Sexually transmitted infections in women.

Sexually transmitted infections in women. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2014 Aug;74(S244):68-74 Authors: Van Der Pol B Abstract Abstract Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are highly prevalent and cause a wide spectrum of disease. However, the majority of these infections may be unrecognized due to lack of overt signs or symptoms of infection. Asymptomatic infections remain significant as a result of the potential for long-term sequelae, predominately in women, and the risks of complications during pregnancy as well as mother-to-child transmission. Laboratory diagnostics play an important role in identifying infection and in public health efforts to reduce the prevalence of these diseases. Serologic diagnosis is appropriate for syphilis and, in some settings, for herpes infections. However, the organisms that cause discharge such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis and Mycoplasma genitalium are best diagnosed using molecular assays. Currently available molecular assays are suitable for use with non-invasively collected sample types, most notably vaginal swabs for women thus expanding the potential reach of STI control programs to include non-clinic based screening. PMID: 25083897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herpes - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Scand J Clin Lab Invest Source Type: research

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In this study, we determined the impacts of growth pattern to the end of the mating period and sire genetics on the reproductive performance of Merino ewe lambs. Five hundred ewe lambs with full pedigree records were managed under commercial conditions from weaning and weighed 43.5 kg at the start of the mating period with an average age of 224 days. The ewe lambs were offered a moderate or high feed allowance to achieve target growth rates of 100 or 200 g/day during a 46-day mating period. They were then recombined and scanned for pregnancy status 60 days after the mating period. At the individual animal lev...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Authors: Appak Ö, Manyaslı M, Cengiz MM, Deliloğlu B, Karaoğlu Asrak H, Özlü C, Sayıner AA Abstract The screening for syphilis during pregnancy is important to prevent intrauterine transmission and complications. Prozone phenomenon may cause a false negative result in non-treponemal syphilis tests, which complicates an accurate diagnosis. In this case report a newborn syphilis case was presented to emphasize the importance of reverse algorithm in diagnosis and the prozone phenomenon which can cause problems in rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test. The 2920 g infant patient was born from a 24-year-old m...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Journal Name: Journal of Perinatal Medicine Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Rodolfo Ungerfeld, Aline Freitas-de-MeloAbstractHigh progesterone concentrations reduce the stress responses in several mammals. Therefore, it may be expected that pregnant ewes have lower responses to stressors than anoestrous ewes. Our aims were to compare the stress response and the behavioural changes of pregnant and non-pregnant ewes sheared during winter. Two trials were with 20 were pregnant (group PR) and 17 non-pregnant ewes (group NP). In the first trial blood samples were collected immediately before and during the first ...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 December 2019Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1198Author(s): Ameni Sakka, Aycha Jellali, Besma Hamdi, Mohammed S.M. Abdelbaky, Houcine Naïli, Santiago García-Granda, Ridha ZouariAbstractA novel inorganic-organic hybrid material of bis (5,7-dichloro-8-hydroxyquinolium) tetrachlorozincate (II) dihydrate was crystallized and characterized by IR, Raman, 13C NMR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermal analyses (TG/DTG/SDTA). The solid-state structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound was found to crystallizes in the non-centrosy...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The metabolic profile of human milk is dynamic throughout the first months of lactation. High levels of amino acids in colostrum and high levels of saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids in mature milk, which may be critical for neonatal development in the first month of life, were features of both normal and GDM pregnancies. PMID: 31418429 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
In conclusion, quantitative evaluation of the performance of the method proved its improved accuracy compared to other current state-of-art techniques, and it showed robust performance even with noise and a narrow overlapping region between adjacent fields.
Source: Micron - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 November 2019Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 224Author(s): Asma Sharkawy, Maria Filomena Barreiro, Alírio Egídio RodriguesAbstractRecently, there has been a renewed interest in Pickering emulsions owing to their surfactant-free nature, and the use of natural-based particles as stabilizers became a priority due to the applications they can enable. In this work, chitosan/gum Arabic (CH/GA) nanoparticles were synthesized and tested as novel stabilizers. Among the tested CH/GA weight ratios, the particles prepared using 1:1 ratio exhibited near-neutral wettability, an average size of 10...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Thermochimica ActaAuthor(s): Taili Chen, Cuiping Guo, Changrong Li, Zhenmin DuAbstractThe microstructures, crystal constitutions and phase transformation temperatures of the Fe−Nd−Pr alloys were examined by the scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive spectrometer, X-Ray diffraction and differential thermal analyzer, respectively. The liquidus surface projection, the isothermal sections at 873 and 673 K, and the partial isothermal section at 933 K within 0∼40 at.% Pr and 0∼80 at.% Fe of the Fe−Nd−Pr system were cons...
Source: Thermochimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 November 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Volume 299Author(s): Oksana V. Monogarova, Aleksandr A. Chaplenko, Kirill V. OskolokAbstractThe original approach was developed and used for screening analysis of more than 40 pharmaceuticals (nonsteroidal analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, β-adrenoblockers, secretolytics, fluoroquinolones, metabolic stimulants and others) by digital colorimetry with the use of office flatbed scanner. The proposed technique is based on the simultaneous several colorimetric reactions with different molecular sensors placed in a 96-well plate, and its subs...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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