Motivation versus aversive processing during perception.

Reward facilitates performance and boosts cognitive performance across many tasks. At the same time, negative affective stimuli interfere with performance when they are not relevant to the task at hand. Yet, the investigation of how reward and negative stimuli impact perception and cognition has taken place in a manner that is largely independent of each other. How reward and negative emotion simultaneously contribute to behavioral performance is currently poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the simultaneous manipulation of positive motivational processing (here manipulated via reward) and aversive processing (here manipulated via negative picture viewing) influence behavior during a perceptual task. We tested 2 competing hypotheses about the impact of reward on negative picture viewing. On the one hand, suggestions about the automaticity of emotional processing predict that negative picture interference would be relatively immune to reward. On the other, if affective visual processing is not obligatory, as we have argued in the past, reward may counteract the deleterious effect of more potent negative pictures. We found that reward counteracted the effect of potent, negative distracters during a visual discrimination task. Thus, when sufficiently motivated, participants were able to reduce the deleterious impact of bodily mutilation stimuli. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Emotion - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research

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Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10029-021-02414-8
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionExplicit criteria for prioritization in the waiting lists may be the consumption of analgesics for patients with incisional/ventral hernia and frailty for patients with inguinal hernia. A reasonable approach seems to establish separate waiting lists for incisional/ventral hernia and inguinal hernia repair.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe e-TEP-RS technique for large, complex, midline, ventral abdominal hernias can be used with excellent results and acceptable morbidity. This technique is technically challenging and should be mastered in relatively smaller ventral hernias to achieve good results before attempting it in larger, complex ones.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
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