Africa: Gavi-Supported Pneumo and Rota Studies Published

[GAVI]Reviews highlight effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccine dosing schedule and importance of rotavirus surveillance
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Abstract Vaccines are excellent investments with far-reaching rewards beyond individual and population health, but their introduction into national programs has been historically slow in Africa. We provide an overview of the introduction of new and underutilized vaccines in countries of the WHO African Region by 2017, using data from the WHO-UNICEF Joint Reporting Form. By 2017, all 47 countries had introduced vaccines containing hepatitis B (compared to 11% in 2000 and 98% in 2010) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) (compared to 4% in 2000 and 91% in 2010). The proportion of countries that had introduced oth...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
ConclusionsWhen considering the introduction of a new vaccine in the NIP, BoD is usually estimated in isolation. The current approach assesses BoD in relation to other vaccine-preventable diseases' BoD, which may help national advisory committees on immunisation and policymakers to set vaccination priorities. PMID: 31064637 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research
In conclusion, we demonstrated that the selective boosting of lung innate immunity is a conceptually advantageous approach for improving the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment and fighting antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Introduction Pneumonia constitutes a major cause of death, morbidity and health resource use worldwide. The main causative agents identified in adult patients hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are viruses (in 27–30% of cases, the most common being rhinovirus, influenza and coronavirus) and bacteria (14–23% of cases, with a marked predominance of Streptococcus pneumonia...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study provides data that allow recommending authorities to consider the use of a sequential hexavalent-pentavalent-hexavalent primary vaccination series followed by a pentavalent booster in coadministration with other common childhood vaccines.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
te;na M, Montesdeoca Melián A, Ruiz-Contreras J, en representación del Comité Asesor de Vacunas de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (CAV-AEP) Abstract The Advisory Committee on Vaccines of the Spanish Association of Paediatrics annually publishes the immunisation schedule considered optimal for children resident in Spain, according to available evidence on current vaccines. As regards funded immunisations, the 2+1 strategy (2, 4, 11 months) with hexavalent (DTPa-IPV-Hib-HB) and 13-valent pneumococcal vaccines are recommended. Administration of the 6-year booster dose wi...
Source: Anales de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: An Pediatr (Barc) Source Type: research
AE, Beyazova U Abstract Çataklı T, Duyan-Çamurdan A, Aksakal-Baran FN, Güven AE, Beyazova U. Attitudes of physicians concerning vaccines not included in the national immunization schedule. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 290-297. The aim of this study was to identify attitudes of family physicians and pediatricians working in sub-provinces of central Ankara concerning rotavirus (RV), human papilloma virus (HPV), meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-MCV4) and adolescent and adult pertussis (Tdap) vaccines which are not included in the National Immunization Schedule (NIS). Questionnaires were condu...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
This report updates previous reports (2,3) and presents global, regional, and national vaccination coverage estimates and trends as of 2017. It also describes the number of infants surviving to age 1 year (surviving infants) who did not receive the third dose of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis-containing vaccine (DTP3), a key indicator of immunization program performance (4,5), with a focus on the countries with the highest number of children who did not receive DTP3 in 2017. Based on the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimates, global DTP3 coverage increased from ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
(Meningitis Research Foundation) The global disease burden of meningitis remains unacceptably high, and progress lags substantially behind that of other vaccine-preventable diseases. The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) Global Burden of Disease study showed that meningitis deaths reduced by just 21 percent globally between 1990-2016, whereas other preventable diseases such as measles, tetanus, and diarrhea due to rotavirus saw declines of 93 percent, 90.7 percent, and 57.9 percent, respectively, suggesting that progress in meningitis could have been substantially faster.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Condition:   Healthy Volunteers (Meningococcal Infection) Interventions:   Biological: Meningococcal Polysaccharide (Serogroups A,C,Y and W) Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate vaccine MenACYW conjugate vaccine;   Biological: Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W 135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197 Conjugate Vaccine;   Biological: Meningococcal Polysaccharide (serogroups A,C,Y and W-135) Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine;   Biological: Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis, inactivated Poliovirus and Haemophilus b Conjugate Vaccine;   Biological: Diphtheria and Tetanus ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
More News: African Health | Health | Meningitis Vaccine | Rotavirus | Rotavirus Vaccine | Study | Vaccines