Adolescent Sexual Minority Girls Are at Elevated Risk for Use of Multiple Substances.

Adolescent Sexual Minority Girls Are at Elevated Risk for Use of Multiple Substances. Subst Use Misuse. 2016 Mar 23;:1-12 Authors: Dermody SS, Marshal MP, Cheong J, Chung T, D Stepp S, Hipwell A Abstract BACKGROUND: Sexual minority youth, especially girls, are at risk for alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use when these substances are examined individually. However, little is known about concurrent use of these substances (i.e., three-substance use) in relation to sexual orientation. OBJECTIVES: The present study compared profiles of past year alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use between SMGs and heterosexual girls. In addition, because internalizing and externalizing symptoms are associated with substance use, we examined whether sexual orientation was associated with substance use profile over and above co-occurring psychopathology. METHODS: Mixture modeling was used to identify patterns of alcohol (including binge drinking), cigarette, and marijuana use in the past year using a cross-sectional sample of urban adolescent girls (Pittsburgh Girls Study; N = 2,064; mean age = 17). Approximately 8% (n = 173) of the girls endorsed a lesbian or bisexual identity. RESULTS: Five substance using classes were identified: low-level substance use (72%), marijuana use (5%), cigarette use (8%), alcohol use (8%), and three-substance use (7%). SMGs were at an increased risk for substance use than heterosexual girls, particularly three-substance use (OR = 6...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The better psychological health of older physicians highlights the need to consider physician health according to age and career stage. Apart from the decline in work stressors, in particular work-life conflict, there may be a survivor effect such that physicians who practice into older age have developed greater resilience and professional maturation. PMID: 33023799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the impact of reducing drinking in patients with unhealthy alcohol use on improvement of chronic pain interference, substance use, and psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: We analyzed longitudinal data from 2003 to 2015 in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study, a prospective, multisite observational study of US veterans, by emulating a hypothetical randomized trial (a target trial). Alcohol use was assessed using the AUDIT questionnaire, and outcome conditions were assessed via validated survey items. Individuals were followed from the first time their AUDIT score was &ge...
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research
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BACKGROUND: Individuals with anxiety/depression may impulsively use cannabis to acutely induce positive affect and attenuate aversive mood states. However, few studies have attempted to parse impulsivity displayed by anxious/depressed cannabis users. This ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medical Practice Physicians Hans Duvefelt health communication Physician Communication Source Type: blogs
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Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: alcohol COVID-19 heavy drinking JAMA Network Open women Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
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