Dietary Nutrient Intake in School‐Aged Children With Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

ConclusionsThe present findings are consistent with prior studies investigating nutritional intake in preschoolers with FASD, indicating that these children are vulnerable to nutritional inadequacies. Moreover, data suggest a specific profile of dietary intake in this population. As several nutrients are important for cognitive development, targeted interventions in clinical populations might be effective in boosting outcomes. Thus, further clinical investigation into the role of nutrition in improving cognitive outcomes is warranted. School‐aged children with FASD had poorer nutritional intake compared to typically developing children in the United States, and they did not meet dietary standards outlined by the Institute of Medicine. Results suggest a specific profile of dietary intake in children with FASD. Adequate nutrition is critical for healthy brain and cognitive development. Nutritional supplementation may be a potential intervention for children with FASD.
Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Neonatology. 2021 Sep 14:1-7. doi: 10.1159/000518534. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTGiven the high rate of alcoholism throughout history, its effects on the fetus may have existed for millennia. But, the claim that Greeks and Romans were aware of fetal alcohol syndrome rests on incorrect citations. From 1725, maternal alcohol consumption was associated with retarded fetal growth and neurological anomalies. From 1809, scientists followed Lamarck's theory that the disorders parents acquire during their lifetime are passed on to their offspring. Fetal effects were thought to be inherited mainly from the father. During the 19t...
Source: Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that low-to-moderate PAE modulates NMDAR function in pyramidal neurons in a sex specific manner, although we did not find evidence that this is mediated by dysfunction of synaptic GluN2B subunit-containing NMDARs.PMID:34523139 | DOI:10.1111/acer.14697
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
Given the high rate of alcoholism throughout history, its effects on the fetus may have existed for millennia. But, the claim that Greeks and Romans were aware of fetal alcohol syndrome rests on incorrect citations. From 1725, maternal alcohol consumption was associated with retarded fetal growth and neurological anomalies. From 1809, scientists followed Lamarck ’s theory that the disorders parents acquire during their lifetime are passed on to their offspring. Fetal effects were thought to be inherited mainly from the father. During the 19th century, parental alcoholism became associated with malformations. In 1915,...
Source: Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
There was an item on BBC's Look North yesterday, 9th September, about this, an interview with a mother whose baby was affected by her excess drinking during pregnancy.9th September is International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day, marked by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) in the US.Librarians like to point out synonyms - foetal alcohol syndrome, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (and the variation in spelling foetal!).   Here are some resources:NIAAACenters for Disease Control and Prevention (US) From the UK:NHS UKTommy's National Organisation for FASD...
Source: Browsing - Category: Databases & Libraries Tags: midwifery Source Type: blogs
Article by Tsara Shelton looks at Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and asks we offer more support to moms during September, FASD Awareness Month
Source: Disabled World - Category: Disability Tags: Tsara ' s Column Source Type: news
Contributors : Shahid Mohammad ; Stephen J Page ; Li Wang ; Seiji Ishii ; Peijun Li ; Toru Sasaki ; Aiesha Basha ; Anna Salzberg ; Zenaide Quezado ; Fumiaki Imamura ; Hirotaka Nishi ; Keiichi Isaka ; Joshua Corbin ; Judy Liu ; Yuka I Kawasawa ; Masaaki Torii ; Kazue Hashimoto-ToriiSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusLearning disabilities are hallmarks of congenital conditions caused by prenatal exposure to harmful agents. This is particularly true for patients suffering from Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) who exhibit a wide range of cognitive deficiencies includin...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
DiscussionThe pooled prevalence estimate will assist the government and other stakeholders (such as non-profit organisations and researchers) to plan and prioritise prevention and management interventions.Systematic review registrationThe protocol has been registered with PROSPERO (registration number:CRD42020197979).
Source: Archives of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although several FASD screening tools and approaches are available for use across a range of age groups and settings, the overall evidence base supporting their psychometric properties is weak, with most studies demonstrating significant risk of bias. Service providers should exercise caution in selecting and implementing FASD screening tools given these limitations. It is critically important to accurately identify individuals with FASD across ages and settings to support healthy outcomes. Thus, there is a pressing need for additional research in this area, particularly validation studies in large and represe...
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Aug 18;18(16):8678. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18168678.ABSTRACTEthanol consumption remains a major concern at a world scale in terms of transient or irreversible neurological consequences, with motor, cognitive, or social consequences. Cerebellum is particularly vulnerable to ethanol, both during development and at the adult stage. In adults, chronic alcoholism elicits, in particular, cerebellar vermis atrophy, the anterior lobe of the cerebellum being highly vulnerable. Alcohol-dependent patients develop gait ataxia and lower limb postural tremor. Prenatal exposure to ethanol causes fetal al...
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
Prenatal alcohol exposure is recognized for altering DNA methylation profiles of brain cells during development, and to be part of the molecular basis underpinning Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) etiolo...
Source: Clinical Epigenetics - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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