Repair of Extrahepatic Bile Duct Defect Using a Collagen Patch in a Swine Model

Abstract Extrahepatic bile duct (EBD) injury can happen during surgery. To repair a defect of the EBD and prevent postoperative biliary complications, a collagen membrane was designed. The collagen material was porous, biocompatible, and degradable and could maintain its shape in bile soaking for about 4 weeks. The goal was to induce rapid bile duct tissue regeneration. Twenty Chinese experimental hybrid pigs were used in this study and divided into a patch group and a control group. A spindle‐shaped defect (20 mm × 6 mm) was made in the anterior wall of the lower EBD in the swine model, and then the defect was reconstructed using a collagen patch with a drainage tube and wrapped with greater omentum. Ultrasound was performed at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks postoperatively. Liver function tests and white blood cell count (WBC) were measured. Hematoxylin–eosin staining, cytokeratin 7 immunohistochemical staining, and Van Gieson's staining of EBD were used. The diameter and thickness of the EBD at the graft site were measured. There was no significant difference in liver function tests or WBC in the patch group compared with the control group. No evidence of leakage or stricture was observed, but some pigs developed biliary sludge or stone at 4 and 8 weeks. The drainage tube was lost within 12 weeks. The neo‐EBD could withstand normal biliary pressure 2 weeks after surgery. Histological study showed the accessory glands and epithelial cells ...
Source: Artificial Organs - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Main Text Article Source Type: research

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In conclusion, elevated brain amyloid was associated with family history and APOE ε4 allele but not with multiple other previously reported risk factors for AD. Elevated amyloid was associated with lower test performance results and increased reports of subtle recent declines in daily cognitive function. These results support the hypothesis that elevated amyloid represents an early stage in the Alzheimer's continuum. Blood Metabolites as a Marker of Frailty https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/04/blood-metabolites-as-a-marker-of-frailty/ Frailty in older people is usually diagnosed in a sympt...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Mark E. Gray1,2*, James Meehan2,3, Paul Sullivan4, Jamie R. K. Marland4, Stephen N. Greenhalgh1, Rachael Gregson1, Richard Eddie Clutton1, Carol Ward2, Chris Cousens5, David J. Griffiths5, Alan Murray4 and David Argyle1 1The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 2Cancer Research UK Edinburgh Centre and Division of Pathology Laboratories, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 3School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Institute of Sensors, Signals and Systems, Heriot-Watt Univer...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) KLDS1.0318 preserved in our laboratory was orally administered to CTX-treated mice to explore its potential effects to attenuate the toxic effects of CTX-induced by modulating intestinal immune response, promoting intestinal integrity and improving metabolic profile. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups including normal control group (NC; non-CTX with sterile saline), model control group (MC; CTX-treated with sterile saline), CTX-treated with L. plantarum KLDS1.0318 (10 mL/kg) groups with three different doses (KLDS1.0318-L, 5 × 107 CFU/mL; KLDS1.0318...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
We report a case of vanishing gastroschisis visualized by antenatal ultrasound with a 7-year long term follow-up. Currently, the child is still dependent on daily parenteral nutrition with no signs of hepatotoxicity. To our knowledge, it’s the fourth case with a long-term follow-up. Vanishing gastroschisis is a rare complication of gastroschisis. However, physicians should be aware of it because its prognosis is worse than classical gastroschisis. When a vanishing gastroschisis is visualized or suspected by antenatal ultrasound, prenatal counseling is required with explanations about the risk of short bowel syndrome,...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Diseases & Conditions Our Patients’ Stories atrioventricular canal Biventricular Repair Biventricular Repair Program Dr. Gerald Marx Dr. Pedro del Nido Heterotaxy syndrome Pulmonary atresia transposition of the great arteries Source Type: news
ConclusionsAlthough the leading causes of death in fetuses and children with heterotaxy syndrome are cardiac, a small subset of fetuses have extracardiac anomalies with significant impact on outcome. These anomalies often escape prenatal detection, and therefore neonates at risk should be monitored for bowel obstruction, biliary atresia and immune dysfunction in order to allow timely intervention through a multidisciplinary approach. Copyright © 2015 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley &Sons Ltd.
Source: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research
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