hispanic ALL survivors and Black AML survivors. Our findings highlight the higher burden of medical conditions in subgroups of cancer survivors that may relat...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions: Real World Outcomes Source Type: research
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