Gastro outbreaks hit elderly hardest

(Wiley) Frail elderly people living in residential care facilities are at increased risk of severe illness or death from outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Jan 19:1-14. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-18202-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNorovirus (NoV) is a major cause of sporadic cases and outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis (AGE), thereby imposing threat to health globally. It is unclear how quantitation of wastewater NoV reflects the incidence of human AGE infections; therefore, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis of published NoV wastewater surveillance studies. A literature search was performed, and all studies on NoV wastewater surveillance were identified. Quantitative results were evaluated. The results showed that the over...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Methods Mol Biol. 2022;2433:375-390. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-1998-8_23.ABSTRACTNorovirus infections are the leading cause of foodborne illness and human gastroenteritis, afflicting hundreds of millions of people each year. Molecular assays with the capacity to detect norovirus without expensive equipment and with high sensitivity and specificity represent useful tools to track and contain future outbreaks. Here we describe how norovirus can be detected in low-cost paper-based cell-free reactions. These assays combine freeze-dried, thermostable cell-free transcription-translation reactions with toehold switch riboregulators...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundHuman noroviruses are the leading cause of sporadic cases and outbreaks of viral acute gastroenteritis in all age groups worldwide.MethodsEpidemiological data and fecal specimens were collected between January 2011 and December 2018 from 4911 children  
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, seasonal viral outbreaks have a strong impact on crowding and quality of care. The evolution of “patients left without being seen” between the first and fourth quartiles of DEL could be used as an indicator reflecting the capacity of adaptation of an emergency department to outbreaks.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Salmonella contamination of eggs and egg shells has been identified as a public health problem worldwide. Here, we reported an outbreak of severe gastrointestinal symptoms caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. enteritidis) in China. We evaluated the outbreak by using epidemiological surveys, routine laboratory testing methods, and whole genome sequencing (WGS). This outbreak occurred in a canteen in Beijing, during March 9–11, 2021, 225 of the 324 diners who have eaten at the canteen showed gastrointestinal symptoms. The outbreak had characteristical epidemiological and clinical features. It caused a ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Norovirus and norovirus-like illnesses were the leading cause of VGE in Ontario between 2009 and 2014. They comprised the greatest percentage of VGE when compared with all other VGE-associated viruses. Additional work is needed to determine all component costs and necessary public health actions to reduce the burden of disease.PMID:34737671 | PMC:PMC8525908 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v47i10a01
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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