Trajectories of Cigarette Smoking Beginning in Adolescence Predict Insomnia in the Mid Thirties.

Trajectories of Cigarette Smoking Beginning in Adolescence Predict Insomnia in the Mid Thirties. Subst Use Misuse. 2016 Mar 23;:1-9 Authors: Lee JY, Brook JS, Finch SJ, Brook DW Abstract BACKGROUND: Insomnia is increasingly recognized as a public health concern in modern society. Insomnia diagnoses appear to be increasing and are associated with poor health outcomes. They may cost $100 billion annually in health services. OBJECTIVE: Given the adverse consequences of insomnia such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and depression, the present study was designed to examine the relationship of the trajectories of earlier cigarette smoking and later insomnia. The ultimate goal is to reduce the prevalence of insomnia. METHODS: 674 participants (53% African Americans, 47% Puerto Ricans, 60% females) were surveyed at 6 points in time. We employed the growth mixture model to obtain the trajectories of cigarette smoking from age 14 to 32. We used logistic regression analyses to examine the associations between the trajectories of smoking and insomnia. RESULTS: Males were less likely to have insomnia than females (Adjusted odds ratio: AOR = 0.34, p
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractAims/hypothesisThe aim of this study was to use Mendelian randomisation (MR) to identify the causal risk factors for type 2 diabetes.MethodsWe first conducted a review of meta-analyses and review articles to pinpoint possible risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Around 170 possible risk factors were identified of which 97 risk factors with available genetic instrumental variables were included in MR analyses. To reveal more risk factors that were not included in our MR analyses, we conducted a review of published MR studies of type 2 diabetes. For our MR analyses, we used summary-level data from the DIAbetes Genetics ...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study showed an association between reduced REM and increased mortality, but it did not demonstrate the cause of the association. REM deprivation could independently contribute to the development of numerous other diseases. The results apply more clearly to older adults, given that the age groups studied averaged in the 50s and 70s. Short REM may also be a marker of a sick or aging brain; less REM sleep has already been tied to a greater risk of dementia. Overall, ensuring adequate REM sleep is important to protecting your long-term health. Getting better sleep in middle age and beyond Maintaining good sleep should re...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Brain and cognitive health Fatigue Memory Sleep Source Type: blogs
ter It seems that the medical personnel in contact with patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 are at an especially high risk of adverse psychological effects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the mental health factors among healthcare workers by quantifying the severity of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders during the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, while taking into account coexisting diseases. The study involved 441 healthcare professionals including 206 healthcare workers at emergency wards, infectious wards, and intensive care units. The control group consisted of 235 healthcare workers working in ward...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Eight biased TCM constitutions were closely related to specific diseases, and could be used to guide individualized prevention and treatment. More rigorously designed studies are recommended to further verify the constitution-disease relationship. PMID: 32744037 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: J Tradit Chin Med Source Type: research
This study supports a comprehensive approach to evaluation and treatment of mild OSA. While all people with mild OSA may not need to be treated with CPAP, there are patients who can greatly benefit from it. Treatments may be trial and error until you and your doctor get it right When sleep apnea is mild, treatment recommendations are less clear-cut, and should be determined based on the severity of your symptoms, your preferences, and other co-occurring health problems. Working in conjunction with your doctor, you can try a stepwise approach — if one treatment doesn’t work, you can stop that and try an alternat...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Ear, nose, and throat Sleep Tests and procedures Source Type: blogs
By Emma Young We all know that too little sleep is bad for us. Matthew Walker, a UC Berkeley sleep scientist and author of the best-selling Why We Sleep, has gone so far as to declare: “The shorter you sleep, the shorter your life.” However, some researchers fear that our concerns about not getting enough sleep are becoming overblown — and that, ironically, they could be making the problem worse. In this feature, we take a look at evidence that “too little” sleep isn’t always the disaster that it’s held up to be. It’s not always about a lack of sleep You’ll be fami...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Feature Sleep and dreaming Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to investigate zolpidem overutilisation among Korean patients with insomnia. We analysed the National Patient Sample (NPS) data compiled by the Health Insurance Review &Assessment Service (HIRA-NPS) in 2016. Zolpidem overutilisation was defined as when a patient used zolpidem for longer than 30 consecutive days and prescriptions overlapped with more than 10% of total prescription periods. Demographic and clinical factors associated with the overutilisation of zolpidem were investigated using a logistic regression model. The proportion of zolpidem overutilisers was estimated at 5.0%. Factors such as age...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Qigong research publications have been increasing gradually. Reports on study types, participants, Qigong Intervention, and outcomes are diverse and inconsistent. There is an urgent need to develop a set of reporting standards for various interventions of Qigong. Further trials of high methodological quality with sufficient sample size and real world studies are needed to verify the effects of Qigong in health and disease management. PMID: 32444061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundMigraine has many presumed comorbidities which have rarely been compared between samples with and without migraine. Examining the association between headache pain intensity and monthly headache day (MHD) frequency with migraine comorbidities is novel and adds to our understanding of migraine comorbidity.MethodsThe MAST Study is a prospective, web-based survey that identified US population samples of persons with migraine (using modifiedInternational Classification of Headache Disorders-3 beta criteria) and without migraine. Eligible migraine participants averaged ≥1 MHDs over the prior 3 months...
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that personality traits do not have a large impact on glycemic control. Further studies are required to confirm the relationships between psychological factors and glycemic control using a longitudinal study design. PMID: 31995975 [PubMed]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
More News: Addiction | African Health | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Depression | Diabetes | Endocrinology | Health | Heart | Insomnia | International Medicine & Public Health | Smokers | Study