Aerobic exercise improves gastrointestinal motility in psychiatric inpatients.

Aerobic exercise improves gastrointestinal motility in psychiatric inpatients. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Aug 14;20(30):10577-84 Authors: Kim YS, Song BK, Oh JS, Woo SS Abstract AIM: To evaluate the benefit of aerobic exercise on colonic transit time (CTT) for psychiatric inpatients in a closed ward. METHODS: Sixty consecutive adult inpatients of the Somang Hospital Psychiatry Unit (Eumsung-gun, South Korea), without CTT-related diseases or drug therapies, were recruited for study from March to June of 2012. Upon enrollment, the patients were randomly assigned to partake in a 12-wk instructor-led group aerobic exercise program (exercise group; n = 30) or to maintain their ordinary daily activities (control group; n = 30). The exercise program was structured as 10 min warm-up (stretching), 40 min exercise, and 10 min cool-down (stretching) for three days each week. The exercise sessions consisted of walking only in week one and aerobics from weeks two to 12, with increasing intensity (50% heart rate reserve (HRR) for weeks one to four, 60% HRR for weeks five to eight, and 70% HRR for weeks nine to 12). CTT was measured before (baseline) and after (week 12) the exercise program, in duplicate (on days four and seven), using abdominal radiography and the multiple radio-opaque marker technique. Changes in the exercising patients' CTT and weight-, cardiovascular- and fitness-related parameters were statistically assessed. RESULTS: The study dropout ...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

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Conclusions: According to this study, ventilatory limitation, pulmonary involvement, and deconditioning are the main causes of activity limitations in sarcoidosis patients. PMID: 32476953 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Diseases - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although originally trained in populations worldwide, most of the international methods for radiographic dental age estimation had optimal performance in Brazilian children. PMID: 32479117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In patients with peripheral calcific disease, the TMJ is more commonly involved than previously reported and this is more common in females compared to males. PMID: 32479114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAnkle sprains are a common injury that can lead to chronic lateral ankle instability resulting in pain, poor function, and decreased quality of life. The purpose of this review is to present information regarding injury mechanisms to the lateral ligaments of the ankle and the necessary steps to appropriately diagnose lateral ligament instability.Recent FindingsThe literature demonstrates that history and physical examination is often a reliable method for diagnosis of lateral ankle instability. In addition, imaging modalities are often used as adjuncts for diagnosis, especially when physical exam f...
Source: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Konica Minolta Healthcare Americas has added digital radiography technology...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Konica Minolta unveils PACS offerings for specialty care Konica to distribute RegenLab products Konica Minolta announces changes to executive lineup Konica Minolta lands ultrasound scanner sales Konica Minolta signs Ore. x-ray training deal
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
All along, performing imaging studies in children has posed significant challenges to practicing radiologists and technical staff, and this has limited their routine use in certain settings. Such limitations have deprived pediatric patients from the benefits of certain very powerful and useful imaging techniques. Many pediatric imaging studies are performed with some degree of sedation and at times under complete anesthesia. Up until 3 to 4 decades ago, radiologic imaging in children was primarily confined to planar x-ray radiography and to some limited extent to ultrasonography.
Source: PET Clinics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research
Defects occurring in the femoral–fibular–ulnar developmental field are believed to cause the cluster of anomalies seen with femoral, fibular and ulnar limb deficiencies. Upper limb function must be considered in the management of lower limb deficiencies. The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency and type of upper extremity anomalies found in children with femoral and/or fibular deficiency. A retrospective review of 327 consecutive patients with the diagnosis of femoral and/or fibular deficiency was performed using existing records and radiographs. Characteristics of those with and without upper ex...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Upper Limb Source Type: research
This study proposed a classification system and a possible mechanism for stress fractures of the first rib using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). The data of 10 stress fractures of the first rib in adolescent athletes obtained using 3D-CT between 2007 and 2018 were reviewed. Fractures of the first rib were classified according to the location and type of the fracture line. Stress fractures of the first rib were classified into three types: type 1, center-transverse fracture; type 2, center to posterior-oblique fracture; and type 3, posterior-transverse fracture. There were three type 1 fractures, five type 2 ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Upper Limb Source Type: research
The Langenskiöld classification is the most commonly utilized classification system for the radiological features of Blount’s disease. Although there is only a single study found on the interobserver variability and none found on the intraobserver variability, it is commonly used for prognostication and guiding management decisions. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and reproducibility of the Langenskiöld classification. A retrospective review of radiographs was done of patients treated for infantile and juvenile Blount’s disease at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital from 20...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Leg & Foot Source Type: research
Estimating the appropriate tendon length and associated skin incision needed to achieve a plantigrade foot without compromising function are essential steps in open Achilles tendon lengthening. Here we describe a technique using basic surgical instruments referencing anatomic landmarks without the need for radiographs. The center of ankle rotation in the sagittal plane is found referencing the tip of the medial malleolus. This point is translated to the plantar surface of the foot, and a straight instrument in line with the foot is used to make a mark at the posterior calcaneal fat pad. The straight instrument is then rota...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Leg & Foot Source Type: research
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