Dyspepsia

Dyspepsia is a common and complex condition consisting of chronic upper gastrointestinal symptoms. A rational approach to diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia includes identifying those patients with alarm symptoms and referring them for prompt endoscopy. Those without alarm symptoms can be differentiated into patients who do and do not have symptoms consistent with gastroesophageal reflux disease. In the absence of predominant heartburn and regurgitation, patients should be tested and treated for Helicobacter pylori. Functional (nonulcer) dyspepsia is a multifactorial disorder with several possible pathophysiologic mechanisms, but no clear guidelines for therapy. There is some evidence of efficacy of proton pump inhibitors, antisecretory agents, antidepressants, and psychotherapy for functional dyspepsia.
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Immunohistochemistry seems to be a promising option not only in clinical recognition, but also in the selection and monitoring of treatment effects. However, these methods have not yet recommended for routine clinical use. PMID: 33032462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: The methodological and reporting quality of SRs/MAs about Chinese medical treatment for GERD is generally poor. The main problems included incomplete search strategies, risk of bias in individual studies, the lack of protocol registration and excluded study list, and incorrect study selection methods. PMID: 33029131 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Authors: Suoh M, Hagihara A, Yamamura M, Maruyama H, Taira K, Enomoto M, Tamori A, Fujiwara Y, Kawada N Abstract An 82-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma presented with upper abdominal pain, vomiting, and jaundice. He had been taking a standard lenvatinib dose for three months. Although acute cholangitis was suggested, imaging studies failed to detect the biliary obstruction site. An endoscopic examination following discontinuation of lenvatinib and aspirin revealed multiple duodenal ulcers, one of which was formed on the ampulla of Vater and causing cholestasis. Endoscopic biliary drainage and antibiotics ...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
This study analyzes the effect of MMF on intestinal microorganisms in dyspepsia mice based on 16S rRNA technology. We take a dyspepsia model caused by a high-protein, high-calorie, high-fat diet. The 60 specific-pathogen free Kunming (SPF KM) mice were randomly divided into a model group (n=12), an MMF group (LSQ group, n=12), a Jianweixiaoshi group (JWXS group, n=12), a domperidone group (DP group, n=12), and a blank group (n=12). On the seventh day of administration, mice were fasted and deprived of water. After 24 h, take the second feces of stress defecation in mice under strict aseptic conditions and quickly tr...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Luo Z, Hu X, Chen C, Zhu L, Zhang W, Shen Y, He J Abstract Objective: To observe the influence of the catgut-embedding method in Du Meridian acupoint on the mental and psychological state of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and analyze its possible mechanism. Methods: According to the random number table, 60 patients with GERD were randomly divided into groups of acupoint catgut embedding and Western medicine, 30 cases in each group. The acupoint group was given catgut embedment in the positive reaction points along the Du Meridian, while the Western medicine group received lansopra...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Cáceres-Perkins W, Cabanillas F, San Vicente G, Rivera-Franceschini C, Sobrino-Najul E, Vega-Vázquez LI, Conde-Sterling D Abstract Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are B-cell neoplasms that commonly affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, usually the stomach. In most cases, extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (ENMZL) is an indolent disease. Bone marrow involvement is common with MALT lymphoma accompanied by paraproteinemia; such involvement impels disease progression. Here, we present the case of an 82-year-old Hispanic patient with long-standing ENMZL in whom the gastric site...
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2020Source: The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 71Author(s): Angelle Cook
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractLong has the standard of care for substance use disorder (SUD) been pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, or rehabilitation with varying success. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) may have a beneficial reduction in the addiction-reward pathway. Recent studies have found reduced relapse and improvements in quality of life following DBS stimulation of the nucleus accumbens. We aim to identify positive outcomes and adverse effects to assess the viability of DBS as a treatment of addiction. A PubMed search following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify the entirety of reports reporting DBS as a treatment for SUD. Outcomes ...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Abstract BackgroundFunctional dyspepsia (FD), a heterogeneous disorder, involves multiple pathogenetic mechanisms. Developing treatments for FD has been challenging. We performed a randomized, placebo‐controlled, double‐blind clinical trial to determine the efficacy of rikkunshito, a Japanese herbal medicine, in FD patients. MethodsFD patients (n = 192) who met the Rome III criteria without Helicobacter pylori infection, predominant heartburn, and depression were enrolled at 56 hospitals in Japan. After 2 weeks of single‐blind placebo treatment, 128 patients with continuous symptoms were randomly assig...
Source: Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Talley NJ Abstract Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common but under-recognized syndrome comprising bothersome recurrent postprandial fullness, early satiety, or epigastric pain/burning. Epidemiologically, there are two clinically distinct FD syndromes (although these often overlap clinically): postprandial distress syndrome (PDS; comprising early satiety or meal-related fullness) and epigastric pain syndrome. Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease overlap with FD more than expected by chance; a subset has pathological acid reflux. The pretest probability of FD in a patient who presents with classical F...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
More News: Acid Reflux | Dyspepsia | Endoscopy | Gastroenterology | Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease | GERD | Heartburn | Helicobacter Pylori | Primary Care | Psychotherapy | Upper Endoscopy