Comparing Mortality in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation who are Receiving a Direct Oral Anticoagulant or Warfarin: A Meta‐analysis of Randomized Trials
ConclusionCompared with warfarin therapy for stroke prevention in patients with AF, DOACs significantly reduce all‐cause mortality, vascular mortality and bleeding mortality. This mortality benefit appears to be driven by the reduction in vascular‐ and bleeding‐related mortality which, in turn, may be related to the reduction in intracranial bleeding.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Conclusions: A substantial portion of hospitalized AF patients did not receive any AC therapy, particularly those patients with an AF diagnosis in the second position on hospital records. The predictors of inpatient AC treatment that were identified may be helpful in the clinical decision-making process for patients who are hospitalized with AF. PMID: 33021129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: During the open-label extension, annual rates of stroke or systemic embolism, hemorrhagic stroke, and major bleeding remained as low as those observed during apixaban treatment in AVERROES. These data support the long-term efficacy and safety of apixaban in patients with atrial fibrillation. PMID: 33011964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: In highly selected patients at very HBR, discontinuation of any antithrombotic therapy after LAAC appears safe and feasible. PMID: 32999093 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term incidence of thromboembolism was extremely low in patients with AF treated with CA, while that of major bleeding was not especially low. Clinical Trials Registry: UMIN000032829 / UMIN000032830. PMID: 33011056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsConcurrent LAA exclusion during MVR is a safe and effective way to reduce postoperative ischemic stroke, particularly in patients with AF.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The effects of anticoagulants at extremes of body weight (BW) are not well described. The aim of this study was to analyze the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics and clinical outcomes in patients randomized to warfarin, higher dose edoxaban (HDER), and lower dose edoxaban (LDER) regimens at extremes of BW in ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed three BW groups: low BW (LBW: 95th percentile, ≥120 kg, N = 1,093). In the warfarin arm, LBW patients had higher rates of stroke/systemic embolism (SSE: 6.5 vs. 4.7 in MBW vs. 1.6% in HBW, P trend
The incidence of stroke during TAVI up to 5 % (minimum ). Stroke risk reduction during TAVI is a critical requirement that can be a deterrent against this wonderful Intervention. Many devices are being considered EmbolX (Edwards life science) Emrella Sentinel (Claret medical) TriGaurd (Keystone) TriGaurd 3just got the approval from CE and appear promising. (REFLECT trial) It is inserted through the transfemoral route , deflects embolic material to descending aorta since it covers all the three branches of Arch.What happens to these deflected particles? Any bodys guess. So , in my understanding it conve...
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn patients with atrial fibrillation who are unable to take novel oral anticoagulants for stroke prophylaxis due to bleeding risk or other contraindications, left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion and exclusion devices have shown benefit. In this review, we highlight the risks and benefits associated with LAA removal.Recent FindingsLAA, once considered a vestigial organ, has been shown to have physiological, anatomical, and arrhythmogenic properties. Device-related complications such as pericardial effusion, device embolization, device-related thrombus, while uncommon, are still present. With increa...
AbstractObjectivesThe OVID study will demonstrate whether prophylactic-dose enoxaparin improves survival and reduces hospitalizations in symptomatic ambulatory patients aged 50 or older diagnosed with COVID-19, a novel viral disease characterized by severe systemic, pulmonary, and vessel inflammation and coagulation activation.Trial designThe OVID study is conducted as a multicentre open-label superiority randomised controlled trial.ParticipantsInclusion Criteria1. Signed patient informed consent after being fully informed about the study ’s background.2. Patients aged 50 years or older with a positive test for SARS-...
ConclusionAcross geriatric subgroups, apixaban was consistently associated with the most favourable benefit-risk profile and should therefore be preferred in geriatric patients with AF. However, research gaps on the impact of increased falling risk, frailty and baseline dementia were identified, requiring careful consideration while awaiting more results.