Surface micropattern limits bacterial contamination
Abstract Background Bacterial surface contamination contributes to transmission of nosocomial infections. Chemical cleansers used to control surface contamination are often toxic and incorrectly implemented. Additional non-toxic strategies should be combined with regular cleanings to mitigate risks of human error and further decrease rates of nosocomial infections. The Sharklet micropattern (MP), inspired by shark skin, is an effective tool for reducing bacterial load on surfaces without toxic additives. The studies presented here were carried out to investigate the MP surfaces capability to reduce colonization of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) compared to smooth control surfaces. Methods The MP and smooth surfaces produced in acrylic film were compared for remaining bacterial contamination and colonization following inoculation. Direct sampling of surfaces was carried out after inoculation by immersion, spray, and/or touch methods. Ultimately, a combination assay was developed to assess bacterial contamination after touch transfer inoculation combined with drying (persistence) to mimic common environmental contamination scenarios in the clinic or hospital environment. The combination transfer and persistence assay was then used to test antimicrobial copper beside the MP for the ability to reduce MSSA and MRSA challenge. ...
Abstract Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic pathogen leading to food poisoning as well as human infections. The present study examined the prevalence and characterization of antimicrobial-resistant S. aureus in sushi from 42 outlets and in pork products from eight outlets in Beijing, China. The total bacterial counts were between 3.0 and 8.9 log CFU/g (mean 5.5 ± 1.5 log CFU/g) in sushi products and 4.8 to 7.4 log CFU/g (mean 5.6 ± 0.8 log CFU/g) in pork products. The mean counts of coliforms were 2.7 and 2.9 log CFU/g in su...
In this study, a wide genetic diversity of strains of S. aureus from different foods, humans, and animals was found. This demonstrates evolution, genetic versatility, and, therefore, the adaptation of this microorganism in different environments. PMID: 32908519 [PubMed]
BackgroundFebrile illness is the commonest cause of hospitalization in children four million genomes/μL) of P. falciparum in plasma. Overall, in-hospital death was 4% (89/2,146), and it was higher in children with bacteraemia (8%, 18/227) than malaria (2%, 4/194, p = 0.007). Risk factors for death were bacteraemia (p = 0.03), unconsciousness at admission (p
ConclusionsAn increased fosfomycin resistance rate of MRSA isolates was observed in our present study, mostly due to mutations in theglpT anduhpT genes. Clonal spread probably contributed to the increased fosfomycin resistance.
AbstractBackgroundNasal carriage of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is associated with an increased risk of infection. Colonization with MRSA is observed in
ConclusionThe multiple-LAMP-LFB technique developed in the current study is a reliable, simple, rapid, specific and sensitive method to identify MSSA and MRSA infections for appropriate antibiotic therapy.
ConclusionsA relatively high diversity was found in MRSA genotypes in Kashan and Isfahan hospitals, and seven clonal complexes were identified. Pandemic MRSA clones including CC8 and CC22 were the most prevalent clones and the novel ST types including ST1465, ST861, ST 889 and ST772 are reported for the first time in Iran in the present study. In addition the high prevalence of MSCRAMMs genes in MRSA isolates demonstrates the high potential of these strains for pathogenicity.
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause for clinical infections and food intoxications, causing over 100,000 yearly cases of bacteremia in the United States and 434 food-borne outbreaks in the European Union. Approximately 30% of the population permanently carry S. aureus asymptomatically in their nasal cavity. The risk of infection and transmission to food items or the environment is higher in individuals that are nasally colonized. In addition, S. aureus can acquire various antimicrobial resistances leading to therapeutic failure, additional medical costs, and fatalities. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) cause a c...
This study presents trends in organism isolation and antimicrobial resistance in routine microbiology test results from acute-care hospital microbiology laboratories in Vermont. METHODS: Organism identifications and antimicrobial susceptibility test results were captured from acute-care hospital laboratories to monitor geographic and temporal trends in resistance and emerging microbial threats with the free WHONET software. RESULTS: Data were provided from 12 acute care hospital laboratories from 2011 through 2018 for 318,833 isolates from 148,994 patients (70% female, 74% outpatient, and 63% urine). Significant differences (p
Publication date: September 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 22Author(s): Sinan Mermer, Tuncer Turhan, Elif Bolat, Sohret Aydemir, Tansu Yamazhan, Husnu Pullukcu, Bilgin Arda, Hilal Sipahi, Sercan Ulusoy, Oguz Resat Sipahi