IRAK1 mutation defines PEL Microbiology

Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is an AIDS-defining cancer. All PELs carry Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). X chromosome-targeted sequencing of PEL identified 34 common missense mutations in 100% of cases. This included a Phe196Ser change in the interleukin 1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1). The mutation was verified in primary PEL exudates....
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: PNAS Plus Source Type: research

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Conclusion and Perspectives Being exquisitely regulated by “writers,” “erasers,” and “readers,” additional repelled proteins or miRNAs, m6A modification relates to nearly any step of mRNA metabolism, as well as ncRNA processing and circRNA translation. There is compelling evidence suggesting that m6A modification is especially critical in a variety of pathologic and physiologic immune responses including T cell homeostasis and differentiation, inflammation, and type I interferon production. Further results have indicated that aberrancies of interferon and Th17 frequencies in systemic lu...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Christine I. Alston1,2 and Richard D. Dix1,2* 1Department of Biology, Viral Immunology Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, United States Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins provide selective negative feedback to prevent pathogeneses caused by overstimulation of the immune system. Of the eight known SOCS proteins, SOCS1 and SOCS3 are the best studied, and systemic deletion of either gene causes early lethality in mice. Many viruses, including herpesviruses such as herpes simplex virus and cytomega...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Reid E, Suneja G, Ambinder RF, Ard K, Baiocchi R, Barta SK, Carchman E, Cohen A, Crysler OV, Gupta N, Gustafson C, Hall A, Johung KL, Klopp A, LaCasce AS, Lin C, Mehta A, Menon MP, Morgan D, Nathwani N, Noy A, Ratner L, Rizza S, Rudek MA, Sanchez J, Taylor J, Tomlinson B, Wang CJ, Yendamuri S, Dwyer MA, Freedman-Cass DA Abstract As treatment of HIV has improved, people living with HIV (PLWH) have experienced a decreased risk of AIDS and AIDS-defining cancers (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Kaposi sarcoma, and cervical cancer), but the risk of Kaposi sarcoma in PLWH is still elevated about 500-fold compared with t...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
Authors: D'Andrea F, Ceccarelli M, Facciolà A, Nunnari G, Pellicanò GF, Venanzi Rullo E Abstract With the introduction of HAART, the life expectancy of the patients infected with HIV almost approached that of the general population. The incidence of certain HIV-Associated cancers as Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) decreased, while an increase in Non-AIDS-Defining cancers (NADCs) has been documented. HIV infection is a risk factor for numerous cancers in PLWH. Breast cancer is the most common cancer worldwide among all women. The association between HIV infection and breast cancer ha...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: Nonhematological malignancies were common but non-Hodgkin lymphoma was more predominant in our cohort. PLHIV from high-income countries were more likely to be diagnosed, indicating a potential underdiagnosis of cancer in low-income settings.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Abstract Malignancies were one of the earliest recognized manifestations that led to the description of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The majority of cancers in AIDS patients are associated with coinfection with oncogenic viruses, such as Epstein-Barr virus, human herpesvirus 8, and human papillomavirus, with resulting malignancies occurring secondary to diminished immune surveillance against viruses and virus-infected tumor cells. Over 50% of AIDS lymphomas are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and/or HHV8 infection. HHV8-associated diseases include Kaposi sarcoma (KS), primary ...
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cancer Treat Res Source Type: research
HIV can weaken a person ’s immune system, which can increase the risk of certain types of cancer. Such cancers include Kaposi’s sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical, lung, anal, and oral cancer. However, effective treatment can significantly reduce the risk of developing these cancers. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: HIV and AIDS Source Type: news
The incidence of AIDS-defining cancers (ADCs) has decreased markedly in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The occurrence of two ADCs is rare in people living with HIV or AIDS (PWHA) who ...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Nancy A Hessol, Hannah Whittemore, Eric Vittinghoff, Ling C Hsu, Danning Ma, Susan Scheer, Sandra K SchwarczSummaryBackgroundCancer survivors are at increased risk for subsequent primary cancers. People living with HIV are at increased risk for AIDS-defining and non-AIDS-defining cancers, but little is known about their risk of first versus second primary cancers. We identified first and second primary cancers that occurred in above population expected numbers among people diagnosed with HIV in San Francisco, and compared first and second ...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Contributors : Tuna Toptan ; Patrick S MooreSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing ; OtherOrganism : Homo sapiensEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi ’s sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) cause ~2% of all human cancers. RNase R-resistant RNA sequencing revealed that both gammaherpesviruses encode multiple, uniquely stable, circular RNAs (circRNA). EBV abundantly expressed both exon-only and exon-intron circRNAs from the BART locus (circBARTs) forme d from a spliced BART transcript and excluding the EBV miRNA region. CircBARTs were expressed in all verified EBV latency types, including EBV- positive p...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Other Homo sapiens Source Type: research
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